(corrugated paper changed to corrugated board, which is the converted product. Question: is fluting also under liner or was it listed as corrugated paper?)According to the classification of the China Paper Association, they divided the liner (so called Linerboard or Liner Board) and the medium (called Corrugated Paper or Corrugated Board) which are two main components of corrugated fiberboard as two categories.Answer to our question: fluting was listed as corrugated paper.
“digester” is the term used for the pressure vessels used for cooking. 250m3 is too small – is there an error, since the pressure vessels tend to be bigger than the blow tanks??I check the relevant documents, the figure of the cooking pot is 250m3. I assumed that Chinese manufacturers are using different design and equipment to fulfill the process. Maybe in Finland, you only have one equipment called “digester”, but in China, 2-3 equipments need to be applied.
Equipment for beat process: beater, beating engineer or refiner?
I translated to cutter from the Chinese word, “slitter-winder” and “rewinder” have different translated Chinese names.
Leading paper system will use leading paper roll (blow roll), also called tail transfer unit. I do not know is it as same as tail threading and web handling system or not.
Paper and Pulp Machinery Industry in China
Paper & Pulp Machinery Industryin ChinaLiwei TanFinpro Shanghai31/05/2012
Contents General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3 • Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7 • Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 7 • Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 11 • Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 13 • Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 15 • Appendices Appendix I:Top 30 Paper Companies in 2010 Appendix II: Major manufactures for pulp and paper machinery Appendix III: Encouraged Imports of P&P Technologies and Products18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 2
General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry (1/3) • According to the data of China Paper Association, in 2010, there are more than 3.700 paper and paperboard manufacturers with yearly production quantity of 92,7 million tons, increased 7,29% to 2009. The yearly consumption was 91,73 million tons and increased 7,05% to 2009. 100 20% 18.13% 90 17.62% 18% 16.07% 80 15.12% 91.73 16% 13.76% 85.69 70 13.13% 13.08% 14% 13.17% 60 12% 10.94% 11.30% 10.45% 50 8.57% 10% 9.03% 8.27% 36.83 8.85% 7.29% 40 7.99% 8% 7.05% 66.00 72.90 30 4.92% 59.30 79.35 6% 35.75 54.39 48.06 20 43.32 4% 3.02% 10 2% 30.50 32.00 37.80 43.00 49.50 56.00 65.00 73.50 79.80 86.40 92.70 0 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Unit: MT Annual Production Annual Consumption P. Growth C. Growth18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 3
General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry (2/3) • The following pie chart shows the production quantity and the percentage of different types of paper and board in 2010. newsprint - 4,3 Mtons 1.94% 1.94% 4.64% uncoated writig & printing paper - 16,2 Mtons 20.17% 17.48% coated printing paper - 6,4 Mtons household paper - 6,2 Mtons 6.90% packaging paper - 6 Mtons 20.28% 6.69% white board - 12,5 Mtons 6.47% 13.48% liner board - 18,8 Mtons corrugated board - 18,7 Mtons specialty paper and board -1,8 Mtons other paper and board - 1,8 Mtons18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 4
General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry (3/3)• 13 provinces (Shandong, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Henan, Fujian, Hebei, Hunan, Sichuan, Anhui, Guangxi, Hubei, Jiangxi) and Chongqing Municipality have achieved the annual production more than 1 million tons in 2010.• Above 14 provinces and municipality contributed 85,09 million tons in total, accounting for 91,79% of China’s. 1.90% 1.79% 2.28% 2.17% 1.78% Shandong - 15,10 Mtons 3.59% Guangdong - 14,35 Mtons 3.80% 17.14% Zhejiang - 13,62 Mtons 4.21% Jiangsu - 11,01 Mtons 4.44% Henan - 8,14 Mtons 16.29% Fujian - 3,91 Mtons 9.24% Hebei - 3,71 Mtons Hunan - 3,35 Mtons 12.50% 18.87% Sichuan - 3,16 Mtons Anhui - 2,01 Mtons Chongqing - 1,91 Mtons Guangxi - 1,67 Mtons Hubei - 1,58 Mtons Jiangxi - 1,57 Mtons18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 5
• General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3 Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7• Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 9• Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 11• Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 13• Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 15
Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry • No official statistics on how many enterprises manufacturing pulp and papermaking machinery. • As an industrial cluster area, Henan Province has more than 200 papermaking machinery manufacturers in 2009 with the production quantity of 90.000 tons and sales revenue of 1,62 billion RMB Yuan, about 16% of whole China’s. • In the past 10 years, Chinese papermaking machinery industry developed rapidly and achieved some results on technical level, new models and production capabilities. • However, industrial structure and problems have not been improved: • Most papermaking machinery manufacturers keep the habits of producing complete set of equipment instead of outsourcing • Similar products, no big differences • Excessive price competition, low profits • Unstable quality and performance products with low technical level • So far, almost all advanced domestic machinery are copied or introduced from foreign companies, very few Chinese manufacturers have their own intellectual property rights. • Currently, Chinese manufacturers cannot meet the requirements of high-speed, large- scale and automated production in paper industry.18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 7
• General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3• Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7 Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 9• Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 11• Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 13• Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 15
Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment (1/4) • Summary • Domestic pulping line can produce waste paper pulp or wood pulp with annual production capacity of 100.000 tons; • For packaging paperboard or corrugated board production, the annual capacity of domestic pulping line is 200.000 tons. • Wood Preparation Equipment (Dry Method) • Domestic production line including cutting, transportation, storage and washing can produce 560 tons bamboo chemical pulp per day, i.e. 180.000 tons/year. • Drum debarking machine: max diameter of 4080mm, length of 15m, annual production capacity of 150.000m3 • Drum chipper: max diameter of 1300mm (timber diameter < 250mm), production capacity is about 150m3/hour • Disc chipper: max diameter of 3360mm (timber diameter < 700mm), production capacity is about 290m3/hour • Hummer re-crusher: max diameter of 1350mm, production capacity of 80m 3/hour • Drum re-crusher: max diameter of 800mm, production capacity is 6-30m3/hour • Chip screen: 15m2 and 20m2, production capacity is 400-500m3/hour • Discharge screw: max diameter of 950mm (2 screws), production capacity of single screw is more than 750m3/hour18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 9
Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment (2/4) • Wood Preparation Equipment (Wet Method) • Domestic manufacturers are able to provide wood preparation system (wet method) with annual production capacity of 100.000 tons/year. • Drum washing machine (ɸ 2000mm X 3000mm) equipped with three-axis inclined spiral dewater machine (ɸ 800mm X 7000mm), production capacity can reach 600m3/hour • Spiral-flow type washing machine (ɸ3500mm) equipped with vibrating dewater screen (11 m2), production capacity can reach 240m3/hour • Cooking Equipment • Chinese manufacturers can produce whole set of cooking equipment for wheat straw and reed with horizontal pipe continuous cooking technology. Currently, around 100 sets in use, the max annual production capacity reaches 240tons/day • Except main components: screw feeder (max ɸ635mm (25inch)) and cooking pipe (max ɸ2100mm), a variety of auxiliary equipment such as flow meter, heat exchangers, blow tank and storage are also localized. The related DCS is developed by Chinese companies • Chinese manufacturers can produce main equipment of Super Continuous Cooking system for wood and bamboo chips, such as large-sized cooking pot (250m3), pressure storage tank (for white water and black water, 1000m3 ) and blow tank (1500m3) for wood cooking equipment. However, the DCS is imported.18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 10
Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment (3/4) • Equipment for CTMP (chemi-thermomechanical pulp) • The screw breaker and high-consistency refiner need to be imported, auxiliary equipment are localized. • Pulp Washing Equipment • Vacuum filter (max 120m2), screw press washer (ɸ1100mm) and twin-roll press washer (ɸ1500mm X 5000mm) are three major equipment. • Screening Equipment • Chinese manufacturers can produce fiber separator (max ɸ1500mm, production capacity of 300tons/day); shaker (max 3m2, production capacity of 100tons/day); outflow pressure screen (max 5m2, production capacity of 400tons/day); inflow pressure screen (max 6m2, production capacity of 400tons/day). • Bleaching Equipment • Traditional pulping lines are still using CEH bleaching technology. Double-roll mixers and pulp chlorine mixers are applied mainly. • New projects are using oxygen delignification and less or free chlorine to bleach. • Oxygen delignification tower: max ɸ3000mm, height of 33,6m • Blow tank: max ɸ3200mm, height of 15,5m18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 11
Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment (4/4) • Beating Equipment • Low-consistency hydraulic beater: max size of 50m3, production capacity of 400tons/day • High-consistency hydraulic beater: max size of 30m3, production capacity of 120-150 tons/day • Drum beater: max ɸ4500mm, production capacity of 500tons/day • Heat Dispersing Equipment • Roll dispersing equipment: roll diameter ɸ1000mm, daily processing capacity is 150tons/day • Disc dispersing equipment: max ɸ800mm, daily processing capacity is 100-300tons/day • Deinking Equipment • Most paper mills are using traditional flotation technology, the max diameter flotation deinking machine is ɸ5m (convection) or ɸ6m (diffusion), deinking rate can reach 97%. • The diameter of pressure flotation vat is ɸ800mm, daily processing capacity is 300tons.18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 12
• General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3• Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7• Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 9 Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 14• Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 13• Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 15
Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed (1/2) • Wood Preparation Equipment • Large drum debarking machine with diameter 5m and above • Cooking Equipment • Vertical continuous cooking system for chemical pulp and BCTMP with production capacity of 300-1000tons/day • Rapid replacement energy-saving batch cooking system for wood pulp and straw pulp with production capacity of 150-500tons/day • Washing Equipment • Efficient closed multi-stage counter-current replacement proliferation of pulp washing equipment with production capacity of 150-500tons/day • Screening Equipment • Large-sized, high efficiency coarse pressure screening equipment for low and medium consistency stock • Bleaching Equipment • Low chlorine, anaerobic multi-stage bleaching system with production capacity of 150-1000tons/day18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 14
Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed (2/2) • Equipment for beating process • Developing and producing 800, 1000,1200 high and medium consistency refiners for large and medium-sized paper mills • Equipment for waste paper handling • Waste processing equipment with production capacity of 100-500tons/day • Equipment for furnishing process for pulping • Automatic furnishing system with degassing, desanding, selection functions and pulse attenuation devices;18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 15
• General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3• Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7• Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 9• Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 14 Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 17• Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 15
Technologies of Domestic Papermaking Machinery (1/2) • Summary • Chinese manufacturers can produce paper machinery for 150.000 tons/year liner board, 100.000 tons/year coated paperboard and 50.000 tons/year fine paper. • The max width is 5,5m and highest speed is about 700m/min. • Comparing with foreign products, domestic machine needs longer commissioning time and energy consumption is higher; the quality of produced paper is lower; functions and performance are not stable. One major reason is Chinese manufacturers lack solid theory, mature technologies and relevant practice experience; mainly rely on copy during production. • Paper-making Machine • Fine paper machine: main width of 2640mm, some have width of 3520mm, 3750mm and 3950mm; working speed between 400-800m/min • Semi-hydraulic headbox need to import. • Paperboard machine: max width of 5800mm, max working speed of 850m/min • Tissue paper machine: vacuum forming tissue machine has width of 2660mm and speed of 600m/min; crescent twin-wire tissue machine has width of 2830mm and speed of 1400m/min • Inclined wire specialty paper making machine: width between 600-2640mm, speed between 10-150m/min.18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 17
Technologies of Domestic Papermaking Machinery (2/2) • Off-machine Coater • Coated paper coater: width mainly between 1092-1880mm, few have width of 2640mm; working speed between 300-600m/min • Carbonless paper coater: width between 1300-1800mm; working speed between 200-500m/min • Thermal paper coater: width between 1300-1800mm; working speed between 200-500m/min • On-machine Coater • Cardboard coater: width mainly on 2800mm, some have width of 4800mm; working speed between 300-700m/min • Specialty paper coater: width of 1600mm; working speed between 150- 300m/min • High-speed Cutter (rewinders) • Pulp board on-machine cutter: mainly using single-knife rotation continuous cutting design; width of 3200mm or 3600mm; working speed between 80- 150m/min, for cutting paper of 800-1200 g/m2 • Fine paper off-machine cutter: have various widths of 1760mm, 1880mm 2640mm and 2730mm with single-knife or double-knife rotation continuous cutting design; working speed between 150-200m/min, for cutting paper of 600 g/m218/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 18
• General Information of Paper & Pulp Industry 3• Introduction of P&P Machinery Industry 7• Technologies of Domestic Pulping Equipment 9• Pulping Components and Systems to be Developed 14• Technologies of Domestic Paper Machinery 17 Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed 20
Papermaking Components and Systems to be Developed • Paper-making Machine • Hydraulic headbox for the papermaking machine with speed above 600m/min • Device and related software for adjusting dilution water • Twin-wire former and forming technology • Shoe pressing roll, pressing felt or conveyor belt • Leading paper system, development of various types of blow box and devices for paper stability • Off-machine Coater • Equipment for high-speed automatic paper unwind and pick-up • Technology of coating weight control • On-machine Coater • Filming and sizing coater • Leading paper system • Auxiliary Machinery • High-speed synchronous cutter (rewinder) • High-speed wide winder • Soft calender18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 20
AppendicesAppendix I:Top 30 Papermaking Companies in 2010
7. Appendix I: Top 30 Paper Companies in 2010 (1/3) ProductionNo Company Name Website Qty (K Tons)1 Nine Dragons Paper (Holdings) Limited www.ndpaper.com 7.280,002 Lee & Man Paper Manufacturing Limited www.leemanpaper.com 3.670,003 Shandong Chenming Paper Group Co., Ltd. www.chenmingpaper.com 3.273,504 China Paper Corporation www.chinapaper.com.cn 2.448,705 Gold East Paper (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. (APP) www.goldeastpaper.com.cn 2.310,006 Shandong Sun Paper Co., Ltd. www.sunpapergroup.com 2.240,00 www.huataipaper.com7 Shandong Huatai Paper Co., Ltd. 1.640,00 www.huatai.com8 Ningbo Zhonghua Paper Industry Co., Ltd. (APP) www.zhonghua-paper.com 1.487,409 MCC Paper Group Co., Ltd. www.mccpapergroup.com 1.385,0010 Shandong Bohui Paper Industry Co., Ltd. www.bohui.nwt 1.001,30 18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 22
Appendix I: Top 30 Paper Companies in 2010 (2/3) ProductionNo Company Name Website Qty (M Tons)11 Anhui Shanying Paper Co., Ltd. www.shanyingpaper.com 925,7012 Zhejiang Jingxing Paper Co., Ltd. www.zjjxjt.com 854,1013 Henan Yinge Industrial Investment Co., Ltd. www.yinge.cn 839,60 UPM—Kymmene (Changshu) Paper Industry Co.,14 www.upm.com 810,30 Ltd.15 Shandong Tralin Paper Co., Ltd. www.tralin.com 706,1016 Jianhui Paper Co., Ltd. N/A 692,0017 Zhejiang JiAn Paper Packet Co. Ltd. www.taison.cn 673,10 China Sunshine Paper Holdings Company18 www.sunshinepaper.com.cn 647,00 Limited Gold Huasheng Paper (Suzhou Industrial Park)19 www.goldhs.com.cn 620,20 Co., Ltd. (APP) www.yuexiu.com20 Guangzhou Paper Group Co., Ltd. 612,70 www.gzpaper.com.cn 18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 23
Appendix I: Top 30 Paper Companies in 2010 (3/3) ProductionNo Company Name Website Qty (M Tons)21 Xinxiang Xinya Paper Group Co., Ltd. www.xinyapaper.cn 582,0022 Zhejiang Longchen Paper Co., Ltd. www.longchenpaper.com 581,0023 Shandong Guihe Paper Industry Group Co., Ltd. www.guihexx.net 540,2024 Wuxi Longchen Paper Co., Ltd. www.longchenpaper.com 519,8025 Shandong Huajin Group Co., Ltd. www.huajinpaper.com 508,1026 Fujian Jinjiang Youlanfa Paper Co., Ltd. www.youlanfa.com 503,00 ND Paper acquired 78,13%27 Hebei Yongxin Paper Industry Co., Ltd. 499,90 shares28 Henan Longyuan Paper Industry Co., Ltd. www.hnlyzy.com 497,00 Jiangsu Changfeng Science and Technology29 www.chamfor.com 440,60 Group30 Shanghai Zhonglong Paper Co., Ltd. www.shclc.com.cn 425,30 (Source: China Paper Association) 18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 24
AppendicesAppendix II:Major manufactures for pulp and paper machinery
Appendix II: Major manufactures for pulp and paper machinery (1/3)No Company Name Website Main Products China National Light Industry Paper Machinery Group Pulping and papermaking equipments,1 www.xianpm.com Corporation / 中国轻机造纸机械 machinery, production line, devices and parts. 集团公司 Fujian Light Industry Machinery Pulping machine, cleaner, pressure screen,2 & Equipment Co., Ltd. / 福建轻 www.fjqj.com pulp washer & thickener, deinking equipment, 工机械厂 DDR, disperser etc. 2800/600 tissue machine, 4800/600 Jiaozuo Chongyi Light Industry corrugated paper machine, 3520/600 fine3 Machinery Co. Ltd. / 焦作市崇义 www.cyqg.com paper machine, kraft liner paper machine, 轻工机械有限公司 reel machine, re-winder, rollers and dryers (0.5Mpa,0.8Mpa). Jiangsu Huadong Paper http://kszlzz.com/ High-speed papermaking machine with max.4 Machinery Co., Ltd. / 江苏华东 (Only in Chinese) width of 8 m and max. speed to 1500m/min 造纸机械有限公司 Leshan Chengfa Paper Papermaking machine with width of 6000mm5 Machinery Co., Ltd. / 乐山成发 www.lscf.cn and speed of 1200mm/min 造纸机械有限责任公司 18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 26
Appendix II: Major manufactures for pulp and paper machinery (2/3)No Company Name Website Main Products Papermaking machine with widths of Qinyang First Paper www.qyyj.com.cn 2400mm, 3600mm, 4800mm and 5600mm 6 Machinery Co., Ltd. / 沁阳市 (Only in Chinese) and speed less than 800m/min. Cast dryer 第一造纸机械有限公司 with ɸ1500, ɸ1800, ɸ2000, ɸ2500 and ɸ3000. China National United The APMP pulping equipment and parts, Equipment Group Corp. such as conveyor screw, blow tank, multi- www.ayqj.com 7 Anyang Machinery Factory / disc vacuum filter, dry and wet preparation (Only in Chinese) 中国建材轻工机械集团公司 system, cooking tank 安阳机械厂 ZiboTaiding Paper-making www.zbtd.com.cn Controllable high super calender, soft 8 Machinery Co., Ltd. / 淄博泰 (Only in Chinese) calender and hard calender 鼎造纸机械有限公司 Multi-cylinder paper machine with width Taicang Hutai Change between 1880-6000mm, speed less than Paper Equipment Co., Ltd. / www.tchtce.cn 9 600m/min. 1500m/min high-speed re-winder, 太仓沪太嫦娥造纸设备有限 (Only in Chinese) reel machine, calender, cast dryer of Φ1250- 公司 3680mm and alloy dryer18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 27
Appendix II: Major manufactures for pulp and paper machinery (3/3)No Company Name Website Main Products Shandong Zhucheng Jinridong Papermaking machine for tissue paper, fine Paper Making Machine Co., paper, cardboard; spiral washing machine;10 www.ridong.com Ltd. /山东省诸城市金日东造纸 waste paper deinking equipment and so on. 机械有限公司 Hydraulic dilution controlled headbox, film Henan Dazhi Papermaking press coater, soft nip calender, floatation air Equipment & Engineering Co., www.dazhipaper.c11 dryer, air turn, high- speed re-winder, web Ltd. / 河南大指造纸装备集成工 om stabilizer, felt cleaner, automatic slitter re- 程有限公司 winder etc. 3600mm, 4400mm, 4800mm papermaking Xuchang Zhongya Paper machine for cardboard and corrugated www.xczysb.com12 Equipment Co., Ltd. / 许昌中亚 paper. 2730mm papermaking machine for (Only in Chinese) 造纸设备有限公司 fine paper. Cushion headbox, Φ1,5m pressing roll18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 28
AppendicesAppendix III:Encouraged Imports of P&P Technologies and Products
9. Appendix III: Encouraged Imports of P&P Technologies and Products (1/2) A. Encouraged Imports of Advanced P&P Technologies No Technology Name Advanced production technology of paper machinery with width of 6 meters orA99 above and speed of 1.200 m/minA100 Design and manufacturing technology for high-speed precision tablet paper cutter Manufacturing technology for APMP high yield pulp production line with annualA101 production capacity of more than 150,000 tonsA102 Manufacturing technology of chlorine-free bleached pulp equipmentA103 Manufacturing technology of efficient alkali recovery equipment18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 30
Appendix III: Encouraged Imports of P&P Technologies and Products (2/2) B. Encouraged Imports of Important P&P ProductsNo HS Code Product NameB70 84391000 Pulping machines: chemical pulp production equipment with annual production capacity more than 300.000 tons; chemical and mechanical pulp production equipment with annual production capacity more than 100.000 tonsB71 84392000 Pulp machine: width ≥ 3.500mm , working speed ≥ 300m/minB72 84392000 Papermaking machine: width ≥ 5.000mm, working speed ≥ 800m/min 84393000B73 84392000 liner board production machine with annual production capacity more than 300.000 tonsB74 84414000 Pulp, paper or paperboard molding machineryB76 84411000 High-speed precision tablet cutter: width 1.650-2.800mm, the maximum operating speed of 350m/min, cutting accuracy of ± 0.5mmB77 Cutter cross-section of high-speed precision flat-panel system: width 1.650-2.800mm, the maximum operating speed 350m/min, maximum cutting load 1.000g/m2B81 844130 Corrugated board production equipment: speed> 140m/min, board width> 2,2m, more 844140 than seven layers 844180 (Source: Catalogue for Encouraged Imports of Technologies and Products (Edition 2011) 18/04/2012 Copyright @ Finpro Shanghai 31