Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Digital freedoms
  in education
    Prof. dr. Frederik Questier
     Vrije Universiteit Brussel

      University of Prist...
This presentation can be found at
             http://questier.com
http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
My background
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
5
6
Our social responsibility:
how open is the future?
Electronic books?
➢   Would you buy or advise your students
    ➢   electronic versions of (educational) books
    ➢   if ...
Expensive and incompatible
Text To Speech software
                   on e-books
➢   Blessing for the blind

➢   'Copyright violation' according to
 ...
DRM:
Digital Rights Management or
Digital Restrictions Management?
 ➢   Restricted
     ➢   export
         ➢   copying
  ...
Regional lockout
(DVDs, Videogames, UMD, ...)
DRM

➢   is killing innovation
➢   can prevent legal rights such as
    ➢   fair use private copying
    ➢   time shifting...
iPad schools???
1 computer per user?




Esperenza Computer Classroom with software sponsored by Microsoft
One (library catalog) computer per user?
Free yourself from dogmas!
K12LTSP
              Linux Terminal Server Project




Networked classrooms
Fat server
     runs the applications
Thin cl...
356,800 virtualized desktops
        in Brazilian schools
The possible effects
             Example: extremadura
➢   poorly developed region → economic revival
     ➢   based on FL...
"The most fundamental way
  of helping other people,
     is to teach people
   how to do things better
 or how to better ...
1980's: Stallman defined
             “Free Software”
➢   The freedom to
    ➢   use
    ➢   study
    ➢   distribute
    ...
Wh
      at
FL            is
     OS            inf
          S              lue
by            use              nci
     s...
Methodology
➢   Interviews
➢   Model conceptualization
➢   Pilot survey
➢   Web based survey
➢   Model validation
Basis for conceptual model
➢   Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology
    ➢   Theory of Reasoned Action
    ➢ ...
UTAUT model
Our conceptual model
Validated acceptance model for Free
    Software in (Flemish) schools
Do you think it is desirable
to use FLOSS in education?
Which software
do you use at school?
Which software
do you use at school?
What is your motivation
to use Free Software?
What is holding back the
adoption of FLOSS in your school?
Conclusions
                of the study
➢   FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine
➢   Lack of knowledge
➢   Misconcep...
Recommendations
                   of the study
➢   for schools
    ➢   Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise
    ➢   Teac...
Yearly “Speak Up” survey
       among 300.000 US students

Number one complaint about the technological school
infrastruct...
Yearly “Speak Up” survey
         among 300.000 US students

➢   Major obstacle to better technology use in schools?
    ➢...
Yearly “Speak Up” survey
     among 300.000 US students
In terms of streamlining or increasing the effectiveness of
their ...
9y old Martha Payne blogging
pictures of school lunches got silenced.
Copyright acknowledgements
➢   Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/
➢   Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!)
➢   ...
DARE
TO SHARE




           48
Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective
...
This presentation was made
 with 100% Free Software




 No animals were harmed
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Digital freedoms in education
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

Digital freedoms in education Slide 1 Digital freedoms in education Slide 2 Digital freedoms in education Slide 3 Digital freedoms in education Slide 4 Digital freedoms in education Slide 5 Digital freedoms in education Slide 6 Digital freedoms in education Slide 7 Digital freedoms in education Slide 8 Digital freedoms in education Slide 9 Digital freedoms in education Slide 10 Digital freedoms in education Slide 11 Digital freedoms in education Slide 12 Digital freedoms in education Slide 13 Digital freedoms in education Slide 14 Digital freedoms in education Slide 15 Digital freedoms in education Slide 16 Digital freedoms in education Slide 17 Digital freedoms in education Slide 18 Digital freedoms in education Slide 19 Digital freedoms in education Slide 20 Digital freedoms in education Slide 21 Digital freedoms in education Slide 22 Digital freedoms in education Slide 23 Digital freedoms in education Slide 24 Digital freedoms in education Slide 25 Digital freedoms in education Slide 26 Digital freedoms in education Slide 27 Digital freedoms in education Slide 28 Digital freedoms in education Slide 29 Digital freedoms in education Slide 30 Digital freedoms in education Slide 31 Digital freedoms in education Slide 32 Digital freedoms in education Slide 33 Digital freedoms in education Slide 34 Digital freedoms in education Slide 35 Digital freedoms in education Slide 36 Digital freedoms in education Slide 37 Digital freedoms in education Slide 38 Digital freedoms in education Slide 39 Digital freedoms in education Slide 40 Digital freedoms in education Slide 41 Digital freedoms in education Slide 42 Digital freedoms in education Slide 43 Digital freedoms in education Slide 44 Digital freedoms in education Slide 45 Digital freedoms in education Slide 46 Digital freedoms in education Slide 47 Digital freedoms in education Slide 48 Digital freedoms in education Slide 49 Digital freedoms in education Slide 50
Upcoming SlideShare
Computer Security 101
Next

2 Likes

Share

Digital freedoms in education

F. Questier, Digital freedoms in education, Software Freedom Kosova Conference, University of Pristina, 8th of September 2012

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Digital freedoms in education

  1. 1. Digital freedoms in education Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Vrije Universiteit Brussel University of Pristina 8th of September 2012
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. 3. My background
  4. 4. Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Our social responsibility: how open is the future?
  8. 8. Electronic books? ➢ Would you buy or advise your students ➢ electronic versions of (educational) books ➢ if they were 30% cheaper than paper books ➢ maybe many books on a good reading device ~ paper? ➢ ➢ Be aware: often ➢ limited to 1 year ➢ no access in the higher years of study ➢ limited to buyer ➢ no second hand buying or sale ➢ no library ➢ no extensive printing
  9. 9. Expensive and incompatible
  10. 10. Text To Speech software on e-books ➢ Blessing for the blind ➢ 'Copyright violation' according to 'Author's Guild' (publishers) → TTS disabled in Amazon Kindle 2 Remote kill flags discovered!
  11. 11. DRM: Digital Rights Management or Digital Restrictions Management? ➢ Restricted ➢ export ➢ copying ➢ printing ➢ Text To Speech ➢ in time ➢ to buyer (no second hand market) ➢ biometric identification ➢ user info “inscribed” in the work (Microsoft Reader) ➢ access info sent back to publisher ➢ to certain hardware (e.g. Mac OS X - Apple hardware) ➢ to geographic regions
  12. 12. Regional lockout (DVDs, Videogames, UMD, ...)
  13. 13. DRM ➢ is killing innovation ➢ can prevent legal rights such as ➢ fair use private copying ➢ time shifting ➢ lending services (library) ➢ 2nd hand resale of works ➢ donation ➢ access for disabled ➢ archival ➢ public domain
  14. 14. iPad schools???
  15. 15. 1 computer per user? Esperenza Computer Classroom with software sponsored by Microsoft
  16. 16. One (library catalog) computer per user?
  17. 17. Free yourself from dogmas!
  18. 18. K12LTSP Linux Terminal Server Project Networked classrooms Fat server runs the applications Thin clients visualize the applications need no hard disk can be 15 years old PC's
  19. 19. 356,800 virtualized desktops in Brazilian schools
  20. 20. The possible effects Example: extremadura ➢ poorly developed region → economic revival ➢ based on FLOSS (customized GNU/LinEx) ➢ computer access for every student ➢ saved >18M € on initial 80,000 school computers ➢ total software cost: 1.08 Euro/PC/year ➢ bigger project ➢ stimuli for companies, centres for citizens ➢ economic revival -> European regional innovation award
  21. 21. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 24
  22. 22. 1980's: Stallman defined “Free Software” ➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 25
  23. 23. Wh at FL is OS inf S lue by use nci sch ng oo l s taf f?
  24. 24. Methodology ➢ Interviews ➢ Model conceptualization ➢ Pilot survey ➢ Web based survey ➢ Model validation
  25. 25. Basis for conceptual model ➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory ➢ Innovation diffusion Model
  26. 26. UTAUT model
  27. 27. Our conceptual model
  28. 28. Validated acceptance model for Free Software in (Flemish) schools
  29. 29. Do you think it is desirable to use FLOSS in education?
  30. 30. Which software do you use at school?
  31. 31. Which software do you use at school?
  32. 32. What is your motivation to use Free Software?
  33. 33. What is holding back the adoption of FLOSS in your school?
  34. 34. Conclusions of the study ➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine ➢ Lack of knowledge ➢ Misconceptions ➢ Perceived barriers 39
  35. 35. Recommendations of the study ➢ for schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share ➢ for government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information 40
  36. 36. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students Number one complaint about the technological school infrastructure: 2005 “internet at school is too slow” 2010 “school filters and firewalls block websites that we need for our schoolwork”
  37. 37. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students ➢ Major obstacle to better technology use in schools? ➢ “The ban of personal devices”
  38. 38. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students In terms of streamlining or increasing the effectiveness of their traditional school processes, high school students say that they would use their mobile device at school to: ➢ check grades (74 percent) ➢ take notes in class (59 percent) ➢ use the calendar (50 percent) ➢ access online textbooks (44 percent) ➢ send an email (44 percent) ➢ learn about school activities (40 percent)
  39. 39. 9y old Martha Payne blogging pictures of school lunches got silenced.
  40. 40. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!) ➢ http://www.userful.com/products/userful-multiseat-linux ➢ http://www.backbonemag.com/files/Images/BB_2009_06/brazil2_fmt1.gif ➢ http://www.desktoplinux.com/news/NS7546509093.html ➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny- shirts/software-is-like-sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/ ➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft ➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery ➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker ➢ http://www.graphs.net/201208/byod-in-schools-and-companies.html ➢ BYOD Cartoon a Day http://mgleeson.edublogs.org/files/2012/02/20120210-205344.jpg ➢ School lunch picture Martha Payne http://neverseconds.blogspot.co.uk ➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper
  41. 41. DARE TO SHARE 48
  42. 42. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Thank you! Pyetje? Faleminderit! See also http://questier.com 49
  43. 43. This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed
  • salvianolima10

    Sep. 28, 2012
  • linuxawy

    Sep. 10, 2012

F. Questier, Digital freedoms in education, Software Freedom Kosova Conference, University of Pristina, 8th of September 2012

Views

Total views

2,550

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

1,054

Actions

Downloads

4

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

2

×