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A case study


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A case study

  1. 1. A Case Study: Bucharest Romania Fredericka Brandt
  2. 2. History <ul><li>T he Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler became a residence </li></ul><ul><li>Burned down by the Ottomans and briefly discarded by princes at the start of the 17th century </li></ul><ul><li>Before the 1700s, it became the most important trade centre of Wallachia and became a permanent location for the Wallachian court after 1698 </li></ul><ul><li>O n March 23, 1847 a fire consumed about 2,000 buildings of Bucharest, destroying a third of the city </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest became the capital of the newly-proclaimed Kingdom of Romania in 1881 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>During the end of the 19th century, due to its new status, the city's population increased dramatically, and a new period of urban development began </li></ul><ul><li>T he extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan high culture of this period won Bucharest the nickname of &quot;The Paris of the East&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>During Nicolae Ceau ș escu 's leadership (1965–1989), most of the historic part s of the city w ere destroyed and replaced with Communis t-blocks </li></ul><ul><li>The Romanian Revolution of 1989 began with mass anti-Ceaușescu protests in Timi ș oara in December 1989 and continued in Bucharest, leading to the overthrow of the Communist regime </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>After 2000, due to the beginning of significant economic growth in Romania, the city has modernized and is currently undergoing a period of urban renewal </li></ul><ul><li>Various residential and commercial developments are underway and Bucharest's historic centre is currently undergoing restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Romania became apart of NATO in 2004 and apart of the European Union on January 1, 2007 </li></ul>
  5. 6. Cultural Events <ul><li>T he National Opera organizes the International Opera Festival every year in May and June, which includes ensembles and orchestras from all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>T he Romanian Peasant Museum and the Village Museum organize a number of events throughout the year showcasing Romanian folk arts and crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Romania National Day Parade -01 December </li></ul><ul><li>Obor covers about a dozen city blocks and numerous large stores that are not officially part of the market effectively add up to a market district almost twice that size </li></ul>
  6. 8. Characteristics <ul><li>Bucharest General City Hall ( Primăria Generală ), the city's local government body, has great administrative power since its population is greater than any other county </li></ul><ul><li>It’s divided into six administrative sectors each of which has their own 27-seat sectorial council, town hall and mayor </li></ul><ul><li>The six sectors are numbered from one to six and are disposed radially so that each one has under its administration an area of the city centre </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>The general rule is that the main City Hall is responsible for citywide utilities such as the water system, the transport system and the main boulevards </li></ul><ul><li>S ectorial town halls manage the contact between individuals and the local government, secondary streets, parks, schools and cleaning services. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bucharest development region is not an administrative body </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Bucharest is the centre of the Romanian economy and industry , accounting for around 14.6% of the country's GDP and about ¼ of its industrial production, while being inhabited by only 9% of the country's population </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 Bucharest had a per-capita GDP of €20,057, or 92.2% that of the EU average and more than twice the Romanian average </li></ul><ul><li>The city's strong economic growth has revitalized infrastructure and led to the development of many shopping malls and modern residential towers and high-rise office buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest's economy is mainly centered on industry an d services </li></ul><ul><li>The headquarters of 186,000 firms, including nearly all large Romanian companies are located in Bucharest </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Bucharest is also Romania's largest cent er for information technology and communications and is home to several software companies operating offshore delivery centers </li></ul><ul><li>T he city is undergoing a retail boom, with a large number of supermarkets, and hypermarkets, constructed every year </li></ul>
  10. 13. Location <ul><li>Bucharest is the largest city in Romania, located in the southeast of the country and lies on the banks of the Dâmboviţ a River </li></ul><ul><li>44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E  /  44.4325°N 26.10389°E </li></ul><ul><li>It’ s the 6th largest city in the EU with 1.9 million people </li></ul><ul><li>The city is packed with people, cars, stray dogs , football stadiums and history </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a big dirty city with constant commotion </li></ul>
  11. 14. Demographics <ul><li>A ccording to the 2002 census Bucharest’s population is 1,926,334 ~ 8.9% of the total population of Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest's population experienced two phases of rapid growth, the first in the late 19th century, when the city grew in importance and size </li></ul><ul><li>T he second during the Communist period, when a massive urbanization campaign was launched and many people migrated from rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>~ 96.9% of the population of Bucharest are Romanians and t he second largest ethnic group are Roma </li></ul><ul><li>Others include Hungarian, Ukrainian, German, Russian , Turkish and French ethnic groups </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>~ 96.1% of the population are Romanian Orthodox , 1.2% are Roman Catholic , 0.5% are Muslim and 0.4% are Eastern Rite-Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Yet only 18% of the population, of any religion, attend a place of worship once a week or more </li></ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy: 74.14 years - around 2 years higher than the Romanian average </li></ul><ul><li>Female s: 77.41 years and Males: 70.57 years </li></ul>
  13. 16. Infrasturcture <ul><li>Bucharest is one of the largest financial and industrial cent er s in the region, with a metropolitan area of more than 2.6 million people </li></ul><ul><li>Romania is now an upper-middle income country with high human development although within the European Union, Romania's income level remains one of the lowest </li></ul><ul><li>The EU is their most important trading partner </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture employs about 29% of the total population and contributes about 8.1% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Industry and construction accounted for 32% of the GDP in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>The sector employed 26.4% of the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Romania excels in the production of automobiles , machine tools and chemicals </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>T he service sector in Romania has expanded in recent years, employing some 47% of Romanians and accounting for slightly more than half of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>The retail industry is mainly concentrated in a relatively small number of chain stores clustered together in shopping malls </li></ul><ul><li>The city's public road network is cent ere d around a series of high-capacity boulevards, which generally radiate out from the city centre to the outskirts </li></ul><ul><li>Every day, there are more than one million vehicles traveling within the city </li></ul><ul><li>Bad roads are one of Bucharest's main infrastructural problems </li></ul><ul><li>The volume of traffic in Romania, especially goods transportation, has increased in recent years due to its location in South-East Europe </li></ul><ul><li>M uch of the freight traffic has shifted from rail to road </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Bucharest's extensive public transport system is the largest in Romania and one of the largest in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>It’s made up of the Bucharest Metro, RATB (Regia Autonomă de Transport Bucureşti), which consists of buses, trams, trolleys, and light rail </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest is the center of Romania's national railway network, run by Căile Ferate Române The main railway station is Gara de Nord which provides connections to all major cities in Romania as well as international destinations </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest has two international airports </li></ul>
  16. 22. City Classification <ul><li>According to Wllerstein’s World Systems Theory Bucharest is located in a semi-periphery country </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest is still an emerging city </li></ul><ul><li>(could not find other classifications) </li></ul>