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Understanding Osteoarthritis

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is associated with wear and tear of the joints. OA is the breakdown of cartilage and can occur in any joint in the body. Understanding osteoarthritis can help you identify and care for your joint issues as you age.

Published in: Health & Medicine

Understanding Osteoarthritis

  1. 1. Understanding Osteoarthritis Informational Presentation by Flexcin International
  2. 2. • What is arthritis? • What is Osteoarthritis? • Causes & Symptoms • How is it diagnosed? • How is it treated? • Current Osteoarthritis Research • Resources www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Table of Contents
  3. 3. The simple definition of arthritis is inflammation of the joints. Arthritis is normally characterized by pain and stiffness in the affected joints. ! Arthritis is not a single disease. The term arthritis refers to over 100 medical conditions that fall under the same umbrella. The two most common forms of arthritis are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis What is arthritis?
  4. 4. What is Osteoarthritis?
  5. 5. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is associated with wear and tear of the joints. OA is the breakdown of cartilage and can occur in any joint in the body. The cartilage affected by OA becomes stiff and loses its elasticity, putting it at a greater risk for damage. Over time, the cartilage then wears away, decreasing its ability to act as a shock absorber. This causes ligaments and tendons to stretch, creating pain. Eventually, the bones may rub against each other. www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis What is Osteoarthritis?
  6. 6. Causes & Symptoms
  7. 7. There are several factors that come into play when it comes to the development of osteoarthritis. These include: ! 1. Obesity 2. Injury 3. Joint overuse 4. Heredity 5. Other diseases www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Causes & Symptoms
  8. 8. Symptoms of osteoarthritis normally include: ! • Swelling of the joints • Aching and soreness • Stiffness after periods of rest • Pain after overuse or after periods of inactivity • At the middle and end of joints in the fingers bony enlargements may be present www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Oteoarthritis Causes & Symptoms
  9. 9. How is it diagnosed?
  10. 10. Your doctor will perform a physical exam first to monitor your range of motion, observe if there is fluid in your joints, and to see if they are warm and red. If there is fluid present in the joints, the doctor will remove it for analysis. Taking note of your inflammation levels will also help the doctor determine which type of arthritis you have. Imaging scans like X-rays, MRI's or CT scans will also be given to help define where in your body the symptoms are coming from. www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis How is it diagnosed?
  11. 11. How is it treated?
  12. 12. The symptoms of osteoarthritis are treated in several different ways. Many people try a combination of the following treatments depending on their age, occupation, medical history, severity of condition, location of arthritis, and overall health. ! 1. Muscle strengthening exercises 2. Physical therapy 3. Using crutches, cane, or walker 4. Removal of joint fluid www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis How is it treated?
  13. 13. 5. Oral medications 6. Joint supplements 7. Weight loss 8. Hot and cold compresses applied to the joint 9. Injections of medicine into the joint www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis How is it treated?
  14. 14. 5. Oral medications 6. Joint supplements 7. Weight loss 8. Hot and cold compresses applied to the joint 9. Injections of medicine into the joint www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis How is it treated?
  15. 15. Current Osteoarthritis Research
  16. 16. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that does not currently have a cure. Research is constantly being conducted in order to find better treatments and eventually, a cure. ! University of Liverpool scientists reported a new cause of joint destruction that grinds away healthy cartilage, worsening osteoarthritis in human hip joints in August 2014. Their study revealed the presence of high density mineralized protrusions (HDMP) which have only been previously seen in horses. www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Current Osteoarthritis Research
  17. 17. These protrusions happen when the body attempts to fill in cracks in joint cartilage. These pieces can break off and grind against healthy tissue. ! Another recent study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), found that doctors should closer weigh the costs and benefits when deciding which osteoarthritis patients should undergo surgery. Middle-aged and older patients with little or no osteoarthritis of the knee may not benefit from arthroscopic knee surgery. www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Current Osteoarthritis Research
  18. 18. The study results encourage use of other treatments prior to knee surgery to treat OA. ! These are just a few recent studies as new reports and research are being published every day on osteoarthritis . www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Current Osteoarthritis Research
  19. 19. Resources
  20. 20. Resources include: ! • What's the Difference Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis? • 6 Arthritis Myths Debunked • 8 Low Impact Exercises For Your Joints • Relieving Joint Pain - Joint Supplements vs. OTC Pain Relievers www.flexcin.com/oachoice Understanding Osteoarthritis Resources For additional resources on Osteoarthritis, Arthritis, and joint health visit: ! www.flexcin.com/oachoice

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