Land Transportation PowerPoint


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Land Transportation PowerPoint

  1. 1. Land Transportation Transportation Technology
  2. 2. Who invented the Wheel? <ul><li>Only means of transportation was by foot or animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleds began to be used in places like the artic and desert </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East over 5000 years ago the wheel was invented. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Highways <ul><li>Roadways at the beginning of the 20 th century were little more than cleared stretches of dirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Roads and highways were originally made for horses and carriages </li></ul><ul><li>This image was taken in 1913. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Highways <ul><li>With the advent of the automobile, and concrete, roads were changed from mud bogs…. </li></ul><ul><li>To clear, all weather stretches of roads </li></ul>
  5. 5. Highways <ul><li>President Eisenhower in 1956 saw a need for an interstate road system to better connect the states. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of his experience was from the troubles of transporting equipment and troops in Europe during WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>It started out as 41,000 miles of road. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Automobiles <ul><li>Were NOT invented by Henry Ford! </li></ul><ul><li>Automobiles were already in development in Great Britain, Germany, and France. </li></ul><ul><li>Steam engines were put on bicycles and carriages, but were slow and noisy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Automobiles <ul><li>Autos were becoming more popular in the US, but…. </li></ul><ul><li>Most could not afford them, and there was a distrust of their noise, safety, and that they would scare horses! </li></ul><ul><li>Many people like Diamler, Benz, and Maybach were producing engines and cars in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Still, they were too expensive. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Automobile <ul><li>Enter, Henry Ford </li></ul><ul><li>His invention of the assembly line took the production of the automobile to another level. </li></ul><ul><li>He streamlined the process cutting the production, and reducing costs, which resulted in a more affordable product. </li></ul><ul><li>His dream was for every American to be able to own an automobile. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Model T <ul><li>Henry Ford made his dream come true with the Model T. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced from 1908-1927. </li></ul><ul><li>The price dipped as low as $250! Making affordable to the common working man. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Present Autos <ul><li>Automobiles have gone through various changes over the years. </li></ul><ul><li>Still, we use the internal combustion engine to power our cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Will future cars be powered by the same energy source? </li></ul><ul><li>What will you drive in the future? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Railroads <ul><li>First railroad was developed in England in 1627. </li></ul><ul><li>First iron rail system came along in 1767. </li></ul><ul><li>First started out being humans powered, then steam, and now electric. </li></ul><ul><li>Can carry very heavy loads. </li></ul><ul><li>Can only travel where rails exist. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Transcontinental Railroad <ul><li>Completed in May of 1869. </li></ul><ul><li>Linked the eastern U.S with the west. </li></ul><ul><li>Followed the same route of the old wagon trails. </li></ul><ul><li>Ended with the famous golden spike ceremony. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trains <ul><li>Two kinds of trains </li></ul><ul><li>Freight- For hauling material </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger- For hauling people. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Trains <ul><li>Monorails ride along on a single rail. Have you ever been on one? </li></ul><ul><li>A MagLev train floats on a cushion of air in between two repelling magnets. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pipe Transportation <ul><li>Most are underground, however some like the Alaska Pipeline are above ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Transports materials such as oil, natural gas, water, coal, and gravel. </li></ul><ul><li>First started being used in the 1500-1600’s to transport water via bamboo or hollowed out logs </li></ul><ul><li>Now they are made from various materials like steel or plastic. </li></ul>