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The gothic novel

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The Gothic Novel

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The gothic novel

  1. 1. THE GOTHIC NOVEL By:Francisco Aresi
  2. 2. Origins of the Gothic Novel Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance. Its origin is attributed to English author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto "A Gothic Story". The effect of Gothic fiction feeds on a pleasing sort of terror, an extension of Romantic literary pleasures that were relatively new at the time of Walpole's novel. It originated in England in the second half of the 18th century where, following Walpole, it was further developed by Clara Reeve, Ann Radcliffe, William Thomas Beckford and Matthew Lewis. The genre had much success in the 19th century, as witnessed in prose by Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the works of Edgar Allan Poe as well as Charles Dickens with his novella, A Christmas Carol, and in poetry in the work of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Lord Byron. Another well known novel in this genre, dating from the late Victorian era, is Bram Stoker's Dracula. The name Gothic, which originally referred to the Goths, and then came to mean "German", refers to the medieval buildings, emulating Gothic architecture, in which many of these stories take place. This extreme form of romanticism was very popular in England and Germany. The English Gothic novel also led to new novel types such as the German Schauerroman and the French Roman Noir.
  3. 3. Characteristics of Gothic Novels ● Gloomy, decaying setting (haunted houses or castles with secret passages, trapdoors, and other mysterious architecture) ● Supernatural beings or monsters (ghosts, vampires, zombies, giants) ● Curses or prophecies ● Damsels in distress ● Heroes ● Romance ● Intense emotions
  4. 4. Some Examples of Gothic Novels are: 1) Jane Eyre 2) Drácula 3) Wuthering Heights 4) Frankenstein 5) Rebecca 6) The picture of Dorian Grey 7) The complete Stories and Poems 8) The phantom of the opera 9) We have always lived in the Castle 10) The Monk
  5. 5. Typical Characters of the Gothic Novel The Gothic hero becomes a sort of archetype as we find that there is a pattern to his characterization. There is always the protagonist, usually isolated either voluntarily or involuntarily. Then there is the villain, who is the epitome of evil, either by his (usually a man) own fall from grace, or by some implicit malevolence. TheWanderer, found in many Gothic tales, is the epitome of isolation as he wanders the earth in perpetual exile, usually a form of divine punishment.
  6. 6. Plots of Gothic Novels Action in the Gothic novel tends to take place at night, or at least in a claustrophobic, sunless environment. ascent (up a mountain high staircase); descent (into a dungeon, cave, underground chambers or labyrinth) or falling off a precipice; secret passage; hidden doors; the pursued maiden and the threat or rape or abduction; physical decay, skulls, cemeteries, and other images of death; ghosts; revenge; family curse; blood and gore; torture; the Doppelganger (evil twin or double); demonic possession; masking/shape-changing; black magic; madness; incest and other broken sexual taboos.
  7. 7. Settings of Gothic Novels The setting is greatly influential in Gothic novels. It not only evokes the atmosphere of horror and dread, but also portrays the deterioration of its world. The decaying, ruined scenery implies that at one time there was a thriving world. At one time the abbey, castle, or landscape was something treasured and appreciated. Now, all that lasts is the decaying shell of a once thriving dwelling.
  8. 8. THE END HOPE YOU LIKE IT

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