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  • What was once central to corporations -- price, quality, and much of the left-brain, digitized analytical work associated with knowledge -- is fast being shipped off to lower-paid, highly trained Chinese and Indians, as well as Hungarians, Czechs, and Russians. Increasingly, the new core competence is creativity -- the right-brain stuff that smart companies are now harnessing to generate top-line growth. The game is changing. It isn't just about math and science anymore. It's about creativity, imagination, and, above all, innovation.
  • Our Core work Stream aim to bring the chars to the
  • Safter, quality, securit, data management …what other levers
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  • Productivity, Cost, Simplicity (reduction of devices), User driven, No physcial boundries Challenges: Security, standards, models
  • "The Holy Grail of analytics is being able to predict with scientific and statistical validity your return on investment--either campaign by campaign or program by program," says Rod Cook, founder and chief technology officer at Sightward Inc., a Bellevue, Wash., Web-analytics software company. Forecasting - statistcal methods (ROI) , simulation Patterns - neural nets (categories), abm (interactions), data mining (hidden patterns) Uncertainity - optimizaiton, genetic algrotihms
  • Our Core work Stream aim to bring the chars to the
  • Business agility, allowing Ford to improve its ability to adapt to changing business requirements and shifting market conditions Easier and cost-effective integration - large chunks of SOA code are reusable, reducing design and development costs Leverage legacy investment, including Line of Business purchased packages Better alignment with business by enabling IT to think in terms of business services Right information at right time enabling better and faster business decisions
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  • Communications companies are facing demands to respond quickly to these types of rapid and diverse changes in usage conditions, and at the same time to provide stable services that effectively utilize network resources. User adaptability" means that the user does not conform to the conditions of the network, but rather the network adapts instantaneously to the user environment and to service needs Security Many traditional networks are open core, capable of managing only a single risk level.  Many are also location dependent, making it more difficult to apply appropriate levels of access for a multitude of players.  Manual interventions are one approach but also one that can lead to human error. Cost Relying on manual configuration is expensive.  What’s more, the increased complexity of today’s network – involving gateways, identity management systems, multiple exceptions, and workarounds – leads to service level problems.  Plus, with no overall visibility, network management costs are much more likely to increase. Time Traditional networks are hard to scale and time consuming to configure and manage.  This in turn generates time-to-market issues, competitive issues, and even lost business. http://www.onlab.ntt.co.jp/en/concept/concept.html http://h20219.www2.hp.com/services/cache/120579-0-0-225-121.html
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    1. 1. Seamless Innovation Through the Power of Pervasive Computing Vijay Sankaran September 19, 2005
    2. 2. The world is becoming increasingly connected through technology By 2005 there will be 35 billion microcontrollers, 750 million smart sensors and 1.5 billion mobile information appliances Microprocessors Sensors Data Devices Networks Software Faster Energy Efficient Smarter Adaptive Smaller
    3. 3. In this rapidly changing environment, organizations must learn to be more adaptive Ford Motor Company must embrace pervasive computing in its quest to be more adaptive “ It is not the strongest of the species that survives nor the most intelligent, but the one that is most responsive to change.” –Charles Darwin Adaptive Enterprise Pervasive Computing Defragmentation
    4. 4. Innovation is the Only Method of Constant Improvement and Adaptation Innovation will Meet the OEM Challenges of Today Changing Customer Demand Stagnating Demand Atomization Quicker Time-to-Market Increased competition in value chain Overcapacity Sales Pressures Creation Pressures Methods for Success: <ul><li>Innovation allows a company to move faster than its competitors </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation creates better end products </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation delivers new solutions to old problems </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative companies attract and retain better employees </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation streamlines processes </li></ul>
    5. 5. Pervasive Solutions will Inject Adaptive Competencies into Ford Motor Company Pervasive computing allows the enterprise to continually view and improve itself Supply Chain: Increased control and flexibility through RFIDs Marketing: Context-awareness enables personalized advertisements Dealerships: Improves ability to tie experiences to brand image Service: Simplifies ownership and repair Internal Efficiencies: Smart offices and asset tracking Product: Exciting features, content and functionality Identity and Security Recombination Seed, Select & Amplify Shop Floor: Increased monitoring and intelligent correction Traffic System Integration: Ability to provide and receive traffic information Self-Organization Sense and Respond Continuous Experimentation
    6. 6. Connectivity will Continue to Add Computing Capability to the Automobile Connectivity will extend the driving experience outside the walls of the vehicle Quality: preemptive warning of problems via a network of sensors Commonality: plug and play functionality Personalization: Network area of reconfigurable chips Drive Performance: Intelligent adjustments Short Range Connectivity: Bluetooth Long Range Connectivity: Wi-Fi Data Uploads: Telematics Active Safety: Increased Automated Control Passive Safety: Object detection and action Security: Stolen vehicle tracking Powertrain: Advanced/Hybrid Controls Fuel Economy: Path-finding
    7. 7. Radio Frequency IDs will Enable Physical Objects to be Visualized in the Virtual World RFIDs will allow total supply chain visibility and thus more dynamic control Set cadence Sustain material control <ul><li>Standardize hardware / software </li></ul>Simplify material and parts handling <ul><li>Stabilize the supply chain </li></ul>Raw Material Supplier Manufacturing Distribution Dealerships Customer Future Trending Data Storage and Management Real-Time Inventory Location Awareness Dynamic Re-Routing
    8. 8. The Collaboration Strategy will Create New Tools and Methods to Exchange Ideas Today’s Innovation requires collaboration between different disciplines Data Sharing File Sharing Electronic Communication Collaborative Management Electronic Conferencing Video Messaging Virtual Workspaces Advanced Interfaces Management Tools Knowledge Share Social Networks Instant Messaging Immersive Environments Blogs Wiki
    9. 9. Mobility will Allow Communication to Become Intertwined into Everyday Activities Seamless mobility allows maximum user mobility with minimal user effort Simplified Increased Productivity Reduced Cost Homogenous Networks Reduction of Devices Video Enabling Improved Location Increased Services Wireless LANs Defragmentation User Driven User Initiated No physical boundaries
    10. 10. Various Technologies will Aid in Making Decisions in an Increasingly Complex World Environmental Complexity Data Mining allows known patterns to be detected from data Simulation fully recreates system behavior Neural Networks can group flat data into categories Statistical Methods can show trends in a well understood system Agent Based Models show how entities interact to form system behaviors Genetic Algorithms detect and optimize system behavior Increased computational power and graphic tools have created analytic techniques that can simplify complex systems
    11. 11. The Technology Fabric Optimizes the Environment for Pervasive Computing Through Core Enablers Abstracted Building Blocks – Standard components to quicken development and reduce dependencies Flows – Seamless methods of information transfer Statistical Aggregation – Mechanics to understand system stability Tags – Methods of identifying agents The function of technology enablers will be determined by environment Adaptive Networking Interoperability Service Oriented Architecture Autonomic Computing Identity and Security
    12. 12. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) will add Technical Flexibility to Better Handle Complexity Today’s IT environment contains 7 data center, 180,000 desktops, 250,000+ network elements and 2500+ application, leading to millions of interactions SOA offer numerous benefits for controlling complexity Leveraging of legacy investments, including line-of-business purchased packages Improved ability to adapt to changing business requirements Better alignment with business though designing in terms of business services Easier and cost-effective integration through reusable code, Better business decisions through ‘right information at the right time’ Reduced design and development costs
    13. 13. Identity and Security are critical to enabling a secure pervasive world As computing becomes distributed, an adaptive security infrastructure is key Perimeter Security Identity-Based Security Central Control Secure Networks Quarantine of Viruses Spam Protection Identify Users Context Awareness Tagging Audit Manage Policy Analyze Events IT ford name
    14. 14. Interoperability will Provide a Standard Method to Exchange, Broadcast and Access Information Marketing Systems Interoperability will eliminate the need for point-to-point connections, allowing application integration to be simpler and faster Manufacturing Systems PD Systems HR Systems Information Bus Finance Systems Devices Applications Ford External Ford Internal
    15. 15. Autonomic Computing Allows Backend Computing to be Managed as a System There is a shift from optimizing large physical resources to optimizing interconnected resources as one large environment. Compute Platforms Networks Enterprise System Management Storage Security Composite Computing will allow resources to be combined Virtualization will allow large resources to be partitioned Automation will simplify daily tasks Security and identity solutions will allow better process control Monitoring will improve sense and respond capabilities Adaptive networks will allow faster and more flexible communication
    16. 16. Adaptive Networking Allow Digital Links to Keep Pace with Changing Business Environments Adaptive Networking will restructure networks around business needs Network adapts to usage User adapts to network Network limited to preset services Network configures services around environment Access networks blend differing configurations Devices must navigate through multiple network types Multiple definitions of network policies and security Central definition of network policies and security Network compartments based on physical characteristics Network compartments based on business-oriented needs Traditional Networks Adaptive Networks
    17. 17. Internet2 Prognosticates the Pervasive Future <ul><li>High bandwidth networks set the stage for advanced collaboration and simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of real, distributed utility computing in the TeraGrid will be powered through Internet2 </li></ul><ul><li>Internet2 has already led the way in the development of key areas of the underlying technology fabric (e.g. security, middleware) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Enablers such as Internet2 help evolve the Pervasive Ecosystem Innovation is the process of turning feedback into new products and processes that improve the system Invention Reevaluation Diffusion A primary reason that evolution of life-forms or of technology speeds up is that it builds on its own increasing order, with ever more sophisticated means of recording and manipulating information. Innovations created by evolution encourage and enable faster evolution - Ray Kurzweil ( Kurzweil’s Law: The Law of Accelerating Returns ) New Perspective New Understanding of Needs New Products and Process
    19. 19. Universities can lead pervasive innovation on the Internet2 platform The opportunities are galactic in nature Collaborative Creation Real-Time Monitoring Virtual Reality Continuous Experimentation Classroom 2020 4G Robotics
    20. 20. Internet2 Research Areas Need to Broaden to Drive a Pervasive Ecosystem <ul><li>Wireless Extension of Internet2 Needs to be studied </li></ul><ul><li>More mobile and sensor experiments need to be conducted to examine potential new capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Focus needs to continue to how to evolve the Internet based on lessons learned from Internet2 </li></ul><ul><li>Societal impacts of new paradigms need to be studied </li></ul>
    21. 21. This is what our pervasive future is all about – what about yours?