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Clean fusion power Australia Presentation

  1. 1. Clean Fusion Power Crowd Funding the Energy Revolution Lawrenceville Plasma Physics Inc.
  2. 2. >1,000 new coal-fired power plants planned
  3. 3. So What? What IF... If we keep going down this track?
  4. 4. Runaway Global Warming • Increased Air Pollution • Heat Stress • Increases in Sea Levels • Ocean Acidification • Mega Storms • Droughts....
  5. 5. But... What IF... we change our thinking?
  6. 6. 13th Feb 2014 „…$5 billion National Ignition Facility, where scientists recently got a tiny bit closer to their goal of creating a controlled fusion reaction…”
  7. 7. Conventional Fusion D + T -> He + Heat + n We can do better!
  8. 8. Aneutronic Fusion p + B11 -> 3He + Energy and nothing else 
  9. 9. Lawrenceville Plasma Physics & the Dense Plasma Focus Aneutronic (NO radiation) Compact (shipping container) Cheapest Energy Source by far! Limitless fuel from SEAWATER!
  10. 10. US Patent #7,482,607 (2009) Method and apparatus for producing x-rays, ion beams and nuclear fusion energy
  11. 11. Goal product: 5 MW Focus Fusion generator Lower projected cost than any other energy tech $60/kW, .2 cents/kW-hr
  12. 12. LPP Timeline for Total Energy Transformation 2013-2014: Scientific demo 2017-2018: Commercial prototype 2019: Mass manufacture
  13. 13. The LPP Team Eric J Lerner – CEO, Plasma Physicist Robert Fitzgerald – CFO, Legal Derek Shannon – Business Dev & Lab Manage Ivy Karamitsos - CIO Fred van Roessel – Electrical Research Engineer Dr John Thompson PhD, Consultant High Energy Physicist
  14. 14. How to Help • US $2M in additional funding will allow LPP to contract specialist engineering help to achieve ignition in 2014 • This will be a game changer for Climate and Human Health! • Oz Crowdfunding Goal: $200,000 • Sign up to support the crowdfunding campaign here: http://bit.ly/1m92Flc
  15. 15. More Information • How to help with Crowdfunding: http://www.lawrencevilleplasmaphysics.com • Why to invest: http://thecontrarianinvestor.com/index.php/a rticles/67-the-mother-of-all-alternative- energy-investments
  16. 16. Thank You
  17. 17. Notes
  18. 18. ITERTimetable http://www.iter.org/proj/iterandbeyond
  19. 19. Some other approaches For comparison – • Buzzard Fusion „Wiffleball“ (US Navy, secret) • Tri Alpha Energy (big backers, secretive) • Lockheed Martin „Skunkworks“ (secretive) • General Fusion (backed by Canadian Govt) • Other?

Editor's Notes

  • Intro by venue Host, thenPresenter Self Intro (modify to suit presenter)Oliver Snow - Elec. Engineer / Project ManagerComplex Designs / Systems IntegrationInterested in Science / Multi-disciplinary ResearchSci-Fi fan as a kid (Heinlein, Niven, Pohl etc)Following fusion research for last 20 years (ITER, NIF, Cold Fusion controversy etc)Save Later: (Heard about „aneutronic“ fusion ~5 years ago Buzzard Fusion/Prometheus Fusion/Tri Alpha Energy/Lockheed Martin Skunkworks)Story Intro - get someone who is known to the crowd where I'll be presenting to introduce me (social proof). b) a little background - who am I (credentials), why am I here (passion) - want to have a liveable world for my great grandchildrenc) why should you care (impact of continued use of fossil fuels, given world's current and projected energy use) - need graphs of current and projected world energy use, charts and pictures of environmental damage from Fracking/Shale Oil etc)d) review of approaches (solar, wind, wave, nuclear, big fusion) and why these won't work (lack of suitable infrastructure, slow to scale, lack of political consensus, timescales & cost and not proven yet, tragedy of the commons, 1st world cannot expect developing countries to scale back)e) The solution develop small "portable" fusion reactors that can be placed where needed (develop some arguments/proof about why this is not too good to be true)f) provide some LPP background and timeline progress to date, projection to the future. Explain why helping here is our best chance to fix global warming (because it gets around politics by removing the attachment to existing vested interests - it makes economic sense. Plus it can use existing infrastructure. In Australia, where water is scarce it removes the need for massive cooling ponds etc)g) Call to action: would you like a cleaner, safer, more efficient energy infrastructure sooner – then you can help, please sign up to promote Aneutronic fusion and support LPP to show the world it can be done
  • It‘s a beautiful place, isn‘t it? I‘d like to engage your help as a group to keep it that way for a long time to come. We all lead busy lives and things move along so fast we rarely stop to think about where we‘re heading in such a rush. Well, I‘d like to hit „pause“ just for a moment and ask the question: what are we trying to do to the only home we‘ve got? Is there a better way to power our lives than digging massive holes in the ground to burn stuff so we can pollute the air and oceans? It‘s something I used to despair about. But I recently realised that there is something we can do about it. And it‘s THIS close to becoming reality. ....AND I‘d like to enlist YOUR help to get us there ... But first a little background...Audience interaction: who got here by train tonight? (Show of hands), By Car? (Any Electric cars?). Who had a coffee made for them today? Did Anyone use the lift...Cue Next slide – Electricity we all need it and we‘re needing more all the time...Presentation Must haves (refine)Humour BenefitServiceBigger pictureFor the higher good.
  • And here‘s the problem...Map Picture Source: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/picture/2012/nov/20/which-countries-most-coal-power„More than 1,000 coal-fired power plants are being planned worldwide, new research from the World Resources Institute has revealed, with the majority in China and India, NOT even counting Nuclear power plants plannedAnnecdote: Last year I was up in NSW Near Lake Liddel, camping. Every, single, day, TWO 40,000 coal trains would rock up to the powerstation and dump their coal. That‘s one powerstation in one country. Just imagine how much coal that is we‘re burning around the world...And the best part is (cue next slide)“„“…by 2035 global energy consumption will increase by 41% from today’s levels with … more than half coming from India and China”““China builds an average of three new power stations a week; by 2030 it plans to add more power capacity than exists in the US, the UK and Australia today. This will require huge amounts of water for cooling and driving steam turbine generators. The country’s water resources are already stretched and climate change is making conditions even tougher.”Source: https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/5198Photo: Copyright GreenpeaceSources of Information for this slide http://www.financialsense.com/contributors/gail-tverberg/world-energy-consumption-since-1820-in-chartshttp://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/world.cfmNeed to modify slides to explain the meaning of 820 BTU etc in pictures that can be visually understood. Eg Cubic Kilometres of Oil burned (reference to Horizon Programmes?)https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/5198 „China builds an average of three new power stations a week; by 2030 it plans to add more power capacity than exists in the US, the UK and Australia today. This will require huge amounts of water for cooling and driving steam turbine generators. The country’s water resources are already stretched and climate change is making conditions even tougher. “http://www.thegwpf.org/china-india-building-4-coal-power-plants-week/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_power_stations_in_China#Non-renewableSource: Quotes: http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/about-bp/energy-economics/energy-outlook/country-and-regional-insights/energy-outlook-insights.htmlGraph:http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/world.cfm
  • More electric cars, data centres, skyscrapers, desalination, air conditioning, phones, gadgets = more electric powerNo way to scale up to power this baseload growth with clean solar, wind, wave, hydro etcSo need more coal, gas, oil OR more Nuclear baseload = huge expense and CO2 pollution or risk (Fukujima, Chernobyl, 3Mile Is etc) – take your pickDeveloping world wants to join the 1st world, nobody wants to go backwardsCompanies (see Newscientist 15th Feb 2014 are gearing up to burn coal underground to recover previously unminable assetts.Carbon Sequestration is not the Answer (insert Alistair Pope‘s Oilfield gas venting anecdote here)Need to find a better way out, or else... we all end up worse off (tradgedy of the commons)Sources of Information for this slide http://www.financialsense.com/contributors/gail-tverberg/world-energy-consumption-since-1820-in-chartshttp://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/world.cfm
  • ....About half the power generated in powerplants is Lost before it even reaches the consumer. This happens at multiple steps along the way – thermal heat is lost in the burning of coal, during water evaporation in cooling towers, transformer losses, transmission losses, losses in standby devices etc----Sankeydiagram explains the Energy Sources‘ (Coal, Nuclear, Gas, Renewables) contribution to world electrical power and the losses vs end user consumptionSANKEY diagram Source: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/pdf/flow/electricity.pdfSee also http://www.iea.org/Sankey/
  • More electric cars, data centres, skyscrapers, desalination, air conditioning, phones, gadgets = more electric powerNo way to scale up to power this baseload growth with clean solar, wind, wave, hydro etcSo need more coal, gas, oil OR more Nuclear baseload = huge expense and CO2 pollution or risk (Fukujima, Chernobyl, 3Mile Is etc) – take your pickDeveloping world wants to join the 1st world, nobody wants to go backwardsCompanies (see Newscientist 15th Feb 2014 are gearing up to burn coal underground to recover previously unminable assetts.Carbon Sequestration is not the Answer (insert Alistair Pope‘s Oilfield gas venting anecdote here)Need to find a better way out, or else... we all end up worse off (tradgedy of the commons)Sources of Information for this slide http://www.financialsense.com/contributors/gail-tverberg/world-energy-consumption-since-1820-in-chartshttp://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/world.cfm
  • Why hasnt it happened yet?Let me talk about recent events washington post logoYou might have recently seen press coverage of a successful test of conventional fusion at the National Ignition facility in California. NIF scientists reported that they got more energy out than was put in for the first time. This is great, but they still have a very long way to go after $5Bn of cost. Wheras LPP is already ahead of them with only a $3M budget.Source of quotes: http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/inside-the-national-ignition-facility/2014/02/12/067905f6-93a2-11e3-83b9-1f024193bb84_gallery.html#photo=4
  • Conventional Fusion -> burn D + T fuel = Helium + Energy + Neutrons!This is what JET, ITER, NIF are trying to do. Need Water, Steam Turbines, Generators etc...Complex mega projects – HUGE $$$Going since 1970‘s , Ignition“ is always 30 years away...Very Little to show for 30 years of effortCreates radioactive material - Tritium is nasty stuff -– Neutrons activate material – the machine is „HOT“You wouldn‘t want one in your back yard (it wouldn‘t fit anyway...)No way to scale this quickly to meet world‘s energy needsGood intentions, but boxed in by the wrong technology“NIF is now partway through a 3-year campaign to nail down why it is struggling to reach that goal.” “Numerically speaking, the gain is 0.0077” (Source: http://news.sciencemag.org/physics/2013/10/fusion-breakthrough-nif-uh-not-really-…)
  • So what‘s the difference with Aneutronic Fusion?For a start, it‘s clean – No high energy neutrons are released. Unlike the conventional fusion being worked on by the big government funded projects, Aneutronic fusion will NOT make the equipment radioactive. Once the device is switched off you could work on it in a labcoat. This means. NO radioactive waste to deal with.Further, the fuel is harmless. Unlike conventional fusion, which needs the radioactive gas Tritium (made in nuclear powerplants), Aneutronic fusion will use hydrogen and a non-radioactive form of Boron B11, both common and perfectly safe items. In fact, I bet you probably have some at home under the sink right now (Water and Borax). There is enough of both in the sea to power human society until the sun runs out of fuel (in about 4.5 Billion years - if we‘re still living on Earth by that time, something‘s gone seriously wrong :-)Hydrogen fuses with Boron-11, resulting in 3 charged alpha particles (Helium) and NO neutrons
  • Three facts that will lead to rapid adoption of the technology around the world. Cost, Safety and Convenience. LPP will license and work with partners.
  • After scientific demonstration of net energy, LPP will begin the commercialization phase to achieve 5MW generator that can be mass manufactured. Licensees and joint venture partners will provide the capacity worldwide to meet global demandProduction at a fraction that achieved by the nascent electric car industry would result in 25-100GW of new generating capacity in a single year. These are generators that could go on board a container ship, inside a shed or transformer station within a neighborhood, in the basement of a skyscraper, or beside a hillside favela—Addressing energy poverty, sustainable development, and climate change in one fell swoop.
  • Aussies buy >2.1 Billion cups of coffee a year According to http://www.oneperth.com.au/2012/11/28/caffeine-nation/
  • End of Formal presentation
  • Source: http://www.iter.org/proj/iterandbeyond - This means : They won‘t be generating comercial power at a price you want to pay in 2027...
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