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E-learning and Open Educational Resources - primer for libraries

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F. Questier, E-learning and OER - primer for libraries, workshop for Lib@web international training program 'Management of Electronic Information and Digital Libraries', university of Antwerp, November 2015

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E-learning and Open Educational Resources - primer for libraries

  1. 1. E-learning and OER primer for libraries Vrije Universiteit Brussel Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Workshop for Lib@web 2015 VLIR International Training Program November 2015 @ University of Antwerp Management of Electronic Information and Digital Libraries
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. 3. During this workshop: reflect about ➢ How can e-learning and OER be useful for libraries? ➢ How can libraries help their organisation or members with e-learning and OER needs?
  4. 4. Student PIRGs (Public Interest Research Groups) ➢ “(US) students spend an average of $900 a year on textbooks and course materials” ➢ “Textbook prices have increased four times the rate of inflation since 1994!”
  5. 5. Student PIRGs (Public Interest Research Groups) ➢ “Why are textbooks so expensive? ➢ Publishers undermine the used book market. ➢ Publishers “bundle” textbooks with extra CDs, passcodes and workbooks. ➢ More expensive ➢ Supplements expire at end of semester ➢ Publishers keep faculty in the dark about prices. ➢ textbooks market is broken”
  6. 6. 8 ?
  7. 7. 9 ?
  8. 8. 10 “Schools we have today were designed around commonsense assumptions that had never been scientifically tested” R. Keith Sawyer
  9. 9. 11 Our knowledge about learning has evolved Behaviourism Learning = change of behaviour Stimulus → response Learner is passive receiver of knowledge Mind = black box Cognitivism Focuses on how the brain works Metacognition, learning strategies Motivation Constructivism Knowledge is actively constructed by the learner New knowledge is linked to prior knowledge Learners discover themselves facts and relationships Social Constructivism Social interaction plays a fundamental role Discussions lead to deeper understanding and increased motivation Constructionism Constructing an artifact or something that can be shared leads to better learning Connectivism Learning is a process of connecting nodes or information sources Knowledge and learning may reside in non-human appliances Try to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts Know-what & Know-how → Know-where
  10. 10. 12 information scarcity → information abundance ! Total information is now doubling in less than a year !
  11. 11. 13 Surveys How much of the knowledge you need for your job is in your own head? >75% | 75-50% | 50-25% | <25%
  12. 12. 14 Surveys How much of the knowledge you need for your job is in your own head? 1986 75% → 2010 10%
  13. 13. 15 The longer one studies, the more one comes to realize how much one does not know
  14. 14. 16 % tested genius in Divergent Thinking (used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions) Source: Breakpoint and Beyond by George Land and Beth Jaman
  15. 15. 17 One Laptop Per Child
  16. 16. 18 Virtual Learning Environment VLE Learning Management System LMS Learning Content Management System LCMS Personal Learning Environment PLE Virtual classroom VC Integrated tools
  17. 17. 19 Face to face learning F2F Blended learning b-learning Online learning e-learning Distance learning Mobile learning m-learning Formal learning Informal learning Modes of learning
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  23. 23. 25 https://campus.chamilo.org/
  24. 24. 26 http://demo.lcmsconnect.org
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  26. 26. 28 http://demo.moodle.net/
  27. 27. Class conferencing software
  28. 28. 31 Evolution in E-learning? e-learning 1.0 e-learning 2.0 open source software content management tools personal learning environment closed source software solitary platform integrated in ICT-environment closed to outer world open where useful,closed where necessary only own institution connected with other institutions focus on technology focus on pedagogy consumption interaction courses communities teacher oriented student centered knowledge management upload of materials authoring environment intelligent assistant institutional learning environment
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  32. 32. Open educational resources (OER) digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research
  33. 33. Believing that OER can widen access to quality education, particularly when shared by many countries and higher education institutions, UNESCO champions OER as a means of promoting access, equity and quality in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  34. 34. Creative Commons ➢ www.creativecommons.org ➢ 6 combinations of ➢ Commercial – no commercial use allowed ➢ Modifications – no modifications allowed ➢ Sharealike – not sharealike Share what you want, keep what you want
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  55. 55. 66 These generic repositories in Chamilo 2.0 are nice
  56. 56. 67 Specialized learning object repositories are nicer! S. Ternier et al., Interoperability for Searching Learning Object Repositories: The ProLearn Query Language, D-Lib Magazine,
  57. 57. 68 Let's avoid the empty box feeling!
  58. 58. 69 Content is King ?
  59. 59. 70 How can we make the best of our content?
  60. 60. 71 Content must be Searchable Accessible Interoperable Durable Reusable
  61. 61. 72 How?
  62. 62. 73 How? Interoperability through standards Searchable through metadata Stored in Learning Object Repositories (LOR)
  63. 63. 74 The path towards standards
  64. 64. 75 SCORM Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning Origin: US Department of Defense packaged into a transferable ZIP file SCORM 2004: Sequencing set of rules that specifies the order in which a learner may experience content objects.
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  66. 66. 77 AICC Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee
  67. 67. 78 IMS Global Learning Consortium Question and Test Interoperability specification (QTI) Content Packaging Specification
  68. 68. 79 IEEE Learning Object Metadata
  69. 69. 80 Simple Dublin Core Metadata Element Set 1. Title 2. Creator 3. Subject 4. Description 5. Publisher 6. Contributor 7. Date 8. Type 9. Format 10. Identifier 11. Source 12. Language 13. Relation 14. Coverage 15. Rights
  70. 70. 81 Common Cartridge Alliance Includes: Content Packaging v1.2 Question & Test Interoperability v1.2 IMS Tools Interoperability Guidelines v1.0 IEEE Learning Object Metadata v1.0 SCORM v1.2 & 2004
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  72. 72. 83 Tin Cap API
  73. 73. 84 A Learning Record Store (LRS) = a place to store learning records.
  74. 74. 86 Learning Analytics Gephi export, learning interactions, R. Carlos, F. Questier
  75. 75. 87 We all can learn from Learning Analytics! ➢ The Learning Analytics Cycle, by Doug Clow, http://dougclow.wordpress.com/2011/02/28/the-learning-analytics-cycle/
  76. 76. Is this ICT supported learning paradigm shift possible without teacher learning/training?
  77. 77. 89 Research studies show that how much and how effectively teachers integrate ICT in their teaching process depends mainly on their educational vision (not age, gender, ...)
  78. 78. OER Barriers? ➢ Barriers for usage ➢ Lack of awareness ➢ Bandwith in developing countries ➢ Not enough OER yet ➢ Bandwith ➢ Hard to localize ➢ Barriers for production ➢ Teachers attitude ➢ Skills ➢ Copyright ➢ Limitations of LMS? (licenses, access control) ➢ Funding ➢ Institutional policy
  79. 79. 91 Recommendations for opennessRecommendations for openness infrastructureinfrastructure ➢ Implement national or institutional portals and repositories for:Implement national or institutional portals and repositories for: ➢ Free Open Source SoftwareFree Open Source Software ➢ E-learning materialsE-learning materials ➢ Scientific publicationsScientific publications ➢ Research dataResearch data ➢ Open up and connect your Virtual Learning EnvironmentsOpen up and connect your Virtual Learning Environments ➢ OERsOERs ➢ Roaming for students and staffRoaming for students and staff
  80. 80. 92 Exercise What can libraries do related to e-learning & OER?
  81. 81. 93 One extra idea: Integrate library and virtual learning environment OpenURL
  82. 82. 94 DARE TO SHARE
  83. 83. Questions? Thanks! Questier.com Frederik AT Questier.com www.linkedin.com/in/fquestie www.diigo.com/user/frederikquestier www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  84. 84. This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed @fquestie – http://questier.com
  85. 85. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ http://cogdogblog.com/2012/07/17/mooc-hysertia/ ➢ http://www.onlinecollege.org/2012/08/21/25-tips-make-most-mooc/ ➢ GNU Head Joseph W. Reiss Free Art License or the GNU GPLv2 ➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ Edupunk: http://blogs.pstcc.edu/drbrown/files/2009/11/Picture-4.png ➢ Flipped-Classroom-CC-BY-NC-SA-2-by-ransomtech ➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery ➢ Empty box, CC by-nc-nd by Mike Bitzenhofer ➢ Share matches CC by-nc-nd by Josh Harper

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