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Focus Fusion - Cheap, Clean, Safe & Unlimited Energy - October, 2012

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Focus Fusion, the technology developed by New Jersey based LPPFusion has the potential to bring cheap, clean and unlimited energy to the world.

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Focus Fusion - Cheap, Clean, Safe & Unlimited Energy - October, 2012

  1. 1. Focus Fusion Cheap, Clean, Safe & Unlimited Energy
  2. 2. Current state of Fusion Research: If NIF ($5 Billion) can’t and ITER ($20 Billion) is far off—2027 at least
  3. 3.  THEN WHY DOES LPP THINK WE CAN PROVE FEASIBILITY  ($2 MILLION MORE)  AND GET A WORKING PROTOTYPE  ($50 MILLION?)  ARE WE CRAZY?  Or—ARE WE JUST DOING THINGS DIFFERENTLY?
  4. 4. What is Focus Fusion? Controlled Nuclear Fusion using Dense Plasma Focus Device + Hydrogen-Boron (Aneutronic) Fuel
  5. 5. Difference#1: Aneutronic Fuel  Small Size DPF device  Direct conversion of fusion energy to electricity  Large reduction in costs compared to existing  Abundant fuel:  Hydrogen and Boron  Safe, NO radioactive waste p + 11B → 3 4He + 8.7 MeV
  6. 6. Cost to build FF-1 $0.5 million Cost to build ITER, NIF—billions Same difference for electricity production : 6 cents/W- LPP vs several $/W others
  7. 7. Why use DT? • Ignitionat400millionKwithDT • 1.6BillionKwithpB11 • ButLPPhas1.8billionK
  8. 8. Tokamak
  9. 9. Difference #2: Use Instabilities, don’t fight them
  10. 10. Pinch Effects!
  11. 11. Solar Flare
  12. 12. Star Formation Beam
  13. 13. Quasars
  14. 14. Spiral Galaxy
  15. 15. Dense Plasma Focus – Inside Look!
  16. 16. CLOSE LOOK – AGAIN
  17. 17. DPF Device Electrodes
  18. 18. FF-1 Without Vacuum Chamber
  19. 19. Clean Inexpensive Safe Compact Garage Use 5 MW – Generator
  20. 20. •Theory—leads to small size •Axial Field coil controls spin •Quantum magnetic field effect suppresses x-ray cooling Our Advances On Other DPF Work
  21. 21. Innovation on the shoulders of giants  Rich body of DPF scientific literature since invention in ‘60’s  Dozens of research groups worldwide  X-ray/neutron applications  US teams at KSU, NSTec 2009: LPP Focus Fusion-1 lab begins experiments Testing our key innovations to demonstrate scientific feasibility of focus fusion Accurate DPF model Optimal angular momentum QMF to reduce X- rays Efficient X- ray capture Efficient beam capture
  22. 22. Where are we?  Ion energy—goal achieved—over 160 keV, enough to ignite pB11  Confinement time—goal achieved 20 ns—more than 8 ns goal  Energy transfer to plasmoid—over 50% of goal  Density—must increase by 10,000
  23. 23. The Challenges: Two Down, One To Go Enough heat Enough time Density: On track for 2012
  24. 24. Steps to increase density  50x Achieve theoretical density—improve symmetry 4 x greater linear compression  10x Increase current to 2.8 MA  20x Better compression with heavier pB11
  25. 25. Getting Net Power
  26. 26. Engineering Challenges: • Removing waste heat (helium cooling) • X-ray capture device • Ion beam conversion (MW magnetron designs already get 87% efficiency)
  27. 27. pB11 Aneutronic Comparison: LPP! w/<$1M machine Princeton Tokamak $8M Bussard polywell $100M+ Paul Allen/Tri-Alpha Goal conditions for energy breakthrough!
  28. 28. What our colleagues say  “I think that the “Focus Fusion” approach of Lawrenceville Plasma Physics, Inc. should be funded as the science behind it is very interesting. “- Bruno Coppi, Professor of Physics and Senior Fusion Researcher, MIT  “According to the results of this paper, it could be said that p 11B fuelled plasma focus device is a clean and efficient source of energy.”-S. Abolhasani, M. Habibi and R. Amrollahi, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran in Journal of Fusion Energy  “The experimental program that LPP plans to carry out has great potential to show how the plasma focus can be used to generate fusion energy and to demonstrate the feasibility of hydrogen-boron fusion. “- Dr. Julio Herrera, Professor of Physics, National Autonomous University of Mexico
  29. 29. OUR IP  US patent 7,482,607  Australian Patent 2007314648  Patent applications , same priority date:  Europe, China, Canada, India
  30. 30. What’s holding us back?  Too few people– need experienced experimental plasma physicist  Need more money in the bank to attract top people  Need to deal with immigration as most DPF- trained people are not US
  31. 31. Accelerating feasibility through international collaboration  Agreement signed with Plasma Physics Research Center in Tehran to cooperatively publish papers  150 graduate students, including 50 PhD students  90 plasma physics PhD students in the entire US  PCAST briefed May 25th in DC  Working to expand cooperation to Japan, elsewhere
  32. 32. Finances  $2.7 million raised from Abell Foundation, 40 investors  Raising $1.7 million more for scientific feasibility, transition to engineering phase  $50 million for development, engineering
  33. 33. An ARPA E Reviewer, $900,000 grant proposal: (1) Prior work with the FF-1 concept has been conducted with the results accepted and published, and a patent has been granted. While fusion is typically regarded as a future achievement, the proposed technical approach is based on credible prior work. (2) Though 5 MWe is fairly small on an national energy scale, if this generator can be deployed, there is still potential benefits. While an entire city may not run on it, individual facilities could benefit greatly. (3) Additionally, if such a generator is feasible, the cost/performance ratio should decline with a rapid deployment of these smaller systems.
  34. 34. Why no stampede to invest?  Herd mentality  DOE focus on tokamak  But may be changing  “We are closely following start-ups experimenting with new technologies such as low-energy nuclear reaction and fusion. If successful, these efforts could completely change the current status quo and hurt traditional energy producers. It is worth watching this space. People tend to overestimate what can be done in a year, but underestimate what can happen in a decade.”  Black Rock report June 2012
  35. 35. PROOF OF 160 KEV—1.8 BILLION DEGREES K
  36. 36. 500µm
  37. 37. -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101 CURRENTkA TIME ns
  38. 38. Improvement in Yield/Current Scaling y = 1E-08x6.7542 1.00E+06 1.00E+07 1.00E+08 1.00E+09 1.00E+10 1.00E+11 1.00E+12 1.00E+02 1.00E+03 NeutronYield Current I (kA) Buenos Aires(PFI) FF-1 Frascati(1MJ) Limeil NTSC Swierk U of Illinois LPP Stuttgart(HV) Darmstadt Stuttgart(Poseidon) TAVADIL(PAEO) Power (FF-1)

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