Since 1999, the liquid pipeline industry has collected its own data on spills. This system is known as the Pipeline Performance Tracking System (or PPTS). It is managed by a team of operating company employees who mine the data for learnings. The team has authored numerous operator advisories that transmit those learnings & make recommendations for improvements to operators. Since the beginning of PPTS we have collected data on spills as small as 5 gallons and on any spill to water. We also collect information on spills from all assets that pipeline operators own or operate. The goal is to learn from accident information so that we can avoid making the same mistakes and identify trends in the number of releases, volumes released, and the causes of releases. The Performance Excellence Team started not long after the PPTS to look forward at what industry could do prospectively to improve itself. An example of one such improvement is the Pipeline Information eXchange, a meeting where operators who have experienced accidents and near miss incidents report to their peers on the factors leading up to an incident/accident, what happened during an incident/accident, what was learned from the incident/accident investigation and what mitigation measures were put in place as a result. This industry-only event allows those experiencing accidents and near misses a safe environment to share the details of these events with their peers.
In 2011, the liquid pipeline industry started seven new safety improvement initiatives that add to our existing programs: Leak Detection – main focus is to work toward flawless recognition, response and reporting to ruptures and large leaks Excavation Damage – Leading cause of injury and death – only about 6-7% of all accidents on oil pipelines; have long participated in Common Ground Alliance promoting safe digging practices and 811; produced draft one call provisions we would like to see states adopt; need strong laws, strong enforcement and reduce exemptions for one call; worked with Congress to include state grant provisions disallowing exemptions for state and local governments Data Integration – sharing information across industry to identify threats and better ways to mitigate risk Industry Learning and Sharing Practices – improving on what we already do; get information out to more operator personnel so we can learn from past mistakes and avoid them in the future; new practices for sharing event information – not just accidents, but near misses; Looking at what other industries do that we could emulate – airline and nuclear industries Improve R&D by focusing funding on fewer, higher priority projects; get faster results into use (more focus on “development”); identify more funding and seek opportunities to leverage what others are doing (DOT, other industries, host of R&D organizations) Strategic Planning – do a better job focusing our resources on industry programs that will yield the best bang for the buck Better External Communications – we want to be sure we tell our story and also listen to our regulators and the public; examples include regular meetings with regulators and oversight agencies; regular meetings and other interactions with public advocates – examples include attending PST conference each November; inviting participation at industry events like API’s conference in April each year and St. James, LA Open House that coincided with the last PST Conference in NOLA – November 2011
We will continue with our efforts share information across the industry, encourage effective, performance based regulations that will meet safety goals, develop consensus standards and recommended practices to capture leading industry practices, new knowledge and technology.
2012 FEPA Presentation: Peter Lidiak
Developments in Oil PipelineExpansions and Safety Peter Lidiak API Pipeline Director Florida Energy Pipeline Association Summer Symposium July 19, 2012
Significant growth in NorthAmerican energy productionCanadian Oil SandsBarnettEagle FordMarcellusPermian BasinUticaWilliston Basin/BakkenNorth American energy independence by 2024 when coupled with greater access on the East and West Coasts and in the Eastern Gulf
“Keystone isn’t the only pipeline”Keystone XL (Cushing to Gulf; Northern segment to Cushing)Enbridge-Enterprise Seaway ReversalEnbridge Flanagan-Cushing projectEnbridge Line 9 reversal; Sarnia to MontrealEnbridge Northern Gateway to West CoastOneOK Bakken Crude Express; ND-CushingOneOK Bakken NGL pipeline ND to KS (via Overland Pass Pipeline)KM Pony Express Guernsey, WY to CushingKM Trans Mountain ExpansionMagellan Longhorn Reversal; El Paso-HoustonSunoco W. Texas-Nederland Access projectEnterprise/Anadarko/DCP Denver-Julesburg Basin-TX NGL pipeline
Overall Impact?Domestic crude production increased from 5.1 mbpd in 2007 to 5.5 mbpd in 2010 (EIA, AEO 2012)EIA reference case for AEO 2012 projects 6.7 mbpd in 2020 (EIA)Canadian oil sands production grows from 1.6 to 3 mbpd from 2011 to 2020 (CAPP)Additional 2 million bpd of crude to Gulf Coast by 2015 (CNNMoney)Add 1 million+ bpd to West Coast by 2017 (Kinder Morgan+Enbridge)
Significant Pipeline Accidentsin 2010 and 2011Salt Lake City, UTMarshall, MISan Bruno, CAAllentown, PALaurel, MTAll contributed to greater attention from the public, legislators and regulators
Safety Oversight ActivityPipeline Safety Act enacted in JanuaryProposed rule on federal enforcement of One-CallProposed rule on HL Pipeline SafetyExpect NTSB report & recommendations on Marshall releaseImplementation of Control Room Management by August 1Recent MOP/MAOP advisory; gas pipeline reviews of MAOP documentation w/in 1 year
Liquid pipeline operators strive todo more• Since 1999 – Pipeline Performance Tracking System “You can’t improve what you don’t measure” o Started with spills of 5 gallons or more when regulations only required reports for spills of 2,100 gallons or more to be reported. o Used to produce operator advisories for the industry – available to the public on our web site• Performance Excellence Team – how do we do better going forward?• Since 2008 – Pipeline Information eXchange – Learning from incidents and near misses 1220 L Street, NW • Washington, DC 20005-4070 • www.api.org
What about aging infrastructure -- are operators“harvesting” assets? Answer is NO!
API & AOPL Pipeline Safety Principles1. Zero Incidents 2. Organization-Wide Commitment 3. A Culture of Safety 4. Continuous Improvement 5. Learn from Experience 6. Systems for Success 7. Employ Technology 8. Communicate with Stakeholders
Eight Pipeline Safety InitiativesStarted:• Leak Detection• Excavation Damage Prevention• Improved Integration of Data• Improved Industry Learning and Knowledge Sharing• Research & Development and Enhanced Technology• Industry Strategic Planning• Better Communication with Non-Industry Stakeholders• Emergency Response 1220 L Street, NW • Washington, DC 20005-4070 • www.api.org
Improving Safety into the Future• Continue to measure and learn from industry performance• Expand the sharing of learnings from across the industry• Continue to develop new and maintain existing recommended practices and standards• Conduct R&D to identify new technologies and solutions• Engage regulators, other industries and public in positive change1220 L Street, NW • Washington, DC 20005-4070 • www.api.org