Respiratory review part 1


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Respiratory review part 1

  1. 1. Respiratory Review Part 1
  2. 2. The smallest bronchial tubes end in clusters of minute air sacs called: alveoli
  3. 3. Tonsils found in the nasopharynx are called: pharyngeal tonsils
  4. 4. The Nose What part of the respiratory system is this?
  5. 5. Each individual alveolus is surrounded by a _____(1)_____ ________ which allows for _____(2)_____ ________ : capillary network gas exchange
  6. 6. <ul><li>Composed of extensive nasal cavities which lie above the mouth: </li></ul>internal nose
  7. 7. The Larynx What part of the respiratory system is this?
  8. 8. <ul><ul><ul><li>sense of smell </li></ul></ul></ul>What are the functions (3) of the nose? <ul><ul><ul><li>resonating chamber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>filter, warm, and moisten air </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><ul><li>lighten skull </li></ul></ul></ul>What are the three (3) functions of the paranasal sinuses? <ul><ul><ul><li>resonating chamber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>contribute mucus to the nasal cavity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Trachea What part of the respiratory system is this?
  11. 11. The passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the RBC and cells of the body: internal respiration
  12. 12. The trachea is commonly called the: trachea
  13. 13. The Bronchial Tree What part of the respiratory system is this?
  14. 14. The passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the alveoli and RBC: external respiration
  15. 15. The release of energy from the oxidation (burning) of food material: cellular respiration
  16. 16. The Alveoli What part of the respiratory system is this?
  17. 17. A common tube shared by the respiratory and digestive systems. pharynx
  18. 18. <ul><ul><ul><li>Eustachian tubes </li></ul></ul></ul>What are the three passageways that lead into the pharynx? <ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal cavity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral cavity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. The Lungs What part of the respiratory system is this?
  20. 20. What structure contains the vocal cords? larynx
  21. 21. The larynx is commonly called the (1) or the (2) . Voice box Adam’s apple
  22. 22. The Pharynx What part of the respiratory system is this?
  23. 23. What are the names of the four sinuses? Maxillary Ethmoidal Sphenoidal Frontal
  24. 24. These act as “first line” defenders, screening out microorganisms from the air, food, and liquids that enter the body: tonsils
  25. 25. How many alveoli do the lungs contain? 300 million
  26. 26. The area of the lung where the bronchial tubes, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, lymph vessels and nodes, along with aereolar tissue all exist together is called the:   root
  27. 27. The trachea branches just outside the lungs to form the: Primary bronchi
  28. 28. The rings of the trachea are composed of: Hyaline cartilage
  29. 29. When chronically inflamed, the pharyngeal tonsils can obstruct the opening to the nasal cavity and are often called: adenoids
  30. 30. The smallest bronchial tubes in the lungs are the: bronchioles
  31. 31. Where is the oropharynx located? behind the oral cavity (mouth)
  32. 32. How many lobes does each lung have? right lung three lobes left lung two lobes
  33. 33. Smoking damages what two organs of the body most severely? lungs & heart
  34. 34. The small canals running from the ears to the throat are called the: Eustachian or auditory tubes
  35. 35. “ Hair-like” structures that constantly beat mucus upwards and help to cleanse the lungs: cilia
  36. 36. The organ that most influences the size of the left lung: heart
  37. 37. The organ that most influences the size of the right lung: liver
  38. 38. The two pathways that properly lead out of the pharynx are: esophagus larynx & trachea
  39. 39. The external openings to the respiratory tract that are a part of the external nose are called the ___________________ . nostrils
  40. 40. A triangular framework of bone and hyaline cartilage covered with skin and lined internally with mucus membranes is the: external nose
  41. 41. The lung’s total air capacity is divided down into “millions” of tiny air sacs. The purpose of this division is: allows for increased surface area for gas exchange.
  42. 42. Small chambers or “air sacs” at the end of the bronchioles are called: alveoli
  43. 43. The right lung is divided into three lobes. These are the (1) , (2) , and (3) . superior lobe middle lobe inferior lobe
  44. 44. How many tiny air sacs do the lungs contain? <ul><ul><li>300 million </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Tonsils located in the oropharynx. palatine tonsils
  46. 46. Blood vessels that carry freshly oxygenated (red) blood away from the capillary network and back to the heart. Pulmonary veins
  47. 47. Tonsils located in the laryngopharynx, at the base of the tongue, are called: Lingual tonsils
  48. 48. Tonsils located at the back of the nasal cavity are called the: pharyngeal tonsils
  49. 49. Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the nasal cavity is the: nasopharynx
  50. 50. oropharynx Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the oral cavity is the:
  51. 51. laryngopharynx Subdivision of the pharynx located behind the larynx is the:
  52. 52. The inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, usually due to infection or allergy. sinusitis
  53. 53. The two lobes of the left lung are the: Superior lobe Inferior lobe
  54. 54. Blood vessels that bring deoxygenated (blue) blood from the heart to the capillary network surrounding each alveolus. Pulmonary arteries