Bands and fans
Things that matter
Eat your heart out!
Progress test 1 p.55
A home from home
Progress test 2 p.l 07
11 Living on the edge
12 Crime scene
13 Who are you again?
14 Say what you mean
Progress test 3 p.149
Exam information pA
Present simple and continuous p.1 0
Habit in the past: used to/would p.1 3
Verb patterns: ~ing/i nfinitive p.22
Present perfect and past simple p.28
as and like p.29
Countable and uncountable nouns pA7
Expressionsof quantity pA7
Passive forms p.52
Passive reporting verbs p.52
Future forms p.61
Future perfect and continuous p.64
Modal verbs: possibility and certainty p.70
Relative clauses p.74
so. such. too,enough, very p.75
Reporting verbs p.81
Reported statements p.84
Reported questions and imperatives p.84
Third conditional p.9S
Conditionals: alternatives to ifp.l 00
Participles (-ing and -ed) p.l 04
Emphasis with what p.l05
Mixed conditionals p.11 2
Hypothetical meaning: wish and i(only
Modal verbs:obligation. prohibition and
necessity p. l 22
have/get something done p.1 26
Modal verbs:ability p. 132
Reflexive pronouns p.137
it is, there is p.142
SubjectNerb agreement p.146
Paper 5 Visuals for Speaking tests p.152
Free time activities:verb/noun collocations p.6
Deducing words in context p.9
Phrasal verbs with take p. l l
Formation of adjectivesp.17
Extreme adjectivesp. 19
Phrasal verbs p.20
-ed adjectives and prepositions p.27
Idioms: the body p.37
Collocationsand idioms: weather pAD
Food around the world pA6
Phrasal verbswith turn p.50
Word formation: adjectivesfrom nouns; nouns
Expressions with get p.65
Deducing meaning p.69
Describing places p.72
Travel and expressionswith world p.73
Collocations and phrasal verbs with work p.79
linking words and expressions p.82
Concrete and abstract nouns p.85
Collocations: success and failure p.89
Collocations with luck p.94
Adjectives with self p.99
Easily confused adjectives p.l 01
Compound adjectives: personality p.l 03
Using prefixes to work out meaning p. l l 0
Verbs. nounsand adjectives p.11 3
Adjectivesand verbs with prepositions p.l lS
Phrasal verbswith off p. ll S
Collocations with catch, follow.reach p.12l
Phrasal verbs with go p.127
Phrasal verbs with come p. 131
Expressions with mind p. 134
Verbs with similar meanings p. 134
Expressions with rime p.136
say. speak, talk and tell p.14l
Waysof speaking p.141
Idioms: animals p.144
Communication activities p.157
Gapped text (Part 6)
Aremusic 'tribes'a thing of the past?
Multiple matching (Part 7)
Friend or enemy?
Multiple choice (Part 5)
Allyou need islove (and ascarf)
Multiple matching (Part 7)
Battling with nature
Multiple choice (Part 5)
The most famous restaurant critic
Gapped text (Part 6)
The future ofentertainment
Multiple choice (Part 5)
Novel extract: Brooklyn
Multiple matching (Part 7)
To the endsofthe earth
Gapped text (Part 6)
Usain Bolt: fast and loose
Multiple choice (Part 5)
Virtual people, real friends
Gapped text (Part 6)
The kid who climbed Everest
Multiple choice (Part 5)
Novel extract: One good cum
Multiple matching (Part 7)
Gapped text (Part 6)
Inside a dog's world
Grammar reference p.1 61
Writing Use of English listening Speaking
Informal email (Part 2) Multiple-choice doze (Part 1) Multiple matching (Part 3) Interview (Part 1)
Using informal language Drumming up business My music Listening to and answering questions
p.14 p.ll p.12 p.7
Essay (Part 1) Word formation (Part 3) Multiple choice (Part 4) Collaborative task (Part 3)
Using linkers for contrast How well do you know yourself? Birth order Agreeing and disagreeing
p.24 p. l l p.1S p.23
Article (Part 2) Open doze (Part 2) Sentence completion (Part 2) Long turn (Part 2)
Engaging the reader Pixie Lott: What makes me happy Giving it all away Comparing
p.J4 p.29 p.31 p.33
Essay (Part 1) Word formation (Part 3) Multiple choice (Part 4) Collaborative task (Part 3)
Expressing and supporting ideas Death Valley Journeys to the South Pole Ranking
p.44 p.4l p.ll p.39
Review (Part 2) Open cloze (Part 2) Sentence completion (Part 2) Long turn (Part 2)
Describing a personal experience Why do people love chilli? The importance ofcooking Comparing and giving a reaction
p.54 pA8 pA9 p.53
Report (Part 2) Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1) Multiple choice: short extracts Discussion (Part 4)
Text organisation From fiction to reality (Part 1) Giving opinions
p.66 p.65 p.60 p.58
Essay (Part 1) Key word transformations (Part 4) Multiple choice (Pa rt 4) Long turn (Part 2)
Including a range of structures p.75 Shangri-fa Stating preferences and speculating
p.76 p.73 p.7l
Letter of application (Part 2) Word formation (Part 3) Multiple matching (Part 3) Collaborative task and discussion (Parts 3 and 4)
Using semi-formal language The video game designer Future professions Agreeing and disagreeing
p.86 p.85 p.l8 p80
Essay (Part 1) Word formation (Part 3) Multiple choice (Part 4) Discussion (Part 4)
Structuring a paragraph Superstitious athletes Luck in sport Compensation strategies
p96 p.93 p.92 p.90
Article (Part 2) Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1) Multip le matching (Part 3) Collaborative task (Part 3)
Using a range of vocabulary Need a friend? My closest friend Turn-taking
p.106 p.1Ol p99 p.105
Review (Part 2) Word formation (Part 3) Sentence completion (Part 2) Long turn (Part 2)
Expressing personal opinions Walk ofa lifetime Risk-taking Responding to your partner's photographs
p.ll S p.1 13 p.114 p.lll
Report (Part 2) Open cloze (Part 2) Sentence completion (Part 2) Discussion (Part 4)
Making recommendations In the footsteps ofthe fictional Prison hotels Assessment
p.1 2S detective p.120 p123
Informal email (Part 2) Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1) Multiple choice: short extracts (Part 1) Long turn (Part 2)
Using a range of functional The lost art offorgetting p.136 Useful phrases for Part 2
language p.135 p.133
Essay (Part 1) Open cloze (Part 2) Multip le matching (Part 3) Interview (Part 1)
Proofreading The animol world's communication Communicating Long turn (Part 2)
p.1 48 kings p.140 Dos and don'ts
p. 147 p.143
Writing reference p.179 Exam focus p.200
The Cambridge English: First examination is made up of four papers, each testing adifferent area of ability in English.
The Reading and Use of English paper is worth 40 percent of the marks (80 marks), and each of the other papers is worth
20 percent (40 marks each). There are five grades. A, Band Care pass grades; D and Eare fail grades.
Reading and Use of English (I hour 15 minutes)
The Reading & Use of English paper has seven parts. Parts 1-4 contain grammar and vocabulary tasks within texts or as discrete items.
Parts 5-7 contain texts and accompanying reading comprehension tasks. You write your answers on an answer sheet during the test.
Part 1 Task You read a text with eight gaps. You choose the best word or phrase to fit in each gap from a set
Multiple-choice doze of four options (A, 8, Cor D).
Part 2 Focus Grammar/LexicQ-grammatica!
Open doze Task You read a text with eight gaps. You have to think of the most appropriate word to fill each gap.
You must use one word only. No options are prOVided
Part 3 Focus Vocabulary/Lexico-grammatica l
Word formation Task You read a text with eight gaps. You are given the stems of the missing words in capitals at the
ends of the lines with gaps. You have to change the form of each word to fit the context.
Part 4 Focus Grammar and vocabulary
Key word transformations Task There are six items. You are given a sentence and a 'key word'. You have to complete a second,
gapped sentence using the key word. The second sentence has a different grammatical structure
but must have a similar meaning to the original.
Part 5 Focus Detail, opinion, attitude, text organisation featu res (e.g. exemplification, reference), tone, purpose,
Multiple-choice questions main idea, implication
Task There are six four-option multiple-choice questions. You have to choose the correct option (A, B, C
or D) based on the information in the text.
Part 6 Focus Understanding text structure, cohesion, coherence, global meaning
Gapped text Task You read a text from which six sentences have been removed and placed in jumbled order after
the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use. You must decide from where in
the text the sentences have been removed.
Part 7 Focus Specific information, detail, opinion and attitude
Multiple matching Task You read ten questions or statements about a text which has been divided into sections, or
several short texts. You have to decide which section or text contains the information relating to
each question or statement.
Writing (I hour 20 minutes)
The Writing paper is divided into two parts, and you have to complete one task from each part. Each answer carries equal marks, so you
should not spend longer on one than another.
Part 1 Focus Outlining and discussing issues on a particular topic
Task Part 1 is compulsory, and there is no choice of questions. You have to write an essay based on a
title and notes. You have to write 140-190 words.
Part 2 Focus Writing a task for a particular purpose based on a specific topic, context and target reader.
Task Part 2 has three tasks to choose from which may include:
· a letter or email •an article •a report •a review.
You have to write 140-190 words for Part 2.
4 EXam information
Listening (approximately 40 minutes)
There are four parts in the Listening paper, with a total of thirty questions. You write your answers on the question paper and then you
have five minutes at the end of the exam to transfer them to an answer sheet. In each part you wi ll hear the text(s) twice. The texts may
be monologues or conversations between interacting speakers. There wi ll be a variety of accents.
Part 1 Focus Each extract will have a different focus, wh ich cou ld be: main point, detail, purpose or location of
Extracts with multiple~ speech, relationship between the speakers, attitude or opinion of the speakers.
Task You hear eight short, unrelated extracts of about thirty seconds each. They may be monologues
or conversations. You have to answer one three-option multiple-choice question (A, Bor C) for
Part 2 Focus Specific information, detail, stated opinion
Task You hear a monologue lasting about th ree minutes. You complete ten sentences with information
heard on the recording.
Part 3 Focus Gist, detail, function, attitude, purpose, opinion
Task You hear a series of five monologues, lasting about thirty seconds each. The speakers in each
extract are different, but the situations or topics are all related to each other. You have to match
each speaker to one of eight statements or questions(A-H). There are three extra options that
you do not need to use.
Part4 Focus Specific information, opinion, attitude, gist, main idea
Task You hear an interview or conversation which lasts about three minutes. There are seven questions.
You have to choose the correct option (A, Bor Cl.
Speaking (approximately 14 minutes)
You take the Speaking test with a partner. There are two examiners. One is the 'interlocutor: who speaks to you, and the other isthe
'assessor', who just listens.There are four different parts in the test.
Part 1 Focus General interactional and social language
Task The interlocutor asks each of you questions about yourself, such as where you come from or what
you do in your free time.
Part 2 Focus Organising your ideas, comparing, describing, expressing opinions
Individual long turn
Task The interlocutor gives you a pair of photographs to compare, and to give a personal reaction to.
You speak by yourself for about a minute wh ile your partner listens. Then the interlocutor asks
your partner a question related to the topic. Only a short answer is expected. You then change
Part 3 Focus Interacting with your partner, exchanging ideas, expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing
Collaborative task and/or disagreeing, suggesting, speculating, evaluating, reaching a decision through negotiation
Task You are given atask to discuss together for 1-2 minutes, based on a written instruction and
prompts.You then have a minute to try and reach a decision together. There is no right or wrong
answer to the task and you don't have to agree with each other. It is the interaction between you
that is important.
Part 4 Focus Expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing and disagreeing
Task The interlocutor asks you both general questions related to the topic of Part 3, and gives you the
chance to give your opinions on other aspects of the same topic.
For more information see the Writing reference (page 179), the General marking guidelines (page 194)
and the Exam focus (page 200).
Exam information S
6 Unit 1 Bands and fan~
D Discuss the questions.
Why do people like listening to different kinds of live music'
2 What do you enJoy doing most: playing a musical instrument, listening to music at
home or going to a live gig'
3 Are you a fan of a particular band or musical artist' What makes someone a'fan"
free time activities: verb/noun collocations
Match the verbs in A with the activities in B. There may be more than
Example:go to/watch a film
A do go (tol out for/on) have play watch
B the computer computer games
friends round a gig the guitar
shopping the theatre television
a film football
D Add any other free time activities you can think of to list B. Put the
verb it goes with in list A.
Listening and speaking
asking and answering questions
D 001 Read and listen to the questions about free time. Underline the
words which are stressed.
How do you usually relax when you have some free time?
2 What do you do when you stay in' Where do you go when you go out'
3 Do you like being in a large group or would you rather be with a few close fnends'
Adverbs of frequency
(usually, never, hardly
ever, etc.) come before
a main verb and after
auxiliary verbs such
I'm always busy.
time to time, every day,
now and again, etc.) can
come at the beginning
or end of a sentence.
Igo running every
again Iplay squash.
Answer in full, giving
reasons. Avoid one-
word answers and
don't move away from
D 002 listen to the students' answers and complete the gaps,
I I usually find.. .............. quite relaxing but it depends on ..
2 I tend to .. ............... on weekdays though I sometimes ..
3 .. .... is good fun.
4 ..................... helps me to switch off.
S I'm really into ..
6 Igo out .. ... .... now and again.
mWork in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in Activity 4.
Interview (Part I)
listening to and answering questions
~ EXAM FOCUS p.206
El In Part 1 of the Speaking paper, you answer some questions in which you
give personal information and opinions. Match questions 1-7 to topics A- E.
What kind of music do you enjoy listening to'
2 Do you have any brothersor sisters?
3 What do you like about the place where you were brought up'
4 What subject did you enjoy most at school'
S What do you think you'll be doing in five years' time'
6 Where do you think you'll go on holiday this year'
7 Tell us about your closest friend.
A your personal relationships
B your home town
C your job or studies
D your free time activities
E your future plans
III Add two more questions to each topic A-E. Use question words such as what
(kind), when, how (many), who, why, where.
m003 listen to Julia and Stefan and answer the questions.
, Which of the questions in Activity 7 were they each asked?
2 Did they answer them in enough detail'
3 Did they vary their tone of voice?
4 What did Stefan say when he didn't understand the question'
II!l Choose one question from each topic in Activities 7 and 8 and ask
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.162
Unit 1 Bands 3nd fan:, 7
look at the photos and discuss the questions.
1 When do you think these photos were taken)
2 What kind of music do you think the people were into?
3 Why do groups of young people get together like this)
Gapped text (Part 6)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.202
fJ You are gOing to read a magazine article about
music sub-cultures. Read the text quickly. How
does the writer answer the question in the title?
8 Unit 1 Bands and fans
D Read the first two paragraphs again and
answer the questions.
In the first paragraph, what do these impressions and
they in line 5 refer back to' What does they refer to in
2 In the second paragraph, which words in the answer
(sentence E) link to the topic and vocabulary' How
does neither link back? What does they refer to'
Six sentences have been removed from the
article. Choose from sentences A-G the
one which fits each gap. There is one extra
sentence which you do not need to use.
Look for linking words and phrases in the options
which link to the ideas and language (e.g.connecting
words, synonyms, pronouns which link to nouns) in the
sentences before and after each gap.
A So does that mean that tribes are, in
fact, expanding rather than dying)
B Another consequence of this is that all
kinds of music are now found much
more in the mainstream.
C However,the freedom of simply
listening to whatever you want,
whenever you want more than
makes up for that feeling.
D Which appears to show that, if a pop tribe means
anything these days, it seems to be about a setof
tastes, rather than a stage of life you go through before
/ Neither have they experienced a time when they were
limited to tracks they could hear on the radio or get on
a cassette from friends.
F Does the lack of very visible teenage tribes matter for
the health of pop culture?
G And a lot of youngsters are now finding that their taste
overlaps with other groups.
D Compare your answers and give reasons for
mWhat sub-cultures exist in your country?
In what ways can you identify people in these
sub-cultures by the way they dress and the
music they like?
deducing words in context
look at these words and phrases and choose
the correct meaning. Which clues in the text
Example: 'scooters'and 'all day' might helpyou to
understand 'room around:
room around (para 1)
A cause trouble
B travel with no real purpose
2 come across (para 1)
A appear to be
B find by chance
3 track(option E)
A a narrow path or road
B a piece of mUSICor a song from a CD
4 make up for (option C)
A improve a bad situation
B do something to show you are sorry
5 in the mainstream (option B)
6 tastes (option D)
A experiences of something
B things you like
Unit 1 13ands and fans 9
Present simple and
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.176
o Look at the sentences and decide whether
they should be in the simple or continuous
form. Then discuss why.
My sons always downloading/always dawnlaads music
instead of getting on with his work.
2 I workl'm working overtime this month while the music
editor is on sick leave.
3 Someone plays/s playing the piano. Can you hear it?
4 Did you know that band comes/s coming from my
S I get/m getting better at recognising classical music.
6 I take/m taking my iPod everywhere.
fI Match the uses of the present simple and
present continuouswith the examples in
A a repeated action/habit
B a permanent situation/fact
C an activity happening at the moment of speaking
D an activity in progress but not at this exact moment
E a changing or developing situation
F emphasises repetition of typical (often annoying or
10 Unit 1 Bands and fans
Verbs such as believe, own, belong, like, understand, know,
hear are not usually used in the continuous form because
they describe states, not actions.
Some verbs can be used in both the simple and
continuousform with different meanings.
Isee whatyou mean (see = understand)
I'm seeing her next week. (see =meet)
D Look at the pairsof sentences and say why
the speaker has used the present simple or
continuous in each case.
A I have a ticket to see Lady Gaga.
B I'm having a shower.
2 A That singer appears to be doing well.
B Eminem's appearing at the V Festival.
3 A He's being really kind.
B He:,. really kind.
4 A He's thinking about joining a band.
B Ithink that band is really good.
S A It depends on how much money I've got.
B I'm depending on her to organise everything.
6 A This soup tastes good.
B Joe's tasting the soup.
D Complete the sentences with the present
simple or present continuous form of the
verbs in brackets.
1 ......................... (not like) pop music.
2 The band ......................... (appear) in Manchester all week.
3 I can't hear what you ......................... (say). It's too loud.
4 I ......................... (think) it's dangerous to listen to your iPod
when you're riding a bike.
S You can never have a conversation with her - she
......................... (always check) her phone for messages.
6 That band ......................... (get) more and more popular.
7 We ......................... (often go) to ajazz club on Friday nights.
8 You ......................... (be) very difficult today!
g Write sentences about three things that
you do on a regular basis.
2 you are doing now (but not at this exact moment).
mCompare your sentences in pairs. Do you have
anything in common?
phrasal verbs with take
o Match the phrasal verbs in 1-5 with
His career took offas soon as he won the
prize: he's so talented.
2 He takesafter his father, who's also really
3 I took up the saxophone last year.
4 Tom took over asthe band's manager when
5 I made him take back what he said about
my taste in music
A have similar characteristics
B become responsible for something
C start an activity
o admit you are wrong
E become successful
~ EXAM FOCUSp.200
fI Read the text about a musician
quickly and say what isdifferent
about Josh Freese's relationship
with his fans. Don't worry about
the gaps yet.
D Look at the example. Why are
options A, Band D wrong?
D Now look at the options for gap 1
and answer the questions.
Which of the verbs A- Dcan be followed
2 Choose the phrase which means
D For questions 2-8, decide which
answer (A, B, Cor Dj best fits
Think about which word might fit the gap
before looking at the options. Check each
side of the gap to make sure that the option
you choose goes with the other words.
mLook at questions 4 and 8 again and check you have
chosen the correct phrasal verb.
o Discuss the questions.
1 Do you think thisisagood way for artists to promote their music'
2 Would any of these offers attract you'
Drumming up business
lash Freese is a very successful session drummer
(0) ..c..b.as.d.... in Los Angeles. You probably won't have
(1) .................. of him but he's played with some very
successful bands.When Freese (2) .................. his first solo
album, called Since 1972, he decided to set up a system
where fanscould buy something unique. By (3) ..................
with fansdirectly, he hoped to sell more of his music.
The CD didn't cost much but if you paid $50 for it, you
would also get a personal five-minute 'thank you' phone
call. Sales of the album quickly took (4) ................... But
there were other limited options which gave fans the
opportunity to meet Freese in
(5) ................... The option
to have lunch with Freese for
$250 (6) ............ ..... out in
about a week. Fans could also
(7) .................. an individual drum
lesson from Freese for $2,500.
There were other offers ranging
from $10,000 to $75,000.
Not all of these were taken
(8) .................. by fans, but a
teenager from Florida actually
purchased the $20,000 option
and spent a week on tour with Freese.
A situated B located C based
A recognised B noticed C heard
A released B sent C presented
A joining B discussing C contacting
A after B back C off
A person B front C life
A stayed B gave C sold
A achieve B receive C collect
A over B back C off
Unit 1 Bandsand b ns 11
12 Unit 1 Bands dnd fan:>
Multiple matching (Part 3)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.205
o Tick the statements which are true for you.
Then compare with a partner.
A I like following band members on Facebook
B These days I only download music that's free.
C I think the videos a band makes are just as
important as their music.
D Most people haven't heard of the music I like.
E My music tastes are quite varied.
F I spend a lot of time listening to music at home
G I often discover new bands through personal
H I prefer listening to live music.
fI 004 You will hear five people talking about listening to music.
Listen to Speaker 1. Which things does he mention?
his taste in music new bands Twitter video
D Look at extracts from Speaker 1 (1-4). Which one matches one of the
statements A-H in Activity 1?
Now I'm just into the same stuff as my friends - hip hop mainly.
2 I don't usually bother with Twitter or Facebook.
3 My group of friends are always sharing music files and telling each other about new
discoveries. I've found a lot of new bands that way.
4 They'll only listen to new bands that no one's heard of. It'sjust a way of
showing off, I think.
D 005 Now listen to Speakers 2-5. Match statements from the list A-H
in Activity 1 with what each speaker says. Use the letters only once.
There are three extra letters which you do not need to use.
Listen for words and phrases that are synonyms or paraphrases of the key words
in the statements.
D Compare your answers in pairs. Then listen again to check.
mWork in pairs and discuss the questions.
1 Which speaker's opinions are the most similar to yours?
2 How are your listening habits and attitudes to music similar to or different from
Habit in the past
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.168
look at the sentences and answer the questions.
I used to be obsessed with music videos.
When I was growing up, my mum would play 19705'music
and dance around the kitchen.
, Is she still obsessed with music videos'
2 Did her mother often listen to 1970s' music'
3 Which underlined verb describes a past state'
4 Which underlined verb describes a past habit?
5 Which of the underlined verbs can you use to describe
both past states and habits'
Be careful not to confuse used to do (describing past habit)
with belgetused to doing (be accustomed to something in
I used to hate classical music (= but now I like it)
I am used to being alone. (= It's something that happens a
lot and I don't mind it)
look at sentences 1-4. Is it possible to use both
would and used to?
My parents would always listen to classical music while
we were having dinner.
2 My parents used to go to ajazz festival every year
3 My dad used to have a really old radio.
4 My mum used to know all the words to every song
Complete the text with the present simple,
present continuous, used to or would forms of
the verbs in brackets. Sometimes more than one
answer is possible.
Discuss the questions with a partner.
How do you think the writer's children feel about her
taste in music?
2 What kind of music did you use to listen to when you
were younger' What did your parents think of it?
3 How do you think your taste in music will change as you
My life as a
Insurance broker Sarah Collins might
have a boring day job, but she's a punk
I always say that the best time of my life
was when I (1) ............................... (be) a punk.
It's a time that I look back on fondly and
I still (2) ......... ....... (smile) when I think
of those wonderful people, their fantastic
haircuts and clothes and their great
On Saturdays I (3) ............................. (go) down
the Kings Road in London.
1(4) ............................... (meet) punks from all
over and we (S) ..... ........ . . (just walk
around), sit in the pubs, look in the shops
and get searched by the police. That was
a very good way to spend a Saturday.
Now I'm in my fifties. I (6) ....................
(work) in insurance and I've got three
children. But just recently I've started
to return to my punk roots.Although I
(7) ............................... (get) older, I've realised
I still (8) . ..... .... .. ......... (love) going to gigs
and hanging around with punks.
I (9) .. ............... (discover) fantastic new
bands and I (10) ............................... (enjoy)
myself so much!
Unit 1 B;md" and fans 13
Informal email (Part 2)
using informal language
~ WRITING REFERENCE p.182
o Discuss the questions with a partner.
How easy is it to see live music where you live?
2 Would you travel abroad to go to a music festival or concert?
3 What advice would you give to someone who is visiting
your country about where to see live music?
El Read t he exam task and answer the questions.
1 Who do you have to write to'
2 Why are you writing'
3 What kind of style do you have to write in'
You've received an email from your English friend Josh.
Read this part of the email and write your email to Josh.
I'm really looking forward to visiting you this summer.
If possible, I'd really like to see some live music. Can you
tell me what kind of music is popular with you and your
friends? How easy is it to get tickets for concerts?
Write your email in 140- 190 words in an appropriate
D Look at the model email and choose the word or
phrase which is most appropriate for an informal
Yes, I'm really looking forward to your visit too! It's good you want
to see some live music while you're here because in my town
(1) there's a music festival every summer/an annual music festival
takes place and (2) you will have the opportunity/you'lI be able to
see lots of local bands play. None of them is very famous but there's
a fantastic atmosphere there and I always (3) find it very enjoyable/
enjoy going a lot. The tickets are very reasonable and you can spend
the whole day there. Of course, like all my friends, I'm (4) mainly
interested inlhave a preference for rock bands but you can find reggae
and traditional music there too (5) - you won't be disappointed
because there's something for everyone!; it offers something for
everyone, which means no one will be disappointed.
There aren't any large music venues near where I live, so it's not that
easy for me to go to big concerts very often. (6) But/However, one of
my favourite bands, Mystery Jets, is playing in the nearest city on
22 August, so (7) if you like, I could/if you're interested, I'd be willing
to get tickets for us to go to that.
IS} Let me know what you think./Please reply as soon as possible.
14 Unit 1 Bands and fans
mWhich of the expressions 1- 4 could you use
to end the email to Josh?
Hope to hear from you soon.
2 I look forward to hearing from you.
3 Can't wait to see you in the summer.
4 Don't hesitate to get in touch if you have any more
You can use punctuation to make your writing more
informal. Dashes (-) are ohen used instead of commas,
for example, and exclamation marks (!) are ohen used.
D Read the exam task and tick the information
you could include in your email to Max.
You have received an email from a student called
Max. Read this part of the email and write your
email to Max.
I'm moving to your town soon to go to college, I
Can you tell me what kind of things there are to
do in the evening for students and what you like
Write your email in 140-190 words in an
1 recommend some places to go
2 offer to take Max out one evening
3 tell him about the most expensive restaurants in your
4 complain about the lack of entertainment venues
5 describe a typical evening out in detail
6 describe your favourite kind of evening out and why
you like it
mWrite I (informal) or F (formal) next to the
1 I would advise you to . 5 You should definitely
2 The best place to eat is .. try ..
3 You really must go to . 6 I'd highly recommend
4 If you feel like dancing,
there's a good club in .
D Write your email.using some of the language
from Activities 3 and 6. Then check your work
using the writing checklist on page 179.
Don't mix informal and formal styles in your email. Learn
some different ways of starting and ending informal emails.
o Complete the second sentence so that it
has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
Use between two and five words, including
the word given.
I was given responsibility for booking gigs for our band
Last month I Jf.~k~Y~r..b.~~*i"3!Ji3~..for our band
1 I enjoyed learning to play the guitar and I'd like to take
it up again one day.
................................ learning to play the guitar and I'd like to
take it up again one day.
2 We always went to the jazz festival every July.
We.. ............ to the jazz festival every July.
3 I perform in front of people all the time, so I don't mind
I .. ..... in front of people, so I don't mind
4 Her career was an instant success as soon as she
appeared on aTV advert.
Her career .............................. as soon as she appeared
on aTV advert.
S Unfortunately, I'm not like my grandfather, who could
play the piano really well.
Unfortunately, I ............................... my grandfather, who
could play the piano really well.
6 When we started going out, I hated my boyfriend's
taste in music but it'sbecoming less of a problem.
................................ my boyfriend's taste in music but it's
becoming less of a problem.
El Complete the sentences with the present
simple or present continuous form of the
verbs in brackets.
I .. ........... (not like) classical music.
2 I don't understand what you.. .. ..... (soy).
Can you say it again, please?
3 I ........................... (not think) it's a good idea to learn an
instrument when you're too young.
4 She's never at home. She ... ..................... (always do)
something in the evening.
S Traditional music.. . ........... (get) more and
6 You.. .... ............ (play) really well today.
IJ Choose the correct word to complete
I try and ........................... running as often as I can.
A go B do C doing D going
2 I often have friends ........................ in the evening.
A in B round C along D down
3 Let's go ........................... the theatre soon.
A out B for C to D at
4 He's always .......................... on the computer to check his
A doing B having C going D watching
D Complete the text with the words in the box.
fans once released
Unit 1 Bands and faIlS 15
16 Unit 2 Relative va lues
o Discuss the questions.
1 How do you think your friends would describe your personality?
2 What personality characteristics do you share with other members of your fami ly?
El Do the personality quiz.
How likely are
you to ...
change your mind
5 organise social events?
6 worry about being late?
Neither likely I Quite Very
nor unlikely ~elY unlikely
D Turn to page 157 to get your results. Then complete sentences 1-4 so
they're true for you.
1 I'm (very/quite) (un)likely to .
2 I tend to .
3 I'm good at .. . -in9.
4 I find it difficultto ..
fI Compare your sentences with a partner's and discuss the questions.
How much do you have in common?
2 What did you learn from your results?
3 Do you think this is an accurate test of personality?
It's important to think
about the meaning,
not just the grammar.
have to decide if an
adjective is positive or
formation of adjectives
g Copy and complete the table with the adjective forms of the nouns in the box.
-able -ous -ic -01 -Iul
sociable adventurous realistic practica l thoughtful
m006 Mark the stress on each adjective, then listen and check. Practise saying
the words, Which ones stress different syllables from the noun form?
D Which adjectives use the suffix -less or the prefix un- to form the negative?
Examples: hopeless, uncomfortable
Word formation (Part 3)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.20 I
mRead the text quickly without worrying about the gaps. What problem with
describing people's personalities is mentioned?
How well do you know yourself?
When trying to understand our own or other people's
(0) ..I!~h.'!~i~~r., we tend to over-simplify things. We use one or
two adjectives to sum each other up. We think of one friend as
having a generally (1) ....... ...... and positive outlook, while
another friend is considered (2) ........................ and negative.
Of course, in (3) .......... ............., none of us is so easily defined.
The truth is that we are all made up of inconsistent and
contradictory (4) ................ ...... ; we can be serious and reliable with
our colleagues at work but in our personal relationships at home
we are more (5) ........................ and emotional. With some friends we
can be very cautious, while we are (6) ........................ thrill-seekers
with other friends.
So can people be neatly divided into personality types? Or do
we alter our personality according to the (7) ........................ in our
changing moods and situations? Perhaps the idea of a fixed
personality is just a (8) .... ................... misconception. Maybe we can
never truly understand ourselves or other people.
III What part of speech goes in each gap? If it's a noun, is it singular or plural?
iI!l Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word
that fits in the gap in the same line,
Unit 2 Relative valups 17
Multiple choice (Part 4)
~ EXAM cOCUS ).LOS
Discuss the questions.
What do you think is the ideal number of children in a
2 Are older children more or less independent than their
younger siblings' Why?
You're going to listen to a radio interview with a
psychologist called Max about birth order. Read
the first question in Activity 4 and underline the
key words in the statement and the options.
007 listen to the first part of the interview.
Which key words, or words with a similar meaning to the
statement and options, did you hear'
2 Which option correctly completes the statement'
008 Read through questions 1- 7 and
underline the key words. Then listen and choose
the best answer, A, B or C.
The radio presenter's questions will help you to follow
the discussion, so you know which question you should
be listening for.
Max says that people mistakenly believe that
A are likely to do well in the future.
B will be happier than their siblings.
C are often very independent at a young age.
2 According to Max, what is the reason for oldest
children's results in intelligence tests'
A Parents expect more from the oldest child.
B Oldest children spend more time alone.
C The oldest child benefits from teaching
3 What typical characteristic of oldest children does
A He is very competitive.
B He experienced jealousy of a sibling.
C He always wanted to please his parents.
4 Max says that youngest children can often be
5 What do some psychologists believe is likely to
increase the 'birth order effect"
A a large age gap between siblings
B fa milieswith three or more siblings
C having siblings of the same sex
6 Max suggests that the best combination for a
successful marriage is between people who are both
A oldest children.
B middle children.
C third-born children.
7 According to Max, why should we be cautious about
the 'birth order effect"
A Personality can also be affected by other things.
B Personality can change when people are away from
C Personality is too complicated to define simply.
1:1 Compare your answers with a partner. Then
listen again to check.
mWork in pairs. How well do you get on with
your siblings? What impact has the 'birth
order effect' had on your family?
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.161
o Underline the adverbs in sentences A-D. Then
answer the questions.
A They will have to work very hard to make their
B It could be difficult for them to get on welL
C They are allowed to grow up more slowly.
D It can have hardly any impact on large families.
Which adverbsare irregular?
2 Which words can be both an adverb and an adjective?
6 Choose the correct adverb.
1 I hardly/ hard know my brother because he's so much
older than me.
2 It ry hard/hardly to get on with my brothers and sisters.
3 He's been feeling depressed late/lately
4 My mother had children lately/late in life.
5 My parents live e/osely/ e/ose to me.
6 We studied the results of the test e/ose/e/osely.
D Match adjectives 1-6 with extreme
D Which adverbs in the box give the sentence a
1 He's quite intelligent
2 He's really cautious.
3 She's really impossible to get on with.
4 She's a really good person.
5 He'sa really amazing person.
6 He can be quitedifficult
D Choose the correct adverb(sl to form the rules.
1 ReallyNery can be used with any adjective in order to
2 Completely and absolutely/ Really and very are only used
with extreme adjectives.
3 QU/te/Abit isonly used when making a criticism with
adjectives with a negative meaning.
III Complete sentences 1-3 with phrases A-C to
make statements you agree with. Discuss your
sentences with a partner. Do you agree?
1 It's fairly easy .
2 It's quite hard . .
3 It's absolutely impossible ..
A . to judge a person's character from their appearance.
B ... to get on with everyone in your family.
C ... for parents to treat all their children equally.
Colin Firth in The Kings Speech
How would you feel if you had a
brother or sister who was gifted
~ EXAM FOCUS p.203
You are going to read an article in
which four people talk about their
relationship with their brother or
sister. Read the text quickly and
find out which person is
2 the oldest
3 a middle child.
4 the youngest of four.
20 Unit 2 Rt>larivt: v,ilue5
D Look at the underlined words in Activity 4, question 1. What
information would you expect to find in the text? Check your
answer in extract A.
Underline the key words in the options and then read through the texts
quickly to find a similar word or expression which says the same thing in
a different way.
D For questions 2-10, choose from the people (A-DJ.
The people may be chosen more than once.
remembers having mixed feelings about the success of a sibling)
used to try not to get involved when a sibling was badly behaved) I
once stopped doing something because of sibling rivalry? I
now finally appreciates the value of a sibling relationship? I
felt rather irritated on the birth of a sibling7 I
could depend on a sibling for practical advice as a child?
thinks people can get labelled too easily7
noticed how a sibling was treated differently as a child7
was too cautious to take up a much-wanted career)
regards a sibling as the most efficient person in the family7
I':J Which sibling relationship in the article did you find most
mMatch the underlined phrasal verbs in the article with
4 make (someone) leave
5 be determined
6 suddenly become successful
8 arrive unexpectedly
fJ Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
1 Who do you look up to7
2 Have you ever set your heart on something?
3 Do you sort out your possessions regularly and get rid of things
you don't need7
4 Where would you like to get away t07
RELATIONSHIPS - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ---'----
or Can siblings ever
really be friends?
A Kate Firth, voice coach; sister to
film star eoHn
As the older brother, Colin was
protective of me. As a teenager, I
looked up to him because he was
much more capable and confident
than I was. I was jealous of his arty
friends because I felt I had to be safe
and conventional and go to university
as our parents expected us to. Gclin
could have gone but he had set his
heart on drama school. I desperately
wanted to act too but never had his
courage, although I did act for a while,
as did my younger brother, Jonathan.
OUf parents didn't think that success
as an actor was a real possibility but
Colin and I shared a strong belief that
one day we would make it. In my first
year at university he did Hamlet and
I sat there feeling terribly proud and
jealous at the same time because he
was doing exactly what I wanted to
do. After that his career took off.
B Jonathan Self, journalist and
author; brother to novelist and
When Will was three, he packed a
suitcase with toys and ran away from
home. I think he only got about four
kilometres down the road before he
was found but I remember feeling
delighted that we had finally got rid of
him. I hadn't been at all pleased, at the
age of two, when a new child turned
1ll!. Even so, we played a lot together
as kids and I remember finding him
very lovable. But I saw how he became
the favourite as soon as my parents,
who valued intellect enormously,
discovered what an incredible brain
he had. When I started working on
my first book, I found out that he was
doing the same. I felt very competitive
and when I read his, I thought '1'11
never be as good as that' and gave up.
Now I've established myself as a writer,
I don't feel like that any more and I'm
pleased with Will's success.
C Zoa Helier, author and journalist;
sister to headhunter, Emily
Unlike me, Emily has always been
grown up for her age. She's only three
years older than me but she looked
after me a lot when we were growing
up. She taught me how to write a
cheque and would rescue me when
I got lost on the underground. And
even today, if I or my two other older
siblings need a document or a family
photograph, she's the one you'll call.
"When she visits me, she still tidies my
flat and sorts out my filing system. I've
come to understand the importance
of family rather late in life. During my
twenties I just wanted to get away. I've
lived in New York for years, yet no~
the first thing I do when I get back to
London is have dinner with Emily.
D Will Young, singer-songwriter and
actor; brother to Rupert, founder of
a charity which helps people with
The problem with being twins is that
you constantly get compared, and
one twin can suffer. I remember when
we went to school, it was decided
that I was the clever one and Rupert
was the sporty one. But we ended up
getting more or less the same exam
results - it's just that people put you
in a certain box and it's difficult to get
away from that. Rupert was more of a
tearaway than me and I'd get annoyed
by teachers who tried to make me
responsible for him. As we got older,
Rupert was more sociable. He'd get on
the dance floor, whereas I was very
self-conscious. It's funny that I'm now
the performer. •
Unit 2 Relative vdlue:, 21
Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
Do you have a lot of relations?
2 Which ones do you get on well/badly with?
6 009 Listen to five people talking about
one of their relations. Match Speakers 1-5
with comments A-E.
A We'd like him to move house....
B It's a waste of time saying anything to him. ..
C l ance felt worried about being alone with him.
D We enjoy doing the same things.....
E I've offered to teach him a sport.
Verb patterns: -ing/infinitive
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.178
IJ Match examples A-E in Activity 2 with
1 after some verbs (... J2.... )
2 after prepositions ( .. ....... )
3 after some expressions ( .. ........... )
4 after some verbs ( .. ............. )
5 after some verbs + object ( ... ........ )
Some verbs (e.g.make, let) are followed by object +
infinitive without to:I made her tidy up.
Some verbs (e.g. love) can be followed by -ing or
infinitive with little or no change in meaning:
I love riding/to ride.
To form a negative, use not before the verb:
Ihate not going/He told me not to go.
22 Unit 2 RelJtive va lues
verbs with -ing or infinitive with a change of
D For sentence pairs 1-5, choose the correct
options and explain the difference in meaning
between each pair.
A My mother stopped making/to make lunch because
the phone rang.
B My mother stopped making/to make lunch because
we were hungry.
2 A Dad tried phoning/to phone but nobody answered.
B Dad tried phoning/to phone but he couldn't remember
the number, so he gave up.
3 A The kids remembered buying/to buy Grandma a
present and write a card for her.
B The kids remembered buying/to buy Grandma a
present but couldn't find it again later.
4 A My father went on having/to have children until he
was in his sixties.
B My father went on having/to have children with my
5 A I regret telling/to tell you that all train services have
B I regret telling/to tell you because now you're upset
g Read the article quickly. What did Ben like and
dislike about having famous parents?
mComplete the text with the -;ng or the infinitive
form of the verbs in brackets.
fJ Work in pairs. Imagine you have become a
celebrity. Talk about what you love, can afford,
regret, don't mind, can't stand, etc.
Collaborative task (Part 3)
agreeing and disagreeing
~ EXAM FOCUS p.207
o Look at the photos and the exam task and
discuss the question.
El 0 10 Listen to Alana and Federico. Which
of the relationships do they discuss? Why do
they think they're important?
D Copy and complete the table with the phrases
in the box. Which of the expressions of
agreement are uncertain?
So do I./Neither do I. I'm not convinced.
That'svery true. Good point.
I'm not sure about that.
I see what you mean, but .. .
OK, but ".
I suppose so
What about you? What's your view on that?
I hadn'tthought of that. Exactly!
Well, actually " .
Agreeing Disagreeing politely Asking opinions
B Work in pairs and decide which person might
have the most influence on a young person's
life. You have a minute to do this.
Give your opinions but make sure you also listen to your
partner. Ask about their opinions and respond to what
III Discuss the following questions.
1 Which people do you think have had the most
infi uence on different stages of your life'
2 Do familiessometimes get closer as they get older'
3 What are the advantages and disadvantages of
belonging to a big family?How
with these people
when you are
a twin sister/
Unit 2 Relative values 23
Essay (Part I)
using Imkers for contrast
~ WRITING REFERENCE p.ISO
Work in pairs. Read the exam task and essay
title and think of some advantages and
disadvantages of both situations.
In your English class you have been discussing family
relationships. Now your teacher has asked you to
write an essay.
Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons
for your point of view. Write 140-190 words.
1 I I I , I I I I
Is it better to have a small or a large age
difference between siblings?
3 le.9J.!lL"9_tO'"0,<__ (your own idea)
Match 1-6 with A-F to make sentences. Then
decide with a partner which sentences you
1 Even though siblings who are close in age may argue,
2 Despite being born eight years apart,
3 I wish I had a much older brother to give me advice.
On the other hand,
4 A small age gap between sisters can be a good thing,
5 There is likely to be less competition between siblings
born several years apart. However,
6 While having a sibling of a similar age may seem
A in my experience, boys may become too competitive.
B my younger brothers are happy to share a bedroom.
C they are more likely to grow up with many shared
D forming a close bond depends much more on
personality than age.
E they may find it difficult to develop a lasting
F I expect I'd get tired of him telling me what to do all
In which of the sentences in Activity 2 is it also
possible to use although?
24 Unit 2 Relative values
o Read the essay and find where the three
points from Activity 1 are mentioned.
I, it better t. hove 0 ,moll .r 0 lorge 0ge differeoce betloleeo,ibli09'?
Jthiok it', hord t. ,ay "'hetherit', better t. have ,ibli09' of a
~imjlar age or rYJVCh older orYOIJ"ger becallse all families are
differeot. We cao'tj"dge properly "'hat it ",."Id be like to be io a
differeot ,it"atioo. (1) f/ofVeverlEven tho"9h "'e mi9ht like the idea
of havi09 a baby brother or ,i,ter, "'e cao'tj"dge "'hatthat",o"ld
be like io realii)'.
B"tJthiok the 9reate,t advaotage of havi09 a 'mall age 9ap i,
that"'heo yo,,'re a Child, yo" have ,Omeooe to play ",it!" A, ",ell
a, thi" yo" haVe to learo to ,hare YO"r toy" io,tead ofj",t keepi09
them to yo"rrelf. Thi, make, playi09 ",ith other childreo o"t,ide the
family ea,ier. (2) Altho"9hlf/ofVever, there', likely to be "lOCh more
competitioo",ith a ,ibli09"'ha" cio,e ioage beca",e they may be
jealo", of eaCh other.
The da09er ",ith havi09 a large age 9ap i, thatyo" may oat have
a close relationShip when YOI/re 9,oWn up because yOIJ dOI)Jt haVe
the ,ame ,hared memorie,. (~) On the other haod/While the age
9ap become, le" importaot a, yo" get older, ,0 it', al"'ay, po" ible
to make frieod, ",ith yo"r ,ibli09 a, ad"lt,. Speaki09 from my 0"'0
experience} havin9 a sister Who's onlytwo yearsYOIJfl9er has been
ideal. (q) WherearlDerpite bei09 q"ite differeot, ",e've al",ay, 90t
on andWelre 900d friends nOW weh·advlts.
D Underline the reasons the student gives for
her point of view. Decide whether you agree
and compare with a partner.
mRead the essay again and choose the correct
linking word or phrase.
Some linking words can be used at the beginning or
in the middle of a sentence, e.g, although, though, even
James is good friendswith his brother, although theres a
big age difference between them.
Although theres a big age difference between them, James
is good friends with his brother
However usually comes at the beginning of a sentence
and is followed by a comma.
El Work in pairs.Turn to page 157 and do the
There are no right or wrong answers to the question.
The important thing is to make sure you include all three
points in your essay and explain your point of view.
o Complete the second sentence so that it
has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
You must use between two and five words,
including the word given.
I'm going to throwaway all those old newspapers
I'm going to ............................................ all those old
2 Peter has always admired his uncle for everything he
Peter has always ............................................. his uncle for
everything he has achieved.
3 She didn't know I was coming - Ijust arrived
unexpectedly on her doorstep.
She didn't know I was coming - Ijust
............................................. on her doorstep.
4 After fifteen years, the company suddenly became
The company suddenly ............................................ after it had
been running for fifteen years.
5 Not many people become successful in the world
Not many people ............................................. in the world
6 Olivia has told me she wants to escape to a hot
Olivia has told me she wants to ............................................. to
a hot country this summer.
fJ Correct the mistake in each of the sentences.
He's tried really hardly to get tickets for you.
2 The cinema is fairly closely to the station.
3 The football results were absolutely close.
4 She finished late and I was very furious with her
5 They spoke free about their difficult childhood.
6 It was hardly dark but he was completely frightened.
7 It would be a bit brilliant if we won the Cup FinaL
8 She's been working very hardly lately.
Complete the sentences with the adjectives
in the box.
Whereas I'm quite shy about speaking in public, my
brother's always been ..
2 Even at the age of eighty-five, my gran never likes
relying on other people. She's very ..
3 My husband's not very good at doing things with his
hands. He's not at all ..
4 I prefer my own company but my sisters are the
opposite; they're all really ....
5 My father paints and writes really welL He's always
been really ..
6 I am not prepared to take risks any more. I'm getting
more and more "' .
IJ Complete the sentences using the correct
form of the word in capitals.
My new car isn't as ............................................. as I hoped it
would be. RELY
2 Molly's story is very ......................................... .. . I don't know
where she gets her ideas from. IMAGINE
3 My children will never try any new food.They aren't
4 I don't think you're being very ....
about how much we can fi nish. REAL
5 I'm absolutely .. . ............. at languages. Ijust
can't do them. HOPE
6 I explained I'd been ill but the boss wasn't at
D Complete the sentences with the correct
1 I regretted not having/to have a car to drive.
2 He'd like us working/to work late this evening.
3 I'm not very good at running/to run
4 Have you remembered locking/to lock the door'
5 Melanie has promised inviting/to invite us to stay.
6 She stopped working/to work and had a rest
7 The teacher made me to finish/finish my work
before I left
8 Jim asked me norto/to not speak.
Unit 2 Relative values 2S
Read the question stems
and highlight the part of
the text which answers each
question.Then read the four
options very carefully and
decide on the answer.
Unit 3 Thingsthat niatter
Multiple choice (Part 5)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.202
D What matters to you? Put the things in the box in order of importance.
education/career family friends interests possessions
fJ Read the title and first paragraph of the newspaper article and guess
what it will be about. Then read the rest of the article and check.
Read the article again. For questions 1-6, choose the answer (A, B, Cor
D) which you think fits best according to the text.
What is the writer's attitude towards football fans at matches'
A She's impressed by their behaviour.
B She's astonished by how they can afford tickets.
C She'sembarrassed by how irresponsible they are.
D She's sympathetic towards the strength of their emotions.
2 What does itreferto in line 14'
A an ugly side
D a penalty shoot-out
3 The writer thinks everyone should have a passion because
A it puts them in touch with their basic emotions.
B it encourages affectionate behaviour.
C it gives them an excuse to take time off work.
D it makes everything else in life seem unimportant.
4 What does thin on the ground mean in line 77'
5 The writer mentions Wimbledon to
A it's not only football which inspires
B a wide range of people enjoy this
kind of event
C spons spectators can behave
D people often behave badly to get
6 The writer's main purpose is to
encourage her readers to
A become sports fans.
S have an enthusiasm for
C show their emotions openly.
D enjoy themselves more.
Work in pairs. Do you know
anybody who has a passion for
something? Have you ever had
a passion in common with a
member of your family?
-ed adjectives and
o Choose the correct preposition.
Then ask your partner these
What are you interested in/at' What
do you find boring?
2 Who are you frightened with/or
What do you find frightening'
3 What do you sometimes feel worried
4 Who or what do you get annoyed of!
5 What do you sometimes feel
embarrassed in/by' Who do you find
6 What do you get excited with/about?
·ed adjectivesdescribe how you feel
I'm bored with this TVprogramme.
-ing adjectives describe the noun.
This programme's so boring.
- - - - - - - - - -
All you need is love (and a scarf)
Grown men with their
heads buried in each
other's shoulders or hidden
behind shaking hands. Young
mothers shouting with joy. This
is what last Saturday's penalty
shoot-out for the European
Cup produced. If you missed
the semi-final, then try and
catch the European Cup Final
on television tomorrow. Then
you'll see what passion does to
people. And, while having an
fine 14 ugly side, it is, in fact, more
likely to enrich our lives and
make us better people.
Today, supporters are
gathering for the big match.
Fans who could not afford the
fare to travel abroad have sold
their car. Others have borrowed
from relatives they once
promised themselves they would
never borrow from again. And
many will turn up without any
accommodation or even a match
ticket. Despite this, they will be
relieved just to be there, to be
part of it all. It might sound
like madness but, as one who is
going and is incredibly excited
about it, I can tell you I feel
Passion should not be
confused with obsession. There
are those who live in a dream
state,madly in love with someone
they will never meet - because
he is a dead singer or a famous
actor who is unlikely ever to
visit their hometown - and
therefore unable to form real
there are also ordinary people
- sensible parents, husbands,
interests are much more healthy
and straightforward. Their
emotions are also linked to
forces they cannot control, but
they are to be admired for it.
Maybe some people are
incapable of finding a passion,
but if so, they are missing out.
Passions are deep, full of joy
and pain, teaching you how to
sob when you feel hurt, how
to deal with disappointment,
how to sing with enthusiasm in
public (not easy). Because of
them you might end up hugging
a complete stranger or making
new friends. They help you to
feel part of a community and
have something to tease your
neighbour about. They are a
great way for families to bond
together; many dads insist that
they are spending their time
fishing or playing chess because
their child is keen, when,
actually, they are delighted to
become absorbed by something
outside home, job or money
Explosions of joy are
normally thin on the ground. line 77
The birth of your child, your
wedding day, a pay rise are
all lovely and a reason to do
something special, but they do
not happen every week. If you
happen to follow a football
or rugby team, there are
celebrations all the time.
For some, a passion can be
switched on and off - which
is better than not having
a passion at all, I suppose.
Witness the behaviour that
tennis brings about at the
annual two-week UK tennis
tournament at Wimbledon.
Calm, controlled middle-aged
women are suddenly prepared
to camp overnight on damp
pavements in London and squeal
encouragement. Otherwise cool,
fashionable students are happy
to wave at the TV cameras while
wearing silly hats and sunglasses
that spurt water,
In the end, what defines us
as human is not only language.
It is the ability to care about
something that does not directly
affect our bealth or wealth or
importance. Passions are a
rehearsal for life, a distraction
from boredom and, most of all,
they are fun - even when they let
Unit 3 Tl1: ,:r that matter 27
Present perfect and past simple
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCEp.176
Home Archtve News Members Search
I've been mad about horses for most of my life. I've
never owned one, but my friend and I used to help
out eveny weekend at the local riding stables and
then the owner would let us ride the ponies. But I haven't been
back there since I left home to go to college five years ago
Last month a colleague
at work persuaded me
to take up riding again
so I've been having
lessons with her. I've
only had four so far
but I've just got my
confidence back, so I'll
definitely keep it up
D Read Anna's blog, in which she talks about her passion.
Answer questions 1- 5.
1 How long has Anna loved horses?
2 Does she still help out at the stables?
3 When did she start riding again?Why?
4 How long has she been riding again?
S How many lessons has she had?
fl Look at the underlined verb forms in the text. Which
1 completed actions in the past?
2 past habits which are now finished?
o Look at the highlighted example of the present perfect
simple in the blog. Circle four more examples.
o Match examples 1-3 with uses ofthe present perfect
described in A-C.
I've just got my confidence back.
2 I've never owned one.
3 I've been mad about horses for most of my life.
A began in the past and is still continuing
B has recently happened and is relevant to the present
C refers to indefinite time in the past
28 Unit 3 Tl1ing~ th:'lt matter
D Look at the sentences. Which of the
time expressions underlined refers to
a period of time and which to a point
I've been mad about horses fur most of
2 I haven't been back there ~ I left home
to go to college five years ago.
mDivide these time expressions into
those which are usually used with
the past simple.
2 the present perfect.
yet so far already in2010
never once just last month
ago this month at lunchtime
present perfect simple or
El Match the sentences from the blog
(1 and 2) with the uses of the present
perfect (A and B).
I've been having lessons.
2 I've had four lessons.
A acompleted activity
B an activity over a period of time (which may
or may not be finished)
III Complete the sentences below with
the past simple, present perfect
simple or present perfect continuous
form of the verbs and phrases in
brackets. There may be more than
.......................... (ride) a motorbike since I
2 .......................... (once witness) acrime.
3 ...... (live) abroad when I was achild.
4 .......................... (have) an operation a few
S i .......................... (never go) camping.
6 I ....................... (just win) acompetition.
fJ Work in pairs. Ask and answer
questions with Have you ever ... ? and
How long ... ? Use the ideas in Activity
8 to help you. If appropriate, ask for
more details, using When? Why? etc.
os and like
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.164
o Complete sentences 1-6 wit h as or like.
1 Was that fi lm ................. all his other ones?
2 Shall we still have lunch together, ................. we
3 I've always regarded you ................. a friend.
4 A job ................ that one takes a long time
5 He's working ................. a waiter in the holidays.
6 Please do it carefully, ................. I asked you.
as + noun, for a role or purpose:
She worksas a musician. Iusethat room as a study.
as + noun clause, for manner: I treated him as my son.
like + noun, for comparison:
You'rejust like Tony.;Like Jane, Ilovejazz.
like + noun for informal examples:
Food like that risotto is worth waiting for.
Open doze (Part 2)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.20 I
B Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
What do you do to cheer yourself up when
2 What makes you really happy?
D Read the text quickly. Underline three things
that make Pixie happy. Are you like her?
D Look at the example (0). What part of speech
is it? Now look at gaps 1-8. What kind of word
o Read the text again and think of the word
which best fits each gap. Use only one word in
Read the whole sentence, especially the words before
and after each gap.Think about what kind of word is
missing (e.g. a preposition, a pronoun).
IlJ Compare your answers with a partner.
Pixie Lott: What makes me happy
The London-based singer tells us about the
things that make her smile.
I'm at my happiest when I'm (0) . ...li!J....... .
stage ar writing music. Music, for me, is
medicine and writing songs is a kind of
therapy. And, (1) . ..... lots of people,
even just listening to music makes me
happy If I'm fed up or worried (2) ...
my family or something, I just put my iPod
on loud. I use music (3) . .. ........ a way of
relaxing and there's always a song that
matches my mood. But the song I like best is
a 1980s tune, (4) . ...... my friends and I
play at full volume (5) ...... .... we're getting
ready to go out. I've got some very happy
memories associated with that song.
When I (6) . ......... had a bad day or feel
unhappy, I usually go to the p,ana and write
o song. Sometimes I'm almost crying at the
time but I always feel much (7) ..
cheerful afterwards. The emotion IS real and
it really helps me. I'm not really sure why
music connects so strongly With me but it
always (8) . ....... these days.
Unit 3 Things th3t matter 29
LI FE-OF-LUXU RY.CO.U K
Speaking and vocabulary
o Match the price tags with the things in the
pictures. Then see if your partner agrees.
Decide whether each thing is
worth the money.
2 good value for money.
3 a waste of money.
£675 $102.3 million
f) Match the two halves of the expressions. Then
discuss what they mean with a partner. Do you
have similar expressions in your language?
1 He's got more money A to burn.
2 Put your money where B not made of money.
3 I'm a bit short C afortune.
4 Money's a bit D your mouth is.
5 She's got money E tight at the moment.
6 He's worth F to make ends meet.
7 My mum always says she's G of money this month.
S It's sometimes hard H than sense.
30 Unit 3 Thin<;ls that m;3tt('r
""" 10BASKEl •
OFTAlt S ...
Complete the sentences with the prepositions
in the box. Which of the statements do
you agree with and why?
away in of on to within
It's difficult to live ................. your means when you're
2 You should always avoid being ..................... debt.
3 Having to live .................... a tight budget is boring.
4 Very rich people should give most of their
5 It's not agood idea to lend your credit
card ...... a friend.
6 Young people today have a higher standard ..
living than their grandparents' generation.
~ EXAM FOCUS p.204
D You're going to hear a multi-
millionaire called Gavin Norris
talking about his life. Read t he
gapped sentences. Which of A-E
do you expect to hear?
A how he made his fortune
B his attitude to money
C his typical working day
D what he spends his money on
E where he lives
D 011 Listen and check.
III Look at the gap in each
sentence. Where do you think
you can put
2 a noun?
3 a plural form?
4 only one word?
Usually, you only have to write one
or two words or a number in the gap.
Occasionally, you may need to write
D Listen again and complete the
III Compare your answers in pairs.
Then listen again to check, Make
sure you have spelt the words
mWork in pairs and discuss the
1 How do you think Gavin's children
feel about his decision to give all his
2 What problems can people have if
they inherit a lot of money?
Gavin Norris started his business career by
selling (1) ................................... in a market in 1984.
Before Gavin sold his first company in 1998, he had
250 (2) ................................... .
Gavin became interested in helping (3) ...................................
learn about business.
In 2004 Gavin decided to lend money to
(4) ................................... in Africa who needed help.
Gavin realised that as little as (5) £ ...................................
was enough to change a person's life.
The project to build a (6) ................................... was very
special for Gavin.
Being involved in charity work has helped Gavin t o value his
(7) ................................... more.
Now Gavin gives the profits from his (8) ...................................
companies to development projects.
Gavin believes money can't bring
happiness but it can
bring (9) ................................... .
Gavin intends to give his children
money for a (10) ..............................,'-~..,,:
Unit 3 Things that matter 31
32 Unit 3 Thing:, [r.at n~,J tter
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.165
o 012 Look at sentences 1-3 taken from the listening on page 31 and
complete them with the correct comparative or superlative form of the
adjectives in brackets. Then listen and check.
, I'm ...................... (interested) I used to be in holidays.
2 Building the hospital was ....... ... (satisfying) experience of my life.
3 I'm ... ........... (happy) I was twenty years ago.
El Decide which pairs of sentences have a similar meaning, and which
have a different meaning.
, A I've never been as happy as I am now.
B I'm just as happy now as Iever was.
2 A My car was by far the most expensive thing I've ever bought.
B My car was a lot more expensive than anything else I've ever bought.
3 A My grandfather is one of the most generous people I know.
B There aren't many people who are as generous as my grandfather.
D Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the
first, using the word in bold.
Example: Ascooter isn't nearly 05 expensive 05 0 sports cor LOT
Asports cor is .q.kJ,t..n:rpr~. expe."s.ir~..th.(/t1.. 0 scooter.
, Our standard of living is a bit lower than it was. QUITE
Our standard of living is not.. .. it was.
2 There aren't many cities which are as exciting as Rio de Janeiro. ONE
Rio de Janeiro is ..... .......... exciting cities.
3 She doesn't have nearly as much free time now. LESS
She has .......................... free time than before.
4 Not many people earn such a high salary as he does. THAN
His salary is ......................... most people's.
5 He's almost as wealthy as she is. BIT
She's. ... him.
6 It's getting much more difficult to get a bank loan. AS
It is.... .......... to get a bank loan now.
Speaking comparing quantities
D Use the table to make six sentences that are true about you.
a large amount
quite a lot of my money on .. .
hardly any of my time -ing.
D Compare your answers in groups and write a paragraph about how
your group spends time and money.
Example: The thing we spend mosVleast time/money on is ... More/Less than halfof
us spend 0 large amount on .
Long turn (Part 2)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.206
o What do these photographs have in common?
Choose A or B.
A They show things which are important to people.
B They show people in unusual situations.
El Make a list of the similarities and differences
between the two photographs.
IJ 013 Listen to a student comparing the two
photographs. Does she mention any of the
points on your list?
IJ Complete the sentences with like or as if/as
though. In which sentences is it only possible
to use like? Why?
1 It looks .............. a graduation ceremony.
2 The man looks ............ he's very proud of his car.
3 It looks .............. hard work.
4 He looks ........... he's a bit obsessive.
5 She looks .......... she's having more fun than the man.
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.164
11 Look at sentences A and Band answer
questions 1-3 about whereas and while.
A While the man may have a passion for his car, it's
probably not something that will last for his whole life.
B The first picture is celebrating an achievement whereas
the second picture shows someone who values an
Which sentence is making a comparison and showing
how the two things are different?
2 In which sentence is it possible to use both whereas
3 In which sentence could you use although instead of
mMake sentences with both, too or a/50. Where
can you put these words in the sentence?
There may be more than one possibility.
the pictures show an achievement (bath)
2 the man looks happy (also)
3 the man seems to be enjoying himself (too)
D Work in pairs.
Student A, look at the photos on page 152.
Student B, look at the photos on page 154.
Take turns to compare your photos. Try to use
expressions with whereas, while, bath, a/so,
too, like, as if/as though.
Don't describe what's in the pictures. Focus on the
main topic and compare the main similarity and any
differences between the pictures.
IlJ Work in pairs. Do you agree with this
Happiness is not having whatyou want but wanting
what you have.
Unit 3 Things that matter 33
Article (Part 2)
engaging the reader
~ WRITING REFERENCE p.185
o Look at the exam task and answer
1 What kind of style will you write it in7 How do
2 What information do you need to include7
You see this advertisement in a magazine for young
What I'd save in a fil'e
Write us an article describing
something you own and explaining
why it's important to you.
The best artIcle will be published ill
Write your article in 140-190 words.
fJ Look at opening paragraphs A and B. Which
one is most effective? Think about
how appropriate the style is.
2 how varied the language is.
3 whether it engages the reader.
Try to 'speak' directly to the reader for maximum impact
A What I~ rave io a fire
Have yov eVer thov9M about which po~~e~sion
yO(J~ choo~e to rave if yovr house WaS" 0/"1
tire? Well, for me it wovld definitely be my
laptop. ObViously, I!:l reScue my family aod pets
tirst but after that it would be my precious
B What I'd save In a fire
My laptop 15 very Important to me and
I would be very upset If It got lost
or damaged. I 5pend hours every day
uSing my laptop and I would be 105t
Without It. I think m05t people feel the
same way about their laptops.
34 Unit 3Things that matter
D Look at notes A-H and choose whether to .
include them in paragraph two (a simple
description ofthe object) or paragraph three
(the reasons why it's special to you).
A ei9Meenth birthday present from parents
B I'lot expet)ive Ql)d very ordinary to look at
c two years old
o vS'ed to have to Share my brotherJ
E all my phot09raphs are on it
F made by Toshiba
H co"toin> friends'! detailS'
D Work in pairs. Write paragraphs two and three,
using the ideas in Activity 3.
D Look at possible concluding sentences A and
B. Which one would have the most positive
effect on a reader?
A 50 for all these reasonS, the first thin9 I would
think of takin9 with me is my laptop.
B The main reason I'd grab my laptop first
In a fi re IS because I'd be heartbroken to
lose all my photos, which have so many
happy memOries for me.
mMake notes on your own response to the
advert. Choose a favourite possession and
divide your notes into four paragraphs:
1 Introduction (an introduction to get the readers'
2 Background (a description of the object)
3 Opinion (the reasons why it is important to you)
4 Conclusion (a brief conclusion)
Use extreme adjectives such as amazing, and extreme
adverbs such as ab50lurely and incredibly for emphasis.
D Write your article in 140-190 words.Then
check it for spelling and punctuation.Write
another draft if necessary.
III Read other students' articles and choose
which ones to include in the magazine.
o Choose the correct word to complete the
1 A ............. standard of living is important to me.
A tall B big C great D high
2 The house they live in must be worth a ..
A treasure B fortune C resource D wealth
3 When I was at college I had to learn to live .......
A on B in C from D at
4 I'm afraid I can't come because I'm ............. of money.
A low B lacking C short D tight
5 She is always ............. debt at the end of the term.
A on B at C with D in
6 I'm still learning to live ............ my means.
A between B within C under D at
fJ Complete the second sentence so that it
means the same as the first sentence using
the word given. Use between two and five
words, including the word given.
1 Rebecca started living here five years ago. FOR
Rebecca .................. ..................five years.
2 I last saw Mike in 2006. SINCE
1 ............................. .... ... 2006.
3 This is my first visit to India. TIME
This is the first ..................................... to India.
4 It's kind of you but I had a coffee earlier. ALREADY
It's kind of you but I .................................... a coffee.
5 I don't spend much money on clothes ANY
I ................................... money on clothes these days.
6 This hotel isn't nearly as expensive as the
The other hotel is ................. ........... this one.
7 Both Tom and Zak are equally friendly.
Tom is ...................................Zak.
8 There aren't many fashion designers that are as
expensive as Prada. ONE
Prada is ............................. ...... fashion designers.
11 Complete the sentences with a word formed
from the word in capitals.
I haven't got much money but I'm not ..
about it. WORRY
2 Golf is not a very .. ........ sport to watch on TV.
3 Having a passion can make life more
4 I'm really ....................... by my obsession with that actor.
5 What isthe most . ..................... film you have ever seen?
6 I'm . ............. that the Cup Final is over at last.
D Complete the gaps with one word.
hen I was younger, I used to worry
(1) ............ all kinds of things. I knew I
would never look (2) ... .... my sister,
who was (3) ........... more attractive than me and
just (4) ........... intelligent as me, but I still felt
jealous. I was also embarrassed (S) my
father, who worked (6) ............ an actor, instead
of having a 'normal' job. However, I have always
(7) ............. very close to (8) ............. of my parents
and know I am very lucky to have them.
Unit 3 Things that matter 35
D How much do you know about Antarctica? Do the quiz. Then turn to
page 160 and check your answers.
1 Antarctica has the world's largest
A volcano. B desert. C mountain range.
2 Has Antarctica always been cold?
A No, it used to be tropical.
B Yes, it's always been covered in thick ice.
C Yes, but the ice used to be a lot thinner.
3 Which of these animals do you NOT get in Antarctica?
A penguins B seals C polar bears
4 Who led the first team to reach the South Pole in 1911 7
A Roald Amundsen
B Robert Falcon Scott
C Ernest Shackleton
5 Why is Ernest Shackleton's 1908 expedition famous7
A Everyone except Shackleton survived the trip.
B The men survived but they didn't get to the South Pole.
C All the men died on the way back from the South Pole.
Multiple choice (Part 4)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.205
fJ You are going to hear an interview in which
an explorer called Leo Stone is talking about
a book by Henry Worsley on his expedition
to the South Pole. Before you listen, read the
questions and underline the key words.
What does Leo say about Henry Worsley's team'
A They had never considered doing a trip to the South
B They had personal reasons for wanting to complete
C They were trying to break a world record.
2 What does Leo say was the hardest thing for Worsley's
team before the expedition'
A organising the finance
B preparing mentally
C getting physically fit
3 What does Leo say was easier for the twenty-first
century expedition than for Shackleton's expedition?
A planning their daily route
B doing the cooking
C carrying their equipment
4 What problem did both expeditions experience?
A running out of food
B a serious illness
C bad weather
S How did Worsley feel when he was crossing the
A He hadn't expected it to be so difficult.
B He was worried they wouldn't reach the South Pole.
C He doubted his skills as a leader
6 The part of the book Leo enjoyed most was
A reached the South Pole.
B arrived at the point Shackleton had got to.
C completed the trip.
7 What does Leo admire about Shackleton'
A his determination
B his ambition
C his bravery
The information on the recording will be in the same
order as questions 1-7.
D 0 14 listen to the review and answer
mCheck your answers in pairs. Then listenagain.
What words or phrases did you hear to justify
choosing A, B or C for each question?
D Discuss the questions.
What would you find hard about a trip like this'
2 Shackleton is considered a hero and a role model by
many people. Who are your heroes and role models'
3 Where would you most like to travel to' Why?
idioms: the body
mMatch the underlined idioms 1-10 with
The hardest part was getting their heads around doing
a 900-mile journey.
2 When he came face to face with conditions there,
Shackleton began to doubt he'd ever reach the Pole.
3 He's always Dutting his foot in it. He just doesn't know
when to keep his mouth shut.
4 My father and I don't see eye to eye. Perhaps our
relationship will improve when I leave home.
S Something in the distance caught my eye.
6 I must keep an eye on the time. I don't want to be late.
7 It was really difficult to keep a straight face; he looked
8 I'm beginning to get cold feet about the whole idea.
9 I can't face going to work. I feel terrible.
10 You need to put your foot down. Don't agree to
working late every evening.
A pay attention to
B look serious
C attract your attention
D change your mind
E get on with each other
F feel unable to
G very close to
H say the wrong thing
say no to something
J understand/accept an idea
D When was the last time you
put your foot in it?
2 couldn't face doing something'
3 put your foot down?
4 couldn't keep a straight face'
Unit 4 Battling nature 37
past simple, past continuous and
~ GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.l77
D You are going to read a story about a man who was
shipwrecked on a desert island. Read paragraph 1
and predict what happens next.
Last October, 79-year-old
Mark Richards set off from
Florida in his cabin cruiser. He
had planned to sail to Nassau
in the Bahamas in twelve
hours. However, while he was
sailing there, a storm blew up
and he was shipwrecked on a
fJ Read paragraph 1 again. Which ofthe underlined
1 past simple? 2 past continuous? 3 past perfect?
D Which one
1 refers to a finished event?
2 describes a situation which happened before another past
3 describes an action already in progress when something else
11 Read the rest of the story quickly. Don't worry about
the gaps yet. How well did you predict the ending?
D Now complete the story with the correct form of the
verbs in brackets.
His family realised he (1) ............. (miss) and a massive
search was launched. But they (2) ............. (have to) wait
for three long days before they finally (3) ............. (hear)
that some fishermen (4) ............ (rescue) him.
Mr Richards survived for three days on a mixture of
dried noodles and snack bars which (5) ...... .... (jIoat)
ashore from his boat. Mr Richards knew he would be
rescued eventually because there were a lot of boats
in the area. 'I wasn't frightened but r was pleased to
be rescued on the third day because r (6) .............(start)
to feel quite hungry,' he said.
past perfect simple and past perfect
mComplete the sentences with the
past perfect simple or past perfect
continuous form ofthe verbs in brackets.
Then match the examples with one of
the statements, Aor B.
1 He.. ....... (work) as a lifeguard for ten years but
.............. (never need) to rescue anyone until last
2 Andy's leg .............. (hurt) for ages before he went
to the doctor.
3 We ............ (never see) a glacier before.
4 I.. .... (not hear) the news until Sophie rang me.
A Only the simple form is possible here.
B It is more natural to use the continuous form
here because the action continues over a period
of time (although it isn't wrong to use the simple
D Complete the sentences so that Bhas the
same meaning as A. Sometimes more
than one form is possible.
1 A Jack was hoping to compete in the Olympics.
Then he hurt his back.
B Before he ............................. (hurt) his back,
Jack ......................... (hope) to compete in the
2 A Luke spent six months in hospital. He studied
to be a lawyer during this time.
B While Luke ............................. (recover) in hospital,
he .. ...... (study) to be a lawyer.
3 A During his swim to the island, Lewis cut his
knee badly on a rock.
B Lewis .............. (swim) to the island when
he .............................. (cut) his knee on a rock.
4 A Fauzia didn't feel well all day, so she decided
not to go to Zhara's party last night.
B Because she... ...........((een well all day,
Fauzia ............................... (decide) not to go to
Zhara's party last night.
Collaborative task (Part 3)
~ EXAM FOCUS p20?
o Work in pairs. Look at the examiner's
instructions and underline the two things you
have to discuss.
I'd like you to imagine that you are going on a
college expedition to a desert island. Here are some
survival skills you might need on the island. Talk to
each other about how difficult it would be to learn
these survival skills.
(after a two-minute discussion) Thank you.
Now you have about a minute to decide which two
survival skills would be the most useful on the island.
making a shelter
would it be
to learn these
fI Look at the exam task in Activity 1 and discuss
the question with a partner.Talk about:
what in particular you think would be easy/difficult
about each skill.
why you personally might find a particular skill
11 0 15 Look at Activity 1 and listen to two
students doing the second part of the task.
Do you agree with their opinions?
D Complete the sentences and then listen again
to check your answers.
............. ... .. of the ..... ............ for me would be finding
2 I'd ........................ making a fire.. ....... making a shelter.
3 I think learning how to make a fire would be the
........................ for me.
4 So ....................... five skills, making a fire and finding water
would be the most useful.
g Change the sentences in Activity 4 so that
they have the opposite meaning.
mDecide with a partner which two survival skills
you think would be the least useful on the
island. Include some of the expressions from
Use all of the time (about one minute) you have to
decide something together - don't reach a decision too
Discussion (Part 4)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.20?
fJ Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
, What kind of person do you need to be to survive on
a desert island'
2 How essential is it for people to know how to survive
in the wild?
3 Do you think most people today have lost touch
4 In what ways can the natural world be a threat
building a boat/raft fishing without a rod
Unit 4 Battling nature 39
D Look at the paragraph headings in the article.
Discuss questions 1-4 with a partner.
1 Which of these experiences do you think would be the
2 Which of these experiences might give you shock,
frostbite or hypothermia?
3 Which could give you injuries such as broken bones?
4 What other kinds of extreme weather conditions can
you think of?
Multiple matching (Part 7)
~ EXAM FOCUS p,203
fJ Read the article. Did anyone have serious
injuries as a result of their experiences?
11 Read the questions in Activity 4 and underline
the key words and phrases.Then scan the texts
for words and expressions which have the
same meaning. The first one is done for you.
Be careful' There might seem to be similar information
in more than one text Make sure the word or expression
you choose has the same meaning as in the question,
D For questions 2-10, choose from the people
A-D. The people may be chosen more than
remembers panicking about the situation A
he was in?
describes his efforts to stay awake? 2
mentions being in pain all over after the
assumes he must have been thrown up
into the air? 4
believes that crying helped him to survive? 5
describes the multiple injuries he received? 6
remembers the long wait before being
mentions the temporary deafness he
says he was unable to relate to his rescuers? 9
talks about experiencing big variations in
body temperature? 110 1
40 Unit 4 Battling nature
1:1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
1 Which person do you think had the luckiest escape?
2 How do you think you would react in
3 Do you know of any disaster films connected to the
weather? What happens?
collocations and idioms: weather
mMatch the words in column A with their
collocations in column B.
ColumnA Column B
1 freezing A wet
2 boiling B black
3 soaking C frozen
4 pitch D cold
5 absolutely E hot
6 thick/dense F wind/sun
7 torrential/heavy G sea
8 strong H frost
9 a rough I rain
10 a hard J fog
D Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
Which of the weather conditions in Activity 6 have you
2 Where were you and how did you feel?
El) How would someone be feeling if
1 they froze when they saw something?
2 they stormed out of somewhere?
3 they moved like lightning?
4 they were icy with someone?
5 their face clouded over?
6 their face was like thunder?
FOUR PEOPLE TALK ABOUT THEIR STORIES OF SURVIVAL
A L ester Morlang was buried in an avalanche in Colorado.
There was no warning. It was instant. AI! of a sudden I was curled up in a ball. Then it
was over and I was buried under about fifty feet of snow. It was totally dark. My mouth was
packed with snow and the pressure was enormous. It was hard to breathe and Ididn't know
which direction was up. I thought I was already dead. Luckily I had my hands over my face
so I cleared the snow out of my mouth and then I started screaming. I absolutely lost it -I
was out of my mind I and then 1noticed my tears were running across my face so 1realised I
must be lying kind of upside down. Now I felt determined to get out. I dug for twenty-two
hours, and when [ fjnal1y saw the first little bit of light I was over the moon, although it was
fourteen hours before anyone found me.•
B Rod Herd was on a boat with the New Zealand Police Search and Rescue
team when he nearly drowned.
When we hit the wave, I was thrown against the window, which smashed and let in a
tremendous volume of water. There was no air, just pitch darkness, noise and violent
movement. I had no idea the boat had overturned. I felt sad, anxious and despairing, and
the fear of drowning was unbearable. I couldn't hold my breath any longer and at this
point I had a vision of my wife and sons waving me goodbye, and I felt at peace. But then
I grabbed a stair rail and found myself back in the real world. I managed to pull myself up
to the surface and then had to deal with the shock and hypothermia. Trying to stay afloat
kept my mind off it, although I had to fight the desire to go to sleep. When the helicopter
arrived soon afterwards, I vividly remember feeling disconnected from the people who
were there to save me.•
C John Neidigh survived a tornado in Mississippi.
I heard the warning on the television and had just enough time to lie down and cover
my head with my arms. The feel of a twister approaching is like a goods train - that low,
ever·louder howl and the shuddering ground. First, a sheet of rain sprayed against the
side of my trailer like machine-gun fire. I could hear trees snapping, and the roof began
to come off as the trailer started moving up and down. Just as I felt the entire trailer lift
off the ground, I lost consciousness and woke up twenty minutes later face-down outside.
The evening was completely quiet, no wind, no cars, no insect noises. I had gone through
the trailer wall, ended up thirty feet up in a tree, and then dropped to the ground. I had
concussion, a collapsed lung, cracked ribs and a shattered leg. These things should have
killed me but the surgeons sewed me back together again.•
D Max Dearing was on the golf course in North Carolina when
It happened on a lovely July afternoon while I was playing golf with friends from work.
When it started to drizzle, we decided to get under a shelter. We were standing there
teasing each other and I remember the air had an unusual sweet smell. When the lightning
struck, I felt absolutely frozen but then part of me was boiling hot too. I saw these flashing
lights and there was such an incredibly loud noise that I couldn't hear anything for a while.
My arms and legs felt heavy. Every bit of my body - including my hair, my eyelashes - hurt.
It was a dull ache and yet so sharp at the same time, like a bad headache and needles
being stuck in every part of your body.•
Unit 4 Ban ling nature 41