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The Classical Tradition: Greece and Rome (pt. 1)

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Objectives:
1. Identify significant world events from ancient Greece and Rome.
2. Identify example of the humanities in classical civilizations, such as art, architecture, philosophy, music, and literature.
3. Identify major key examples from the humanities that reflect developments in world events and cultural patterns in ancient Greece and Rome.

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  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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The Classical Tradition: Greece and Rome (pt. 1)

  1. 1. The Classical Tradition: Greece and Rome HUM/100 – Intro to the Humanities I The Ancient World to Medieval Time Prof. Francisco Pesante-Gonzalez University of Phoenix – Puerto Rico Campus
  2. 2. Objectives  Identify significant world events from ancient Greece and Rome.  Identify example of the humanities in classical civilizations, such as art, architecture, philosophy, music, and literature.  Identify major key examples from the humanities that reflect developments in world events and cultural patterns in ancient Greece and Rome.
  3. 3. The Greek World: The Classical Tradition Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean The Rise of the Greek Polis The Golden Age The Hellenistic World
  4. 4.  The Cyclades: a group of more than 100 islands in the Aegean Sea between mainland Greece and the island of Crete.  By about 2200 BCE, trade with Crete to the south brought the Cyclades into the larger island’s political orbit and radically altered late Cycladic life. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean
  5. 5.  To the south of the Cyclades lies Crete, the largest of the Aegean islands. Bronze Age civilization developed there as early as 3000 BCE. Trade routes from Crete established communication with such diverse areas as Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Afghanistan, and Scandinavia, from which the island imported copper, ivory, amethyst, lapis lazuli, carnelian, gold, and amber.  A distinctive culture called Minoan flourished on Crete from about 1900 to 1375 BCE. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean
  6. 6. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean Palace of Minos at Knossos
  7. 7. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean Palace of Minos at Knossos
  8. 8. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean The Legend of Minos and the Minotaur
  9. 9. Mycenean Culture on the Mainland.  When the Minoans abandoned the palace at Knossos in about 1450 BCE, warriors from the mainland culture of Mycenae, on the Greek mainland, quickly occupied Crete . Reasons: either the deforestation of the island. Or the negative aftermath of the volcanic eruption on Thera. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean
  10. 10. Mycenean Culture on the Mainland. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean
  11. 11. Mycenean Culture on the Mainland.  The Homeric Epic: Iliad  Areté: often translated as “virtue,” but actually meaning something closer to “being the best you can be” or “reaching your highest human potential.”  Hubris: Exaggerated pride and self-confidence. Bronze Age Culture in the Aegean
  12. 12. Mycenean Culture on the Mainland.  Greek Gods Reference: http://padhopperspeaksmore.blogspot.com/2013/01/greek- god-family-tree.html
  13. 13. Olympia and the Olympic Games “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part” Baron Pierre Coubertin The Rise of the Greek Polis
  14. 14. Olympia and the Olympic Games  First modern Summer Olympics: Athens, Greece 1896  Professionalism v Ammateurism The Rise of the Greek Polis
  15. 15. Olympia and the Olympic Games  The first Olympic Games (776 bC)  Panhellenic Games, open to all city-states in the Greek world.  Olympia: a sanctuary dedicated to Hera and Zeus also housed an elaborate athletics facility. The Rise of the Greek Polis
  16. 16. The Rise of Democracy and the Threat of Persia  In 508 BCE, the Athenian aristocrat Cleisthenes instituted the first Athenian political democracy—from the Greek demokratia, the rule (kratia) of the people (demos). The Rise of the Greek Polis
  17. 17. The Rise of Democracy and the Threat of Persia  In 490 BCE, a huge Persian army, estimated at 90,000, landed at Marathon. The Rise of the Greek Polis
  18. 18. THE GOLDEN AGE  Delian League (477-431 b.C.)  Pericles (495-429 b.C.)  Peloponnesian War (431-404 b.C.) The Rise of the Greek Polis
  19. 19. THE GOLDEN AGE: The Architectural Program at the Acropolis The Rise of the Greek Polis
  20. 20. THE GOLDEN AGE: The Architectural Program at the Acropolis  Six caryatids The Rise of the Greek Polis
  21. 21. The Rise of the Greek Polis THE GOLDEN AGE: Philosophy and the Polis Socrates (469-399 b.C.)  “How do we know what we think we know?” and, crucially, “How can we trust what we think we know?”  Dialectic method  Good government was unattainable “unless either philosophers become kings
  22. 22. The Rise of the Greek Polis THE GOLDEN AGE: Philosophy and the Polis Plato (428 – 347 b.C.)  Idealism—it seeks the eternal perfection of pure ideas, untainted by material reality  “Allegory of the Cave”  Rule by an intellectual philosopher king
  23. 23. The Rise of the Greek Polis THE GOLDEN AGE: Philosophy and the Polis Aristotle (384–322 b.C.)  Reality was not a reflection of an ideal form, but existed in the material world itself, and by observing the material world, one could come to know universal truths.  Empirical Investigation
  24. 24. The Rise of the Greek Polis THE GOLDEN AGE: Philosophy and the Polis Aristotle (384–322 b.C.)  The Golden Mean  Courage  Syllogism
  25. 25. The Rise of the Greek Polis THE GOLDEN AGE: Philosophy and the Polis Aristotle (384–322 b.C.)  “Man is a political animal”  The essential purpose of the polis was to guarantee, barring catastrophe, that each of its citizens might flourish.
  26. 26. THE HELLENISTIC WORLD: The Empire of Alexander the Great Charles Le Brun (1665) Alexander Entering Babylon, or The Triumph of Alexander The Rise of the Greek Polis
  27. 27. THE HELLENISTIC WORLD: The Empire of Alexander the Great Hellenistic Kindoms The Rise of the Greek Polis
  28. 28. Questions?
  29. 29. Empire: Urban Life and Imperial Rome  ROME MYTHOLOGICAL ORIGINS  THE HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC  TURNING INTO AN EMPIRE  PAX ROMANA  DECADENCE AND DISSOLUTION OF THE EMPIRE
  30. 30. ROME MYTHOLOGICAL ORIGINS  ROMULUS AND REMUS
  31. 31. ROME MYTHOLOGICAL ORIGINS  AENEID
  32. 32. THE HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Tarquin the Proud 509 b.C. Res Publica Patricians Plebeians
  33. 33. • Sayre, H. (2014). Discovering the Humanities (3rd ed). Pearson Education. • World History: Patterns of Interaction (2007). McDougal Littell. REFERENCES

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