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Cities: Art or Science?

Are Cities Works of Art? Is there a Science of Cities?

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Cities: Art or Science?

  1. 1. What Kind of Problem a City Is?
  2. 2. 432 Park Avenue
  3. 3. One57
  4. 4. 495-room Drake Hotel
  5. 5. Edificio España
  6. 6. Order
  7. 7. Solidified Chaos?
  8. 8. Cities are often seem as works of art...
  9. 9. Paris
  10. 10. Rio
  11. 11. Ulan Bator
  12. 12. Mumbai
  13. 13. Nairobi
  14. 14. Urbanization: The pressure to Aglomerate Year 1900: 200M people lived in cities, 12% of world population Year 2015: 3,500M people live in cities, 50% of world population Year 2050: 6,500M people will live in cities, 80% of world population China will build the equivalent of New York every other year for 20 years 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% 70,0% 80,0% 90,0% 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 1900 2010 2050 2100 Urban population Urban Total %
  15. 15. Why Economists still like Cities There is a near perfect correlation between urbanization and prosperity across nations
  16. 16. Songdo
  17. 17. Cities happen to be problems in organized complexity Jane Jacobs
  18. 18. Urban Problems are “Wicked” Problems
  19. 19. What you see is not what you get… when it comes to cities Cities are now regarded as being in a perpetual state of disequilibrium A city is not something that is planned from the top down but emerges organically Cities are beginning to be interpreted as fractal structures Cities change in shape as they change in size, and we usually call this allometry How to model the generic processes that generate physical form
  20. 20. Are cities part of biology? Is London a great big whale? Is Edinburgh a horse? Geoffrey West
  21. 21. Innovation Machines Proximity has become ever more valuable as the cost of connecting across long distances has fallen. cities aren’t structures; cities are people. (Edward Glaeser, “The Triumph of the City”) Cities are devices that enable us to communicate. Cities are places where people come together to “interact” with one another. (Michael Batty, “The New Science of Cities”)
  22. 22. 21st Century Gardens
  23. 23. City-At-Night.jpg An inconvenient truth? In the Future, Companies Will Survive Only if They Help Solve Big Social Problems
  24. 24. Thank you Francisco J. Jariego @fjjariego
  25. 25. Art & Science Cover Image • Nagib KARSAN Numero 192, Venice The Wonder City You May Liveto See • Popular Science Monthly, August 1925 Cities happen to be problems in organized complexity • Jane Jacobs, “The Death and Live of Great American Cities” What you see is not what you get • Michael Batty, “Cities as Complex Systems” Arecities part of biology? • Geoffrey West, “The surprising math of cities and corporations” TED Talk • Geoffrey West et. al. “Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities” 21 Century Gardens • Van Gogh-Roosegaarde bicycle path • Newman & Kenworthy, Transport Related Energy Consumption, Gigajoules per capita per year, InnovationMachines • Michael Batty, “The New Science of Cities” • Edward Glaeser, “The Triumph of the City”