Combustion Catalysts

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  • Combustion Catalysts

    1. 2. Represented by <ul><li>Distributor </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Person </li></ul><ul><li>Street Address / P.O. Box City, State, Zip Code Tel: XXX-XXX-XXXX Fax: XXX-XXX-XXXX </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site: www.DistributorWebSite.com </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    2. 3. SFA Organo-Metallic Metal Products <ul><li>Chromium – 8% Cr </li></ul><ul><li>Magnesium – 30% Sulfonate </li></ul><ul><li>Magnesium – 35% Carboxylate </li></ul><ul><li>Iron – 30% Ferrocene </li></ul><ul><li>Iron – 9% Oil-Soluble Carboxylate </li></ul><ul><li>Iron – 18% Colloidal Suspension </li></ul><ul><li>Silicon – 38% Siloxanes </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    3. 4. Metallic Fuel Additive Functions Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Deposit Modifiers – Reduction of Deposits and Corrosion by Raising Melting Point of Ash Combustion Catalysts – Reduction of Particulate Emissions and Improvement of Fuel Efficiency Acid Rain – Reduction of Sulfuric Acid in Exhaust
    4. 5. SFA markets products used in fuel oil treatment plants and power plant applications <ul><ul><ul><li>• Lubricity Agents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demulsifiers for centrifuge fuel water washing emulsion breaking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Flocculants for effluent water purification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Compressor and Power Section cleaners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Industrial cleaners </li></ul></ul></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    5. 6. SFA Metal Containing Fuel Additives can be used in the following fuels Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. <ul><ul><ul><li>No. 1. Naphtha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No. 2. Light Distillate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No. 4. Vacuum Distillate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No. 5. Distillate – Residual Mixtures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No. 6. Residual </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Equipment Applications <ul><li>Combustion Turbines </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel Engines - Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel Engines – Medium Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel Engines – High Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Field-Erected Steam Boilers </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Process Heaters </li></ul><ul><li>Package Steam Boilers </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    7. 8. Combustion Turbine Experience <ul><li>ASEA Brown Boveri Type 9 and 11 </li></ul><ul><li>ASEA-Stal Model 35 </li></ul><ul><li>General Electric Frame 5, 6 and 7 (Including GE Licensees) </li></ul><ul><li>Kongsberg </li></ul><ul><li>Mitsui </li></ul><ul><li>Ruston </li></ul><ul><li>Sulzer </li></ul><ul><li>Westinghouse Model 248 and 501 (including Mitsubishi) </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    8. 9. Catalyst Technology <ul><li>SFA International discovered a synergistic relationship between iron and magnesium giving up to 90% reduction in particulate emissions compared with <50% found in the literature. </li></ul><ul><li>SFA catalysts have been used in industrial applications for more than thirteen years. </li></ul><ul><li>SFA has five patents issued in the United States and thirty-four countries for protection of this new technology. </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    9. 10. Patents Issued Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Diesel Engine Applications Gasoline Engine Applications Boilers and Process Heaters – Oil Fired Boilers and Process Heaters – Coal Fired Unique Median Particle Size – for colloidal dispersion
    10. 11. Combustion Turbine Catalyst Experience Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Siemens Westinghouse 501 D5 104 MW Siemens Westinghouse 501 F 150 MW Siemens Westinghouse 248 B11 44 MW
    11. 12. 2004 Emission Data Summary HHI Daeson Power Plant Westinghouse 501 D5 104 MW Turbines Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. <ul><ul><li>SFA FuelSpec R 118-1502, 50 ppm Fe dosage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korean government requirement: <40 mg./M 3 . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particulate level without catalyst: >160 mg./ M 3 . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particulate level with catalyst – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbine #1 #2 #3 #4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High 18.1 18.2 22.7 22.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low 10.3 8.1 5.4 9.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average 13.8 12.4 13.4 14.4 </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Korean Institute of Energy Research Low Pressure Boiler with Low Sulfur Waxy Residual Fuel 50% Load Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Test 1 2 Catalyst, ppm Fe 0 50 Particulates, mg/M 3 189.3 29.7 Improvement 84.3%
    13. 14. Korean Institute of Energy Research Low Pressure Boiler with Low Sulfur Waxy Residual Fuel 75% Load Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Test 1 2 Catalyst, ppm Fe 0 50 Particulates, mg/M 3 268.8 29.3 Reduction 89.1%
    14. 15. Experience - Large Diesel Engines M agnesium Additive for Deposit Modification Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Coastal Energy Power Plant - Nejapa, El Salvador Wärtsilä V32 18 Cylinder 6 MW Turbocharged Diesel Engines Residual Fuel - < 300 ppm V + Na Long Term Use - Eliminated Deposits on Piston Crowns and Exhaust Valve Seats
    15. 16. Transportation Diesel Fleet Tests Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Automotive Trucks and Busses Up to 8 Liter Displacement Variable Power and RPM
    16. 17. Transportation Diesel Fleet Tests Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Vehicle 1 2 3 4 5 6 Without Catalyst Km./Lit. 3.21 3.57 3.25 6.54 6.00 5.04 With Catalyst Km./Lit. 3.51 4.01 3.89 6.73 6.45 6.01 % Improvement 9.4 12.3 19.7 2.9 7.4 19.2
    17. 18. Automotive Research Association Institute of India Calibrated Fuel Measurement Driving Test Premier Padmini 137D Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Km Liters Km/Lit. Improvement Without Catalyst City 256 26 9.85 Highway 389 28 13.89 With Catalyst City 480 42 11.43 16.1% Highway 531 32.2 16.49 18.7%
    18. 19. Automotive Research Association Institute of India Dynamometer Results Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Speed wo/Cat w/Cat. Improvement Km/Hr. Km/Lit. Km/Lit. 40 24.42 26.94 10.30%
    19. 20. Automotive Research Association of India Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. <ul><li>Carbon in Exhaust Measurements from Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>On Dynamometer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Fuel Consumption 10% less With Catalyst </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Same CO 2 Measurement in Exhaust With </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and Without Catalyst. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>• Conclusion: More Efficient Combustion of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel and Conversion to Energy </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Southwest Research Institute <ul><ul><ul><li>Tx-LED Ultra Clean Diesel Fuel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25% Engine Load </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>74:40 Hour Test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.9% Reduction in Fuel Consumption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11% Reduction in Particulate Matter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3% Reduction in NOx </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0.6 ppm Sulfur in Fuel </li></ul></ul></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    21. 22. Diesel Generator Set Constant Power and RPM <ul><li>December 2002 – January 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Kirloskar Cummins 180 KW Engine </li></ul><ul><li>180 – 200 liters Fuel per Day </li></ul><ul><li>8 Day Test – With Catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>8 Day Test – Without Catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel consumption 18.1% less with catalyst </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    22. 23. Data Sources Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Southwest Research Institute - San Antonio, TX EcoMission Ford F-250 - Houston, TX TGS Locomotive - Houston, TX L & P RR - Lincoln, NH ARAI - Pune, India ECP Bus Trial – Manama, Bahrain
    23. 24. Relationship of Sulfur and Fuel Savings with Catalyst Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    24. 25. Relationship of Sulfur and Fuel Savings with Catalyst <ul><li>Linear Regression Analysis of Data </li></ul><ul><li>% Fuel Savings = 2.70 x log ppm S + 2.59 </li></ul><ul><li>Correlation Coefficient = 0.999 </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    25. 26. Catalyst Products Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. FuelSpec® 113 Series Oil-Soluble catalyst, EPA Registered, >1,000 ppm S FuelSpec® 114 Series Oil-Soluble catalyst, EPA Registered, <1,000 ppm S FuelSpec ® 116 Series Oil-Soluble catalyst for > 1,000 ppm S FuelSpec® 117 Series Oil-Soluble catalyst for < 1,000 ppm S FuelSpec ® 118 Series Colloidal Dispersion for large industrial applications and lower quality fuels FuelSpec® 119 Series Colloidal Dispersion for >10 MW Diesel Engines
    26. 27. Catalyst Applications Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. Oil Soluble Fe + Mg – Diesel fuels Good Storage Stability in low viscosity fuels Less Sensitivity to Water Colloidal Dispersion Fe + Mg – Residual fuels Stable in high viscosity fuels Lower Cost for Industrial Applications
    27. 28. Economic Effects Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc. FuelSpec ® 116-1002 – 2.8% of Diesel fuel cost (Approximately $0.042/gallon) FuelSpec ® 116-4509 – 2.0% of Diesel fuel cost (Approximately $0.030/gallon) FuelSpec ® 118-1502 – 0.9% of Residual Oil cost (Approximately $0.012/gallon) We guarantee 5% fuel savings.
    28. 29. Reduction in Fuel Consumption is Proportional to Reduction of Particulate Matter in Exhaust <ul><ul><li>Stochiometric Combustion Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,000 Mg./Cu.M. Particulate Emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to 11.3% of Fuel </li></ul></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    29. 30. Results <ul><li>Combustion is complete. </li></ul><ul><li>Less unburned carbon material in exhaust. </li></ul><ul><li>More energy from fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Better fuel economy. </li></ul><ul><li>More Power. </li></ul><ul><li>Less Carbon in Reciprocating Engine Oil. </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    30. 31. Environmental Effects <ul><li>Diesel Engine Fuel Savings – 5 – 15% Range </li></ul><ul><li>Particulate Emissions reduced by 90% </li></ul><ul><li>75% NOx Reduction </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    31. 32. Improves Combustion Efficiency <ul><li>Cleaner Burning Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerates Higher Wax and Asphaltenic Content </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces Emissions – Particulate Matter, Unburned Hydrocarbons, CO, NO x - through more efficient use of oxygen in combustion and less time at maximum combustion temperature. </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    32. 33. Metallic Combustion Catalysts <ul><li>Metal catalysts contribute some particulate emissions from the oxides of the metals in the engine exhausts. The level of these emissions is well below government standards for emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>Iron and magnesium oxides are nontoxic and benign to life forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Iron and magnesium oxides are very high melting species and do not harm engines through deposits or abrasion. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst adds 17 ppm solids to fuel. ASTM D-975 specification limit is 100 ppm solids. </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    33. 34. Catalyst Contribution to Diesel Engine Emissions <ul><li>0.0064 mg/kW hr contribution by Fe 2 O 3 + MgO at 10 ppm Fe and 2 ppm Mg </li></ul><ul><li>Euro III - 0.10 mg/kW Hr < 3,000 rpm </li></ul><ul><li>0.13 mg/kW Hr > 3,000 rpm </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Research Laboratories, Ltd. (U.K.) confirmed this measurement. </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    34. 35. Engine Maintenance <ul><li>Minimize Deposits and Wear on Piston Crown and Valve Seats </li></ul><ul><li>Less Carbon - Longer Oil Life </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.
    35. 36. Represented by <ul><li>Distributor </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Person </li></ul><ul><li>Street Address / P.O. Box City, State, Zip Code Tel: XXX-XXX-XXXX Fax: XXX-XXX-XXXX </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site: www.DistributorWebSite.com </li></ul>Aug 17, 2010 SFA International, Inc.

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