Water-Wise Trees and Shrubs for the High Plains - Cheyenne, Wyoming


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Water-Wise Trees and Shrubs for the High Plains - Cheyenne, Wyoming

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Water-Wise Trees and Shrubs for the High Plains - Cheyenne, Wyoming

  1. 1. PLANT LIST Water-Wise Trees and Shrubs for the High Plains By Steve Scott, Cheyenne Botanic Gardens Horticulturist 03302004 © Cheyenne Botanic Gardens 2003 710 S. Lions Park Dr., Cheyenne WY, 82001 www.botanic.org The following is a list of suitable water-wise trees and shrubs that are suitable for water-wise landscaping also known as xeriscapes. Many of these plants may suffer if they are placed inareas receiving more than ¾ of an inch of water per week in summer. Even drought tolerant trees and shrubs are doomed to failure if grasses or weeds aregrowing directly under and around the plant, especially during the first few years. It is best topractice tillage, hoeing, hand pulling or an approved herbicide to kill all competing vegetationfor the first five to eight years of establishment. Avoid sweetening the planting hole with manureor compost. If the soil is needs improvement, improve the whole area, not just the planting hole.Trees and shrubs generally do best well with no amendments. Many of the plants listed here are not available in department type stores. Your best betsfor finding these plants will be in local nurseries- shop your hometown first! Take this list withyou. Encourage nurseries and landscapers to carry these plants! For more information on any of these plants please contact the Cheyenne Botanic Gardens(307-637-6458), the Cheyenne Forestry Department (307-637-6428) or your favorite localnursery.CODE KEY- The code key below will assist you in selecting for appropriate characteristics.C- This plant is susceptible to iron deficiencies in our soil. This is seen when the new growth yellows. Add iron at recommended rates when this happens.F- This plant displays colorful leaves in the fall.G- This plant is best used as a ground cover.N- This plant is native to our area and is ideal for drier areas, however, it is susceptible to overwatering after establishment.S- This plant can tolerate growing in some shade.Sh - This plant, when mature, is a good shade tree.W- This plant has fruits or flowers that attract wildlife.Wi- This plant provides good winter interest.SHRUBS, BROADLEAF Botanical Name Common Name CodeAcer grandidentatum Big-tooth Maple FAmelanchier alnifolia Serviceberry or Saskatoon C, S, W, N, FAmelanchier utahensis Utah Serviceberry W, NAmorpha canescens Leadplant N,Artemisia tridentata Big Western Sage N, WiAtriplex spp. Saltbush N, W, WiBuddleja alternifolia Fountain Butterfly Bush WCaragana spp. Peashrub WCaryopteris x incana Dark Knight Spirea W 1
  2. 2. SHRUBS, BROADLEAF continued Botanical Name Common Name CodeCeanothus fendleri Buckbrush N, W, GCeratoides lanata Winter Fat N, WCercocarpus ledifolius Curl Leaf Mountain Mahogany N, WiCercocarpus montanus True Mountain Mahogany NChamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush N, WiChrysothamnus spp. Rabbitbrush N, WiCowania spp. Cliffrose NCytisus purgans Broom Plant WiEphedra viridis Mormon Tea N, W, WiFallugia paradoxa Apache Plume N, WiForestiera neomexicana New Mexico Privet N, WFraxinus anomala Singleleaf Ash NHippophae rhamnoides Sea Buckthorn WHolodiscus dumosus Rock Spirea N, FJamesia Americana Waxflower N, FLonicera utahensis Utah Honeysuckle N, WPerovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage WPhiladelphus lewisii Lewis Mock Orange NPhysocarpus monogynus Mountain Ninebark N, F, SPrunus Americana American Plum C, N, F, WPrunus besseyi Western Sand Cherry C, N, F,WPtelea trifoliata Wafer Ash, Hop Tree FQuercus gambellii Gambel Oak F, N, WRhus glabra cismontana Rocky Mountain Sumac F, NRhus trilobata Three Leaf Sumac F, N, WRibes aureum Golden Currant N, WRibes cereum Wax Currant N, WRibes odoratum Clove Currant N, WRobinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust NRosa foetida ‘Persiana’ Persian Yellow Rose WRosa woodsii Wood’s Rose N, W, SShepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry N, W,Shepherdia rotundifolia Roundleaf Buffaloberry N, W 2
  3. 3. SHRUBS, EVERGREEN Botanical Name Common Name CodeArtemisia tridentata Big Western Sage N, WiAtriplex spp. Saltbush – Four wing N, W, WiCercocarpus ledifolius Curl Leaf Mountain Mahogany N, WiChrysothamnus spp. Rabbitbrush N, WiJuniperus chinensis Pfitzer Juniper D, WiJuniperus communis Common Juniper N, WiJuniperus horizontalis Groundcover Junipers G, WiJuniperus Sabina Savin / broadmoor Juniper WiJuniperus scopulorum Table Top Blue N, WiMahonia haematocarpa Desert Holly N, Sh, W, WiPinus mugo Mugo Pine WiYucca glauca Soapweed N, WiTREES, EVERGREEN Botanical Name Common Name CodeJuniperus monosperma Oneseed Juniper N, W, WiJuniperus osteosperma Utah Juniper N, W, WiJuniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper N, W, WiJuniperus virginiana Eastern Red Cedar WiPinus aristata Bristlecone Pine N, WiPinus edulis Pinyon Pine N, W, WiPinus flexilis Limber Pine N, WiPinus nigra Austrian Pine WiPinus strobiformis Southwestern White Pine N, WiPinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine N, WiTREES, BROADLEAF Botanical Name Common Name CodeAcer tataricum Tatarian Maple C, FCeltis occidentalis Hackberry Sh, NCrataegus ambigua Russian Hawthorn W, FCrataegus crusgalli Cockspur Hawthorn W, FElaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive WGymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree ShQuercus macrocarpa Burr Oak Sh, F, W Related documents: Landscape Water Conservation Basics, Turf In Times of Drought 3