SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 24
Download to read offline
Inferring(Seman,c(Rela,ons(by(User( 
Feedback(( 
Francesco Osborne, Enrico Motta 
KMi, The Open University, United Kingdom 
November 2014
Two$categories$with$common$ 
Once(upon(a(,me…( 
problems…$ 
Ontology$Engineers$ 
Ontology$cra;ing$is$<me=consuming$and$ 
calling$for$specialist$exper<se$ 
Ontologies$are$the$best.$ Wow,$let$me$play$with$them!$ 
Recommender$System$experts$ 
ontology'engineer' recommender'system'expert'
Content=based/hybrid$ 
Recommender$Systems$ 
$ 
Feedback$ 
Recommenda<ons$ 
Background$ 
Knowledge$ 
Algorithm$
Content=based/hybrid$ 
Recommender$Systems$ 
$ 
Feedback$ 
Easier$to$share$and$reuse$system$knowledge$ 
Recommenda<ons$ 
Domain$ 
Ontology$ 
Algorithm$
e.g.,$spreading$ac<va<on$$
Two$categories$with$common$ 
But(soon(problems(arose…( 
problems…$ 
Actually$ontology$cra;ing$ 
is$a$long$process$and$we$ 
need$domain$experts.$ 
Ontology$Engineers$ 
Ontology$cra;ing$is$<me=consuming$and$ 
calling$for$specialist$exper<se$ 
Recommender$System$experts$ 
And$a;er$all$this$$work$your$ 
experts$do$not$even$agree$ 
with$our$users.$We$need$to$do$ 
it$again!$ 
ontology'engineer' recommender'system'expert'
Two$categories$with$common$ 
But(soon(problems(arose…( 
problems…$ 
Well$we$can$run$different$ 
tests$and$use$the$version$ 
that$maximize$accuracy….$ 
Ontology$Engineers$ 
Ontology$cra;ing$is$<me=consuming$and$ 
calling$for$specialist$exper<se$ 
Recommender$System$experts$ 
Also$we$just$added$400$new$ 
items,$make$sure$they$are$ 
described$in$the$ontology$by$ 
tomorrow.$ 
ontology'engineer' recommender'system'expert'
Two$categories$with$common$ 
But(soon(problems(arose…( 
problems…$ 
Ontology$Engineers$ 
Ontology$cra;ing$is$<me=consuming$and$ 
calling$for$specialist$exper<se$ 
I$quit!$ Ontologies$do$not$understand$us!$ 
Recommender$System$experts$ 
ontology'engineer' recommender'system'expert'
Problems$ 
1. Ontology$cra;ing$is$<me=consuming$and$ 
calling$for$specialist$exper<se;$ 
2. A$domain$ontology$may$not$represent$ 
accurately$the$viewpoint$of$the$targeted$user$ 
community;$ 
3. Ontologies$tend$to$provide$rather$sta<c$ 
models,$which$fail$to$keep$track$of$evolving$ 
user$perspec<ves.$$
Content=based/hybrid$ 
Recommender$Systems$ 
$ 
Feedback$ 
Recommenda<ons$ 
Domain$ 
Ontology$ 
Algorithm$
Solu<on$ 
Feedback$ 
Recommenda<ons$ 
Tailored$Domain$ 
Ontology$ 
Algorithm$ 
Let’s$learn(and(enrich(the(ontology( 
(from(user(feedbacks$ 
$
Advantages$ 
• It$makes$the$crea<on/enrichment$of$ontologies$ 
quicker(and(easier;$ 
• It$provides$a$useful(feedback(to$ontology$ 
engineers;$ 
• The$ontologies$learnt/corrected$by$user$feedback$ 
are$Personal$Ontology$Views,$tailored(on(a( 
specific(community;( 
• The$ontology$will$be$able$to$evolve,$keeping$track$ 
of$shi;ing$user$perspec<ves.$ 
$
Klink$ 
Klink$is$an$algorithm$designed$to$mine(seman,c( 
rela,onships(between(keywords.$ 
It$was$developed$for$Rexplore,$a$tool$for$exploring$ 
scholarly$data$and$can$be$used$to$augment$ 
seman<cally$a$variety$of$data$mining$algorithm.$ 
( 
A(Hybrid(Seman,c(Approach(to(Building(Dynamic( 
Maps(of(Research(Communi,es( 
Francesco'Osborne,'Giuseppe'Scavo'and'Enrico'Mo<a' 
11:40,$Session$3,$EKAW$2014$ 
$
Klink$UM$ 
It$uses$sta<s<cal$and$machine$learning$techniques$for$ 
finding$rela,onships(between(keywords(associated( 
with(rated(items$for:$ 
1. building$a$conceptual$taxonomy$from$scratch;$ 
2. enriching$and$correc<ng$an$exis<ng$ontology$ 
a) automa<cally,$ 
b) sugges<ng$poten<al$connec<ons$between$ 
classes$to$be$addressed$by$ontology$engineers;$ 
3. providing$a$numerical$es<mate$of$the$intensity$of$ 
the$seman<c$rela<onships$according$to$a$group$of$ 
users.$
From$Ra<ngs$to$Condi<onal$ 
Probability$ 
• Klink$infers$subsump<on$rela<onships$by$compu<ng$the$ 
condi<onal$probability$that$a$document$tagged$with$ 
term$x$will$be$also$associated$with$term$y.$ 
• Klink$UM$computes$the$condi<onal$probability$that$a$ 
user$who$has$a$posi,ve(or(nega,ve(opinion(of$x$will$ 
have$the$same$opinion$of$y.$ 
$ 
x 
Classic(subsump,on:( 
P(x|y)$≥$α$and$P(y|x)$<'1' 
y$ 
' 
Klink(improved(subsump,on:( 
( 
.( 
( 
(
K-Link 
UM 
STATISTICAL 
INFERENCES 
FILTER KEYWORD 
CLUSTERING 
Hierarchical clustering 
User Ratings on 
tags/keywords 
Pre-existent 
ontology 
TAXONOMY 
GENERATION 
Candidate ontology 
PROPOSED 
MODIFICATIONS 
Parameters estimation with 
Nelder-Mead algorithm 
EVALUATION 
Final ontology 
Recommendations 
RS ALGORITHM
Evalua<on$ 
We$aimed$to$prove$that:$ 
• Klink$UM$can$generate(conceptual( 
taxonomies(similar$enough$to$the$ones$ 
cra;ed$by$human$experts$(e.g.,$Klink$UM$is$ 
useful$for$OE)$ 
• the$ontologies$generated$or$enriched$by$Klink$ 
UM$are$tailored$to$a$par<cular$group$of$users,$ 
and$useful(for(recommenda,on(purposes.$ 
(e.g.,$Klink$UM$is$useful$for$RS)$
Ontology$learning$ 
Tested$on$two$ontologies$in$the$gastronomic$ 
domain:$ 
1) Cold'Cuts,$a$three$level$ontology$with$19$ 
classes,$describing$different$cuts$of$meat;$ 
2) Drinks,$a$three$level$ontology$with$33$classes,$ 
describing$different$drinks.$
Ontology$learning$
Ontology$learning$
Recommender$performance$ 
We$used$spreading(ac,va,on((as$in$Cena$et$al.$2013)$to$ 
generate$sugges<ons.$$ 
We$compared$the$accuracy$of$three$approaches:$ 
• Spreading$ac<va<on$on$an$expert(craMed(ontology( 
(labelled$S)$ 
• Spreading$ac<va<on$on$an$expert$cra;ed$ontology,$ 
corrected(and(enriched(by$accep<ng$by$default$Klink$ 
UM$sugges<ons$(labelled$SE)$$ 
• Spreading$ac<va<on$on$a$conceptual$taxonomy$ 
generated(from(scratch(by$Klink$UM$(labelled$SG)$$
Recommender$performance$
Future$Work$ 
• Cluster$groups$of$people$with$different$views$ 
of$the$domain$in$order$to$build$tailored$ 
versions$of$the$domain$ontology.$ 
• Novel$heuris<cs$for$detec<ng$a$higher$number$ 
of$seman<c$rela<onships.$$
Ques<ons?$ 
Interested(in(scholarly(data?( 
( 
SAVE=SD$2015$ 
Seman<cs,$Analy<cs,$Visualisa<on:$Enhancing$Scholarly$Data$$ 
Workshop$at$24th$Interna<onal$World$Wide$Web$Conference$$ 
May$19,$2015$=$Florence,$Italy$$ 
$ 
Site:$cs.unibo.it/saveRsd(

More Related Content

Similar to Ekaw2014 - Inferring Semantic Relations by User Feedback

maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packages
maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packagesmaintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packages
maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packagesTom Mens
 
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?Dr. Mazlan Abbas
 
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible researchYannick Wurm
 
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing inside-BigData.com
 
Inverting the classroom, improving student learning
Inverting the classroom, improving student learningInverting the classroom, improving student learning
Inverting the classroom, improving student learningRobert Talbert
 
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...Mike Kuniavsky
 
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10Macros and reflection in scala 2.10
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10Johan Andrén
 
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification Challenges
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification ChallengesMachine Learning, Key to Your Classification Challenges
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification ChallengesMarc Borowczak
 
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developers
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developersRamping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developers
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developersFrançois Garillot
 
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regionsStrategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions@cristobalcobo
 
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning Networks
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning NetworksSocial Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning Networks
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning NetworksRory Sie
 
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2 Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2 Corrie Watt
 
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems Marcel Caraciolo
 
Chap 3php array part 2
Chap 3php array part 2Chap 3php array part 2
Chap 3php array part 2monikadeshmane
 
Can’t Find Your 404s?
Can’t Find Your 404s?Can’t Find Your 404s?
Can’t Find Your 404s?Michael Nelson
 
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land cover
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land coverUsing paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land cover
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land coverScott Farley
 
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)Matt Welch
 
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open Data
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open DataSSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open Data
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open DataPolytechnic University of Bari
 

Similar to Ekaw2014 - Inferring Semantic Relations by User Feedback (20)

maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packages
maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packagesmaintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packages
maintaineR: A web-based dashboard for maintainers of CRAN packages
 
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?
Characteristics of a good researcher - am i a researcher?
 
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research
2015 10-7-11am-reproducible research
 
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing
InfiniCortex and the Renaissance in Polish Supercomputing
 
Inverting the classroom, improving student learning
Inverting the classroom, improving student learningInverting the classroom, improving student learning
Inverting the classroom, improving student learning
 
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...
Hardware without Hardware, minimal explorations of novel product ideas (O'Rei...
 
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10Macros and reflection in scala 2.10
Macros and reflection in scala 2.10
 
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification Challenges
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification ChallengesMachine Learning, Key to Your Classification Challenges
Machine Learning, Key to Your Classification Challenges
 
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developers
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developersRamping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developers
Ramping up your Devops Fu for Big Data developers
 
Query Understanding
Query UnderstandingQuery Understanding
Query Understanding
 
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regionsStrategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions
Strategies to foster OER and OER initiatives in developing regions
 
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning Networks
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning NetworksSocial Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning Networks
Social Network Analysis, Semantic Web and Learning Networks
 
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2 Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2
Linux Command Line Introduction for total beginners, Part 2
 
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems
Crab: A Python Framework for Building Recommender Systems
 
Chap 3php array part 2
Chap 3php array part 2Chap 3php array part 2
Chap 3php array part 2
 
Can’t Find Your 404s?
Can’t Find Your 404s?Can’t Find Your 404s?
Can’t Find Your 404s?
 
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land cover
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land coverUsing paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land cover
Using paleobiodiversity databases to reconstruct past land cover
 
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)
Escaping the Mac App Store Sandbox (or at least a small part of it)
 
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open Data
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open DataSSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open Data
SSSW 2013 - Feeding Recommender Systems with Linked Open Data
 
Invitation to Scala
Invitation to ScalaInvitation to Scala
Invitation to Scala
 

Recently uploaded

Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyay
Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyayCitronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyay
Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyayupadhyaymani499
 
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptx
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptxTHE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptx
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptxNandakishor Bhaurao Deshmukh
 
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptx
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptxSpeech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptx
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptxpriyankatabhane
 
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024AyushiRastogi48
 
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentation
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms PresentationHarmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentation
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentationtahreemzahra82
 
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPirithiRaju
 
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptx
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptxpreservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptx
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptxnoordubaliya2003
 
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptx
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptxGenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptx
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptxBerniceCayabyab1
 
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)Tamer Koksalan, PhD
 
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptx
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptxSTOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptx
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptxMurugaveni B
 
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPirithiRaju
 
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdfPirithiRaju
 
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)Columbia Weather Systems
 
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technology
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technologyDavis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technology
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technologycaarthichand2003
 
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.PraveenaKalaiselvan1
 
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》rnrncn29
 
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editing
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editingBase editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editing
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editingNetHelix
 
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...lizamodels9
 
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...navyadasi1992
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Volatile Oils Pharmacognosy And Phytochemistry -I
Volatile Oils Pharmacognosy And Phytochemistry -IVolatile Oils Pharmacognosy And Phytochemistry -I
Volatile Oils Pharmacognosy And Phytochemistry -I
 
Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyay
Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyayCitronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyay
Citronella presentation SlideShare mani upadhyay
 
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptx
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptxTHE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptx
THE ROLE OF PHARMACOGNOSY IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.pptx
 
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptx
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptxSpeech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptx
Speech, hearing, noise, intelligibility.pptx
 
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024
Vision and reflection on Mining Software Repositories research in 2024
 
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentation
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms PresentationHarmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentation
Harmful and Useful Microorganisms Presentation
 
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Bengal gram_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
 
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptx
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptxpreservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptx
preservation, maintanence and improvement of industrial organism.pptx
 
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptx
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptxGenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptx
GenBio2 - Lesson 1 - Introduction to Genetics.pptx
 
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CSS)
 
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptx
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptxSTOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptx
STOPPED FLOW METHOD & APPLICATION MURUGAVENI B.pptx
 
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of safflower_Binomics_Identification_Dr.UPR.pdf
 
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdfPests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdf
Pests of Blackgram, greengram, cowpea_Dr.UPR.pdf
 
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)
User Guide: Pulsar™ Weather Station (Columbia Weather Systems)
 
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technology
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technologyDavis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technology
Davis plaque method.pptx recombinant DNA technology
 
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.
BIOETHICS IN RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY.
 
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》
《Queensland毕业文凭-昆士兰大学毕业证成绩单》
 
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editing
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editingBase editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editing
Base editing, prime editing, Cas13 & RNA editing and organelle base editing
 
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...
Best Call Girls In Sector 29 Gurgaon❤️8860477959 EscorTs Service In 24/7 Delh...
 
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...
Radiation physics in Dental Radiology...
 

Ekaw2014 - Inferring Semantic Relations by User Feedback