First Graduate Case Statement - College Access and Success

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First Graduate is a San Francisco-based college access and success program that helps students become the first in their families to graduate from college. This case statement details our work and why higher education is a vital mission - both for our communities, but also for the future success of our country.

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  • Note: Figures are estimates based on rates of progression through high school and college pipeline, as presented in research cited belowSource: Swanson, “Closing the Graduation Gap: Education and Economic Conditions in America’s Largest Cities,” Cities in Crisis 2009, Editorial Projects in Education Research Center (2009); Choy, “Access and Persistence: Findings from 10 Years of Longitudinal Research on Students,” American Council on Education Center for Policy Analysis (2002); Nunez, Cuccaro-Alamin, and Carroll, “First generation students: undergraduates whose parents never enrolled in post-secondary education.” National Center for Education Statistics (1998)
  • INCLUDE SOURCES FOR THIS SLIDE IN SPEAKERS’ NOTES SECTION DUE TO LACK OF SPACE. INCORPORATE CCSR RESEARCH?
  • First Graduate Case Statement - College Access and Success

    1. 1. OUR COLLECTIVE CHALLENGE
    2. 2. HIGHER EDUCATION LEADS TO BETTER OUTCOMESEducational attainment is highly correlated with futureearnings… Both annually… …and over lifetimes 2007 US median individual income, by education level During their working lives, typical $45K college graduates earn over 60 percent more than $29K typical high school graduates, $23K and those withadvanced degrees earn two to three times as much as high school graduates <HS HS/GED BASource: National Center for Education Statistics “Condition of Education: 2008” (2009); College Board“Education Pays: 2007” (2007)
    3. 3. HIGHER EDUCATION LEADS TO BETTER OUTCOMES…and a variety of other positive outcomes Civic Health engagement GDPSource: T. Gylfason and G. Zoega “From Education to Equity and Growth: theory and evidence”(2004); Stephen Earl Bennett and Linda L.M. Bennett, “Reassessing Higher Education’s Effects onYoung Americans’ Civic Virtue” (revised paper originally delivered at the International Conferencefor Civic Education Research, Nov. 2003); OECD “Measuring the effects of education on health andcivic engagement” (2006)
    4. 4. BUT PARENTS’ EDUCATION DRIVES KIDS’ OUTCOMESParents’ educational attainment is a major predictor oftheir children’s attainment Children’s enrollment in 2- or 4-year institutions, by parents’ education attainment Parents who have no college Parents who have a BA or higher experience Do Not Do not Enroll enroll Enroll Enroll Parents’ education level remains a significant predictor of enrolling in post- secondary education and for persistence and bachelor’s degree attainment at 4-year institutions, even after controlling for other important factors, including income, educational expectations, prior academic preparation and achievement, parental involvement, and peer influenceNote: Data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS):1988-2000Source: S. Choy. Students Whose Parents Did Not Go To College: Postsecondary Access,Persistence, and Attainment (NCES 2001-126) (2001)
    5. 5. …AND THIS IS TRUE EVEN IN OUR OWN BACK YARDWe are not immune; the national trends are replicatedin San Francisco’s public schools, as wellOut of every 100 first …34 will enroll … and 4 will earn theirgeneration* students in …57 will graduate in post-secondary bachelor’s degreesSan Francisco… from high school education within 5 yearsNote: * Describes a student from a family in which neither parent attended college. Figures areestimates based on rates of progression through high school and college pipeline, as presented inresearch cited belowSource: Swanson (2009); Choy (2002); Nunez, Cuccaro-Alamin, and Carroll (1998)
    6. 6. STUDENTS WHO ARE FIRST IN THEIR FAMILIESSo what about those students whose parents did notattend college? first gen•er•a•tion adj. |`fərst jə-nə-`rā-shən| 1: describes a student from a family in which neither parent attended college 2: 1 out of 6 college students in the United StatesNote: Data from the Higher Education Research Institute’s (HERI) Cooperative Institutional ResearchProgram (CIRP) from 2005; these CIRP surveys of freshmen at four-year institutions have beenconducted annually since 1966Source: John Pryor et al. “The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 2005” (2005)
    7. 7. THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE NEWEST GENERATIONWho is most likely to be “first generation” today? Female Black or brown Poor % of all first-time, full-time % of first-generation students, freshmen in 4-year colleges by family income who are first-generation (2005) Latino African American 38% 23% < $25,000 $25-49,999 $50-74,999 > $75,000 40% 60%In a nationally representative Of all first-generation studentssample of students conducted in a nationally representativebetween 1988 and 2000, 60% study conducted between 1988of first-generation students Asian American White, non- –and 2008, 85% had familywere female 19% Hispanic incomes below $50,000 13%Note: National study cited is the National Education Longitudinal Study (1988-2000)Source: C.Tym, R. McMillion, S. Barone, J Webster “First Generation College Students: a literaturereview” (2004); S. Choy. Students Whose Parents Did Not Go To College: Postsecondary Access,Persistence, and Attainment (NCES 2001-126) (2001); Higher Education Research Institute “First inMy Family: a profile of First-Generation College Students at 4-year Institutions since 1971” (2007)
    8. 8. A UNIQUE CHALLENGE, FACED BY MANY What challenges do these “first generation” students face at school and at home? Poorer academic preparation in Less information about the college terms of course-taking, rigorexperience (e.g., how to manage time Poorer language mastery and budget, build relationships with among ELL* students peers and professors) Less family support for, More likely to have to negotiate and understanding of the cultural differences between college experience home and school More often placed in Less experience navigating vocational, technical, the higher education and/or remedial course bureaucracy programs that inhibit access to 4-year institutions Less information on college admissions, financial aid; less internet access inhibits research Note: ELL = English Language Learner Source: C.Tym, R. McMillion, S. Barone, J Webster “First Generation College Students: a literature review” (2004)
    9. 9. OUR SOLUTION relationships academics enrichment case career information management
    10. 10. OUR SOLUTIONThe math is as simple as… 1 Greater educational attainment leads to positive individual and societal outcomes Parents’ education is a major predictor of+ 2 whether a child will graduate from college OUR MISSION IS TO HELP STUDENTS=3 FINISH HIGH SCHOOL AND BECOME THE FIRST IN THEIR FAMILIES TO GRADUATE FROM COLLEGE
    11. 11. RIGOROUS PROGRAM MODELOur program model is grounded in the best academicresearch and builds on years of experience in the field Mitigate the “summer slump” by increasing time spent on academic Enroll in credit-bearing classes; avoidR study during the summer; increase learning time during school year remedial classesES Enroll in college prep courses; Participate in career training, work placement Acquire maintain steady creditE (particularly valuable for young men of color) necessary info to accumulation towards graduationA ensure good highR school placement Manage smooth 8th- Acquire info on Acquire financial aid; minimizeC 9th grade transition reqs., apps., fin. aid employment hoursH Maintain supportive peer, parental, other adult relats. that reinforce college-going aspirations, expectations, norms 6th grade 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 1st year college 2nd 3rd 4thP Academic instruction, tutoring, and support, including rigorous 5-week Bi-weekly or monthly check-in calls summer session and 35-week school year sessionRO College counseling for Annual college scholarships of aG parents and minimum of $1,000 for 4 yearsR High school counseling, including students, including testA selection guidance sessions for prep, application and parents financial aid End of summer retreats, winterM reunion, regional networking events assistance, summerM enrichment offeringsO Assistance with targeted internship / Provide career exploration programming (e.g., career days, job job placement activitiesD shadowing)E Engage parents in activities around high school and college choice;L long-term mentoring by a college graduate role model
    12. 12. DEMONSTRATED RESULTSOur students excel on numerous measuresHigh school College Enrollment, retenti GPA acceptances on73% of First 92% of all First 80% of all FirstGraduate students in Graduate high school Graduate high schoolthe class of 2011- graduates are eligible graduates are accepted2012 maintained a for California State to a 4-year collegeGPA of 3.0 or higher University campuses 100% of all First27% maintained 57% are eligible Graduate high school for University of graduates enroll in a 2- ora GPA of 3.5 or higher California campuses 4-year college and return for their 2nd year
    13. 13. ROBUST THEORY OF CHANGE (SIMPLIFIED)Our work and partnerships will sow the seeds ofchange in our community and beyond exponential... additive… FG partners with others to raise …impact FG serves increasing numbers of first-generation youth in San Francisco awareness around first generation issues, needs y A generation of new graduates with high quality services 1 F RST School districts GRADUATE College prep programs Other direct service providers Other organizations replicate key FG program components multiplicative…
    14. 14. OUR FUTURE
    15. 15. OUR GOALTransforming the academic and life outcomes of thefirst generation students we serveOut of every 100 First …80 will remain in the …80 will enroll in …and 64 will earn theirGraduate students who program through high post-secondary bachelor’s degreesenter the pipeline… school graduation education within 5 yearsNote: Student icons colored black represent the current number of students who make it throughthat stage in the pipeline under the current conditions in San Francisco’s public schools (see slide 13) .Student icons colored blue represent the additional number of students who will make it throughthat stage in the pipeline under First Graduate’s program goals
    16. 16. THE MOMENT IS NOW…We are poised at a crucial moment that will determinethe future of education, and that of our country Strong consensus that education is the key to our nation’s economic 1  security and prosperity; education reform is focus of calls for action from both within and outside the political system  Increasingly, business and political leaders are sounding the call for improved education and training in order to regain solid economic footing and reclaim our competitive edge  Middle / upper middle class parents are increasingly concerned and pushing for reform, bringing greater attention to the issue of insufficient college readiness among today’s youth  Government, philanthropy poised to push for significant reform 2  Stimulus package passed in early 2009 contained unprecedented sums for education reform and innovation, particularly focused on efforts that improve college readiness for those youth under-served by the current system  Major philanthropists are backing this “college-ready” agenda with both voice and funding 3 Emerging consensus around the need to support disadvantaged students through college completion  Reform community initially backed efforts that supported high school graduation among disadvantaged students, then expanded focus to collegeaccess, and is finally coalescing around the need for supports that focus on collegecompletion
    17. 17. WHAT YOU CAN DOHelp us reach our goal of doubling the college graduation rateamong underserved young people in San Francisco – shapingour families, communities and businesses for years to come. Invest Volunteer Create OpportunitySee a Return on Your Give Your Time and Talent. Launch a Career. Make anInvestment. Think big. Mentor, Tutor or Coach. Impact.$100 = Training for 25 volunteers to First Graduate depends on the Hire a First Graduate collegesupport students academic time, knowledge and expertise of intern. Help students develop theprogress. hundreds of volunteers each year tools they need to launch trail- to help us fulfill our mission. blazing careers through a summer$500 = Books for all 90 middle internship.school students.$1,000 = Parent workshop toprovide the tools and skills soparents can help ensure theirchildren’s success.$15,000 = laptop computers to helpsupport our academic programmingactivities such as writing collegeapplication essays. To learn more, contact Laura Brief at 415-447-7170FirstGraduate.org/donate FirstGraduate.org/volunteer lbrief@firstgraduate.org
    18. 18. Thank you!LAURA BRIEFDIRECTOR OF STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS415-447-7170LBRIEF@FIRSTGRADUATE.ORG Stay Connected. Visit our blog, Facebook, Twitter or LinkedIn for regular updates from inside the program & learn more about our students’ experiences on the road to college graduation and beyond. http://www.firstgraduate.org

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