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Angel groups in South Africa - seminar at UCT


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Since uploading this presentation on angel investments in South Africa in 2011, I became an advisor and Angel Investor at Startup-Incubator Springlab. Please pitch your startup to Springlab, if you're looking for hands on investors and support!

Presentation by Craig Mullett from the Branison Group at the UCT Graduate School of Business in Cape Town.

The seminar focused on the research topic of bridging the missing middle in entrepreneurial finance in South Africa through developing angel investor networks. It gave an overview of the research on how these groups work in the USA as well as research ideas on how this could be done in South Africa.

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Angel groups in South Africa - seminar at UCT

  1. 1. Angel Groups ©©20112011 Innovative FinancingInnovative Financing for Entrepreneursfor Entrepreneurs
  2. 2. Background to the Research 22 Missing Middle initiative : G20, World Economic Forum Angel investment gap in Africa Craig Mullett interest & fit with Research South African background Masters thesis on Private Equity in South Africa Postgraduate in Commerce (Honors) from UCT Angel investor background Member of Angel investor Forum Linkages USA : Angel investment groups USA : Research partners South Africa : Research partners ©©20112011
  3. 3. Entrepreneurial Equity Financing Gap 33 Friends & Family (“love money”) Personal Savings Business Angel Investors Private Equity Venture Capital IPO Business Type Funding Required Seed Early Stage Later Stage Growth <R1m R1m-R20m R20m-R250m >R250m ©©20112011
  4. 4. Why this matters … 44 Rapid growth start-ups generate the most new jobs in an economy and also require the highest amount of equity risk capital. A 2005 study of 37 countries found that of various sources of funding (debt, private equity, venture capital, angel investor capital), only angel investor capital significantly positively influenced the propensity to be entrepreneurs. Successful entrepreneurial hubs (Silicon Valley, Boston, New York) all have developed angel investor networks Incubated start-ups rely heavily on angel networks for financing, contacts and strategy advice ©©20112011
  5. 5. Business Angel Definition 55 High net worth individual Net assets (excluding home) In USA : $1m In South Africa : estimate R5 million Not family or close friends of founders Invest personal funds Spend some time evaluating the business May spend additional time active in selected businesses Invest in private business with capital at risk Primarily invest for financial return A 2007 study notes motivation by financial and emotional/psychological factors ©©20112011 ?
  6. 6. Typical Business Angel Profile 66 ‘Transitory state’ - changes based on personal lifecycles Usually have an entrepreneurial background (>70%) A 2009 review of global angel studies concludes they typically are: Male (95% or greater) Aged 46-55 years (54%) University graduates (74%) Research study in 2010 found that angel investors had on average 13% of their wealth invested in private angel investments, with over 90% being in seed to early stage ventures. ©©20112011
  7. 7. Entrepreneur’s views on Angels 77 Research indicates that angels are perceived as fairer and more trustworthy than venture capitalists, thus frequently being preferred as funders by entrepreneurs. Prior studies indicate that angels are a preferred funding source and provide 61% of early-stage financing. A 2010 survey indicates 58% of start-up entrepreneurs in the USA plan to rely on business angel financing. A 2009 survey of entrepreneurs that they view angels as : Filling funding gaps In USA, average investments by each angel group is $241,000 and average per round is $372,000. Leveraging other funding sources Filling knowledge and experience gaps Providing a wide range of business contacts ©©20112011 ?
  8. 8. Angels are organizing globally in groups 88 First group (“Band of Angels”) started in Silicon Valley in 1994 Groups started in Canada and Europe in 1990’s Rapid growth in 2000’s lead to new groups in many countries USA Australia/ NZ Canada 300 30 350 20 20 Europe Asia Latin America 10 ©©20112011
  9. 9. Why Angel Groups? 99 Provide economies of scale and other benefits to : Angel investors See more deal opportunities with less effort More industry viewpoints to effectively screen deals More resources for due diligence and deal negotiation Post-investment support and monitoring enhances returns Entrepreneurs One application leveraged to multiple investors Wider network of contacts can be provided by more investors, as well as coaching and advisory support Structured process that is quicker turn-around with more follow-on funding potential Ecosystem impact Angel groups more effective in directing resources to start- up businesses ©©20112011
  10. 10. Angel Groups Investment Performance 1010 Data from the 2007 Angel Performance Improvement Project reflecting 419 exited/closed investments in USA Investment $169,089 $50,000 Cash out $490,022 $42,052 Years held 3.61 3 IRR 29.4% -1.8% Mean Median ©©20112011 ?
  11. 11. Why not just electronic networks? 1111 A research study (2009) indicates that angels can provide capital despite high investment uncertainty primarily due to the geographic focus of their investments, which allows them to gain additional monitoring and network relational influences. This geographic focus is viewed as financially rational in another study (2008), due to the relationship-driven screening of entrepreneurs and monitoring through more active participation in the venture. The proximity concept is further explored (2008), noting that the geographic proximity for angel investors is reduced by : Social proximity (social relations between parties) Cognitive proximity (shared knowledge and understandings) Institutional proximity (common habits, routines, practices) ©©20112011
  12. 12. Angel Group Ecosystem 1212 ©©20112011
  13. 13. Angel Group Typology - Structure 1313 Profit orientation Non-profit Incentivized For profit Funding Public Subsidized Private Staffing Deal commitment Volunteer Part-time Full-time Deal-by-deal Minimum/year Every deal ©©20112011
  14. 14. Angel Group Typology - Focus 1414 Geography City/State Region National Sector Specific Limited General Stage Support Seed Early-stage Late-stage Screening Coaching Board active ©©20112011
  15. 15. Angel Group Profiles 1515 Group years of existence Range : 0 – 20 Average : 4 Median : 3 Members Range : 3 – 280 Average : 48 Median : 37 Staff Range : 0 – 7 Average : 1 Median : 0.5 Above data from a 2007 Study of USA ACA Angel Groups (127 responses) An extra year of existence equates to an extra 5 members ©©20112011
  16. 16. Angel Group Investment Process 1616 Marketing/PR/Networking Business Applications Initial Deal Screening Codified Business Plan Deal Review at Meeting Due Diligence Terms Agreed Closing Support/Advisory/Monitoring ©©20112011
  17. 17. Deal flow of Angel Groups : the ecosystem lifeblood 1717 29% 5% 31% 8% 18% 4% 5% Other USA Data from Pepperdine Private Capital Markets Project 2010 ©©20112011
  18. 18. Angel Group Sidecar Investment Funds 1818 Committed capital Captive VC-type fund Private individuals “passive angels” Family investment offices of ultra-wealthy National seed/early stage funds International early stage funds Regional funds Opt-in Capital Higher investment fee per deal Go/no-go per investment Fees per investment/per annum for operating costs Reward/incentive structure on exits to compensate angel leadership Share of carried profit over hurdle rate ©©20112011
  19. 19. Angel Group Ecosystem applied in Cape Town 1919 X X X X X ©©20112011 ?
  20. 20. Public policies to encourage Angel Groups 2020 Ecosystem development Incubators Linkages Angel Group support Sponsorship Meeting venues Administrative costs Tax incentives Rebates on investment within thresholds Targeted capital gains tax exemptions Funding of new ventures Sidecar funds Low-cost debt ©©20112011
  21. 21. Further research to be done in USA 2121 Which angel group structures are most common? H : For-profit groups Review of ACA current active group database Which angel groups fail more often? H : Non-structured voluntary groups Review of ACA failed groups from historic database How are sidecar funds most commonly structured? H : Similar to mini-VC funds Surveys of angel groups identified as having sidecar funds ©©20112011
  22. 22. Further research to be done in South Africa 2222 What components of the angel ecosystem are required for an angel group to start in South Africa? H : Most of components identified to date Survey of angel investors in South Africa Which angel group structure is the most likely to succeed in South Africa? H : For-profit involved angel group Survey of angel investors in South Africa Which sidecar fund structure is the most likely to succeed in South Africa? H : Hybrid fee based committed and opt-in fund Survey of potential sidecar investors in South Africa ©©20112011
  23. 23. Next steps Gathering more information? Expanding the ecosystem players? A first group in Cape Town? Your input … 2323 ©©20112011
  24. 24. Contact information Craig Mullett Branison Group LLC email : tel : +1 203 672 1312 fax : +1 203 567 8061 skype : craig.mullett 2424 ©©20112011