TDC 1 - Class 12

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TDC 1 - Class 12

  1. 1. TDC 1Pedagogical GrammarClass 12
  2. 2. Quiza. Traditional grammar that native speakers usually study inmiddle school, high school, or college is basically descriptivegrammar. It focuses on the terminology and rules alanguage, and it is the same as the grammar for ELLs.False. Traditional grammar is basically prescriptive grammar. Itis different from the grammar for ELLs because they havedifferent needs, they don’t have the instinctive knowledge ofnative speaker. ELL grammar must meet ELL need tocommunicate: write, listen, and read in the language beingtaught.
  3. 3. Quizb. The instinctual knowledge of grammar that comes withacquiring a language natively does not transfer to theunderstanding of the structure of another language because itreflects only knowledge of what is and isn’t done, notnecessarily the understanding of the structure itself.True.c. Grammar for ELLs is the same as the grammar that nativespeakers study in school because they need tocommunicate, write, listen to, and read the language in thesame way as native speakers.False. ELLs have different needs. Native speakers studytraditional grammar in school while grammar for ELL is usuallytaught to serve specific purposes, such as communication indifferent contexts.
  4. 4. QuizContrast the ideas of indirect approach and direct approach inteaching grammar. (10 points – 5 points each)“A direct approach in teaching grammar will present thestructures pointing out terminology as well as the function of thegrammatical points. The TOEFL classes are an example of thisapproach… The indirect approach will not usually use thegrammatical terms as explicitly as the direct one. It will elicitinferences from the students.”
  5. 5. QuizExplain the acronyms ESL, EFL, ESP, ELL and K-12. (25 points = 5 pointseach)• ESL -English as a Second Language – The student studies English in an environment English as where everyone speaks that lge. The student is usually in Canada, USA, Great Britain, etc.• EFL - English as a Foreign Language – The student studies English in a country… in which the people do not speak English as their first language. Brazilians who study at CTJ in Brasília.”• ESP -English for specific purposes. A student studies the language having a special purpose in mind, like business, test preparation, academic purposes, etc.• ELL - English Language Learner. A person who is learning English.• K-12 - Kindergarten to Twelfth Grade - Children/Teenagers who learn English in a regular school environment, usually in the USA and Canada. They are usually children from immigrants to those countries. “
  6. 6. QuizExplain the differences between inductive and deductiveteaching.“Inductive teaching is more student-oriented. The teacherteaches the lesson in a very interactive way, and lets the ss inferthe meaning, the grammar, etc by themselves.”“Deductive teaching asks ss to explain and infer the grammarexplicitly presented by the teacher on the bb, for instance.
  7. 7. Quiz (1)Van Gogh was born in Holland in 1853, the son of avicar.(2)He was deeply religious and he had worked as a laypreacher in England and among Belgian miners. (3)Because hehad been deeply impressed by the art of Millet and its socialmessage, he decided to become a painter.• 1 pronoun - he• 2 conjunctions - and, because• interjection - NG• dependent clause - Because he had been deeply ………….. of Millet and its social message• 4 noun phrases (NP)– Van Gogh, the son, a vicar, a lay preacher, etc.
  8. 8. Quiz (1)Van Gogh was born in Holland in 1853, the son of avicar.(2)He was deeply religious and he had worked as a laypreacher in England and among Belgian miners. (3)Because hehad been deeply impressed by the art of Millet and its socialmessage, he decided to become a painter.• 3 verb phrases (VP) - was born, was, had worked• 2 prepositional phrases (PP) - in Holland, of a vicar• 2 adjectival phrases (AdjP)- deeply religious, lay• adverbial phrase (AdvP) - deeply• Sentence (1) simple• Sentence (2) compound• Sentence(3) complex
  9. 9. Adverb ClausesAdverb clauses are subordinate clauses that show relationshipsbetween ideas related to time, cause and effect, contrast andcondition.What type of adverb clause do the subordinating conjunctionsbelow start?after before when whileas since until tillas soon as once as long as so long aswhenever every time the first time the last timethe next time by the time
  10. 10. Adverb Clauses of TimeMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of time.1. A) I will go to Hawaii. B) I’m going to visit Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano. When I go to Hawaii, I’m going to visit Mauna Loa, the world’s largets active volcano.2. A) I left my apartment this morning. B) The mail carrier delivered the mail. (I could get it.) The mail carried had already delivered the mail when I left my apartment this morning. Order of Clauses Verb Tenses in Adverb Clauses
  11. 11. Adverb ClausesWhat type of adverb clause do the subordinating conjunctionsbelow start?because now that sinceAdverb Clauses of Cause and EffectMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of cause and effect.1. A) We can go swimming every day. B) The weather is warm. We can go swimming every day because the weather is warm. since (time) X since (cause and effect)
  12. 12. Adverb ClausesWhat type of adverb clause do the subordinating conjunctionsbelow start?even though although thoughAdverb Clauses of ContrastMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of contrast.1. A) I went swimming. B) The weather was cold. Although the weather was cold, I went swimming. Contrast (Unexpected Result)
  13. 13. Adverb ClausesWhat type of adverb clause do the subordinating conjunctionsbelow start?whereas whileAdverb Clauses of ContrastMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of contrast. 1. A) Some people are tall. B) Others are short. While some people are tall, others are short. Some people are tall, while others are short. Contrast (Direct Contrast) Special Punctuation
  14. 14. Adverb ClausesWhat type of adverb clause do the subordinating conjunctionsbelow start?if unless only if whether or noteven if in caseAdverb Clauses of ConditionMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of condition.1. A) It will rain tomorrow. B) I will arrive late. If it rains tomorrow, I will arrive late. Verb Tenses
  15. 15. Adverb Clauses of Conditionwhether or not = Neither this condition nor its oppositeeven if matters; the result will be the same.Match the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of condition.1. A) It may be cold tomorrow, but I don’t care. B) I will go swimming tomorrow. Whether or not it is cold tomorrow, I will go swimming. Even if it is cold tomorrow, I will go swimming.
  16. 16. Adverb Clauses of Conditionin case = This condition probably won’t happen, but it might. (if by chance this happens...)Match the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of condition.1. A) You probably won’t need to get in touch with me, but maybe you will. B) I will give you my phone number. In case you need to get in touch with me, I will give you my number. Observe the difference...If you need to get in touch with me, I will give you my number.
  17. 17. Adverb Clauses of Conditionunless = if ... notMatch the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of condition.1. A) It will probably be cold tomorrow. B) I will go swimming tomorrow. Unless it is cold tomorrow, I’ll go swimming. Observe the difference...If it is NOT cold tomorrow, I’ll go swimming.
  18. 18. Adverb Clauses of Conditiononly if = There is only one condition.Match the clauses below, turning one of them into an adverbclause of condition.1. A) The picnic will be canceled with one condition only. B) The condition is a rainy weather. Only if it rains, the picnic will be canceled.
  19. 19. Homework• Workbook (Golden Book) – Pages 77 to 93 (Verbs)

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