Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

2

Share

Download to read offline

Buddhism: A Christian Looks at the Buddhist Faith

Download to read offline

Buddhism is the worldview of hundreds of millions of adherents around the world. It shapes the thinking of much of South Asia and the Far East hemisphere through its two major schools of thought, Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism. Here you will learn more about its colorful history, beliefs, and practices, along with some interaction between it and the Christian faith.

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Buddhism: A Christian Looks at the Buddhist Faith

  1. 1. Dr. Freddy Cardoza BUDDHISM cc: --Filippo-- - https://www.flickr.com/photos/71882589@N00
  2. 2. Interesting Buddhist Facts cc: LadyPutz - https://www.flickr.com/photos/28318213@N02
  3. 3. Schools of Buddhism 1. Theravada (35%) (directly from Buddha) from Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos 2. Mahayana (60%) in China, Nepal, Tibet, Japan, Vietnam, Korea, Asia 3. Sometimes Zen/Ch'an cc: PeterThoeny - https://www.flickr.com/photos/98786299@N00
  4. 4. Buddhist Scripture • THE SUTRAS • Other non-canonical books (unofficial scripture) include the Tibetian Book of the Dead, the Pali Canon and the Mahayana Sutras cc: birdfarm - https://www.flickr.com/photos/48600072045@N01
  5. 5. Buddhism is not so much a religion as a "worldview" or "philosophy of life" cc: --Filippo-- - https://www.flickr.com/photos/71882589@N00
  6. 6. Buddhism is Essentially an Agnostic/ Atheistic Movement. There is no Supreme Being or Deity or "Personhood" cc: Photos by Mavis - https://www.flickr.com/photos/42941459@N00
  7. 7. Jatakas • Select tales of Buddha's 550 past lives • Recorded @1000 years later • Former Guru who gave himself to a tiger, so she wouldn't eat her cubs • Former Ship Captain where he killed a would-be murderer on his ship • Many lives as an animal (monkey, deer, elephant, etc.) cc: JapanDave - https://www.flickr.com/photos/56413961@N00
  8. 8. Prayer Wheels • The cylinder contains a sacred text written or printed on paper or animal skin. • These prayers oblige any existing spirits or deities to act • Turning them is the same as saying the prayer, and illiterate Buddhists use them to pray, since they can't read the prayers
  9. 9. Buddhist Temple Artifacts • Flowers are offered as reminders of the impermanence of life • Lit candles represent the darkness of ignorance and light of the 4 Laws • Incense represents the blessed smell of compassion to others • Buddhists bow in temples 3 times for Buddha, Noble Truths, and Community/Monks cc: yyy100 - https://www.flickr.com/photos/63461358@N06
  10. 10. Stupas (Shrines) contain remains of cremated Buddhists, especially monks cc: tarotastic - https://www.flickr.com/photos/30674396@N00
  11. 11. Sky Burial A Tibetan Buddhist Practice
  12. 12. Releasing the Soul by Destruction of the Body
  13. 13. Sometime from 600s-400s BC Buddha Born cc: Natashalatrasha - https://www.flickr.com/photos/68319844@N00
  14. 14. 300 Million Adherents 1/3 size of Hinduism & Islam; 1/4 size of Christianity cc: Mark Fischer - https://www.flickr.com/photos/80854685@N08
  15. 15. 5% of Buddhists are Monks
  16. 16. Budai isn't actually Buddha This is a Chinese Buddhist (Laughing Buddha) cc: JapanDave - https://www.flickr.com/photos/56413961@N00
  17. 17. The Buddha, after enlightenment, remained a meat-eater and this is mentioned often in Buddhist writings cc: dixoncamera.com - https://www.flickr.com/photos/49499629@N02
  18. 18. Vegetarianism as Moral Issue • Eating meat was done by Buddha, even after Enlightenment, and it wasn't forbidden in Buddhist Scripture (or Christian scripture) • Vegetables require tilling soil and spraying crop, resulting in the death of creatures cc: dixoncamera.com - https://www.flickr.com/photos/49499629@N02
  19. 19. • The Vegan uses numerous other products that lead to animals being killed (soap, leather, serum, silk, etc.). • Both require the death of animals, so why abstain from one source (meat) while using the others for lesser reasons than food/survival? cc: dixoncamera.com - https://www.flickr.com/photos/49499629@N02
  20. 20. Siddhartha Gautama Who Was Buddha? cc: Nagarjun - https://www.flickr.com/photos/64924693@N00
  21. 21. Siddhartha Guatama was born here in Lumbini, Nepal cc: markhorrell - https://www.flickr.com/photos/41849531@N04
  22. 22. A prince, his mother Queen Mahamaya dreamed he would become a king or holy man (Sadhu). But Siddhartha's father sought to preserve his royal lineage and overprotected the young man from the world, until he left the royal compound and saw how people lived cc: Arun kumar | Photography - https://www.flickr.com/photos/63177671@N00
  23. 23. Gautama's "4 Sights" 1. Old Man: aging, lost virility 2. Sick Man: disease and pain 3. Corpse: death, decay, grief 4. Holy Man: hope cc: Sukanto Debnath - https://www.flickr.com/photos/7487149@N03
  24. 24. Gautama deserted his young family as they slept, to pursue answers
  25. 25. The following 6 years he ate little, didn't bathe, and wore no clothing cc: terbeck - https://www.flickr.com/photos/39832617@N07
  26. 26. At age 35, meditating here at the Diamond Throne(which at the time was under a tree), he was enlightened to 'truth' and became awakened
  27. 27. Bodh Gaya Birthplace of Buddhism & Most Visited Site
  28. 28. Buddha lived the following 45 years as a Bodhisattva to teach others his way cc: profzucker - https://www.flickr.com/photos/82032880@N00
  29. 29. "To Awaken"/Enlightened One) BUDHI/Buddha cc: --Filippo-- - https://www.flickr.com/photos/71882589@N00
  30. 30. Buddhist Worldview cc: Swami Stream - https://www.flickr.com/photos/21063397@N00
  31. 31. Major Elements • The Three Jewels/Refuges • Four Noble Truths • Eight-Fold Path • Five Virtues • Ten Perfections cc: NJ.. - https://www.flickr.com/photos/10209031@N08
  32. 32. Three Jewels/Refuges cc: meetar - https://www.flickr.com/photos/22025373@N00
  33. 33. 3 Refuges from Eternal Samsara 1. The Buddha's Example 2. The Dhamma (Four Truths) 3. The Sangha (Buddhist monastic community) cc: meetar - https://www.flickr.com/photos/22025373@N00
  34. 34. Four Noble Truths cc: iamrawat - https://www.flickr.com/photos/62466827@N02
  35. 35. Buddhism teaches that people are unhappy in life and can never be satisfied because they desire what they don't have and can never be cc: Benjamin Chun - https://www.flickr.com/photos/40494725@N00
  36. 36. Four Noble Truths (Dhamma) 1. All Life is Suffering (Dukkha) 2. Our Suffering is Caused by Our Attachments and Desires (Samudaya) 3. Accepting our human condition and letting go of the desire for life to be different will lead to the cessation of suffering (Nirodha) 4. One does this through the 8 fold path (Magga) cc: iamrawat - https://www.flickr.com/photos/62466827@N02
  37. 37. Noble Eight Fold Path
  38. 38. The 8 Principles Fall in 3 Areas • Mental Discipline (#1-2) • Wisdom (#2-5) • Ethical Living (#6-8) • Together these help people overcome bad karma to work their way to Nirvana
  39. 39. 8 Fold Path 1. Right Undertanding 2. Right Intention 3. Right Speech 4. Right Action 5. Right Livelihood 6. Right Effort 7. Right Mindfulness 8. Right Concentration
  40. 40. Together these 8 help people overcome bad karma to work their way out of endless lives of suffering
  41. 41. Five Virtues cc: doeth - https://www.flickr.com/photos/26545875@N00
  42. 42. Five Virtues for All Buddhists 1. Don't harm living beings 2. Don't take from/violate others 3. No sexual misconduct 4. No false speech 5. No intoxicating drinks/drugs cc: doeth - https://www.flickr.com/photos/26545875@N00
  43. 43. Virtues for Buddhist Monks • The previous five for all Buddhists, plus: • No dancing/music/arts • No extra meals • No adornment/fragrance • No high seats • No gold/silver cc: doeth - https://www.flickr.com/photos/26545875@N00
  44. 44. Ten Perfections cc: Paco Espinoza Photography - https://www.flickr.com/photos/31235830@N00
  45. 45. Monks have a total of 227 rules to be followed. These are summarized by the 10 Perfections to Buddhahood cc: Paco Espinoza Photography - https://www.flickr.com/photos/31235830@N00
  46. 46. Ten Perfections to Buddhahood 1. Generosity 2. Virtue 3. Renunciation 4. Wisdom 5. Energy 6. Patience 7. Truthfulness 8. Resolution 9. Loving-Kindness 10. Even-Temperedness cc: Paco Espinoza Photography - https://www.flickr.com/photos/31235830@N00
  47. 47. For What Goal? cc: rogersanderson - https://www.flickr.com/photos/88674001@N00
  48. 48. TO ESCAPE SAMSARA "A Wandering Through" Endless Suffering Referring to Reincarnation cc: Nicolas Vollmer - https://www.flickr.com/photos/91094471@N02
  49. 49. "Liberation from Suffering of Samsara/Rebirth" Nirvana cc: Jcarlosbulas - https://www.flickr.com/photos/46172412@N03
  50. 50. Nirvana isn't "heaven." Nor Physical. Nor Bliss. Nor Embodied. Nor with Family. Nor with God. Nor Reward. The Deathless State. Non-Being. cc: Jcarlosbulas - https://www.flickr.com/photos/46172412@N03
  51. 51. Sharing Faith with Buddhists
  52. 52. Buddhist Evangelism • Buddhist focus on ethical living renders inconsistent Christians ineffective in witnessing • Christians should speak to the issue of God and Suffering by studying "Theodicy" (Problem of Evil and Suffering) • Speak about meditation and prayer to God, something they think of differently cc: Photosightfaces - https://www.flickr.com/photos/30595068@N06
  53. 53. Buddhist Evangelism • Speak to the idea of a personal God, as Buddhists are made by our God and have the need for exactly Him-- though they may not be aware of it. Everyone is made for a relationship with the one true God • Point to ethical texts (Proverbs, Sermon on the Mount, Ecclesiastes) for Dialogue cc: bebouchard - https://www.flickr.com/photos/94979249@N00
  54. 54. Buddhist Evangelism • Center on the idea that life should have meaning and the cyclical view of Buddhism doesn't offer that. • Challenge them on the futility and hopelessness of endless rebirths, while showing the hope of eternal life in this lifetime • Point to the beauty and wonder of grace and mercy against "karma" • Very few adherents of Buddhism practice it faithfully. Issue a loving challenge about this. cc: Bpong Hneng - https://www.flickr.com/photos/77568063@N06
  55. 55. Buddha Legends Long After Buddha's Life in Non-Canonical Writings cc: 5oulscape - https://www.flickr.com/photos/68993117@N04
  56. 56. Walking and Talking the Moment of His Birth by His Mother cc: 5oulscape - https://www.flickr.com/photos/68993117@N04
  57. 57. Every place the baby Buddha placed his foot, a lotus bloomed cc: Elias Rovielo - https://www.flickr.com/photos/41111966@N04
  58. 58. The Twin Miracle (fire and water) produced from his body cc: rlanvin - https://www.flickr.com/photos/45347276@N05
  59. 59. Taming of a Raging Drunken Elephant by Buddha's Love
  60. 60. Converted Hinduism's Chief Deity, Brahman, to Buddhism cc: Magalie L'Abbé - https://www.flickr.com/photos/97551727@N00
  61. 61. Commanded Floodwaters So He Could Pass Across on Dry Ground cc: biodiversity western ghats - https://www.flickr.com/photos/49876611@N06
  62. 62. Additional Informationcc: Northwest Rafting Company - https://www.flickr.com/photos/23299229@N06
  63. 63. REALITY versus MAYA The primary difference between Buddha's teachings and traditional Hinduism's teachings concerns the teaching about Atman. The Hindus believe in the soul as being a discreet unit that incarnates over and over. Buddha taught that even the soul was an illusion cc: John Rabbit - https://www.flickr.com/photos/35116312@N02
  64. 64. The Dalai Lama is the exiled Buddhist spiritual- political leader of Tibet displaced by China who has become a symbol for many Buddhists cc: Glyn Lowe Photoworks. - https://www.flickr.com/photos/65354164@N02
  65. 65. Tathagata is the name the Buddha gave to himself (one who has gone/come) cc: Akuppa - https://www.flickr.com/photos/90664717@N00
  66. 66. Buddhist Glossary • Boddhisattva: a person who is able to reach nirvana but delays doing so out of compassion in order to save suffering beings. • Meitreya: Future Buddha Savior cc: kPluto - https://www.flickr.com/photos/31817493@N08
  67. 67. Q&A cc: Mullenkedheim - https://www.flickr.com/photos/27921677@N00
  68. 68. Small Group Discussion • What are ways the Biblical idea of God is different than Buddhism? • The Bible documents Jesus' life beginning 25+ years after his Resurrection. The Sutras do so several hundreds of years later. What difference does it make? cc: Photosightfaces - https://www.flickr.com/photos/30595068@N06
  69. 69. Small Group Discussion • The 8 fold path may take Buddhists hundreds or many thousands of lifetimes of reincarnation, were it true. Compare the concept of resurrection. • How is 'hope' different between Christianity and Buddhism? • What starting points for Buddhist evangelism make the most sense to you? cc: Photosightfaces - https://www.flickr.com/photos/30595068@N06
  70. 70. Sources • http://cardoza.link/BuddhismBeliefs • http://cardoza.link/BuddhistFacts • http://cardoza.link/BasicBuddhismVideo • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2C M-QiBnazg • http://cardoza.link/BodhGayaCreditDenn isJarvis cc: Chi King - https://www.flickr.com/photos/8285539@N07
  71. 71. • http://cardoza.link/BodhiTreeBodhGaya MargieSavage • http://www.buddhanet.net/e- learning/dharmadata/fdd21.htm • http://cardoza.link/AdamCohnIndianWo man • http://cardoza.link/WonderlaneOnFlickr cc: iamrawat - https://www.flickr.com/photos/62466827@N02
  72. 72. • Ruegg, D.S. "Ahimsa and Vegetarianism in the History of Buddhism" in Buddhist Studies in Honour of Walpola Rahula. S. Balasooriya, (et.al) London, 1980. cc: Jose Javier Martin Espartosa - https://www.flickr.com/photos/30996501@N07
  • SlavenkoSucur

    May. 1, 2020
  • FreddyCardoza

    Mar. 5, 2016

Buddhism is the worldview of hundreds of millions of adherents around the world. It shapes the thinking of much of South Asia and the Far East hemisphere through its two major schools of thought, Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism. Here you will learn more about its colorful history, beliefs, and practices, along with some interaction between it and the Christian faith.

Views

Total views

2,627

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

612

Actions

Downloads

52

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

2

×