Abu Sayyaf<br />Active: 1991- present <br />Ideology: Islamist, Islamic Fundamentalism, Terrorism<br />Leaders: Abu Sabaya, KhadaffyJanjalani, AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani<br />Headquarters: Jolo, Sulu, Philippines<br />Area of operations: Philippines, Malaysia<br />Equipment: Grenades, Bombs, Machine Guns, Rocket Launchers and other Weapons<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />Arabic- JamāʿahAbūSayyāf<br />Filipino-Grupong AbuSayyaf<br /><ul><li>Is one of the several military Islamist separatist groups based in and around the southern Philippines, in Bangsamoro. </li></ul>Bangsamoro – Jolo, Basilan and Zamboanga<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />The group name is derived from the Arabic abu(father of) and sayyaf(Swordsmith). <br />Also known as al-Harakat al-Islamiyaor Islamic Movement.<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />Since its inception in the early 1990’s, the group has carried out bombings, kidnappings, assassinations and extortion. <br />They describe it as their fight for an independent Islamic province in the Philippines.<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />Until his death in a gun battle on September 4, 2006, KhadaffyJanjalaniwas considered the nominal leader of the group by the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Khadaffy’s death was officially confirmed on Jan. 20 2007, through DNA anlysis of both brother’s remain. <br />His older brother AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani,, the founder of Abu Sayyaf, died in December 1998 in a gun battle with Filipino forces.<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />They were both natives of Isabela City. Currently one of the poorest cities of the Philippines. Located on the north of the island of Basilan, Isabela is also the capital of Basilan province.<br />The Abu Sayyaf is one of the smallest but strongest of the Islamic separatist groups in the Philippines. Abu Sayyaf proclaimed themselves as mujahideen and freedom fighters but are not supported by many people in the Philippines including its Muslim clerics.<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />Abu Sayyaf- Al Qaeda Group <br /> >The group may funding from Al-Qaeda in the early 1990’s through Mohammad Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law of Osama Bin Laden. Al-Qaeda collaborator RamziYousef operated in the Philippines in the mid-1990’s and trained Abu Sayyaf soldiers. AbdujarikAbubakarJanjalani’s first recuits were soldiers of MNLF and the MILF. However, the MNLF and MILF deny having links with Abu Sayyaf. Both officially distance themselves from Abu Sayyaf because of its attack on civilians and its supposed profiteering. The Philippine military, however, has claimed that elements of both groups provide support to the Abu Sayyaf.<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br />In the early 1970’s, the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) was the main Muslim Rebel groups fighting in Basilan and Mindanao in the Southern Philippines. <br />AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani, the older brother of KhadaffyJanjalani, had been a teacher from Basilan, who later studied Islamic theology and Arabic in Libya, Syria and Saudi Arabia during the 1980’s. During the period, he is alleged to have met Osama Bin Laden and been given $6 Million to establish a more Islamic group with the MNLF in the southern Philippines. Made up of members of the extant MNLF. <br />
Abu Sayyaf Leader<br />Under AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani<br /><ul><li> when AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani returned home to Basilan Island in 1990, he gathered radical members of the old MNLF who wanted to resume amred struggle for an independent Islamic state and in 1991 established the Abu Sayyaf.
by 1995 Abu Sayyaf was active in large scale bombings and attacks in the Philippines. </li></li></ul><li>Abu Sayyaf<br /><ul><li> the Abu Sayyaf’s first attack was the assault on the town of Ipil in Mindanao in April 1995. This year also marked the escape of 20 year old KhadaffyJanjalani from Camp Crame in Manila along with another member named Jovenal Bruno.
on December 18, 1998, AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani was killed in a gun battle with the Philippine National Police on Basilan Island. He is thought to have been about age 39 at the time of his death. The death of AbdurajikAbubakarJanjalani marked a turning point in Abu Sayyaf operations, shifting from its ideological focus to more general kidnappings, murders and robberies, as the younger KhadaffyJanjalani succeeded Aburajik. </li></li></ul><li>Abu Sayyaf Leader<br />Under KhadaffyJanjalani<br /><ul><li> the 23 year-old KhaddafyJanjalani then took leadership of one of Abu Sayyaf’s factions in an internecine struggle. He then worked to consolidate his leadership of the Abu Sayyaf, causing the group to appear inactive for a period. After Janjalani’s leadership was secured, the Abu Sayyaf began a new strategy, as they proceeded to take hostages.</li></li></ul><li>Abu Sayyaf<br /><ul><li> the group’s motive for kidnapping became more financial than religious during the period of Khadaffy’s leadership, according to locals in the areas associated with Abu Sayyaf. The hostage money is probably the method of financing of the group.
the group expanded its operation to Malaysia in 2000 when it abducted foreigners from two different resorts. This action was condemned by most leaders in the Islamic World.</li></li></ul><li>Abu Sayyaf<br />Journalists abducted since 2000<br />ABS-CBN’s Newsbreak reported that Abu Sayyaf abducted at least 20 journalists since 2000 (mostly foreign journalists) and all of them were eventually released upon payment of ransom. CesDrilon and cameraman Jimmy Encarnacion and Angelo Valderama were the latest of its kidnap victims. The journalists held captive were: GMA-7 television reporter Susan Enriquez (April 2000, Basilan, a few days); 10 foreign journalists(7 German , 1 French, 1 Australian and 1 Danish, on May 2000, Jolo, for 10 hours); German Andreas Lorenz of the magazine Der Spiegel (July 2000, Jolo, for 25 days; he was also kidnapped in May); French television repoerterMaryseBurgot and cameraman Jean-Jacques Le Garrec and sound technician Roland Madura (July 2000, Jolo, for 2 months); ABS-CBN tv reporter MaanMacapagal and cameraman Val Cuenca (July 2000, Jolo, for 4 days); Philippine Daily Inquirer contributor and Net 25 Tv reporter Arlyn de la Cruz (January 2002, Zamboanga, for 3 months) and GMA-7 tv reporter Carlo Lorenzo and cameraman Gilbert Ordiales (September 2002. Jolo, for 6 days).<br />
Abu Sayyaf<br /> Philippine History<br /> Sunday Mae O. Ramos 1F2<br />