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Open educational resources

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F. Questier, Open Educational Resources, Keynote Vlaamse Chamilo gebruikersdag en Onderwijs seminarie 5 (Digitaal Leren), Hogeschool Gent, 25/05/11

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Open educational resources

  1. 1. Open Educational ResourcesLesmateriaal? Open moet het zijn!Prof. dr. Frederik QuestierVrije Universiteit BrusselSeminarie onderwijskunde 5: digitaal lerenVlaamse Chamilo gebruikersdagUniversity College Ghent, 25/05/2011
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.comhttp://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. 3. My background Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 3 3
  4. 4. My research interestsCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 4
  5. 5. Research and Innovation Director Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 5 5
  6. 6. Our social responsibility: how open is the future? Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 6 6
  7. 7. Student PIRGs (Public Interest Research Groups)➢ “(US) students spend an average of $900 a year on textbooks and course materials”➢ “Textbook prices have increased four times the rate of inflation since 1994!”
  8. 8. Student PIRGs (Public Interest Research Groups)➢ “Why are textbooks so expensive? ➢ Publishers undermine the used book market. ➢ Publishers “bundle” textbooks with extra CDs, passcodes and workbooks. ➢ More expensive ➢ Supplements expire at end of semester ➢ Publishers keep faculty in the dark about prices. ➢ textbooks market is broken”
  9. 9. Electronic books? ➢ Would you buy or advise your students ➢ electronic versions of (educational) books ➢ if they were 30% cheaper than paper books ➢ maybe many books on a good reading device ~ paper? ➢ ➢ Be aware: often ➢ limited to 1 year ➢ no access in the higher years of study ➢ limited to buyer ➢ no second hand buying or sale ➢ no library ➢ no extensive printing Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 11 11
  10. 10. Expensive and incompatible Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 12 12
  11. 11. Text To Speech software on e-books ➢ Blessing for the blind ➢ Copyright violation according to Authors Guild (publishers) → TTS disabled in Amazon Kindle 2 Remote kill flags discovered! Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 13 13
  12. 12. DRM: Digital Rights Management or Digital Restrictions Management? ➢ Restricted ➢ export ➢ copying ➢ printing ➢ Text To Speech ➢ in time ➢ to buyer (no second hand market) ➢ biometric identification ➢ user info “inscribed” in the work (Microsoft Reader) ➢ access info sent back to publisher ➢ to certain hardware (e.g. Mac OS X - Apple hardware) ➢ to geographic regions Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 14 14
  13. 13. DRM ➢ is killing innovation ➢ can prevent legal rights such as ➢ fair use private copying ➢ time shifting ➢ lending services (library) ➢ 2nd hand resale of works ➢ donation ➢ access for disabled ➢ archival ➢ public domain ➢ … Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 15 15
  14. 14. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach peoplehow to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other wordsthe programs you run." 16
  15. 15. Free Software (“Open Source Software”)➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 17
  16. 16. Free Softwareincludes great software like 18
  17. 17. 19
  18. 18. 20
  19. 19. Mass collaboration works amazingly for software development... What about learning materials? 21
  20. 20. First of all: Copyright lawis not really helpful... 22
  21. 21. Lady Justice has lost hersense of balance 23
  22. 22. Copyright th st 18 century vs 21 century➢ “for the encouragement of learning” ➢ Economic motives➢ “to promote the progress of science and useful arts”➢ Protection on request of author ➢ Protection automatically ➢ 14+14y ➢ Till 70y after death author ➢ Protect authors against publishers ➢ Publishers demand the copyrights ➢ If you give copy to every library➢ Private and non-commercial reproductions ➢ “Private copiers are pirates” allowed ➢ Protection for DRM
  23. 23. There are nice exceptions on reproduction and publication rights for educational and scientific purposesBut we need the permission of the authors if we want to modify their works
  24. 24. Creative Commons ➢ www.creativecommons.org Share what you want, keep what you want ➢ 6 combinations of ➢ Commercial – no commercial use allowed ➢ Modifications – no modifications allowed ➢ Sharealike – not sharealike Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 26 26
  25. 25. Creative Commons ➢ Movie ➢ Wanna work together? ➢ http://support.creativecommons.org/videos/#wwt Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 29 29
  26. 26. Open educational resources (OER) digitised materials offered freely and openlyfor educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research
  27. 27. Why OER ?
  28. 28. Why Open Course Ware? ➢ Why not: should we consider academic knowledge as (secret) Intellectual Property? ➢ The dark ages of scarcity of information are over! ➢ (Peer) recognition ➢ for teacher ➢ Whose course is referred to most? ➢ Yours or the one one from your competitor? ➢ for university/schools Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 32 32
  29. 29. Why Open Course Ware? ➢ Increase quality ➢ Teachers working together ➢ Best course modules are ➢ reused most often ➢ getting most feedback ➢ getting better again ➢ Saving time & costs ➢ Teachers can start building course from existing material ➢ Creation of animated or interactive learning objects is often too expensive for development/use by only one institution Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 33 33
  30. 30. UNESCO Believing that OER can widen access to quality education, particularly when shared by many countries and higher education institutions, UNESCO champions OER as a means of promoting access, equity and qualityin the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  31. 31. ocw.mit.edu (CCPL)
  32. 32. www.merlot.org
  33. 33. cnx.org Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 39 39
  34. 34. www.gutenberg.org (public domain)
  35. 35. www.flatworldknowledge.com (CCPL)
  36. 36. (Firefox) Creative Commons Search
  37. 37. Does your VLE look like this to the outside world? Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 47 47
  38. 38. Closed?➢ The few good reasons for closing an LMS, are probably the reasons why the LMS is not dead yet... ➢ Copyright exemptions for education ➢ Privacy ➢ for minors ➢ for making mistakes ➢ for teachers? 48
  39. 39. But all the rest should be open! 49
  40. 40. Open➢ Open Source➢ Open Standards➢ Open Courseware➢ (OpenID) ➢ Sharing students and teachers between VLEs ➢ + Portability ➢ Enable instutional collaboration➢ (Open Framework) ➢ Sharing apps between VLEs 50
  41. 41. These generic repositories in Chamilo 2.0 are nice Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 51 51
  42. 42. Specialized learning object repositories are nicer!S. Ternier et al., Interoperability for Searching Learning Object Repositories: The ProLearn QueryLanguage, D-Lib Magazine, 2008, Volume 14 Number 1/2, doi:10.1045/january2008-ceri 52
  43. 43. Lets avoid the empty box feeling! 53
  44. 44. But content is no longer king! 54
  45. 45. What is good learning? Jonassens Model for(constructive) learning environments 55
  46. 46. wikibooks.org Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 56 56
  47. 47. Example made with my students nl.wikibooks.org/wiki/Onderwijstechnologie Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 57 57
  48. 48. Student portfolios Experiences with open publication and student defined access control Extra motivating Copyright! Privacy of patients etc Student awareness needed!Block search engines through robots.txt ;)
  49. 49. IGLO Students createInteraction Generating Learning Objects research project Artesis Hogeschool
  50. 50. OER Barriers?➢ Awareness➢ Teachers attitude➢ Not enough OER yet➢ Copyright➢ Limitations of LMS? (licenses, access control)➢ Funding➢ Institutional policy➢ ?
  51. 51. DARE TO SHARECopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 63
  52. 52. Que stioTha ns? n ks !
  53. 53. Credits➢ Open Neon light CC by-nc-nd-by by “late night movie” [Mart]➢ T-Shirt “Best things are life are free” by http://zazzle.com➢ Lady Justitia CC by-nc-nd By lumierefl (Flickr)➢ “Sorry. Were closed” CC by-nc by Tommaso Galli➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery➢ Empty box, CC by-nc-nd by Mike Bitzenhofer➢ Share matches CC by-nc-nd by Josh Harper➢ Question mark CC by by Stefan Baudy

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