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Roman & greek gods

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Roman & greek gods

  1. 1. Roman & Greek Gods Abizahid Ocampo Martha Ochoa Faythe Rodriguez
  2. 2. Zeus ϟ Jupiter • He is the “father of gods and men.” • Rules the Olympians of Mount Olympus. • God of the sky, law, order, justice, and thunder. • His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. • Son of Cronus and Rhea. • Is married to Hera, but is famous for his many affairs.
  3. 3. Aphrodite  Venus • Goddess of love, pleasure, beauty, and procreation. • She was born when Cronus cut off Uranus’ genitals then threw them into the sea and she arose from the sea foam. • Because of her beauty, other gods were scared that their rivalry over her would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, so Zeus married her to Hephaestus. • Her symbols include the dolphin, rose, scallop shell, myrtle, dove, sparrow, girdle, mirror, and swan.
  4. 4. Poseidon ♆ Neptune • One of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon. • God of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses. • His symbols are the dolphin, trident, fish, horse, and bull. • Brother of Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera, and Zeus.
  5. 5. Demeter  Ceres • Goddess of the harvest of earth. • Her cult titles include Sito (wheat) as the giver of food or corn/grain and Thesmophoros (divine order, unwritten law) as a mark of the civilized existence of agricultural society. • She was also in charge of the sanctity of marriage, the sacred law, and the cycle of life and death. She and her daughter, Persephone, were the main figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that predated the Olympian Pantheon. • Her symbols include the ear of wheat and the grains.
  6. 6. Demeter at Eleusis • Demeter’s search for her daughter, Persephone, took her to the palace of Celeus, the King of Eleusis in Attica. She assumed the form of an old woman, and asked him for shelter. He took her in, to nurse Demophon and Triptolemus, his sons by Metanira. To reward his kindness, she planned to make Demophon immortal; she secretly anointed the boy with ambrosia and laid him in the flames of the hearth, to gradually burn away his mortal self. But Metanira walked in, saw her son in the fire and screamed in fright. Demeter abandoned the attempt. Instead, she taught Triptolemus the secrets of agriculture, and he in turn taught them to any who wished to learn them. Which is how, humanity learned how to plant, grow and harvest grain.
  7. 7. Ares Mars • • • • God of war. He is one of the Twelve Olympians. He is the son of Zeus and Hera. He often represents the physical or violent and untamed aspect of war. • His symbols are the spear, helmet, dog, boar, and chariot. • He was the lover of Aphrodite, who was married to Hephaestus. • Brother of Athena.
  8. 8. Athena Minerva • She is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. • Her symbols include owls, olive trees, snakes, aegis, armor, helmets, spears, and gorgoneion. • Sister of Ares. • Daughter of Zeus and Metis.
  9. 9. Hades ☠ Pluto • King of the underworld. • God of the dead and riches. • His symbols include the cerberus, drinking horn, scepter, cypresa, narcissus, and the key. • Oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea. • Brother of Zeus and Poseidon. • Is the husband of Persephone.
  10. 10. Hades / Persephone • Hades desired a bride and petitioned his brother, Zeus, to grant him one of his daughters. The god offered him Persephone, the daughter of Demeter. However, knowing that the goddess would resist the marriage, he assented to the forceful abduction of the girl. When Demeter learned of this, she was furious and caused a great dearth to fall upon the earth until her daughter was returned. Zeus was forced to concede lest mankind perish, and the girl was fetched forth from the underworld. However, since she had tasted the pomegranate seed, she was forced to return to him for a portion of each year.
  11. 11. Hera ♦ Juno • • • • Queen of the gods. Goddess of women, birth, and marriage. Wife and one of three sisters of Zeus. Her symbols are the peacock feather, cow, lily, diadem, pomegranate. • The Lion, Cow, and Peacock were sacred animals to her. • Daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
  12. 12. Hermes ✉ Mercury • Messenger of the gods. • God of transitions, boundaries, commerce, thieves, travelers, sports, athletes, border crossings, and fish. • He is the guide to the Underworld. • His symbols are the caduceus, talaria, tortoise, lyre, rooster, and snake. • Son of Zeus and Maia.
  13. 13. Artemis ➳ Diana • Goddess of the hunt, the moon, forests, and hills, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, and protector of young girls (bringing and relieving disease in women). • Her symbols are the bow, arrows, stags, the hunting dog, and the moon. • Daughter of Zeus and Leto. • The deer and cypress were sacred animals to her. • She is the twin of Apollo.
  14. 14. Dionysus Bacchus • God of the grape harvest, winemaking, wine, madness, theatre, and ecstasy. His symbols include thyrsus, the grapevine, leopard skin, the panther, the tiger, and the leopard. • Son of Zeus and Semele. • He was the last god to be accepted into Mount Olympus. • He was the youngest and the only one to have a mortal mother.
  15. 15. Pandora  • She was the first woman human created by the deities. • She was created by receiving unique gifts from each of the deities.
  16. 16. Pandora’s Box • The Titan, Prometheus, had originally been assigned with the task of creating man. But because he was displeased with their lot, stole fire from heaven. Zeus was angered, and commanded Hephaistos and the other gods to create a woman, Pandora, and endow her with the beauty and cunning. He then delivered her to Epimetheus, the foolish younger brother of Pemetheus, for a bride. When he had received her into his house, Pandora opened the box which Zeus had given her as a wedding present, and released the swarm of evil spirits trapped within. They would ever afterwards plague mankind. Only Elpis (Hope) remained behind, a single blessing to succor mandkind in their suffering.
  17. 17. Hephaestus  Vulcan • God of fire, volcanoes, blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, metalworking, stone masonry, and the art of sculpture. • His symbols are the hammer, anvil, tongs, and quail. • Son of Hera and Zeus. • He made all the weapons of the gods from Olympus.
  18. 18. Hestia  Vesta • Virgin goddess of hearth, architecture, and the right ordering of domesticity, the family and the state, and fireside. • Her symbol is the hearth and its fireside. • Daughter of Cronus and Rhea. • She received the first offering at every sacrifice of the household.
  19. 19. Apollo ☤ • God of music, poetry, plague, oracles, sun, medicine, light, and knowledge. • He is one of the most important and complex deities. • His symbols include the lyre, laurel wreath, python, raven, and bow and arrows. • Twin of Artemis. • Son of Zeus and Leto.
  20. 20. Echo  • • • • Was an Oread (a mountain nymph). Loved her own voice. Was visited by Zeus on earth very often. Loved Narcissus (the son of the Nymph Liriope of Thespiae).
  21. 21. Echo / Narcissus • The young and beautiful nymph Echo would distract and amuse Zeus’ wife, Hera, with long and entertaining stories while Zeus took advantage of the moment to ravish the other mountain nymphs. When Hera discovered the trickery, she was so annoyed she punished the talkative Echo by taking away her voice, except in foolish repetition of another’s shouted words. So, all Echo could do was repeat the voice of another. One day when Narcissus was out hunting stags, Echo stealthily followed the man through the woods longing to address him, but unable to speak first. When Narcissus finally heard footsteps and shouted, “Who’s there?” Echo answered, “who’s there?” Confused, narcissus looked around and upon seeing no one around, asked, “Why do you run from me?” which Echo in turn repeats to the young hunger. Finally he said, “Let us meet together.” Echo, never being more eager to reply to anyone, repeats, “Let’s meet.” To emphasize her words, she exits the woods in order to wrap her hands around Narcissus in longing. He runs away from her embrace and says, while running, “May I die before what’s mine is yours.” She repeats only, “What’s mine is yours.” Heartbroken by Narcissus, Echo spent the rest of her life in lonely glens pining away for the love she never knew, crying until all that was left was her voice.
  22. 22. Hercules  Heracles • Son of Zeus and Alcmene. • Famous for his strength and far-ranging adventures. • His symbols are either twin pillars or a club. • He is also famous for killing the Hydra. • His favorite weapon was the club.
  23. 23. Persephone  Kore  Proserpina • • • • Daughter of Zeus and Demeter. Queen of the underworld. Wife of Hades. Her symbols include a wreath of flowers worn in hair, torch, reeds, waterfalls, rivers, and springs.
  24. 24. Rape of Persephone • Persephone used to live far away from the other deities. In the Olympian telling, the gods Hermes and Apollo had wooed Persephone, but Demeter rejected all their gifts and hid her daughter away. Zeus permitted Hades, who was in love with Persephone, to carry her off because her mother, Demeter, was not likely to allow her daughter to go down to Hades. Persephone was gathering flowers with the Oceanids along the Artemis and Athena in a field when Hades came and abduct her, bursting through a cleft in the earth. Demeter searched for her all over the earth with torches. She forbid the earth to produce and she neglected the earth and causes nothing to grow. Helios, the sun, who sees everything, told Demeter what had happened. Finally, Zeus, pressured by the cries of the hungry people and by the other deities forced Hades to return Persephone. Hades complied, but first he tricked her by giving her some pomegranate seeds to eat. Persephone was released by Hermes, who had been sent to get her, but because she tasted food in the underworld, she had to spend a third of each year (the winter months) there, and the remaining part of the year with the gods above. Which is why during that time nothing grows because Demeter is upset that she is not with her daughter during that time.
  25. 25. Eros  Cupid • God of love, desire, and attraction. • His symbols are the bow, arrows, candles, heart, cupids, wings, and kisses. • Son of Chaos, or Aphrodite and Ares, or Aphrodite and Hermes, or Iris and Zephyrus.
  26. 26. Orpheus  • Legendary musician, poet, and prophet . • He had an ability to charm all living things with his music. • He is known as “the father of songs.” • Son of Apollo and the Muse Calliope. • The symbol for him is his bow-in-lyre (half harp and half bow).
  27. 27. Pan  Faunus • Son of either Hermes and Driope (nymph) or Hermes and Penelope. • His symbol is the Pan Pipes. • God of Nature, the Wild, Shepherds, Flocks, Goats, Mountain Wilds, Hunting, Rustic Music, Sexuality, Fields, Groves, Wooded Glens, and Theatrical Criticism. • The companion of the nymphs.
  28. 28. Pegasus  • • • • His parents are Poseidon and Medusa. He is related to Chrysaor. Is obedient to Zeus. Is the creator of Hippocrene, the fountain on Mount Helicon. • He is a symbol of knowledge, glory, power, speed, imagination, and inspiration.
  29. 29. Kerberos  Ceberus • Guards the gates of the underworld. • Offspring of Echidna and Typhon. • The three heads each see and represent the past, present, and future.

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