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Unit	
  7	
  	
  The	
  Chris-an	
  Kingdom	
  
Essen-al	
  	
  Vocabulary	
  
Chris&an-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Cris&anos	
  
Decline-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Disminución	
  
Dynasty-­‐-­‐...
1	
  How	
  did	
  the	
  Chris-an	
  kingdoms	
  begins?	
  
-­‐The	
  Muslims	
  conquered	
  almost	
  the	
  en&re	
  ...
Asturias	
  and	
  León	
  
The	
  kingdom	
  of	
  Asturias	
  emerged	
  in	
  the	
  forst	
  half	
  of	
  the	
  8th	...
True	
  or	
  False	
  
a)  The	
  Chris&an	
  kingdoms	
  were	
  founded	
  in	
  Cantabria	
  and	
  the	
  Pyrenees	
 ...
Cas-le	
  
Under	
  the	
  Caliphate	
  of	
  Córdoba,	
  the	
  Muslims	
  aXacked	
  León.	
  At	
  the	
  same	
  &me,	...
What	
  was	
  the	
  art	
  of	
  the	
  Chris-an	
  kingdoms	
  like?	
  
Asturian	
  art	
  
Asturian	
  art	
  develop...
However,	
  the	
  best	
  known	
  is	
  Santa	
  María	
  del	
  Naranco,	
  which	
  was	
  originally	
  built	
  
	
 ...
Mozarabic	
  art	
  
The	
  Mozarabic	
  style	
  emerged	
  in	
  the	
  Chris&an	
  Kingdom	
  in	
  the	
  10th	
  cent...
Mudejar	
  art	
  
Mudejar	
  art	
  emerged	
  in	
  the	
  12th	
  century	
  in	
  Sahagún,	
  León.	
  
Mudejar	
  was...
Read	
  the	
  sentences.	
  What	
  do	
  they	
  refer	
  to?	
  
1.  These	
  were	
  the	
  three	
  styles	
  of	
  a...
Could	
  you	
  imagine	
  how	
  it	
  would	
  be	
  a	
  royal	
  
recep-on	
  when	
  the	
  building	
  was	
  a	
  p...
4	
  The	
  Three	
  cultures	
  
Aier	
  the	
  conquest,	
  there	
  was	
  three	
  main	
  cultures:	
  Chris&an,	
  I...
Toledo	
  is	
  called	
  The	
  City	
  of	
  the	
  Three	
  Cultures.	
  Why?	
  	
  
5	
  The	
  Road	
  of	
  San-ago	
  
-­‐When	
  did	
  the	
  pilgrims	
  start	
  to	
  go	
  to	
  San&ago?	
  
-­‐Why	...
!
Tell	
  us	
  something	
  about	
  the	
  clothes	
  that	
  the	
  
pilgrims	
  worn	
  
	
  	
  
Analyse	
  a	
  biography:	
  El	
  Cid,	
  legend	
  and	
  reality	
  
Read	
  page	
  65	
  and	
  answer	
  the	
  que...
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms
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Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms

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Unit 7 The Christian Kingdoms

  1. 1. Unit  7    The  Chris-an  Kingdom  
  2. 2. Essen-al    Vocabulary   Chris&an-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Cris&anos   Decline-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Disminución   Dynasty-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Dinas5a   County-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Condado   Expansion-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Expansión   Feudal  Stat-­‐-­‐Estado  feudal   Independence-­‐-­‐-­‐Independencia   Islamic-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Islámico   Jewish-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Judío   Manuscript-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Manuscrito   Military  Orders-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Órdenes  Miltares   Reconquest-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Reconquista   Repopula&on-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐Repoblación     Resistance-­‐-­‐-­‐Resistencia   Stockbreeding-­‐-­‐Ganadería  
  3. 3. 1  How  did  the  Chris-an  kingdoms  begins?   -­‐The  Muslims  conquered  almost  the  en&re  Iberian  Peninsula      except  for  Cantabria  and  the  Pyrenees.  Many  visigoths  took      refuge  in  these  areas,  where  they  founded    Chris&an  Kingdoms    between  the  8th  and  9th  centuries.   -­‐The  Chris&an  kingdoms  coexisted  with  Al-­‐Andalus  for  eight  hundred  years.   They  traded  together,  and  there  were  some  cultural  exchanges,  but  they  also   Fought  over  territory.   Chris-an  resistence  
  4. 4. Asturias  and  León   The  kingdom  of  Asturias  emerged  in  the  forst  half  of  the  8th  century.    In  718,  the  Visigoths  chose  Pelayo  as  their  king.  He  defeated  the  muslims     at  the  baXle  of  Covadonga  in  722.  The  court  was  established  in  Oviedo   In  the  10th  century,  the  capital  of  the  kingdom  was  moved  to  León,  and    the  region  became  the  Kingdom  of  León.  
  5. 5. True  or  False   a)  The  Chris&an  kingdoms  were  founded  in  Cantabria  and  the  Pyrenees                  between  the  8th  and  9th  centuries     b)  The  Chris&an  kingdoms  co-­‐existed  with  Al-­‐Andalus  for  seven  hundred  years     c)  Pelayo  fought  the  Muslims  at  the  BaXle  of  Covadonga  in  733.     d)  The  kingdom  of  León  was  established  in  the  10th  century   2)  Why  did  the  Chris&an  live  in  mountainous  regions?  
  6. 6. Cas-le   Under  the  Caliphate  of  Córdoba,  the  Muslims  aXacked  León.  At  the  same  &me,   Cas&le  provided  defence  against  Muslims  aXacks  from  the  valley  of  the  River  Ebro.   It  was  divided  into  coun&es  under  count  Fernán  González(  930-­‐970)     In  1035  Cas&lle  became  an  independent  kingdom.  
  7. 7. What  was  the  art  of  the  Chris-an  kingdoms  like?   Asturian  art   Asturian  art  developed  between  the  8th  and  10th  centuries.     The  best  examples  are  small  stone    chucrches  in  or  near  Oviedo  suchs  as     San  Miguel  de  Lillo  
  8. 8. However,  the  best  known  is  Santa  María  del  Naranco,  which  was  originally  built    as  a  palace  but  later  used  as  a  church.   Asturian  art  also  included  some  fine  gold  and  silverwork,  such  as  the  Cross  of  the   Angels  
  9. 9. Mozarabic  art   The  Mozarabic  style  emerged  in  the  Chris&an  Kingdom  in  the  10th  century.    It  was  developed  by  Mozarabs  who  had  run  away  from  Al  Andalus.   -­‐The  interiors  of  the  churches  are  similar  to  muslim  art  in  their  use  of   Horseshoe  arches  and  capitals.  The  best  example  is  the  church  of  San  Miguel  de  Escalada  
  10. 10. Mudejar  art   Mudejar  art  emerged  in  the  12th  century  in  Sahagún,  León.   Mudejar  was  the  name  given  to  the  Muslims  who  remained  in  the  Chris&an     Kingdoms  aier  the  Reconquest.   The  buildings  constructed  by  these  Muslims  was  characterized  by  the  use   of  bricks  and  cereamics  &les.  In  Seville  we  have  remains  of  these  style    
  11. 11. Read  the  sentences.  What  do  they  refer  to?   1.  These  were  the  three  styles  of  art  characteris&c  of  the  Chris&an  kingdoms   2.  This  style  developed  between  the  8th  and  10th  centuries.   3.  These  features  are  chracteris&c  of  Islamic  art.   4.  Bricks  and  ceramic  &les  were  used  in  the  style  of  art.    
  12. 12. Could  you  imagine  how  it  would  be  a  royal   recep-on  when  the  building  was  a  palace?           Santa  María  del  Naranco   (Oviedo)  
  13. 13. 4  The  Three  cultures   Aier  the  conquest,  there  was  three  main  cultures:  Chris&an,  Islamic  and  Jewish.   These  group  usually  lived  separately.  They  did  not  intermarry,  and  they  had   Their  own  customs.   -­‐The  Chris&ans  were  the  dominant  group.   -­‐The  Mudejars  many  of  them  moved  to  Granada   -­‐The  Jews.  Their  rela&ons  with  the  other  group  were  tense,  especially  from  the  14  th                                          century  onwards.  They  were  some&mes  persecuted.  
  14. 14. Toledo  is  called  The  City  of  the  Three  Cultures.  Why?    
  15. 15. 5  The  Road  of  San-ago   -­‐When  did  the  pilgrims  start  to  go  to  San&ago?   -­‐Why  was  San&ago  a  popular  des&na&on  for    pilgrims?   -­‐In  what  ways  was  the  Road  important  to  Cas&le?   Answer  theses  ques&ons  aier  read     page  number  64  
  16. 16. ! Tell  us  something  about  the  clothes  that  the   pilgrims  worn      
  17. 17. Analyse  a  biography:  El  Cid,  legend  and  reality   Read  page  65  and  answer  the  ques&ons  

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