Yasuni itt

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Yasuni itt

  1. 1. CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF ECUADOR FACULTY OF PHILOSOPHY SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES ENGLISH Freddy Endara
  2. 2. • Most bio-diverse places in the world • Zone that did not freeze during the last ice-age.
  3. 3. • The forest accommodates the largest number of species of trees per hectare in the world.
  4. 4. • World's richest avian sites.
  5. 5. • 200 species of mamals
  6. 6. • 62 species of snakes
  7. 7. • 150 species of anphibians
  8. 8. • 100 millions species of insects
  9. 9. • In 1989 UNESCO declared the park a Bio- reserve and Cultural Heritage site
  10. 10. • 'Untouchable Zone'
  11. 11. WAORANI • Curaray and Napo rivers.
  12. 12. Tagaeri and Taromenane • Voluntary isolation
  13. 13. Shuar • Famous, or infamous, for tzantza • WAKANI. • ARUTAM. • MUISAK.
  14. 14. kichwa • Called themselves Naporunas
  15. 15. • Until 1958 the Waorani in particular had fought hard. • Two main indigenous groups - the Tagaeri and Taromenane. • A 420km pipeline was built right across the Andes. • In 1999 the Constitutional court. • Southern part of the Yasuní was declared an 'untouchable zone‘.
  16. 16. EFFECTS OF THE OIL INDUSTRY ON THE AMAZON • Environmental impacts • Cultural impacts • Political impacts • Social impacts • Economic impacts
  17. 17. • Ishpingo-Tambococha- Tiputini • 412 million and a possible 846 million barrels of oil.. • 1 barrel of oil there can be 10 barrels of waste.
  18. 18. • 846 millions barrels of crude (20%). • 407 millions metric tons of carbon. • Produces 4 barrels of water for each barrel of oil.
  19. 19. Benefits • Non CO2 emition about 407 metric ton • Non explotation • The conservation (39 additional parks).
  20. 20. • Reforestation of a 1’000.000 hectares.
  21. 21. • Country’s transition from an extractive economy . – Use of renewable energy sources.
  22. 22. – Respect for diversity – Increased social equity.
  23. 23. CERTIFICATE OF GUARANTEE (CGY´S) • Financial instrument . • All income will be deposited in an international trust fund.
  24. 24. • Contributions of countries from all over the world.
  25. 25. CONCLUSIONS • The proposal will help to keep and preserve this unique and most bio-diverse places in the world. • Non emission into the atmospheres of 407 millions of tons of CO2 • Guarantee non exploitation of petroleum reserves. • The conservation of this immense biological richness, along with the conservation of 39 additional parks. • Respect for the cultures of the indigenous tribes, who live in isolation. • Reforestation of 1’000.000 hectares. • A decisive impulse to the country’s transition from an extractive economy based on petroleum exploitation, towards a more sustainable development model: – Use of renewable energy sources. Hydroelectric, geothermal and solar power. – Respect for diversity – Increased social equity.
  26. 26. VOCABULARY • Watershed: • Proposal: • Spans: • Pledge: • Bats: • Mining: • Logging: • Tamper: • Foragers: • Boundaries: • Fled: • Shrinking: • re-drawn: • revenue: • embodied: cuenca propuesta Los tramos Compromiso Los murciélagos Minería el registro manipular cazadores- recolectores límites huyó contracción re-dibujado ingresos incorporado

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