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What can we learn from One Laptop Per Child Projects?

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F. Questier. What can we learn from One Laptop Per Child Projects?, ATEE winter conference, Czech Republic, Prague, February 2010

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What can we learn from One Laptop Per Child Projects?

  1. 1. What can we learn from One Laptop Per Child Projects? Prof. dr. Frederik Questier ATEE Prague February 2010 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Belgium
  2. 2. My background ➢ Vrije Universiteit Brussel ➢ Interdisciplinary Teacher Training Department ➢ Educational Sciences Department ➢ Educational Technologies ➢ Dokeos → Chamilo e-learning community ➢ University Cooperation for Development ➢ One Laptop Per Child Projects Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 2 2
  3. 3. One Laptop Per Child Mission statement To create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 3 3
  4. 4. Based on constructionism ideas from Seymour Papert Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 4 4
  5. 5. Scale will get you strategy (Nicholas Negroponte) Werken met portfolio's 04/10/05 | pag. 5 2009: 1M OLPC XO laptops Frederik Questier ATEE Prague 2010 5
  6. 6. The best way to predict the future is to invent it. (Alan Kay, 1971) Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 6 6
  7. 7. Child Ownership Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 7 7
  8. 8. Saturation 2009: Uruguay all 400.000 children Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 8 8
  9. 9. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's 04/10/05 | pag. 9 Low ages ATEE Prague 2010 9
  10. 10. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's 04/10/05 | pag. 10 Connectivity ATEE Prague 2010 10
  11. 11. Free & Open Source Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 11 11
  12. 12. At first: some teachers sceptic During project: all teachers positive Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 12 12
  13. 13. More social interactions – social learning Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 13 13
  14. 14. Kids teach each other and adults Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 14 14
  15. 15. … also at home Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 15 15
  16. 16. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 16 16
  17. 17. Frederik Questier Increased motivation for reading and writing Werken met portfolio's 04/10/05 | pag. 17 ATEE Prague 2010 17
  18. 18. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 18 18
  19. 19. Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 19 19
  20. 20. Increased attendance (strongly in countryside) Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 20 20
  21. 21. “Increased discipline” Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 21 21
  22. 22. Uruguay OLPC experiences What Children like What children don't like What they like to change internet connectivity problems (@ home) easier connectivity making photos making videos more music and videos games tetris more games drawing file browser better file browser inaccurate touchpads (version 1) music composer possibility to produce (local) popular music software from other computers Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 22 22
  23. 23. Unprecedented interest from parents Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 23 23
  24. 24. Inspiring & motivating for teacher students Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 24 24
  25. 25. Anecdotes & first research results are nice. But we need more longterm research! Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 25 25
  26. 26. Context & localization Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 26 26
  27. 27. Changing learning paradigms is not easy Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 27 27
  28. 28. Teacher Training and Learning !!! Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 28 28
  29. 29. OLPC @ Europe? ➢ Digital divide ➢ ➢ Less challenges about ➢ funding, electricity, connectivity, ICT skills… ➢ ➢ But ➢ 'Good education' is harder to improve ➢ (Rich) children are used to richer media ➢ Vendor or data lock-in ➢ Less tolerance for technical problems ➢ 'Lack of time' Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 29 29
  30. 30. Don't start this without ➢ Bottom-up interest ➢ Teacher training / learning ➢ Educational models ➢ How to integrate in curriculum and teacher methods? ➢ Technical support ➢ Localization ➢ Local involvement ➢ Involvement of parents ➢ Monitoring and evaluation ➢ Enough funding Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 30 30
  31. 31. Thanks / Questions http://questier.com ➢ OLPC Photostream @ Flickr.com ➢ Bebell, D., & Dwyer, L. M. (2010). Educational Outcomes and Research from 1 : 1 Computing Settings. Computing, 9(1). ➢ Bebell, D., & Kay, R. (2010). One to One Computing : A Summary of the Quantitative Results from the Berkshire Wireless Learning Initiative. Computing, 9(2). ➢ Buchele, S. F., & Owusu-aning, R. (1999). The One Laptop Per Child ( OLPC ) Project and Its Applicability to Ghana. Program. ➢ Clark, J. (n.d.). OLPC and the US: The Factors Design for Development Stanford University Jaki Clark, 1-14. ➢ Drayton, B., Falk, J. K., Stroud, R., Hobbs, K., & Hammerman, J. (2010). After Installation : Ubiquitous Computing and High School Science in Three Experienced , High-Technology Schools. Computing, 9(3). ➢ Ebner, M., Dorfinger, J., Neuper, W., & Safran, C. (2009). First Experiences with OLPC in European Classrooms OLPC Initiative / Resarch project in Austria. Learning, 2009. ➢ Flores, P., & Hourcade, J. P. (2007). One Year of Experiences with XO Laptops in Uruguay. ➢ Hansen, N., & Tovote, A. (n.d.). Does technology drive social change ? of olpc among Ethiopian children, 1-25. ➢ Hourcade, J. P., City, I., Beitler, D., Cormenzana, F., & Flores, P. (2008). Early OLPC Experiences in a Rural Uruguayan School. Computer, 2503-2511. ➢ Kocsev, M., Hansen, N., Hollow, D., & Pischetola, M. (2010). Innovative learning in Ethiopia, joint working paper, unpublished version 0.95 ➢ Kraemer, B. Y., Dedrick, J., & Sharma, P. (2007). One Laptop Per Child : Vision vs . Reality. ➢ Lei, J., & Zhao, Y. (2008). ONE-TO-ONE COMPUTING : WHAT DOES IT BRING TO SCHOOLS ?*. Computing, 39(2), 97-122. doi: 10.2190/EC.39.2.a. ➢ Lindroth, T., & Bergquist, M. (2010). Computers & Education Laptopers in an educational practice : Promoting the personal learning situation. Computers & Education, 54(2), 311-320. Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.07.014. ➢ Miles, F. M. (2009). Evaluation report Introduction of XO laptops for ( visually impaired ) school students in Pskov and Nizhny Novgorod , Russia Pskov Nizhny Novgorod. City. ➢ Shapley, K. S., Sheehan, D., Maloney, C., & Caranikas-walker, F. (2010). Evaluating the Implementation Fidelity of Technology Immersion and its Relationship with Student Achievement. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 9(4). ➢ Suhr, K. A., Hernandez, D. A., Grimes, D., & Warschauer, M. (2010). Laptops and Fourth-Grade Literacy: Assisting the Jump over the Fourth-Grade Slump. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 9(5). ➢ Weston, M. E., & Bain, A. (2010). The End of Techno-Critique: The Naked Truth about 1:1 Laptop Initiatives and Educational Change. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 9(6). Frederik Questier Werken met portfolio's ATEE Prague 2010 04/10/05 | pag. 31 31

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