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LNG as fuel for shipping - dynamics & growth

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Environment, sustainability and reducing emissions are driving fuel flexibility and alternative fuel programs, replacing conventional fuels for combustion engines. LNG is today one of the best commercial and technical feasible options, but the dynamics of this fuel is introducing certain design considerations for such a solution. Wärtsilä is providing power and propulsion system solutions, guaranteeing optimum performance.

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LNG as fuel for shipping - dynamics & growth

  1. 1. © Wärtsilä INTERNAL1 Frank Harteveld Wärtsilä Gas Solutions General Manager BU Fuel Gas Handling 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld Gastech 2017
  2. 2. © Wärtsilä WÄRTSILÄ GAS STRATEGY – YOUR SHORTER ROUTE TO AND/OR THROUGH THE GAS AGE 2 Expected growth of the LNG chain, both in marine & onshore/offshore industry Exploration & Drilling Production & Liquefaction Transport & storage Receiving terminals & Regasification Distribution & transport to users • LNG fuel gas systems for OSVs • Gensets • LNG fuel gas systems • Engines • Gensets • LPG, LEG & LNG cargo handling • On- & Offshore small scale Liquefaction • Antiflaring/VOC • Oil separation • Gas FPSO • Jetty & Floating regasification • Bunkering & barges • Receiving terminals • Gas/LNG distribution/logistics • Feed gas to Power plants 21st Century 16.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – LNG dynamics and its impact on ship design / Frank Harteveld
  3. 3. © Wärtsilä3 INTRODUCTION PERIOD OF LNG AS FUEL FOR SHIPPING 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld SAFETY2012 2014 2017 AVAILABILTY NEW FUEL ECA ONLY GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY NEW TECHNOLOGY LNGPac™ 25m³ LNGPac™ 2x 1000m³ PRICE ECONOMICS LNG – the challenges ...... SCALING-UP
  4. 4. © Wärtsilä LNG AS DYNAMIC FUEL LNG is ..... as dynamic as the sea LNG loves ..... boiling! 4 LNG – the challenges ...... How to deal with a fuel for ships that is having totally different characteristics? Base design criteria You better store it in a very well insulated thermos bottle! • Composition; • Lower Heating Value; • Methane Number; • Thermodynamic state (temperature, pressure, density) Influencing: n DF engine operative windows and performance n LNG fuel gas system execution n BOG management 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld -162°Celsius
  5. 5. © Wärtsilä LNG AS DYNAMIC FUEL n Composition; n Lower Heating Value; n Methane Number; n Thermodynamic state (temperature, pressure, density) 5 Considerations when designing a fuel gas system for a gas-fuelled engine application Influences on gas consumer performance Critical engine operative window n Vessel application; n Operating area; n Operative profile; n Bunkering interval Influencing the LNG fuel gas system design 16.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – LNG dynamics and its impact on ship design / Frank Harteveld
  6. 6. © Wärtsilä IMO Type Tank structure Gas leak to be handled Secondary barrier* Pressure Membrane Integrated to hull Full release Complete Max 0.7 – 2.0 barg Semi- membrane Integrated to hull Full release Complete** Max 0.7 barg Type A Independent Full release Complete Max 0.7 barg Type B Independent Limited Partial*** Max 0.7 barg Type C Independent Valves only Not required 2 – 9 barg LNG FUEL STORAGE TANK - DIFFERENT TYPES Membrane IMO Type A-B IMO Type C http://cdn.lngsummit.com/pdf/Adnan_Ezzarhoun.pdf http://www.ihi.co.jp/offshore/tankshape_e.htmhttp://worldmaritimenews.com/wp- content/uploads/2014/06/IHI-SPB.png http://www.wartsila.com/docs/default-source/product-files/oil-gas- solutions/fuel-gas-handling/brochure-o-ogi-lngpac-new.pdf?sfvrsn=2 03.11.201616.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Innovation in Fuel Gas Handling Solutions / Stefano D'Elia Why IMO Type C? n Allows pressure accumulation; n Simplifies BOG management; n Available in tank sizes up to 6000m³ n Easy on board installation; n Cost effective solution; n Reducing complexity of small scale bunkering vessels.
  7. 7. © Wärtsilä LNG FUEL STORAGE SYSTEM - INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS 03.11.201616.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Innovation in Fuel Gas Handling Solutions / Stefano D'Elia LNGPac™ Gas consumers Automation System reliability, optimization and performance by integration & digitalization
  8. 8. © Wärtsilä WGS FUEL GAS HANDLING – LNGPac™ TANK FAMILY 16.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Innovation in Fuel Gas Handling Solutions / Stefano D'Elia Horizontal Bi-lobe tank Horizontal Multi-lobe tank Completing the tank family – for larger tank volumes ~500 cbm....... ~6000 cbm Horizontal-double wall vacuum insulated tank Vertical-double wall vacuum insulated tank Horizontal – single shell PUR insulated tank Vertical – single shell PUR insulated tank Horizontal Bi-lobe tank Vacuum insulated tanks Polyurethane insulated tanks 25 cbm....... ~300 cbm ~300 cbm....... ~2500 cbm
  9. 9. © Wärtsilä9 TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld DEME – 3500m³ Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger Tank size 200m³
  10. 10. © Wärtsilä10 TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld DEME – largest Cutter Dredger in the world Tank size 2010m³ Engines: 4x 9L46DF + 2x 6L20DF
  11. 11. © Wärtsilä11 TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld Typical LNGPac™ for a Car Carrier Tank size 2x 1000-1500m³ Engines: X-DF + 20DF Source: http://www.qatar-gulfnews.com/wp- content/uploads/iNamXrryZekI1.jpg
  12. 12. © Wärtsilä TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld12 Typical LNGPac™ for a Cruise Ship Tank size 2x 1500 -2500m³ Engines: Wärtsilä 46DF Source: http://www.cruiseweb.com
  13. 13. © Wärtsilä TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld13 Typical LNGPac™ for a Container Ship Tank size 1/2x 1000-5000m³ Engines: X-DF + 20/34DF Source: http://www.portgdansk.pl
  14. 14. © Wärtsilä TANK DESIGN SOLUTIONS & VESSEL APPLICATIONS 03.11.2016Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld14 Typical LNGPac™ for a Bulk Carrier Tank size 1/2x 800-3000m³ Engines: X-DF + 20/34DF Source: http://www.colfaxfluidhandling.com
  15. 15. © Wärtsilä15 REFERENCES - OVERVIEW NOTE: Includes also LNG fuel gas tank deliveries of Hamworthy Dredger 3 Fish Feeder 1 Offshore special 1 Passenger 1 Product Tanker 5 PSV 12 RoPax 20 RoRo 4 Tug 4 IWW Tanker 15 Belgium 4 Canada 14 Germany 2 Norway 15 Sweden 3 UAE 1 USA 8 UK 2 NL 15 Finland 1 Spain 3 Total number of vessels equipped with Wartsila LNGPac™: 74 Total number of LNGPac™: 84 Total volume: ~26000 m³ Number of vessels in operation: 18 Number of vessels confirmed and/or under construction: 48 Owner country Application 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 + 1 5 2 2 5 18 33 Delivery year Distribution trend of LNG fuel gas vessels fitted with Wärtsilä LNG Fuel gas system 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 + Year Cumulative distribution of LNG fuel gas vessels fitted with Wärtsilä LNG Fuel gas system 74 03.11.2016 Wärtsilä Fuel Gas Handling – Japan Technical Seminar Nov-Dec 2016 / Frank Harteveld
  16. 16. THANK YOU!

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