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FLASh

  1. 1. featured product: Altera MAX IIZ CPLD January 2008 www.portabledesign.com Dealing with the Limitations of FLASh MeMory wireless communications: Mobile WiMAX consumer electronics: Mixed-Signal SoC Verification portable power: CEO Interview: Programmable Clocks / Ray Zinn Lower Supply Voltages Micrel An RTC Group Publication
  2. 2. Worldwide Semiconductor Revenue Forecast (Revenue in Millions of U.S. Dollars) contents 380,000 361,379 360,000 Millions of U.S. Dollars 340,000 334,061 320,000 303,492 300,000 291,360 departments 280,000 270,930 dave’s two cents 5260,000 260,222 editorial letter 6 240,000 industry news 8 analysts’ pages 12 220,000 12 analysts’ pages product feature 40 200,000 design idea 42 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 products for designers 44 cover feature Dealing with the Limitations of 16 Flash Memory Xerxes Wania and Steven Cliadakis, Sidense 16 flash memory wireless communications Mobile WiMax: How to Make Mobile 20 WiMax Consumer Devices a Reality Frank Ferro, Sonics, Inc. CPU DSP CPU (MAC) (PHY) (MAC2) consumer electronics Applying an Integrated Approach to 24 BUS Digital Design Mixed-Signal SoC Verification RTL Karen Chow, Mentor Graphics Corp. Analog Design Chip-Level RTL Simulation Schematic Capture Memory 20 mobile WiMax I/O CTL Top-Level Testbench portable power Synthesis Extend Battery Life Using 0 Simulation Mixed-Signal Simulation Static Timing Analysis Programmable Clock Technology Custom Layout Chip-Level Assembly Place and Route Greg Richmond, SpectraLinear, Inc. DRC/LVS DRC/LVS Extraction Lower Supply Voltages Enable Low-Power 4 Portable Electronic Devices Extraction Extraction Static Timing Analysis Aditya Rao, Microchip Technology, Inc. Post-Layout Simulation Post-Layout Simulation ceo interviewNo Design Meets Yes Yes Design Meets No Yes Design Meets No Ray Zinn 48 Specs? Specs? Specs? Tapeout! 24 mixed-signal design Micrel JANUARY 2008
  3. 3. team editorial team Editorial Director Warren Andrews, warrena@rtcgroup.com Editor-in-Chief John Donovan, johnd@rtcgroup.com Managing Editor Marina Tringali, marinat@rtcgroup.com Copy Editor Rochelle Cohn art and media team Creative Director Jason Van Dorn, jasonv@rtcgroup.com Art Director Kirsten T. Wyatt, kirstenw@rtcgroup.com Graphic Designer Christopher Saucier, chriss@rtcgroup.com Director of Web Development Marke Hallowell, markeh@rtcgroup.com Web Developer Brian Hubbell, brianh@rtcgroup.com management team Associate Publisher Marina Tringali, marinat@rtcgroup.com Product Marketing Aaron Foellmi, aaronf@rtcgroup.com Manager (acting) Western Advertising Manager Stacy Gandre, stacyg@rtcgroup.com Untitled-2 1 9/21/07 10:52:58 AM Western Advertising Manager Lauren Trudeau, laurent@rtcgroup.com Eastern Advertising Manager Nancy Vanderslice, nancyv@rtcgroup.com Circulation Shannon McNichols, shannonm@rtcgroup.com executive management Chief Executive Officer John Reardon, johnr@rtcgroup.com HOW WELL Vice President Vice President of Finance Cindy Hickson, cindyh@rtcgroup.com Cindy Muir, cindym@rtcgroup.com DO YOU KNOW Director of Corporate Marketing Director of Art and Media Aaron Foellmi, aaronf@rtcgroup.com Jason Van Dorn, jasonv@rtcgroup.com THE INDUSTRY? portable design advisory council Ravi Ambatipudi, National Semiconductor Doug Grant, Analog Devices, Inc. Dave Heacock, Texas Instruments Kazuyoshi Yamada, NEC America corporate office The RTC Group 905 Calle Amanecer, Suite 250 WWW.EMBEDDEDCOMMUNITY.COM San Clemente, CA 92673 Phone 949.226.2000 Fax 949.226.2050 www.rtcgroup.com For reprints contact: Marina Tringali, marinat@rtcgroup.com. Published by the RTC Group. Copyright 2007, the RTC Group. Printed in the United States. All rights reserved. All related graphics are trademarks of the RTC Group. All other brand and product names are the property of their holders. Periodicals postage at San Clemente, CA 92673. Postmaster: send changes of address to: Portable Design, 905 Calle Amanecer, Suite 250, San Clemente, CA 92673. Portable Design(ISSN 1086-1300) is published monthly by RTC Group 905 Calle Amanecer, Suite 250, San Clemente, CA 92673. Telephone 949-226-2000; 949- 226-2050; Web Address www.rtcgroup.com. Ride along enclosed. embeddedcommad_14v.indd 1 4 PORTABLE DESIGN 11/13/06 5:55:59 PM
  4. 4. H dave’s two cents Happy New Year! I cannot believe 2008 is al- money to other valued functions, or we can use ready upon us. Early each year I draft a list of more memory. For example, “Kindle,” a wire- New Year’s resolutions. It is important to do less E-Book reader recently introduced by Ama- them early so I can forget them early. This year zon, reportedly sold out in less than six hours. It I resolve to be more organized, learn more Chi- has only 256 Mbytes of memory. This is small nese and, of course, live healthier. With any luck in today’s portable memory standards. With I will have eliminated all but one by February. memory inventory growing, maybe this device’s Another annual event of mine is to predict what memory could be bigger? However, this shows may happen during the incoming year. There are that even in a soft market and with gloomy pre- easy predictions. For instance, portable devices dictions that novel products can sell. will have more features at lower prices. And there are tougher predictions—like the total time I sit on the ground in an airplane. dave’s two cents on... Mixed predictions already exist about the My Forecasts for electronics industry for 2008. Last October, EE Times reported that “Japan’s IC execs see 2008 upturn.” [1] They went on to report that NEC and Toshiba projected growth of 10 percent or more 2008 for 2008. However, not everyone agrees with the rosy outlook. In December, EE Times reported, “Gartner pulls down chip forecast.” [2] It’s not that there won’t be growth; it’s just that the ex- pectations for growth are less—down from 8.2 to 6.2 percent. In another article published by Forbes, [3] a 50 percent probability of a recession For another example, an Olympic viewer is predicted for 2008. could record his favorite sport while off do- Generally, economic predictions are like ing other things. This may be an extension of weather forecasts. For example, a 30 percent the SlingPlayer™ Mobile. The sport could be chance of rain means that rain is likely to fall on viewed later on the portable device, or upon ar- 30 percent of the region covered by the forecast. rival at the hotel for a bigger screen. There are While some analysts say they have not forecast- plenty of good ideas to drive our industry. We ed a recession for the U.S., they have increased should not let the “gloomers” distract us. the probability from 10 to 35 percent, [2] or up I am not sure which is more complex—the to as much as 50 percent. How should these economy or the weather. But what I do know is numbers be interpreted? If they are like weather that reporting is more accurate than predicting predictions, then that percentage of the economy for either one. All in all, 2008 presents another could feel like it is in a recession. Or it could just year for opportunities. We can both get busy and be the probability of a recession, meaning that have a great year, or we can take a nap. Either under the predicted circumstances, that percent- one will make time go by. For my two cents, I age of the time we could enter a recession. If the predict a good year for 2008 with continued in- U.S. does enter a recession, the analysts predict novations and opportunities for all. I also predict that growth for the electronics industry will be that my resolutions have a 30 percent probability further reduced. of lasting more than three months, unless I win Unlike weather forecasting, economic predic- the lottery by finding the winning ticket. tions can influence the probability that the pre- dictions become reality. With weather, predicting Dave Freeman, Texas Instruments rain may make people carry an umbrella—but carrying an umbrella does not make it rain. EE Times: Semiconductor News, “Japan’s IC [1] However, predicting an economic downturn can exces see 2008 upturn,” Mark LaPedus http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml?arti cause our industry to enter a hibernation mode, cleID=202200193. which in turn really can cause a downturn. Sub- sequently, those forecasting the downturn will EE Times: Semiconductor News, “Gartner [2] have been correct. pulls down chip forecasts,” Rick Merritt http://www.eetimes.eu/semi/204701202. I prefer information rather than forecasts and opinions. For example, inventories of DRAM Forbes: AFX News Limited, “Leading econo- [3] and flash devices are building. The average unit mists tell Congress recession dangers rising,” Thomson Financial News Limited 2007, URL: price (AUP) of these devices is falling at some http://www.forbes.com/afxnewslimited/feeds/ rate. This is usable information. We can use ei- afx/2007/12/05/afx4409040.html ther the same amount of memory and move the JANUARY 2008 5
  5. 5. N editorial letter Navigating CES is all about logistics and com- undercut the main argument for MIDs. Besides, fortable shoes. Thanks to days of planning, the first-generation MID is already here. It’s countless Frappuccinos and a new pair of Rock- called the iPhone. ports, I managed to surf the hype, skim at least Not to belabor the point, but in an inadvertently the highlights and discover a few hidden gems. related keynote, Jerry Yang of Yahoo showed off Still, with 2700 companies displaying their the new Yahoo! Go 3.0, which offers “a better wares for the benefit of almost 150,000 attend- Internet experience,” as the marketers say, on ees, even hitting the highlights is an endurance the current crop of cell phones. It’s a handsome contest. GUI that Yahoo is opening to third-party devel- CES is all about generating buzz—or, worst opers, perhaps as a counter to Google’s Android case, trying to convince people that you have efforts. Whatever, it’s a lot easier to use than the it. Nobody cranked up the buzz machine louder frustrating menu structure that afflicts most cell than Intel, starting with Paul Otellini’s opening phone browsers. day keynote. Otellini’s entertaining presentation One standing-room-only SuperSesssion was focused on how the Internet has changed the titled, “The Top Ten Technologies You’ve Never world—and how much more it will change it Heard Of.” They’re all wireless technologies once everything goes wireless. Otellini contin- that our readers have heard of (NFC, WiMAX, ued to beat up on cell phones as a highly inferior etc.), but not the mainstream press, apparently. way to access the Internet, which they surely are. The panel concluded that in the near future al- His solution, most recently promoted at IDF, is most all products will be completely wireless, Mobile Internet Devices (MIDs), all of which he including power cords. In case anyone missed it, expects to be powered by Intel’s pending Menlo the “next killer app” is already here: it’s wireless chips. According to Otellini, the impact of MIDs connectivity. will be nothing less than the advent of television. The ZigBee Alliance proudly displayed a Come on, Paul, get a grip. range of wireless thermostats, power meters and other devices that can dynamically adjust home Leaving Las Vegas power consumption, under the control of either the power company or the homeowner. A num- ber of power companies and a few states—Cali- fornia and Texas among them—are mandating john donovan, editor-in-chief the use of ZigBee-powered control devices in new building starts. The demand for such “green technology” could finally see ZigBee take off in Still, with Intel planning on pumping billions a big way. of dollars into promoting MIDs, only a fool Analog Devices demonstrated mobile TV car- would bet against them, especially when they’re ried over Mobile Terrestrial DMB on a variety of addressing an admitted problem whose solution devices. These are clearly aimed at the European could open up a huge market—not coincidental- market, where that standard is prevalent, and not ly, an embedded market in which Intel has been the U.S., which is still assessing the MediaFlo a marginal player to date. Plenty of traditional vs. DVB-H fallout. They also had a fun demo handset makers are already jumping on the of their audio chips, enabling a pickup-equipped would-be bandwagon. Lenovo, AsusTek, Toshi- acoustic guitar to sound like it was unplugged. ba and Samsung all showed off MID prototypes Qualcomm showed off its mirasol displays, that could browse the Web, send emails, play based on a reflective MEMS technology. Com- music, take pictures and work on office docu- bining high resolution with extremely low power ments—and possibly even make a phone call. consumption, the devices rely on optically reso- Consumer acceptance of MIDs is anything nant cavities instead of LCD pixels; they require but a given. Why would I want to spend $500+ no backlighting and can work equally well in- to carry around yet another gadget that does doors or in direct sunlight. Qualcomm is right in very little beyond what my cell phone already considering this a “disruptive technology,” but does? The lack of infrastructure is another ma- we’d like to see full-color displays in production Portable Design blog jor problem. Cell phone service isn’t up to full before drawing final conclusions. For more detailed coverage of the video streaming; Wi-Fi access is too spotty; and All told, CES was a harrowing, fun experi- Portable Design industry, including WiMAX networks are a long way off. Everyone ence, like skiing moguls or riding a roller coaster. videos and podcasts, check out my would welcome better mobile Internet access, If there was any lingering question that portable new blog at: but MIDs aren’t the obvious answer. By the time consumer devices are driving the electronics in- www.portabledesign.blogspot.com. the infrastructure problems are solved, cell phone dustry, CES put it to rest. makers will no doubt be able to show much im- proved Internet-surfing capabilities, which will 6 PORTABLE DESIGN
  6. 6. MicroTouch is Going Mobile Expanding the Possibilities 3M Touch Systems MicroTouch Flex Capacitive TM Touch Sensors for Mobile Applications • Nearly Invisible ITO Proprietary index matching technology to minimize ITO visibility • Ultrathin Substrate 0.05 mm PET substrate enables compact design • Creative Form Factors Allows designers the freedom to explore a myriad of shapes • High Volume Production Roll process is capable of producing millions of units per month Learn more about MicroTouch Going Mobile by calling 888-659-1080 or visit www.FlexCapTouch.com for details. 3M © 2007 MicroTouch is a trademark of the 3M Company.
  7. 7. news ON Semiconductor to Acquire 74 percent and 26 percent, respectively, of the AMIS Holdings, Inc. combined company. ON Semiconductor Corporation and AMIS ON Semiconductor president and CEO Holdings, Inc., parent company of AMI Semi- Keith Jackson will serve as president and CEO conductor, have announced the signing of a of the combined company. Corporate head- definitive merger agreement providing for the quarters will remain in Phoenix, Arizona, with acquisition of AMIS by ON Semiconductor in a significant presence maintained in Pocatello, an all-stock transaction with an equity value of Idaho, Belgium and various other locations approximately $915 million. worldwide. ON Semiconductor non-executive “The acquisition of AMIS furthers the Chairman J. Daniel McCranie will continue as transformation of ON Semiconductor into an non-executive chairman of the Board of Direc- analog and power solutions leader with en- tors of the combined company, which will be hanced scale, higher value and higher margin expanded to eight members with the addition products, deep customer relationships and an of Christine King, CEO of AMIS. expanded addressable market,” said Keith Jackson, ON Semiconductor president and ON Semiconductor, Phoenix, AZ. CEO. “Combining ON Semiconductor’s lead- (602) 244 6600. [www.onsemi.com]. ing standard products and advanced manu- AMI Semiconductor, Pocatello, ID. (208) 233-4690. [www.amis.com]. TSMC Unveils New 65 Nanometer Mixed-Signal and RF Tool nd Qualification Program er exploration Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Com- ether your goal pany, Ltd. (TSMC) has unveiled a comprehen- speak directly ical page, the sive Electromagnetic (EM) Tool Qualification ght resource. Program that drives its Design Service Ecosys- technology, tem partners to ensure greater accuracy of EM es and products simulators and extractors used in applications ed such as high-speed digital clock circuits and high-frequency mixed-signal RF designs. Targeting TSMC’s 90 and 65 nanometer facturing infrastructure with AMIS’s growing (nm) process technologies, the program im- standard products business and substantial proves device model accuracy, supports a wid- companies providing solutions now custom product portfolio will enable the com- er selection of qualified EM tools, significantly exploration into products, technologies and companies. Whether your goal is to research the latest datasheetto more comprehensively ad- bined company from a company, reduces customer EM tool evaluation efforts, dress our customers’ needs.” mp to a company's technical page, the goal of Get Connected is to put you in touch with the right resource. Whichever level of lowers the risk and eases adoption of TSMC Under the terms of the agreement, which gy, Get Connected will help you connect with the companies and products you are searching for. advanced process technologies. onnected has been approved by both boards of direc- Typically, high-frequency circuit designers tors, AMIS shareholders will receive 1.150 select a set of devices, such as inductors, to be shares of ON Semiconductor common stock included in their design, and evaluate differ- for each share of AMIS common stock they ent EM simulators from different tool vendors, own. Based on the closing stock price of ON trying to match EM simulator data to silicon Semiconductor on December 12, 2007, this measurements provided by foundry. Most of represents a value to AMIS shareholders of the time the results are different due to the vari- End of Article approximately $10.14 per share. Upon com- ability of the process data and the wide variety pletion of the transaction, ON Semiconductor of different test devices. Through the EM Tool will issue approximately 104 million shares of Qualification Program, TSMC provides EM Get Connected common stock on a fully diluted basis to com- tool vendors a standardized set of devices and with companies mentioned in this article. plete the transaction. ON Semiconductor and silicon measurements, and a unified technology www.portabledesign.com/getconnected AMIS stockholders will own approximately file for extraction and modeling, thus eliminat- PORTABLE DESIGN Get Connected with companies mentioned in this article.
  8. 8. standard transaction-level modeling interfaces. lem P. Roelandts, 63, who remains chairman It also enables intra- and inter-company reuse of the board. Gavrielov becomes only the third through a common methodology and classes Xilinx CEO in its 24-year history, and brings for virtual sequences and block-to-system re- nearly 30 years of executive management and use, and full integration with other languages engineering experience with semiconductor commonly used in production flows. As a joint and software companies to Xilinx. Gavrielov’s development initiative between Mentor Graph- appointment is effective immediately. ics and Cadence Design Systems, the OVM is Most recently, Gavrielov served as executive supported on multiple verification platforms vice president and general manager of the fast- ideally suited to both novice and expert verifi- growing verification division at Cadence De- ing the data inconsistency, reducing tool evalu- cation engineers. ation time and improving design accuracy. This The OVM includes the foundation-level is especially significant in nanometer RF de- utilities necessary for building advanced ob- signs where obtaining accurate device models ject-oriented, coverage-driven verification en- at high frequency has created the bottleneck for vironments and reusable verification IP (VIP) first pass design success. in SystemVerilog. The OVM reduces the com- As part of the EM Tool Qualification Pro- plexity of adopting SystemVerilog by embed- gram, TSMC developed, and silicon-verified, a set of commonly used spiral inductors and pro- sign Systems, Inc. Before that, Gavrielov spent vides the devices and the process data to EM seven years as CEO of Verisity Ltd., where he tool vendors to verify the tool accuracy and grew the company from a $4M start-up, tak- ability to match silicon data. Once qualified, a ing it through its initial public offering (IPO) tool qualification report is generated and posted in 2001 to a $70M publicly traded company, on TSMC-Online, TSMC’s customer portal for and ultimately to its acquisition by electronic designers to download and review. Multiple design automation leader Cadence in 2005. EDA partners participate and are being quali- ding verification practices into its methodology Prior to joining Verisity, then Cadence, Gavr- fied in the program including Agilent, Ansoft, and library, and significantly shortens the time ielov spent nearly ten years at LSI Logic Corp., Cadence, Helic, Integrand, Lorentz, OEA, Sil- to create verification environments. It easily where he served in a variety of executive man- vaco and Zeland. integrates plug-and-play VIP and ensures code agement positions, including executive vice portability and reuse. president for the $1.3B products group, senior TSMC North America, San Jose, CA. A production version of OVM is avail- vice president of international markets, gen- (408) 382-8000. [www.tsmc.com]. able immediately with additional functional- eral manager for Europe, and general manager ity planned for release later in 2008. Cadence of the application-specific integrated circuit Interoperable SystemVerilog and Mentor have collaborated to ensure that (ASIC) division. Gavrielov began his career Methodology Ready for Download the OVM runs on their simulators and enables in engineering and engineering management Cadence Design Systems, Inc. and Mentor backward compatibility with their existing en- at National Semiconductor and Digital Equip- Graphics Corp. have announced immediate vironments, Advanced Verification Methodol- ment. Gavrielov earned a bachelor’s degree in availability of the Open Verification Method- ogy from Mentor Graphics and Incisive Plan- electrical engineering and a master’s degree ology (OVM). Distributed under the standard to-Closure Methodology (Universal Reuse in computer science from the Israel Institute open-source Apache 2.0 license, the OVM Methodology module) from Cadence. of Technology (Technion) in Haifa, Israel. He source code, documentation and use examples possesses five patents. may be downloaded free of charge from www. Cadence Design Systems Inc, San Jose, CA. In his new role, Gavrielov succeeds one of ovmworld.org. (408) 943-1234. [www.cadence.com]. the most highly respected CEOs in the industry. The OVM, based on IEEE Std. 1800-2005 Mentor Graphics Corporation, Wilsonville, OR. Roelandts was named president and CEO of SystemVerilog standard, is the first open, lan- (503) 685-7000. [www.mentor.com]. Xilinx in 1996 after a 30-year management ca- guage-interoperable SystemVerilog verifica- reer at Hewlett-Packard Co. Just before joining tion methodology in the industry. The OVM Xilinx Names New President Xilinx, he served as senior vice president re- provides a methodology and accompanying CEO sponsible for all aspects of HP’s then $6 billion library that allow users to create modular, re- Xilinx, Inc. has announced that Moshe Gavr- worldwide computer systems business, includ- usable verification environments in which ielov, 53, has been appointed president and ing research and development, manufacturing, components communicate with each other via chief executive officer (CEO), succeeding Wil- marketing, professional services and sales. JANUARY 200
  9. 9. news Over more than a decade, Roelandts has led Xilinx through an intense period of change within the semiconductor industry, growing the company’s sales from $560 million to over $1.8 billion in fiscal year 2007. During his tenure, Roelandts significantly expanded the company’s global business and initiated its suc- cessful market diversification strategy to better address high-growth end markets, including consumer, automotive, industrial and defense. These markets have grown from 12 percent of total revenues in fiscal year 2002 to 45 percent toward the commercialization of its Micro of total revenues today. Hydrogen technology. The commercialization of Angstrom’s Xilinx, San Jose, CA. (408) 559-7778. technology reached another milestone on [www.xilinx.com]. November 16th, 2007, when the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) created Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Portable new regulations that will permit Angstrom’s Devices devices to be transported globally in the pas- At CES, Canadian start-up Angstrom Power senger cabin of commercial aircraft. Final Inc. announced the completion of a six-month approval is expected before the regulations test of fully integrated hydrogen fuel-cell-pow- take effect in January 2009. With approval nd ered mobile devices. Offering twice the run- from Transport Canada, which preceded the er exploration time of batteries and with recharge times on ICAO regulations, Angstrom products have ether your goal the order of 10 minutes, Angstrom’s EverOn already made more than 60 commercial speak directly ical page, the capability proposes to supplant the lithium-ion flights to date. ght resource. batteries commonly used in today’s portable technology, electronic devices. Angstrom Power Incorporated, es and products Angstrom’s power platform was success- North Vancouver, BC. (604) 980-9936. [www.angstrompower.com]. ed fully integrated into MOTOSLVR L7 handsets for the trial, with no modification to the outside dimensions of the devices. The trial devices did not rely on the use of any battery—instead, they Neonode to Launch N2 Mobile drew power from Angstrom’s Micro Hydrogen Phone in U.S. companies providing solutions now platform, which is comprised of a novel fuel Swedish mobile technology company Neo- exploration into products, technologies and companies. Whether your goal is to research thearchitecture, from a company, cell latest datasheet innovative micro-fluidics and node will launch their latest mobile phone Neo- mp to a company's technical page, the goal of Get Connected is to put you in touch with the right resource. Whichever level tank. Angstrom a refillable hydrogen storage of node N2 in the United States in 2008. The cut- has demonstrated research results showing gy, Get Connected will help you connect with the companies and products you are searching for. ting-edge phone utilizes Neonode’s patented onnected twice the talk-time of the equivalent battery- neno user interface and zForce optical touch powered devices in side-by-side testing. screen technology, offering users an intuitive Angstrom’s fuel storage is designed for and easy to navigate experience. tight integration with the fuel cell and features metal hydrides. Metal hydrides bond hydrogen molecules directly to the surface of the mate- rial; hydrogen desorbs from metal hydrides in End of Article a self-regulating fashion at low pressures and ambient conditions. The company is currently collaborating Get Connected with world-leading battery manufacturers, with companies mentioned in this article. portable electronic device makers—includ- www.portabledesign.com/getconnected ing Motorola—and mobile service providers 10 PORTABLE DESIGN Get Connected with companies mentioned in this article.
  10. 10. The most recent development in mobile Initiated by the Forum’s Public Safety Spe- phone technology is the emerging popularity cial Interest Group (SIG) and prepared by an of the touch screen. Neonode N2 uses the most ad hoc committee, the 21-page report (“Tech- advanced touch screen technology, the zForce nology Considerations and Recommendations optical touch screen. It doesn’t need any hard for Software Defined Radio Technologies for pressure or stylus but works quickly and ac- the 700 MHz Public/Private Partnership”) curately by reacting to sweeping and tapping cites the upcoming auction and licensing of signals on the screen. The intuitively organized ity to carry current over distances longer than the 700 MHz spectrum as a unique opportuni- user interface, neno, delivers quick and easy a couple of centimeters. Therefore, for large ty to fulfill the growing demand for spectrum access to applications and content. area OLEDs, the ITO layer must be topped resources for commercial and public safety Neonode N2 was launched in Europe (third with a thick metallic grid to prevent gradient broadband applications. quarter 2007) to critical acclaim. Neonode N2’s of light emission caused by the sheet resistance The report notes that the FCC has adopted the United States phone carrier and retail availabil- of ITO alone (typically 30 ohm/sq). The new strictest ever build-out rules for wireless servic- ity will be announced the second quarter 2008. anode Silverduct has a sheet resistance of less es and established rules to govern the partner- Neonode demonstrated its Neonode N2 mo- than 4 ohm/sq, thus enabling large area OLEDs ship between commercial carriers and the pub- bile phone as well as their technologies at this without additional metal grids. This is an im- lic safety community in sharing spectrum and month’s Consumer Electronics Show. portant step especially for transparent and bot- network resources. Though it acknowledges Neonode also announced that it has joined tom emission OLEDs in which the metal grid is that improving public safety communications with U.S. sales channel development and sup- visible. Additionally, by eliminating the metal ply chain company, Distribution Management grid Silverduct offers significant potential for Consolidators Worldwide LLC (DMC), to form reducing manufacturing costs. Neonode USA. The new entity will market OLEDs are semiconductors made of thin existing and new innovative products within organic material layers of only a few nanome- North America, Latin America and China, and ters thickness. They emit light in a diffuse way will commercially market the Neonode tech- to form an area light source. In a fast growing nology globally. display market OLEDs are key part of a revolu- tion: the dream of paper-thin, highly efficient Neonode USA, New York, NY. (917) 312-0694. displays with brilliant colors and great flexibil- through sharing resources with a commercial [www.neonode.com]. ity in design is becoming reality. OLEDs rep- system is an innovative concept for using the resent the future of a vast array of completely new 700 MHz spectrum, the report recognizes Breakthrough in Glass Substrates new lighting applications and at the same time the challenges that implementing the proposed for OLEDs offer the potential to become even more effi- network presents. Derived from the FCC re- Saint-Gobain and Novaled have demonstrat- cient than energy-saving bulbs. quirements, the challenges include meeting ed the feasibility of large area OLEDS, based the divergent needs of commercial and public on a new high-performance metallic anode, Novaled AG, Dresden, Germany. safety users; coverage; shared operational con- with Saint-Gobain Recherche technology and +49 351 796 5819. [www.novaled.com]. trol; robustness; adaptability; and spectrum use Novaled OLED proprietary developments. in the absence of network build-out. Researchers at Saint-Gobain Recherche The Forum report offers specific examples (SGR) have created a highly conductive trans- SDR Forum Report Makes of how these technologies can be used to ad- parent electrode “Silverduct,” bringing up to Technology Recommendations for dress critical implementation challenges of sys- 10 times better surface conductivity than tra- the 700 MHz Spectrum tems that meet the FCC’s defined service rules. ditional ITO (Indium Tin Oxide). Thanks to The Software Defined Radio (SDR) Fo- One such approach incorporates SDR, cogni- the Novaled PIN OLED technology for high- rum, a nonprofit international industry as- tive radio and dynamic spectrum access tech- efficiency OLEDs, samples were successfully sociation supporting the advancement of re- nologies—in both the system infrastructure and manufactured on large area surfaces. SGR configurable wireless technology, has issued subscriber units—to provide a highly flexible and Novaled now see the possibility to pro- a report identifying how SDR and cognitive network solution that can meet diverse require- duce OLED devices up to 100 cm², which radio technology can facilitate implement- ments and develop in concert with technology will ease the manufacturing of large OLED ing a nationwide interoperable broadband and operational evolution. lighting products. network in the 700 MHz spectrum that con- Traditional ITO coated glass impedes the forms to Federal Communications Commis- SDR Forum, Denver, CO. (303) 628-5461. race to large area OLED, due to its limited abil- sion (FCC) regulations. [www.sdrforum.org]. JANUARY 200 11
  11. 11. analysts’ pages iSuppli Trims 200 global semiconductor revenue will rise to Semiconductor Forecast $291.4 billion in 2008, up 7.5 percent from Citing global economic woes, iSuppli Corp. an estimated $270.9 billion in 2007. This rep- has reduced its forecast for global semicon- resents a 1.8-percentage-point reduction from ductor revenue growth in 2008, but still fore- iSuppli’s previous prediction in September of sees a positive year for the market—particu- a 9.3 percent increase for the year. Figure 1 larly in the second half. iSuppli now predicts presents iSuppli’s forecast for global annual semiconductor revenue. figure 1 Global semiconductor sales in 2008 will be negatively impacted by rising energy costs. Worldwide Semiconductor Revenue Forecast Furthermore, the sub-prime mortgage crisis is (Revenue in Millions of U.S. Dollars) dimming the economic outlook for the United States next year. This will have global reper- 380,000 cussions, impacting demand in other nations. 360,000 361,379 These factors will contribute to underinvest- ment and nervous customers in 2008, restrain- Millions of U.S. Dollars 334,061 340,000 ing growth as they cut orders. 320,000 303,492 First-Half Struggles 300,000 291,360 Semiconductor market conditions will be ex- 280,000 270,930 tremely weak in the first half of 2008. Global 260,000 260,222 chip revenue during the first six months of the year will decline to $135.9 billion, down 4.5 240,000 percent from $142.3 billion in the second half 220,000 of 2007. Memory market conditions will be very poor 200,000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 during the first half of 2008, with prices falling due to oversupplied conditions for DRAM and NAND-type flash memory early in the year. The DRAM market is expected to undergo a figure 2 pricing recovery in the second quarter of 2008, but NAND will not begin to rebound until the iSuppli Global Electronic Equipment Revenue Forecast third quarter. Because of this staggered recov- (Revenue in Millions of U.S. Dollars) ery, the impact of memory’s resurgence will not be felt by the overall semiconductor market 2000000 until the third quarter of 2008. 1865261.988 With memory devices expected to account 1776266.815 for 21.6 percent of global semiconductor rev- Millions of U.S. Dollars 1800000 1683117.977 enue in 2008, developments in this market will 1598466.449 have a major impact on the overall chip indus- 1600000 try. The normal, seasonal up tick in semicon- 1499163.574 ductor sales will drive the recovery in memory 1400000 1395579.454 in the second half. However, iSuppli cautions that the potential arrival of a much-feared re- cession in 2008 could put a damper on this ex- 1200000 pected growth and may scuttle the anticipated second-half recovery. 1000000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Equipment Outlook Reduced Along with the reduction in the semiconduc- tor outlook, iSuppli has reduced its 2008 growth 12 PORTABLE DESIGN
  12. 12. forecast for all types of electronic equipment. RF Power Semiconductor Market study puts wireless infrastructure—which is Global electronic equipment revenue is expect- Will Near $1 Billion in 2012 well understood—into the context of the rest ed to rise to $1.6 trillion in 2008, up 6.6 percent A new report by ABI Research predicts of these markets.” from $1.5 trillion in 2007. This is down 0.4 that the market for RF power semiconduc- of a percentage point from iSuppli’s previous tors—those with outputs of 5W or more—will ABI Research. Oyster Bay, NY. (516) 624-2500. forecast of 7 percent growth. Figure 2 presents approach $1 billion by 2012, with markets out- [www.abiresearch.com]. iSuppli’s forecast for global annual electronic side of wireless infrastructure starting to take equipment revenue. up the slack. Notebook PCs and 3G mobile handsets at- But according to research director Lance WiMAX Will Be Successful, Study tained strong growth in shipments in 2007. Wilson, “The shape of the industry five years Says However, growth in these products is not ex- hence will depend on three critical questions. Forward Concepts has announced the pub- pected to reach the same levels in 2008. At the manufacturing level, will the introduc- lication of its newest in-depth study of the Equipment revenue in 2008 also will be im- tion of gallium nitride and silicon carbide RF global WiMAX market. The new 300-page pacted by economic concerns and reductions in power devices mean the demise of Si LD- study, “WiMAX ‘08: The 3G+ Broadband Al- capital spending. MOS? With mobile/3G infrastructure mar- ternative,” is an in-depth analysis of operators, kets in decline, will they continue to drive equipment, chips and broadband alternatives, iSuppli Corporation, El Segundo, CA. both wired and wireless. (310) 524-4000. [www.isuppli.com]. According to the principal author, Carter L. Horney, “3G cellular (HSPA and EV-DO) and Ultrawideband Beginning to Take mobile WiMAX are the technologies that will Off serve the majority of the 2012 mobile wireless The market for Ultrawideband (UWB) fi- broadband market, but HSOPA (High Speed nally started to take off in 2007, reports In- OFDM Packet Access), LTE (Long Term Evo- Stat. Though regulatory hurdles over UWB lution) and/or Ultra Mobile Broadband (UMB) still persist worldwide, the first UWB-enabled the RF power semiconductor industry as they will also be available then.” Key study findings notebook PCs have shipped last year from Dell, have in the past? Will the market segments include: Lenovo and Toshiba, the high-tech market re- outside of wireless infrastructure shore up • WIMAX, variously as fixed or mobile ser- search firm says. this market space?” vices, will bring broadband access services “The primary question for UWB now is: To answer these and other questions, ABI to rural and undeveloped regions of the Will other product segments follow where PCs Research undertook a market sizing study world. lead?” says Brian O’Rourke, In-Stat analyst. for all RF power semiconductors with power • WIMAX growth in India will be strong and “UWB is a very flexible technology in that it outputs above 5W, operating at frequencies of will precede 3G rollouts. supports multiple standards, including WUSB, 3.8 GHz and below. (A later study will target • WIMAX will become large in China, but Bluetooth 3.0, IP over UWB and Video over those operating at higher frequencies.) The on the heels of 3G TD-SCDMA. UWB. This should enable the technology to study sizes the RF power semiconductor mar- • If mobile WiMAX can supplement exist- gain design wins in a wide range of product ket into six usage-based segments and 24 sub- ing cellular networks as an overlay, it will segments, including PC peripherals, Consumer segments, providing a highly detailed, market- become a mainstream technology. Electronics (CE) and mobile phones.” driven analysis. Recent research by In-Stat found the follow- The six major segments are: wireless in- Will Strauss, Forward Concepts’ president ing: frastructure, military, ISM (Industrial/Scien- and editor/contributor of the report said “High • UWB-enabled notebook PCs hit the market tific/Medical), broadcast, commercial avion- profile cellular operators that have put their in mid-2007. PC peripherals will follow in ics and non-cellular communications. Each of weight behind Mobile WiMAX include Sprint 2008. these is subdivided into between two and six Nextel in the U.S., Rogers in Canada, KDDI • CE and communications applications with specialty segments. and Softbank in Japan, and Telefonica in both UWB won’t hit the market in volume until The need for such a study arose, accord- Spain and Latin America.” The study also notes 2010. ing to Wilson, because “This market has been that the supporting ecosystem is growing, for • In 2011, over 400 million UWB-enabled overshadowed for many years by the wireless example: devices will ship. infrastructure sector. Now that new 3G/cellu- • Over 200 Operators are deploying WiMAX, lar wireless infrastructure deployments are de- worldwide In-Stat, Scottsdale, AZ (480) 483-4440. clining, there is a paucity of information about • Over 30 companies are supplying WiMAX [www.in-stat.com]. how the rest of the industry is faring. This infrastructure equipment JANUARY 200 13
  13. 13. analysts’ pages • Over 16 companies are providing WiMAX An iPhone Minus the Phone? To cut space usage, the iPod touch makes client equipment Functionally, the Apple iPod touch is an use of some advanced packaging for its com- • Over 19 companies offer 802.16e MAC/ iPhone minus several features, including cell- ponents not seen in the iPhone, including 0201 PHY baseband chip sets phone capability, Bluetooth and certain soft- diodes and passive components in 01005 en- • Over 15 companies are now offer WiMAX ware elements. Otherwise, the core features of closures on the touch’s WLAN module. radio transceiver chips the iPhone user experience are all present in the “This is the first time iSuppli has seen iPod touch, including orientation sensing, Web these components in a product we’ve torn Forward Concepts, Tempe, AZ. (480) 968-3759. surfing via Wi-Fi and the product’s signature down,” Rassweiler said. “Apple products [www.fwdconcepts.com]. feature: a 3.5-inch diagonal touch screen with always seem to push the envelope in terms multi-touch sensing. These advanced features of space savings, and therefore we often first Despite Progress, Uncertainty place the iPod touch right at the top of Apple’s see the newest, most-compact components in Remains for WiMAX iPod line. Apple products.” WiMAX continues to make gains, with “The iPod touch likely represents the future The iPod touch design also pushes the en- network trials becoming commercial deploy- of the high end of the iPod line,” said Andrew velope in terms of memory density. The high- ments, and well-known vendors adding the Rassweiler, teardown services manager and end version of the product includes 16 Gbytes technology to their product portfolios, reports principal analyst for iSuppli. “Click Wheel- of NAND flash memory, more than any In-Stat. Despite many positive events over the interface and Hard-Disk Drive (HDD)-based product in the Apple iPod line. In contrast, last 12 months, however, WiMAX still faces versions of the iPod are expected to wane the high-end iPhone offers only 8 Gbytes of much uncertainty, the high-tech market re- in favor of touch-screen and flash-memory- NAND flash. search firm says. equipped models like the iPod touch. But de- Another notable difference is in the Printed “Investor pressure could force Sprint to spite its functional and physical outward re- Circuit Board (PCB) design. The iPod touch pull back on its announced deployment,” semblance to the iPhone, and the fact that its employs a single PCB as opposed to the says Daryl Schoolar, In-Stat analyst. “As the internals borrow heavily from the iPhone, the iPhone’s modular two-PCB design. largest planned deployment, Sprint’s actions iPod touch is no iPhone clone, and has its own Other differences between the touch and the could impact what other carriers do with unique design.” iPhone include a new set of components to sup- WiMAX, and negatively impact the entire port the iPod touch’s Wireless LAN (WLAN) WiMAX community.” Family Resemblance functions and the location of the touch-screen Recent research by In-Stat found the follow- Rassweiler estimated the iPod touch and circuitry on the main PCB—rather than on the ing: iPhone designs have a 90 percent commonality touch-screen module. • Shipments of 802.16e-compliant infra- in terms of components. The arrival of the flash-memory-based touch structure overtook 802.16d in 2007. For example, the key Integrated Circuit (IC) will have major implications for the rest of Ap- • North America service revenues will ac- at the core of both the iPod touch and iPhone ple’s iPod line, iSuppli believes. count for 41% of all service revenues in is Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.’s video/ap- “The touch, along with the nano, may drive 2012. plications processor, a chip based on an ARM Apple’s HDD-based iPods close to extinction • Vendors remain uncertain over the form microprocessor core and employing stacked in the near future,” said Chris Crotty, senior and business case for WiMAX femtocells. on-package memory. Costing $13.19 based analyst, consumer electronics, for iSuppli. on iSuppli’s October estimate, the Samsung “While not a dollar-for-byte match for HDDs, In-Stat, Scottsdale, AZ. (480) 483-4440. processor accounts for 8.5 percent of the iPod flash now offers sufficient capacity that many [www.in-stat.com]. touch’s total cost. consumers are willing to trade off storage for Another common part between the two advanced displays and features.” Teardown Reveals Apple’s iPod products is a power-management IC from touch is More Than an iPhone NXP Semiconductors Netherlands B.V., cost- iSuppli Corporation, El Segundo, CA. Without a Phone ing $2.61 and accounting for 1.7 percent of the (310) 524-4000. [www.isuppli.com]. On the outside, Apple Inc.’s iPod touch looks a iPod touch’s cost in October. lot like its iPhone. On the inside, there’s a strong resemblance too—but a dissection conducted Design Departure by iSuppli Corp.’s Teardown Analysis service However, the iPod touch’s design differs reveals the touch sports a distinct design and from the iPhone in that it is uniquely optimized unique advancements compared to the iPhone. to meet its form-factor and cost requirements. 14 PORTABLE DESIGN
  14. 14. Keep your most precious stuff safe and secure Don’t put important applications in the hands of Other Key commodity compact flash card suppliers. White Features: Electronic Designs’ CompactFlash® is made for • Firmware critical industrial or medical applications with the control same reliability and attention to detail that our • World class military products receive. Commodity flash cards wear-leveling may have hidden component changes that affect to extend product life performance. We offer complete traceability and • Data loss protection provide customer notification for any part changes. • Densities from 128MB to 8GB • High Endurance — 4 x 106 Cycles • Obsolescence Management New Medical Series 1 and Revision Control CompactFlash cards from • Environmentally Resistant White Electronic Designs Conformal Coating Option offer unmatched reliability • Dedicated 32-bit RISC Flash Controller and stability even in • RoHS Compliant power-down interruptions. • Error Correction Control (ECC) • Brown Out Protection To learn more, visit www.whiteedc.com/compactflash www.whiteedc.com Tel: 602.437.1520 • Fax: 602.437.9120 Microelectronics • Display Systems • Interface Electronics • Electromechanical Products * Not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems. CompactFlash® is a registered trademark of SanDisk Corporation.
  15. 15. cover feature flash memory Dealing with the Limitations of Flash Memory Low-power non-volatile memory is critical for a wide range of portable devices. In many of them, flash is not an option. by Xerxes Wania, President and CEO, and E Steven Cliadakis, VP of Worldwide Sales and Marketing, Sidense Embedded non-volatile memory (NVM) is a mize the read range of these tags. The tags must critical component in a wide range of applica- also be field-configurable, which eliminates tions that require a cost-effective, secure and masked ROM as a storage medium. low-power means of storing critical data and Implantable Medical devices are not what code. Two diverse portable device examples— most people think of when they hear the term RFID tags and implantable medical devices— “portable devices.” However they are, indeed, demonstrate the need for this type of memory. part of this general category with some very RFID tags, which include both a silicon chip unique requirements. With each generation, and an antenna, provide a simple and inexpen- devices such as pacemakers/defibrillators and sive way to deliver accurate data on tagged cochlear implants become more complex, with items (Figure 1). Applications for these tags in- ever increasing data storage requirements. As clude tracking consumer retail goods, verifying an example of these “ultimate body comput- the authenticity of pharmaceuticals, tracking ers,” ICDs (Implantable Cardioverter Defibril- automobiles through tollbooths and tracing lost lators) have to not only hold large amounts of pets. Embedded NVM for these tags must be history data, they also need to store operational cost-effective, adding negligible cost to these information such as threshold voltages and very low priced components—some tags cost trigger heart rates, along with the processor less than 10 cents in large quantities. This re- code that tells the device what to do (Figure 2). quires NVM that adds no cost to the chip pro- The latter two needs require an extremely reli- cessing and has a small footprint. The memory able non-volatile memory, with retention rates must also dissipate very little power to maxi- greater than 10 years. Device failure is not an 16 PORTABLE DESIGN
  16. 16. with standards. with Wind River. Mike Deliman Here’s a guy who appreciates the view from above. When he’s not trekking the high plains and mountain passes of Tibet, Mike Deliman is working on aerospace and defense projects for Wind River. He’s fond of Mars rovers, solar panels, and astronauts; and his real-life heroes are Albert Einstein and the Dalai Lama. He’s aiming high. Regional Developer Conference, Aerospace and Defense Edition Register now to join Wind River and our partners at one of three , full-day conferences dedicated to Wind River’s aerospace and defense solutions including: Wind River's new VxWorks 653 Platform 2.2, Wind River Real-Time Core for Linux (with FSMLabs technology), Wind River's VxWorks AMP/SMP multicore support, ARINC 653 and Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) , and DO-178B safety certification http://www.windriver.com/announces/ad_conference/index.html March 12, 2008 March 27, 2008 April 2, 2008 Hilton Santa Clara Turf Valley Resort Four Seasons Resort Club Dallas 4949 Great America Parkway 2700 Turf Valley Road at Las Colinas Santa Clara, CA 95054 Ellicott City, MD 21042 4150 North MacArthur Boulevard Tel.: 408-330-0001 Tel.: 410-423-0833 Irving, TX 75038 Tel.: 972-717-0700 ® 2008 Wind River Systems, Inc. The Wind RIver logo is a trademark, and Wind River is a registered trademark of Wind River Systems, Inc. Others marks are the property of their respective owners.

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