Waterwise Planning and Building - Contra Costa Water District


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Waterwise Planning and Building - Contra Costa Water District

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Waterwise Planning and Building - Contra Costa Water District

  1. 1. Planning & Design Waterwise Planning & BuildingIf the idea of a low-water use landscape brings to mindvisions of gravel and cactus planting, reconsider, because agarden most certainly can be beautiful without being thirsty.Before AfterThis yard began its life as a part sun, part shade garden of weeds A little hard work and a year later the garden is well establishedand grasses. An existing concrete patio was connected to a and thriving. The key to its success was the choice of plants insecond patio and to the house by a gravel path. Automatic drip their relationship to the sun and shade areas of the yard. Shadeirrigation was installed to an existing faucet and broken into tolerant shrubs and perennials create a lush, cool, greentwo different zones. Plants, not lawn, were planted and the hideaway near the house while annuals, vegetables, herbs, andexposed ground was covered with wood chips . sun loving perennials occupy the sunny areas.A successful waterwise landscape useslimited water not because it skimps on which ones are low-water consumers. You may have a number of them but quick tips.... WAT E RW I S E P L A N N I N Gplantings but because it makes wise use you may be watering them as if theyof native and drought tolerant plants. were heavy users or they may be planted All waterwise gardens begin with carefulEqual consideration should be given to among thirsty ones. Isolate the features planning. As you plan your landscapethe creation of an efficient irrigation and plants you want to keep and work consider the following:system. Proper irrigation design will a new design around them. Principles for a Water-Wise Landscapehelp you use water more efficientlyin your landscape. Target Areas For Improvement • Determine Sun and Shade Areas Depending on the extent of the changes • Improve your SoilIf you’re not ready to start over, an old you want to make in your landscape,landscape can easily be renovated in you may need to devise a long-range • Group Plants Wiselystages to make it less thirsty. If you have plan. Try to put your money and time • Limit Lawn Areasan in-ground irrigation system already, where you’ll see the water-saving resultsit can usually be adjusted to water your • Use Mulch first. One way to do this is to removeplantings less frequently. Take a careful the thirsty plants, or reduce or eliminate • Use Water-Conserving Plantslook at your existing plants; identify your lawn. • Irrigate Efficiently For more information visit our website at: www.ccwater.com
  2. 2. Planning & Design Steps To A Water-Smart Landscape High Water Use Area Low Water Use Area Garden Legend Compost Pile Gravel Path High Water Use High Use Water Pipe Moderate Water Use 9 Cement Patio Mod. Use Water Pipe Low Water Use Low Use Water Pipe Vegtable Garden Calla Lilies Drip Irrigation Gravel Path Bench Moderate Water Use Area Gravel Path Things To Keep In Mind GarageZone the Landscape MapleOrganizing your yard into zones allowsyou to water plants grouped with similarwater needs. This avoids waste andensures that every plant gets the amountof sun that best suits its needs.Low-Water Use ZoneThis is the area of lowest water need. Block PatioIrrigation is needed here only whenyou add a new plant. Once established,(which can take one to two years) these High Water Zoneplants require little, if any, water. Moderate Water Zone Redwood Deck BedroomModerate-Water Use Zone Low Water Zone WindowPlants in this area require more water Kitchen Windowthan what nature would normallyprovide. These plants require about Househalf the water that lawns need.High-Water Use Zone. Photographs and Plans Courtesy of: Carrie Landry gd2- Garden Design, Oakland CAThis is the place for your thirstiest plants.Generally, plants in the high-water zoneare lawns, annuals, vegetable gardens, In places where rainfall is plentiful contrasts in planted areas and at theand other water-loving plants. They are throughout the warm-weather season, a same time perform a real function inusually grouped close to the house. lawn is easy to grow, but in arid summer the landscape.Cutting back on the size of this zone climates such as ours, a small lawn or nodoes the most to reduce water use. lawn makes really good sense! Low water use ground covers, low shrubs, and hedges provide cooling textures andLimit Lawn Areas When evaluating how much lawn you colors, adding more interest to yourNo matter where you live, lawns require want in your garden, look to function landscape and garden.constant upkeep; mowing, weeding, first. Hardscape such as pavers, wood,fertilizing, and a great deal of water. stone, and gravel provide attractive