Alexandre, Dayverson and Juliana Bragança's Articles


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Alexandre, Dayverson and Juliana Bragança's Articles

  1. 1. Articles
  2. 2. Articles in EnglishThere are only three articles in English: a , an and the. Besides the usage of those three ones we have to be aware of the use of no article (ᴓ).
  3. 3. Indefinite articlesThey are a and an.They are used before singular count nouns or adjective + count nouns;“an” is used for nouns that begin with vowel sond. Remember that “h” and “u” can be tricky. Ex: an hour and a university.* The use of “a” and “an” is determined by the sound not the spelling.
  4. 4. Indefinite articlesWords beginning with h or u depend on thebeginning sound:a hat a universityan hour an umbrella
  5. 5. Definite articleWe use “the” when we are talking about something specific;When the speaker and the listener are talking about the same specific item;For the second and all other references to the same noun;With the superlative form of an adjective;
  6. 6. Definite articleFor the name of countries that look plural, ending in -s or with the words united, union, republic or kingdom;Parts of something (except for body parts);Most bodies of water (except individual lakes);With geographic parts of the globe and geographic areas, deserts and peninsulas.
  7. 7. No articles• Before plural and noncountable nouns when talking about things in general: “I like potatoes.” / “Milk is good for you.”• Before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airp orts, stations, and mountains: “I had dinner with John.” / I bought Cosmopolitan at South Station.”• Before some places and some forms of transport (at home, at/to school, at/to work, in/to bed, by bus, by train, by car, by plane, on foot): “She goes to work by bus.” / “I was at home last night.”• In exclamations with what + a noncount noun: “What beautiful weather!”
  8. 8. Common ELL mistakes No use of a singular count noun without an article (or other determiner) Example: job instead of a job Use of a with a noun that begins with a vowel sound Example: a heir instead of an heir No use of the with a plural count noun that refers to the whole category Example: I dont trust politicians. Not I don’t trust the politicians.
  9. 9. Common ELL mistakes• Use of the with with abstract nouns and ideas. Example: “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” Albert Einstein Not The imagination is more important than the knowledge.
  10. 10. Common mistakes Portuguese native speakers makeThe definite article is used for specific things as in English, but it is also used when referring to the whole group .The definite article must be used with abstract nouns.Unlike English, Portuguese has singular and plural forms of their indefinite and definite articles.
  11. 11. Now, let’s practicethe correct use of the articles.
  12. 12. Correct statement:1. I’m going to mall.Would you like anything? the
  13. 13. Correct the statement:2. My brother’s architectin big company inLondon. an a
  14. 14. Correct the statement:4. I bought pair ofsunglasses on MainStreet. a
  15. 15. Correct the statement:3. Tokyo is capital city inJapan. the
  16. 16. Correct the statement:5. I live in small town inmountains in Canada. a the
  17. 17. Correct the statement:6. What beautiful newcoat you’re wearing! a
  18. 18. Correct the statement:7. I’m reading interestingbook at the moment. an
  19. 19. Watch the video and complete the sentences with articles: ____ commercial is about ____ brand of beer.2. In ____ scene, there is ____ girl and ____ man, who is drinking ____ beer.3. They are in ____ bar. ____ bar is empty.4. At ___ end of ____ commercial, ____ man calls ____ waiter because ____ beer was over.