Foodservice the throwaway industry?


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The foodservice industry has been accused of wastefulness but the issues of food packaging and packaging waste are not straightforward and there is no easy answer or solution to the problem. The Footprint Forum discusses the issues and the ways that the supply chain can work together on best practice guidelines.

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Foodservice the throwaway industry?

  1. 1. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business FOODSERVICE – THE THROWAWAY INDUSTRY? 27th MAY 2010
  2. 2. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  3. 3. Neil Whittall Huhtamaki UK Ltd • Chair FPA (Foodservice Packaging Association) Environmental committee • Board member - Save A Cup Recycling Company
  4. 4. Packaging – Balancing the arguments •  The image of packaging in 2010 •  Legislation, where next; –  Packaging waste directives –  Government initiatives and papers –  Courtauld agreement 2 and other voluntary codes of practice •  How does the industry shape up for the future; –  Material technology and developments –  Closing the loop and waste facilities –  Site facilities management and planning •  Presenting the Foodservice industry, a co-ordinated approach
  5. 5. Environment
  6. 6. Legislation •  Producer Responsibility –  Growing concern about waste streams and their environmental impact led to the first producer responsibility directive - Packaging Waste Directive, with clear environmental objectives to meet: ~  reduce over-packaging ~  eliminate certain dangerous materials from packaging ~  provide consumers with information ~  reduce the proportion of packaging waste going to landfill ~  increase recovery and recycling of packaging waste •  Packaging Waste Directive –  In 2008 UK was to recycle 60% of all packaging materials –  Internal targets set by Defra were; ~  72% 2008 ~  73% 2009 ~  74% 2010 Source: Environment Agency & WRAP
  7. 7. Waste •  What happens to UK waste? –  Reduce (waste minimisation) –  Reuse –  Recycle –  Disposal (Landfill) •  The UK dumps more household waste into landfill than any other EU country* –  Disposes of more than 27m tonnes of waste in this way each year * –  7m more than any other country* •  Landfill Directive –  UK is obligated to reduce the amount of landfill based on the amount of waste in 1995 to 75% by 2010, to 50% by 2013 and to 35% by 2020 –  Directive represents a step change in the way the UK disposes of waste *Source: Defra/ UK LGA
  8. 8. •  Signatory of the ICC Business Charter for Sustainable Development. •  Sets out 16 principles for environmental management •  The Charter covers environmentally relevant aspects of health, safety and product stewardship. •  Share included in the Kempen/SNS Smaller Europe SRI Index since 2002. –  SRI (Socially Responsible Investment) refers to investment in companies that demonstrate responsible business conduct –  The Kempen SNS Smaller Europe SRI Index (SRI Index) is the first index to track the performance of companies in Europe •  In the UK we actively involve ourselves with environmental associations •  Neil Whittall has the responsibility of the Environmental Chair for the Food Service Packaging Association and has also recently been appointed on the board for Save a Cup. •  Huhtamaki was the first to launch a complete range of compostable tableware in Europe. The BioWare® family was launched in 2004. •  We have a global environmental policy in order to ensure consistent operating principles International Chamber of Commerce Corporate responsibility
  9. 9. Sheryl Crow ‘limit toilet paper to one Square per visit’
  10. 10. The green agenda •  UK Climate for recovery and recycling –  DEFRA/ WRAP Communications •  UK Packaging strategy (Increased recycling and use of Recycled materials) •  OPRL/ BRC labeling system –  Government Papers •  Recycle on the Go (Expansion) •  Voluntary initiatives –  Courtauld agreement 2 •  Voluntary reduction of waste in the retail sector •  Business initiatives, tackling the infrastructure question; –  M&S Invest in local recycling –  Save a Cup funded by industry levies –  Paper Cup Recovery and Recycling Group funds paper recovery trials –  Tetra Pak fund UK recycling recovery and recycling programme
  11. 11. Protecting the industry from legislation •  Inactivity by the industry, and the lack of funds in government WILL lead to arbitrary taxes, unless the industry recognises and acts on its own behalf to improve its credentials. •  UK Bodies and initiatives –  Paper Cup Recovery Recycling –  Save a Cup Recycling Company –  FPA (Foodservice Packaging Association) –  Campaign for Rural England (Stop the Drop) –  INCPEN (Industry Council for Packaging and the Environment). –  Plastics 2020 (New body from the plastics federation to double plastics recycling by 2020) –  British Hospitality Association Sustainability Committee –  Footprint Forum –  NNFCC (National Non Food Crops Centre)
  12. 12. Shaping up for the Future - Material Options •  RPET –  Fast developing material with the ability to be recycled and re-use recycled material in food contact applications. –  Issues surround recycling facilities accepting non bottle containers •  Bio Materials –  Consumer friendly option, seen by many as preferred materials –  Ranges such as Bioware all EN13432 Certified –  Industrial composting has yet to fully establish itself –  Confusion on what happens in landfill to bio products •  Polystyrene and PP –  Can be recycled, but re-use is not for food applications –  Not widely recycled by larger UK facilities –  Image of plastic remains poor •  Coated boards –  Widely used in multiple applications –  Can be recycled under controlled conditions
  13. 13. The Future… •  Improving your ‘footprint’ –  Specify materials that best fit requirements for individual sites –  Engage consumers to separate waste at source to improve the ability to recycle –  Use recognised symbols and mechanisms to avoid confusion and minimise green wash. –  Utilise the expertise of manufacturers and distributors to specify and support. •  Closed loop facilities –  Design facilities with pre-determined waste programmes –  Utilise materials which fit into segregated waste streams –  Use specialist waste management to ensure maximum benefit is derived from waste materials or strongly engage waste contractors to increase waste recycling of more complex materials. –  Utilise the expertise of manufacturers and distributors to specify and support.
  14. 14. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business
  15. 15. HGS European Strategy on Sustainable Packaging A true story to tell to our customers
  16. 16. What  are  the  sustainability  trends  ?     Social  accountable  -­‐Environmentally  responsible-­‐  Economically  viable   Dodo   “Sustainability” Means Different Things to Different Organizations Recycling Clean energy Zero carbon footprint Reuse Emissions reduction Produced locally Worker rights Profits Renewable Waste reduction Organic Natural Community citizen Many opportunities exist to drive improvements ! Energy efficient Life cycle impact Source reduction Material efficient Transport
  17. 17. Sustainable packaging definition 1.  Is beneficial, safe & healthy for individuals and communities throughout its life cycle; 2.  Meets market criteria for performance and cost; 3.  Is sourced, manufactured, transported, and recycled using renewable energy; 4.  Optimizes the use of renewable or recycled source materials; 5.  Is manufactured using clean production technologies and best practices; 6.  Is made from materials healthy in all probable end-of-life scenarios; 7.  Is physically designed to optimize materials and energy; 8.  Is effectively recovered and utilized in biological and/or industrial closed loop cycles Sustainable  Packaging  Coali8on   600  E.  Water  St.,  Suite  C   Charlo>esville,  VA  22902  
  18. 18. HGS Europe Sustainability Strategy Our  sustainable  packaging  strategy  addresses  this  vision  by  improving   our  environmental  footprint  thanks  to  sustainable  &  responsible   sourcing     Our  packaging  will  deliver  the  efficient  balance  between  raw  materials   coming  from:   –  sustainable  /  cerLfied  sources  (in  order  to  support  local  economy,   prevent  Forest  degradaLon  and  biodiversity  loss)     –  and  recycled  material  (in  order  to  minimize  waste).       Be  environmentally  friendly  without  compromising  food  safety       We  envision  a  cost  effec8ve,  environmentally  responsible     and  social  accountable  supply  system  thanks  to  effec%ve  leadership     in  sustainable  and  innova%ve  solu%ons  
  19. 19. Material choice hierarchy based on HGS raw material expertise and sourcing 1)  Renewable : 1)  Recycled non food source 2)  Certified non food source 3)  Agro-waste source (bio polymer coming from agriculture waste) 4)  Other sources 2) If renewable material is not possible with a justified reason: •  Recycled source (eg R PET) •  PP-PE •  PET virgin •  PS (or other ABS) ü The  preference  of  the  material  is  a  renewable  source  in  order  to  achieve   McDonald’s  Europe  ulLmate  goal  of  having  100  %  renewable  source  raw  material.   ü All  renewable  material  must  come  from  legal  and  acceptable  source   ü Hierarchy  applies  as  below  :   ScienLfic  evidences   Guideline  to  balance  with  funcLonal  performance  and  cost   OpLmisaLon  of  the  best  raLo  recycled/virgin  in  funcLon  of  product  performance  and  cost  
  20. 20. • Minimise impact on climate change • Minimise carbon footprint • Reduce non renewable • Reduce or remove chemicals • Make no changes that negatively impact environment Sustainability  Tools  
  21. 21. Environmental packaging design criteria (eco- filter V2.0) •  Minimize Packaging Weight •  Maximize use of Recycled Materials •  Preference for Renewable Materials •  Minimize Amount of Harmful/Hazardous Chemicals •  Reduce Carbon Dioxide (CO2)/Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions •  Maximize "End of Life" Options for Packaging Recyclability of materials, reuse or compostability
  22. 22. Minimise weight •  Objective : Optimization of resources used –  packaging minimization, –  lighter weight source materials •  Example : use of nano- flute clamshell –  Save more than 100 tons of paper for big sandwiches in France
  23. 23. 40   Optimise recycled content •  Objective : save virgin resources & reduce waste –  Use Post Industrial Waste paper = carton made with 72 % PIW –  Use Post Consumer Waste : •  Use R PET = Le Frappe made with 40% recycled Plastic •  Cup carrier 100% PCW
  24. 24. 41   Preference for renewable material •  Paper packaging or bio- based resins to encourage move away from petroleum- based resins •  Ultimate goal for 100 % renewable material BIO  polymer  lid  (PLA)  
  25. 25. Minimize Amount of Harmful/Hazardous Chemicals •  Eliminate chemicals identified as "Bad Actors" in environmental directives and in best practices that cause harm to human and environmental health through the production process, use and disposal of the final package •  EX : PFOA removal , implementation of Brown paper CO bags
  26. 26. Reduce Carbon Dioxide (CO2)/Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions •  Objective : act against global warming / climate change ADEME FRANCE Specific Material Type grams of carbon equivalent (CO2 Eq) per g of component material PET virgin 1.2 PET % recycled 0.4 PEHD virgin 0.5 PELD virgin 0.55 PS virgin 0.77 Average plastic 0.65 Paper 0.55 Cardboard 0.5 Emissions by category, in tonnes CO2 eq 0.175 0.000 0.114 0.000 2.297 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.500 1.000 1.500 2.000 2.500 In-company energyuse In-company processes Freight Passenger travel Material inputsother thanfor packaging Manufacture +disposal of packaging materials Disposalof directwaste arisings Capital assets
  27. 27. Maximize "End of Life" Options for Packaging •  Compostable –  Biodegradable wraps •  Reusable –  Mug (McCafe cup) –  In store tray •  100 % Recoverable –  Energy recovery or recycling •  Anti littering solution –  “croisillon”
  28. 28. 100 % legal and acceptable source for virgin fibres to protect Ecosystem and respect biodiversity •  2005, The Forest Program was initiated by McDonald’s Europe, in consultation with World Wildlife Fund (WWF) •  Forestry sustainable certification = well managed forest –  61% certified fibres in the big 4 European markets in 2009 –  100% come from legal and acceptable sources from 2008
  29. 29. Thank you ;-)
  30. 30. ♯footprintforum Sustainable Responsible Business