INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS
The Brazilian Court of Accounts
Flávia Lacerda
2013
ABOUT ME
▪ Information Technology Advisor at
the Brazilian Court of Accounts (TCU)
▪ PhD Candidate in Information Architec...
ABOUT THE BRAZILIAN COURT OF ACCOUNTS (TCU)
What do we do?
▪ Audit the accounts of federal public resources
▪ Evaluate gov...
ABOUT THE PROJECTS
Why do we need Information Architecture?
▪ Better communication with audiences
▪ Information transparen...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Why do we need it?

Source: http://www.xerox.com/assets/motion/corporate/pages/programs/informati...
INFORMATION
ARCHITECTURE
Why do we need it?
INFORMATION
ARCHITECTURE
Why do we need it?
Richard Wurman

INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
The emerging 21st century professional occupation addressing the needs of the age...
1st Stage (2006 -

)

▪ Content management
strategy

2nd Stage (2009 -

)

Near future

▪ Search strategy

▪ Cross-channel...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Planning

PROJECT
Research

Strategy

Design

Implementation

PROGRAM

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Mo...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Research - Methods
Context

Content

goals, strategy, brand,
process, technology,
resources, poli...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Research - Methods

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
CONTEXT
What is our
environment?

Mission, goals and culture

Infrastructure and resources










Provide inform...
Tarsila do Amaral | Operários (1933)

USERS
Who are our
main audiences?

Brazilian citizens
+ 200.000.ooo

TCU internal pu...
CONTENT

Information resources

Metadata and taxonomies

What are our
sources and types
of information?









Pub...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Why reframe the
Enterprise Portal?
▪ Content management
strategy
▪ Standardization
PROJECT – PORTAL
Research
Techniques

Questions

▪ Interviews with stakeholders
and users

▪ Most accessed areas, products...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Planning

PROJECT
Research

Strategy

Design

Implementation

PROGRAM

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Mo...
INFORMATION
ARCHITECTURE
Strategy - Methods

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
INFORMATION
ARCHITECTURE
Strategy - Methods

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
PROJECT – PORTAL
Strategy

CONTENT
INVENTORY

CONTENT
MANAGEMENT
POLICY

CONTENT
REPRESENTATION
MODEL
Metadata and doc typ...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Strategy – Content inventory
▪ Contents to migrate
and to discard
▪ Needed contents
▪ Types, formats and
...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Strategy –
Representation
model

▪ Document types (161)
▪ Book
▪ Event
▪ Journal article
▪ Judment
▪ Law
...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Planning

PROJECT
Research

Strategy

Design

Implementation

PROGRAM

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Mo...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Design
Principles

Implementation requirements

▪ Visual identity

▪ Build and validate prototypes

▪ Usa...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Design –
Presentation
model

Header
Audience pages
Publicity

General Search

Specific Search
Thematic to...
PROJECT –
PORTAL

Community of practice

Design –
Colaboration

Wiki
PROJECT –
PORTAL
Design –
Personalization

28
PROJECT –
PORTAL
Design –
Flexibility
(Hotsites)
Cândido Portinari | Menina Sentada (1943)

VISUAL IDENTITY
Phisical and digital
spaces (parallel project)

New logo

Artis...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Planning

PROJECT
Research

Strategy

Design

Implementation

PROGRAM

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Mo...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Implementation
▪ Implement specifications on CMS (customize features)
 Representation model (tables, fie...
PROJECT – PORTAL
ECM, WCM, CMS, CXM...
▪ Multiple solutions for content management
▪ What each vendor offers X what the or...
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE
Planning

PROJECT
Research

Strategy

Design

Implementation

PROGRAM

Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Mo...
PROJECT – PORTAL
Administration
▪ Ensure the application of the content management policy
▪ Preserve standards compliance
...
PROJECT – PORTAL

2005

1997

2001

2012

2008
PROJECT – PORTAL
Lessons learned
▪ Models and policies must be developed for each case (no magic recipe)
▪ IT systems are ...
1st Stage (2006 -

)

▪ Content management
strategy

2nd Stage (2009 -

)

Near future

▪ Search strategy

▪ Cross-channel...
PROJECT – SEARCH
Solution
 Internally developed
 Free software plataform
(Lucene/Solr/Java)
 Multiple databases
 Const...
PROJECT – SEARCH
Solution
Portal

Capture,
processing
& load
Systems

DMS

External sources

Total (2013): 227.683.411 ite...
PROJECT – INTEROPERABILITY
Government
partnership

TCU project

 Data exchange
 Shared solutions
 Cooperative developme...
PROJECT – SOCIAL NETWORKS
Sharing
1st Stage (2006 -

)

▪ Content management
strategy

2nd Stage (2009 -

)

Near future

▪ Search strategy

▪ Cross-channel...
PROJECT – CROSS-CHANNEL
Pervasive Information Architecture
Information-based activities require us to move
across differen...
PROJECT – CROSS-CHANNEL
Responsive design
INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS
Conclusions
▪ Focus on users
▪ Promote the effectiveness of the organization
▪ Create sp...
THANK YOU!
Flávia Lacerda
flavialacerdaoliveira@gmail.com
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IA Projects: Brazilian Court of Accounts

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Information architecture strategies in the Brazilian Court of Accounts (TCU) in a timeline (2006-2013)

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IA Projects: Brazilian Court of Accounts

  1. 1. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS The Brazilian Court of Accounts Flávia Lacerda 2013
  2. 2. ABOUT ME ▪ Information Technology Advisor at the Brazilian Court of Accounts (TCU) ▪ PhD Candidate in Information Architecture at University of Brasília (UnB), supervised by Prof. Mamede Lima-Marques ▪ Doctoral stage at Jönköping University (Sweden) from August to December 2013, supervised by Prof. Andrea Resmini
  3. 3. ABOUT THE BRAZILIAN COURT OF ACCOUNTS (TCU) What do we do? ▪ Audit the accounts of federal public resources ▪ Evaluate government programs  Effectiveness (How much is being spent and how?)  Efficacy (Are the goals being reached?)  Efficiency (Are the best procedures being used?)  Economy (Are the resources obtained at market prices?)
  4. 4. ABOUT THE PROJECTS Why do we need Information Architecture? ▪ Better communication with audiences ▪ Information transparency and findability ▪ Content management and sharing ▪ Visual identity ▪ Data analysis and content exchanging...
  5. 5. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Why do we need it? Source: http://www.xerox.com/assets/motion/corporate/pages/programs/information-overload/pdf/Xerox-white-paper-3-25.pdf Image: http://www.foundationnews.org/CME/article.cfm?ID=1003
  6. 6. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Why do we need it?
  7. 7. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Why do we need it?
  8. 8. Richard Wurman INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE The emerging 21st century professional occupation addressing the needs of the age focused upon clarity, human understanding, and the science of the organization of information.
  9. 9. 1st Stage (2006 - ) ▪ Content management strategy 2nd Stage (2009 - ) Near future ▪ Search strategy ▪ Cross-channel strategy ▪ Enterprise portal reframing ▪ Interoperability and government partnership ▪ Responsive design ▪ Visual identity ▪ Social networks INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS TCU Strategies in a Timeline
  10. 10. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Planning PROJECT Research Strategy Design Implementation PROGRAM Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002) Administration
  11. 11. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Research - Methods Context Content goals, strategy, brand, process, technology, resources, politics, culture Users objects, types, metadata, structure, relationships, source, volume, growth audiences, user needs, use cases, mental models, vocabulary, behavior Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
  12. 12. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Research - Methods Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
  13. 13. CONTEXT What is our environment? Mission, goals and culture Infrastructure and resources        Provide information and services Perform effective processes Improve public administration Formal culture, but innovative Internal IT sector and datacenter Multidisciplinary team (8-10) CMS Plataform
  14. 14. Tarsila do Amaral | Operários (1933) USERS Who are our main audiences? Brazilian citizens + 200.000.ooo TCU internal public + 6.000 ± 100 mi - internet access ± 15% - some disability   Public employees Trainees and outsourced Special audiences    The National Congress Government agencies Press
  15. 15. CONTENT Information resources Metadata and taxonomies What are our sources and types of information?       Publications and services Corporative and external systems Intranet and web pages Data models Data types and formats Controlled vocabularies
  16. 16. PROJECT – PORTAL Why reframe the Enterprise Portal? ▪ Content management strategy ▪ Standardization
  17. 17. PROJECT – PORTAL Research Techniques Questions ▪ Interviews with stakeholders and users ▪ Most accessed areas, products and services ▪ Statistics analysis ▪ Findability ▪ Eletronic survey ▪ User satisfaction ▪ Improvement needed
  18. 18. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Planning PROJECT Research Strategy Design Implementation PROGRAM Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002) Administration
  19. 19. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Strategy - Methods Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
  20. 20. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Strategy - Methods Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002)
  21. 21. PROJECT – PORTAL Strategy CONTENT INVENTORY CONTENT MANAGEMENT POLICY CONTENT REPRESENTATION MODEL Metadata and doc types <Título> <Autor> <Data> <Usuário> CONTENT PRESENTATION MODEL Perfil 1 (Public) Menu News Taxonomy <Tipo> TABELA TIPO DOC  System 1 <Categoria> TAXONOMIA Products and services <Assuntos> TESAURO TESAURO TESAURO Vocabulary 1 Perfil 2 (Individual) Menu My page My themes System n Vocabulary n Information resources Database Data entry and storage Products and services User interfaces USERS SEGMENTATION
  22. 22. PROJECT – PORTAL Strategy – Content inventory ▪ Contents to migrate and to discard ▪ Needed contents ▪ Types, formats and metadata
  23. 23. PROJECT – PORTAL Strategy – Representation model ▪ Document types (161) ▪ Book ▪ Event ▪ Journal article ▪ Judment ▪ Law ▪ News ▪ Report ▪ Resolution ▪ Sumary ▪ Thesis [...] ▪ Metadata
  24. 24. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Planning PROJECT Research Strategy Design Implementation PROGRAM Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002) Administration
  25. 25. PROJECT – PORTAL Design Principles Implementation requirements ▪ Visual identity ▪ Build and validate prototypes ▪ Usability ▪ Develop style guide ▪ Accessibility ▪ Customization ▪ Personalization ▪ Colaboration ▪ Integration ▪ Flexibility…
  26. 26. PROJECT – PORTAL Design – Presentation model Header Audience pages Publicity General Search Specific Search Thematic topics & contact Services News, publications & events Information & Culture Partnerships
  27. 27. PROJECT – PORTAL Community of practice Design – Colaboration Wiki
  28. 28. PROJECT – PORTAL Design – Personalization 28
  29. 29. PROJECT – PORTAL Design – Flexibility (Hotsites)
  30. 30. Cândido Portinari | Menina Sentada (1943) VISUAL IDENTITY Phisical and digital spaces (parallel project) New logo Artistic images Partnership with Portinari Project to use the painter works
  31. 31. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Planning PROJECT Research Strategy Design Implementation PROGRAM Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002) Administration
  32. 32. PROJECT – PORTAL Implementation ▪ Implement specifications on CMS (customize features)  Representation model (tables, fields and forms)  Presentation model (layout) ▪ Validate and adjust ▪ Train content managers ▪ Migrate content for CMS (automatic and manual) ▪ Test and validate
  33. 33. PROJECT – PORTAL ECM, WCM, CMS, CXM... ▪ Multiple solutions for content management ▪ What each vendor offers X what the organization really needs ▪ Decisions must be guided by:  Business problems and needed features (design principles)  Compliance with technologies used in the organization (databases, servers, languages,patterns)
  34. 34. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE Planning PROJECT Research Strategy Design Implementation PROGRAM Louis Rosenfeld & Peter Morville (2002) Administration
  35. 35. PROJECT – PORTAL Administration ▪ Ensure the application of the content management policy ▪ Preserve standards compliance ▪ Monitor access, evaluate user satisfaction and adjust ▪ Handle issues identified during the project ▪ Keep evolving
  36. 36. PROJECT – PORTAL 2005 1997 2001 2012 2008
  37. 37. PROJECT – PORTAL Lessons learned ▪ Models and policies must be developed for each case (no magic recipe) ▪ IT systems are only tools to create and manage the spaces. You need to design them and involve those who will use in the designing process ▪ Methodology is only direction ▪ Homepages are political instruments - the strategy rules must be clear, based on evaluations and statistics ▪ Content areas must have specific holders
  38. 38. 1st Stage (2006 - ) ▪ Content management strategy 2nd Stage (2009 - ) Near future ▪ Search strategy ▪ Cross-channel strategy ▪ Enterprise portal reframing ▪ Interoperability and government partnership ▪ Responsive design ▪ Visual identity ▪ Social networks INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS TCU Strategies in a Timeline
  39. 39. PROJECT – SEARCH Solution  Internally developed  Free software plataform (Lucene/Solr/Java)  Multiple databases  Constant customization & evolution of features  Maintenance costs  Sharing with governmental agencies
  40. 40. PROJECT – SEARCH Solution Portal Capture, processing & load Systems DMS External sources Total (2013): 227.683.411 itens Textual database
  41. 41. PROJECT – INTEROPERABILITY Government partnership TCU project  Data exchange  Shared solutions  Cooperative development Federal Senate of Brazil project – www.lexml.gov.br
  42. 42. PROJECT – SOCIAL NETWORKS Sharing
  43. 43. 1st Stage (2006 - ) ▪ Content management strategy 2nd Stage (2009 - ) Near future ▪ Search strategy ▪ Cross-channel strategy ▪ Enterprise portal reframing ▪ Interoperability and government partnership ▪ Responsive design ▪ Visual identity ▪ Social networks INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS TCU Strategies in a Timeline
  44. 44. PROJECT – CROSS-CHANNEL Pervasive Information Architecture Information-based activities require us to move across different media, channels, and environments, with no distinction between what is physical and what is digital. We still visit Web sites, but we also use mobile applications, interact with intelligent devices, and connect with people on the go through a variety of computer-mediated technologies. Andrea Resmini & Luca Rosati (Pervasive Information Architecture, 2011)
  45. 45. PROJECT – CROSS-CHANNEL Responsive design
  46. 46. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS Conclusions ▪ Focus on users ▪ Promote the effectiveness of the organization ▪ Create spaces to estimulate flow of information and meaningful experiences ▪ Keep in mind design principles and avoid technological determinism
  47. 47. THANK YOU! Flávia Lacerda flavialacerdaoliveira@gmail.com

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