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Genetics Glossary: Scientific Terms and Definitions


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Scientific terms and definitions related to genetics.

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Genetics Glossary: Scientific Terms and Definitions

  1. 1. G E N E T I C S G L O S S A R Y S c i e n t i f i c T e r m s a n d D e f i n i t i o n s DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) Gene Cell Protein Nucleotide RNA (ribonucleic acid) w w w . f o o d i n s i g h t . o r g @ f o o d i n s i g h t The fundamental unit of heredity for living organisms. A segment of DNA that encodes for a protein or RNA production.� Produced from DNA, RNA functions as an intermediate product as DNA is used to produce proteins.� All living things are made of cells. Cells contain DNA, RNA and proteins. Cell DNA is typically located in the nucleus of the cell.� The "letters" to make the "DNA words." To form�DNA, the different nucleotides-adenine, guanine, thymine, and�cytosine are arranged in a specified sequence. The "sentence" made from DNA. Proteins perform various tasks within a cell to keep the cell thriving and active.�� T h e " w o r d " m a d e u p o f n u c l e o t i d e s . D N A g i v e s l i v i n g t h i n g s t h e i r i d e n t i t y o r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . �