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Selecting Drought Tolerant Plants For Your Landscape - Richmond, Kentucky


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Selecting Drought Tolerant Plants For Your Landscape - Richmond, Kentucky

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Selecting Drought Tolerant Plants For Your Landscape - Richmond, Kentucky

  1. 1. Selecting Drought Tolerant Plants For Your Landscape (The bloom of the Kentucky Coffee Tree.) Richmond Tree Advisory Board “The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn.” Ralph Waldo Emerson
  2. 2. Why drought resistant plants?It is important to incorporate drought resistant plant species in your landscape. These plants willreduce water consumption and add some diversity to your design.Typically, when we think of plants for dry sites, we think of cacti and succulents. These arenot hardy here in Kentucky. There is a wide variety of plants that will do quite well in ourKentucky gardens.When designing and planting your landscape it is always good to get sound, expert advice. Goto a reputable nursery to purchase your plants and get new ideas for combining plants. How to get your plants established:Remember that no plant is drought tolerant until it is established in your landscape. Establishmetake a few months or many years depending on the plant type. Large ball and burlap trees may ta1 year to establish for every inch of caliper (trunk diameter at 6” above root ball). For example, acaliper tree will take about 3 years to establish in the site. An herbaceous perennial, however, maonly 6 months to a year.During this establishment period, correct watering is crucial to a healthy plant and a thriving landIn most cases, water woody plants once per week during dry periods. Use methods that deliver wslowly and deeply which minimizes evaporation and runoff, for example a soaker hose. Use a raibarrel throughout the year to collect water for these dry periods.Use mulches properly, a 2-3” saucer around trees and shrubs and 1-2” around perennials andThis keeps soil moist and reduces weeds.Finally, make sure that you group plants together based on their ultimate water requirements.combine species such as juniper with azalea. Junipers prefer full sun and are drought tolerantwhile azaleas prefer moist, well-drained soil in lightly shaded areas.Assess your landscape and learn the various microclimates, the climate in a small area. It maunique qualities, such as low wind, full shade and moist soils. Choose plants that will thrive imicroclimate in your landscape. What plants are best for Richmond and Madison County?The following is a list of some drought tolerant species that will do well in our Kentucky landscapes.This is not a complete list, but should get you started. As weather patterns change, selecting droughttolerant plants could mean the difference between well-stocked and barren landscapes.
  3. 3. PERENNIALS: Elymus glauca, Blue Lyme Grass Origanum spp., OreganoAchillea spp., Yarrow Eriogonum umbellatum, Sulfur Plant Penstemon caeapitosus, Mat PenstemonAethionema spp., Stonecress Eryngium spp., Sea-Holly Ratibida columnifera, Prairie ConeflowerAlcea rugosa, Hollyhock Eupatorium spp., Joe-Pye-Weed Rudbeckia fulgida, cultivars (i.e. Goldstrum)Alyssum montanum, Alyssum Euphorbia spp., Spurge Ruta graveolens, RueAmsonia jonesii, Amsonia Festuca spp., Fescue Salvia spp., SageAntennaria spp., Pussytoes Gaillardia spp., Blanket Flower Santolina spp., Lavender-CottonAnthemis spp., Camomile Guara lindheimeri, Guara Scutellaria spp., ScullcapArmeria spp., Thrift Goniolimon tataricum, Tatarian Statice Sedum spp., StonecropArtemisia spp., Wormwood Sempervivum spp., Hens-and-Chick Helianthemum nummularium, Common SunroseAsclepias tuberosa, Butterfly Milkweed Silene frivaldskyana, CampionAster divaricatus, Aster Solidago spp., Goldenrod Helictotrichon sempervirens, Blue Oat GrassBaptistia australis, False Indigo Hypericum cerastiodes, St.-Johns-Wort Stachys spp., Lambs EarsBelamcanda chinensis, Blackberry-lily Hyssopus officinalis, Hyssop Symphytum spp., ComfreyCampanula poscharskyana, Serbian Bellflower Knautia spp., Pincushion Flower Thymus spp., ThymeCentaurea spp., Bachelors Button Lavandula spp., Lavender Verbascum thapsus, MulleinCerastium tomentosum, Snow-in-Summer Liatris spp., Gay-Feather Verbena bipinnatifida, Dakota VerbenaComtonia peregrina, Sweetfern Linaria spp., Toadflax Waldsteinia ternata, Barren-StrawberryCoreopsis verticillata, Tickseed Nepeta cataria, Catnip Yucca spp., Adams NeedleDracocephalum spp., DragonheadEchinacea purpurea, Coneflower SHRUB SPECIES:TREE SPECIES: ANNUALS: Acanthopanax sieboldiana, Five-Leaved AraliaAcer campestre, Hedge Maple Cosmos bipinnatus, Cosmos Amorpha canescens, Lead PlantA. ginnala, Amur Maple Gaillardia pulchella, Blanket Flower Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, BearberryBetula populifolia, Gray Birch Gazania rigens, Treasure Flower Berberis thunbergii, Japanese BarberryCarya glabra, Pignut Hickory Gomphrena globosa, Globe Amaranth Buddleia alternifolia, Butterfly BushCeltis occidentalis, Hackberry Helichrysum bracteatum, Strawflower Caragana arborescens, Pea shrubCrategus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn Helipterum roseum, Strawflower Caryopteris x clandonensis, Hybrid BluebeardGleditsia triacanthos v. inermis, Thornless Ipomoea spp., Morning-Glory Chaenomeles spp., Flowering Quince Honey Locust Portulaca grandiflora, Rock-Rose Cotoneaster spp., CotoneasterGymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffee Tree Tagetes spp. and vars., Marigold Genista spp., WoadwaxenJuniperus spp., Juniper Tropaeolum majus, Nasturtium Ligustrum spp., PrivetMaclura pomifera, Osage Orange Zinnia spp. and vars., Zinnia Myrica pensylvanica, BayberryPinus banksiana, Jack Pine Perovskia spp., Russian SagePrunus besseyi, Plum Physocarpus opulifolius, Nine-BarkQuercus macrocarpa, Bur Oak Potentilla spp., CinquefoilQ. prinus, Chestnut Oak Rhus spp., SumacRobinia pseudoacacia, Locust Rosa rugosa, Hedge Rose Tamarix spp., Tamarix Vaccinum pallidum, Dry-Land Blueberry Viburnum lentago, Nannyberry