Prof. Jungho Sonu

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Prof. Jungho Sonu

  1. 2. COMPARISON OF KOREA AND TURKEY 2006 KOREA TURKEY Area(Km²) 98,000(116 th ) 780,000(45 th ) Population 49mn(26 th ) 71mn(19 th ) GDP $1,196bn(13 th ) $640bn(20 th ) GDP/Capita $24,500(45 th ) $9,100(93 rd ) Exports $331bn(12th) $91bn(35th) Imports $302bn(14th) $132bn(25th) Foreign Exchange Res. $239bn(5th) $63bn(19th) Internet Users 34 mn(5th) 12mn(24th) Mobile Phone 40 mn(22nd) 43mn(19th) Export Commodities Korea : Semi-Conductor, Wireless Telecommunication Equipments, Motor Vehicles, Computer, Steel, Ships, Petrochemicals Turkey : Apparel, Food stuffs, Textiles, Metal Manufactures, Transport Equipments Based on "World Factbook“ from CIA USA
  2. 4. <ul><li>Imitation Stage (1960 – 1980) </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Established Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>To meet the needs from Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Invited researchers from Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Established Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) 1967 … First Ministry level Organization among Developing Countries </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Establish Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) 1971 …… High Quality Masters and Ph. D. Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Passed Technology Development Law and Engineering Service Promotion Law 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Improving R&D in Industrial Sector </li></ul>1963 1970 1980 Gov’t : Private 97 : 3 71 : 29 64 : 36 R&D/GDP 0.25 0.83 0.77
  5. 7. <ul><li>Established Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Established Number of Specialized Government Research Institutes In Specialized Field </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>CHANGE IN MARKET ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Korean Products became Competitive in World Market </li></ul><ul><li>No More Technology Transfer from Developed Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot survive without leading technology </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient Qualified Researchers from Abroad </li></ul>1963 1970 1980 1990 Gov’t : Private 97 : 3 71 : 29 64 : 36 18 : 81 R&D/GDP 0.25 0.83 0.77 1.87
  7. 10. <ul><li>Industry’s R&D Exceeded Government’s </li></ul><ul><li>New Daeduck Science Town Construction Launched </li></ul><ul><li>Success in Developing New Electronic Telephone Switching System </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Pohang Steel Co.(POSCO) Established POSTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Export of Korean Brand Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Korea Research Foundation by Ministry of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Success of DRAM , First High End Technology in Korean History </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Change in Environment Among Researcher </li></ul><ul><li>“ CAN DO” Spirit and Confidence </li></ul>1963 1970 1980 1990 2004 Gov’t : Private 97 : 3 71 : 29 64 : 36 18 : 81 23 : 77 R&D/GDP 0.25 0.83 0.77 1.87 2.85
  10. 14. <ul><li>MOST INITIATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Long Term and Large Scale </li></ul><ul><li>G7 Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Center of Excellence (SRC, ERC ) </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Frontier Project </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education and Human Resource </li></ul><ul><li>BK 21 Project ….Support graduate students </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened MOST by Upgrading to Vice Prime Ministry-Level in 2007 </li></ul>
  11. 20. 706000 234000 1267000 478000
  12. 31. 1964, Seoul
  13. 32. 2000, Seoul
  14. 33. Economic Growth of Korea
  15. 34. Economic Growth Rate
  16. 38. <ul><li>1 st PERIOD: </li></ul><ul><li>Birth of Semi-Conductor Industry (1965 – 1982) </li></ul><ul><li> Simple Assembly Technology </li></ul><ul><li> Simple Labor Intensive Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>OEM Products </li></ul><ul><li>Samsung merged Korea Semiconductor Co. </li></ul>
  17. 39. <ul><li>Challenge to World IT Market(1983 – 1993) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop large scale memory chip (64 K DRAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Development at Home and Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of Manufacturing Facilities on Time </li></ul>
  18. 42. <ul><li>Leading IT World (1994 – present) </li></ul><ul><li>No. 1 World Market Share in DRAM and NAND Flash Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Invest Neighboring Area such as Cell Phone and LCD </li></ul><ul><li>Create Synergy Effect with other neighboring Area </li></ul>
  19. 43. <ul><li>Clear and Confident Faith on Future Investment </li></ul><ul><li>by Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent Management of R&D and Human Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Expect Long Term Return from Investment </li></ul>
  20. 44. <ul><li>1. DRAM and NAND Flash Memory Chips </li></ul><ul><li>DRAM world market share : 60 % </li></ul><ul><li>NAND Flash Memory world market share : 70% </li></ul><ul><li>2. CDMA System and Phone </li></ul><ul><li>First Commercial Use in 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic Use : 37 Million users </li></ul><ul><li>Export : 150 Million Cell phones to the world </li></ul>
  21. 45. <ul><li>3. Liquid Crystal Display(LCD) </li></ul><ul><li>Export(2005) Korea : 199 million unit </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan: 173 million unit </li></ul><ul><li>Japan : 146 million unit </li></ul><ul><li>Others : 7.4 million unit </li></ul><ul><li>4. Internet Online Game </li></ul><ul><li>World Online Game Market : 3.4 billion US$ </li></ul><ul><li>Korea Online Game Market : 0.85 billion US$ </li></ul><ul><li>Korea Export to World : 0.39 billion US$ </li></ul>
  22. 46. <ul><li>5. Super Scale LNG Carrier </li></ul><ul><li>First Super LNG Carrier(250,000m³) Design and construction </li></ul><ul><li>80 % of World New Demand in 2005 is under construction in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>6. Automobile Design and Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Produced 3.47 million cars in 2004, world 6th </li></ul><ul><li>Export Amount in 2004 : 32.7 billion US$ </li></ul><ul><li>Korea has capability of design and manufacturing own engine and automobile </li></ul>
  23. 47. <ul><li>7. High Rise Building Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Buj Dubai (800m,2005), Taipei Financial Center (508m, 2004), </li></ul><ul><li>Petronas Tower (452m, 1998) were constructed by Korean company </li></ul><ul><li>In year 2007, more than 35 billion US$ is expected from overseas construction including plant projects </li></ul><ul><li>8. 2 nd Generation Lithium Battery </li></ul><ul><li>20% of World Market Share in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Parts for IT and Automobile Industry </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 48. <ul><li>9. Korean Standard Nuclear Reactor </li></ul><ul><li>Power Generation by Nuclear Reactor covers 40% of Total Capacity of Korea (Total Installed Capacity 63,000Mw) </li></ul><ul><li>20 Nuclear Reactors being operated in 2005 which are designed, constructed and operated by Korean Technology </li></ul><ul><li>10. Iron and Steel Making Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Consumption reduced from 33MBtu/ ton -steel to 18mBtu/ton –steel </li></ul><ul><li>First FINNEX Technology developed for commercial …..energy consumption from 18MBtu to 13 Mbtu. </li></ul><ul><li>World 5 th Capacity(12 bn US$), World 1 st Operation Profit (34%) in 2004 </li></ul>
  25. 49. <ul><li>1. The Creative Research Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>57 CRI ’ s across the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Support $500,000 /year </li></ul><ul><li>2. 21st Century Frontier R&D Program </li></ul><ul><li>Launched in 1999 for 23 projects covering bioscience, nano-technology, space technology, environment and water resources, superconductivity technology, etc. </li></ul>
  26. 50. 3. National Research Laboratory Launched in 1999 Overall enhancement of national level research lab. Total 444 lab. Granted by $250,000 per year 4. Nanotechnology Development Plan 5. Bio 2000 6. Space and Aeronautic Program
  27. 51. <ul><li>No Technology Development, No Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Government Guidance in Early Stage of R & D is Essential </li></ul><ul><li>Public Awareness of the Importance of R & D Plays Key Role in Policy Making </li></ul>
  28. 52. <ul><li>Role sharing: </li></ul><ul><li>University….Basic Research, </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector..applied research </li></ul><ul><li>National Road Map for R & D </li></ul><ul><li>Good R & D Management </li></ul>

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