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HUM-100: PREHISTORY, MESOPOTAMIA, AND EGYPT (PT. 2)

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Objectives:
1. Identify significant world events from Prehistory, ancient Mesopotamia, and ancient Egypt.
2. Identify example of the humanities in ancient civilizations, such as art, architecture, philosophy, music, and literature.
3. Identify major key examples from the humanities that reflect developments in world events and cultural patterns in Prehistory, ancient Mesopotamia, and ancient Egypt.

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HUM-100: PREHISTORY, MESOPOTAMIA, AND EGYPT (PT. 2)

  1. 1. PREHISTORY, MESOPOTAMIA, AND EGYPT HUM/100 – Intro to the Humanities I The Ancient World to Medieval Time Prof. Francisco Pesante-Gonzalez
  2. 2. Gilgamesh Epic • Epic: “…a long narrative poem in elevated language. It follows characters of a high position through a series of adventures, often including a visit to the world of the dead. The central figure is a legendary or historical figure of heroic proportion...” 2 MESOPOTAMIA - LITERATURE
  3. 3. Gilgamesh Epic • Characters: Gilgamesh, Ishtar, Enkidu, Utnapishtim & Enlil • Elements of the Plot: Arrogance, Friendship, Pursuit of Inmortality 3 MESOPOTAMIA - LITERATURE
  4. 4. ANCIENT EGYPT 4
  5. 5. Political Order • Old Kingdom(2660 - 2181 b.C.) • Middle Kingdom (2080 – 1640 b.C.) • New Kingdom (1570 – 1200 b.C) 5 ANCIENT EGYPT
  6. 6. Political Order • First Dinasty (3,100 – 2,700 b.C. • Narmer Palette (31st Century b.C.) 6 ANCIENT EGYPT
  7. 7. Religion • Theocracy • Pharaohs (about 31 Dinasties) • Polytheism (over 2,000 deities) • Life After Death 7 ANCIENT EGYPT
  8. 8. Religion • Life After Death (Book of Death) 8 ANCIENT EGYPT
  9. 9. Ancient Kingdom • Sphynx and the Khufu and Khafe Pyramids 9 ANCIENT EGYPT - ARCHITECTURE
  10. 10. Ancient Kingdom • Khufu and Khafe Pyramids (c. 2,650 – 2600 b.C.) 10 ANCIENT EGYPT - ARCHITECTURE
  11. 11. Ancient Kingdom • Menkaure Pharaoh • 2532-2503 b.C. • Fourth Dinasty 11 ANCIENT EGYPT
  12. 12. New Kingdom • 18th to 20 Dinasty • Akenaten (Amenhotep IV) Religious reforms • 1,353-1,336 b.C. 12 ANCIENT EGYPT
  13. 13. New Kingdom • 18th to 20 Dinasty • Nefertiti • ca. 1370 – ca. 1330 b.C. 13 ANCIENT EGYPT -
  14. 14. New Kingdom • Nebamun • 1,350 b.C. • Scribe and grain accountant • Tomb Wall Painting near Thebes 14 ANCIENT EGYPT -
  15. 15. REFERENCES • Sayre, H. (2014). Discovering the Humanities (3rd ed). Pearson Education. • World History: Patterns of Interaction (2007). McDougal Littell. 15

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