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POLICE POWERS

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POLICE POWERS

  1. 1. 01/12/161 POLICE POWERS FLAVIO MOTA, Attorney
  2. 2. 01/12/16 2 OBJECTIVES  1st AMENDMENT  4th AMENDMENT (local police, (14th Amendment applies)  SEIZURES, ARRESTS, and SEARCHES  PROBABLE CAUSE  CONCLUSION
  3. 3. 01/12/16 3 1st AMENDMENT  FREEDOM OF SPEECH  CERTAIN RIGHTS OF PRIVACY  FREEDOM of SPEECH at WORK
  4. 4. 01/12/16 4 4th AMENDMENT  SEIZURES  ARRESTS  SEARCHES  THE TERRY STOP  REASONABLE SUSPICION
  5. 5. 01/12/16 5 SEIZURE  The reasonable person in the same situation does not feel free to leave.  The test to determine if it is a seizure is the “totality of the circumstances.”
  6. 6. 01/12/16 6 ARREST  It is more likely than not that this person committed the crime. This is the probable cause standard.  The standard of proof is Probable Cause.  An admission or confession amounts to probable cause.
  7. 7. 01/12/16 7 SEARCHES  If the reasonable person in the same situation would expect privacy, then a search warrant is probably needed.  Activity in plain view is not the subject of 4th Amendment protection.  Videotaping on the public way is not illegal.
  8. 8. 01/12/16 8 CONCLUSION  The Supreme Court of the United States applies a balancing test.  It gives the police certain powers while protecting the rights of citizens.  This has been a very brief and general overview of this area of the law.

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