CAL MARINE                 W O R L D   P O W E R   &   W A T E RCAL MARINE LIMITED   BUSINESS PLAN                        ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan                          OUR GOALTo be the biggest wholesale supplier of renewable ener...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan                         TABLE OF CONTENTSOUR GOAL.........................................
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan                        SECTION 1: WIND POWER1. INTRODUCTION – VAST POTENTIAL OFFSHORETh...
CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanIn the earliest days of development, the CAL Marine Calmtec seagoing generators wererevi...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Planto CAL Marine). Also Toyota Cars has purchased Tomen the largest wind turbinedevelopers ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan4. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTGrumman Aerospace pioneered wind tunnel work in the seventies, ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5. UNIQUE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALOne problem encountered during the development of the ori...
CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanThe major advantage of HT Ferro for CAL Marine, apart from its superb strengthqualities,...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan8. PERFORMANCEThe graph on the next page shows the difference in performance between the...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Planwithout the need to realign the unit into the wind direction. So the Calmtec canaccommod...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Planmachine’s 25 metre diameter support column to pre-placed foundation piles in theseabed.b...
CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanMiles P. Fox: Director of Project ManagementMiles led the development of the HT Ferro Di...
CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanŸ     Less aerodynamic, current turbulence.Ÿ     Better component life due to less fatig...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan14. COST OF ENERGY FOR THE CALMTECa. Cost of Energy Comparisons – Present and FutureOffs...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan Total to Date                   2003      2005     2009      2010       2020 TOTAL EU P...
CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanŸ   Specifically designed as seagoing generators, Calmtec machines are ideal for the    ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan21. ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS   HT Ferro Engineer: Dr Robert C. K. Alexander B.E. (Hon.), ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan                              SECTION 2: WATER22. INTRODUCTION                          ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Planexplode upon us unless aroused citizens... demand of their leadership, actions reflectin...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Planalso anticipated in Europe. The expectations of renewable energy-based equipment arehigh...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan           o Easy erection and maintenance on site.           o Optimal system protectio...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan28. APPENDIX  1. Floating Design schematic (costed model).  2. The Prototype in New Zeal...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan1. Floating Design schematic  Robert Alexander & Associates Consulting Engineers (Auckla...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan2. The Prototype in New Zealand  The 7.3 metre dia prototype, the world’s first full siz...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan        3. CAL Marine Manufacturing Facility                        General Layout Showi...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan4. General Project Plan                          26
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (i)                                  CAL MARINE      ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5a. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (ii)                                   CAL MARINE   ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5b. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (iii)       Wholesale                               ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan6. Wholesale Power Supply Order – Groupe Eoulee (Ivory Coast)                           ...
CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan7. Media coverage of the meeting with the President of Cote d’Ivoire.The President of Co...
8. Letter from the Office of the President of Cote dIvoire.                                         32
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cal marine ltd. business plan scam ?- april 2008

777 views

Published on

This document was created to entice investors into a snare - the words Nigerian Scam ring a bell - Investors Beware it screams....scam, fraud all come to mind....

Search for John Cutten Fraudster....He was sentenced to 5 years 3 months in jail for fraud in 2012!!!!

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • PAUL, Dennis John FOX TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED (1746751)
    Director: Appointed 10 Apr 2007 Apt 4, 12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland
    PAUL, Dennis John CLEARQUEST INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (700242) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 12 Oct 1995 Suite 23, Level 3, Albert Plaza, 87-89 Albert Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John STARDUST HOLDINGS LIMITED (689918) (Struck off)
    Ceased Director: Resigned 01 Aug 1996 26 Richmond Ave, Northcote, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CONSTRUCTION ADVANCED LIMITED (1020506)
    Director: Appointed 01 Sep 2004 Apt 4, 12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CAL MARINE LIMITED (1472220)
    Director: Appointed 23 Dec 2003 Flat 4, 12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, North Shore City, 0627, New Zealand

    PAUL, Dennis John CLASSIC MUSIC LIMITED (593826) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 28 Jul 1995 F3, 36 Customs St, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John AKARANA PRODUCTIONS LIMITED (2123647)
    Director: Appointed 23 Apr 2008 4/12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John INTERNATIONAL STAGE INVESTMENTS LIMITED (663740) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 12 Jul 1995 Suite 2, F3, 36 Customs Street, Auckland


    PAUL, Dennis John M T C (NEW ZEALAND) LIMITED (656539) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 06 Dec 1994 36 Customs Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John NEW ZEALAND TRADELINK NETWORK LIMITED (456981) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 20 Aug 1993 Australis House, Custom Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John AKARANA PRODUCTIONS LIMITED (2123647)
    Shareholder: 50% (Individually held) 4/12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John WINDSOR RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (413627) (Struck off)
    Ceased Director: Resigned 17 Jul 1992 Flat 2/24 Shackleton St, Mt Eden, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John WILSHIRE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE LIMITED (507239) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 20 May 1991 2/24 Shackleton St, Mt Eden, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John M T C (NEW ZEALAND) LIMITED (656539) (Struck off)
    Shareholder: 50% (Individually held) Suite 2, 36 Customs Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John TELEMART (NZ) LIMITED (670242) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 08 Mar 1995 Suite 2, 3rd Floor, Customs Street East, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CONSUMER EXCHANGE LIMITED (806788) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 26 Apr 1996 7a, 77 Albert Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CASTILLA INVESTMENTS LIMITED (812230) (Struck off)
    Director: Appointed 29 May 1996 7a, 77 Victoria Street, Auckland, 1010, New Zealand

    PAUL, Dennis John CONSTRUCTION ADVANCED NEW ZEALAND LIMITED (1136858)
    Director: Appointed 01 Sep 2004 Apt 4, 12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CAL MARINE LIMITED (1472220)
    Shareholder: 51% (Individually held) Apt 4, 12 Belle Vue Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland, New Zealand


    PAUL, Dennis John CLASSIC MUSIC LIMITED (593826) (Struck off)
    Shareholder: 1000 shares (Individually held) F3 36 Customs St, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John TELEMART (NZ) LIMITED (670242) (Struck off)
    Shareholder: 33% (Individually held) Suite 2, 3rd Floor, 36 Customs Street East, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CONSUMER EXCHANGE LIMITED (806788) (Struck off)
    Shareholder: 100% (Individually held) 7a, 77 Albert Street, Auckland

    PAUL, Dennis John CONSTRUCTION ADVANCED LIMITED (1020506)
    Shareholder: 51% (Individually held) 4/12 Bell View Avenue, Northcote Point, Auckland, New Zealand

    PAUL, Dennis John FOX TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED (1746751)
    Shareholder: 51% (Individually held) 4/12 Bell Vue, Avenue, Northcote, Auckland, New Zealand

    PAUL, Dennis John CLEARQUEST INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (700242) (Struck off)
    Shareholder: >99% (Individually held) Suite 23, Level 3, Albert Plaza, 87-89 Albert Street, Auckland

    BRESLIN, Dennis John Paul MARDEN MOTOR GROUP LIMITED (842747)
    Ceased Director: Resigned 25 Jul 2003 9 Garden Terrace, Devonport, Auckland
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
777
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cal marine ltd. business plan scam ?- april 2008

  1. 1. CAL MARINE W O R L D P O W E R & W A T E RCAL MARINE LIMITED BUSINESS PLAN APRIL 2008 This Business Plan is confidential and may not be disclosed or copied without the written consent of CAL Marine Limited
  2. 2. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan OUR GOALTo be the biggest wholesale supplier of renewable energy and potable water in the world. OUR CONTRIBUTIONThe world’s best, renewable energy generators in floating and seabed foundation models, and desalination plants, produced to exacting quality and provided free of charge. OUR STRATEGY Wholesale bulk supply of power and potable water to national utilities operators. CAL MARINE LIMITED PO Box: 34-294 Birkenhead, Auckland, New Zealand. Ph: +64 9 480 4567, Fax: +64 9 480 4547 1
  3. 3. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan TABLE OF CONTENTSOUR GOAL...................................................................................................................................1OUR CONTRIBUTION................................................................................................................1OUR STRATEGY.........................................................................................................................1TABLE OF CONTENTS ..............................................................................................................2SECTION 1: WIND POWER ...............................................................................................31. INTRODUCTION – VAST POTENTIAL OFFSHORE ..........................................................32. BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND OPPORTUNITY............................................................43. THE “DIFFUSER” DIFFERENCE ...........................................................................................54. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT..........................................................................................65. UNIQUE CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL...............................................................................76. MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY LICENSE .................................................................................87. COMPETIVE DESIGN ADVANTAGE...................................................................................88. PERFORMANCE......................................................................................................................9 a. Less Noise Effects with Calmtec ..........................................................................................9 b. Calmtec “Dampens” Wind Gusts .........................................................................................9 c. Insurance.............................................................................................................................109. MANUFACTURE AND DELIVERY ....................................................................................10 a. Siting the machines.............................................................................................................10 b. Production Rollout..............................................................................................................1110. KEY PERSONNEL ...............................................................................................................1111. OFFSHORE WIND FARMING: CURRENT CHALLENGES............................................1212. OFFSHORE WIND & WATER ENERGY: THE BENEFITS .............................................1213. GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS AND CARBON CREDITS .......................1314. COST OF ENERGY FOR THE CALMTEC ........................................................................14 a. Cost of Energy Comparisons – Present and Future ............................................................1415. ELECTRICITY SELLING PRICES .....................................................................................14 a. United Kingdom Market.....................................................................................................14 b. European Market ................................................................................................................14 c. CAL Marine........................................................................................................................1416. EU OFFSHORE MARKET AND MARKET SHARE .........................................................1417. TRADITIONAL WIND FARM DEVELOPMENT..............................................................1518. CAL MARINE – A VERY DIFFERENT BUSINESS MODEL ..........................................1519. CAL MARINE – WHOLESALE SUPPLIER.......................................................................1520. REVENUE SUMMARY – POWER .....................................................................................1621. ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS ......................................................................................17SECTION 2: WATER...........................................................................................................1822. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................1823. THE MARKET......................................................................................................................1924. THE PROCESS .....................................................................................................................2025. THE SYSTEM.......................................................................................................................2026. BENEFITS OF THE ENERCON SYSTEM .........................................................................2027. REVENUE SUMMARY – WATER.....................................................................................2128. APPENDIX ...........................................................................................................................22 2
  4. 4. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan SECTION 1: WIND POWER1. INTRODUCTION – VAST POTENTIAL OFFSHOREThe wind turbine market has been heading offshore for several years now. According torecent publications on the wind energy industry, the push for offshore placement of windturbines is poised for dramatic growth. The environment has now become a far moreimportant political issue for the future of the planet. With the advent of Kyoto and theeconomic boom of carbon credits, “green” technology has now taken on a far greaterpriority for governments and industry alike.The South England near-coastline property rights have already been purchased by thelarge Oil Companies in order to reserve the near offshore coast for the future expansionof wind turbines.The distant vista of wind turbines reduces their apparent size to inches rather thanonshore monsters. Any noise transmitted by the turbines is lost at sea. CAL Marine’s“Calmtec” offshore turbine generators, designed to float while anchored to the seabed,are the only large (10 megawatt) wind generators which can float. They can also besupported in shallower waters on a seabed foundation.Denmark, Germany, Spain and the USA are the largest wind power nations in the world,accounting for more than 80 per cent of total installed wind power capacity. “There is ashortage of good land wind farm sites in Denmark and northern Germany. Onshoregrowth is deteriorating and offshore farms are a natural way out,” said Jos Beurskens,vice president for the European Wind Association. The potential off all Europeanoffshore markets estimated by 2020 at 50,000 megawatts is approximately $US100billion.This relates to southern Europe particularly in the Mediterranean, where the water is toodeep for conventional foundation turbines, making conventional offshore projects tooexpensive. Calmtec offshore floating semi-submersible models however would be totallyin their element in such deep water.The Queen of England, in a speech to the British Government, as long ago as November2003, directed the wind down and closure of Nuclear Power Plants in favour of OffshoreWind Turbines and the British Government has increased the renewable energy from10% of all electrical energy produced in the United Kingdom to 15% in 2010 and plansto raise the contribution to 20% by 2020. Also the legislation is being enacted to allowplacement of turbines beyond the 12 nautical mile limit where red tape is far less andbureaucracy cannot create new regulation.Shell International Petroleum in London (the largest player in controlling England’scoastal offshore wind turbine patch), and which also forecast the oil shocks of the 1970’s,predicts that renewable power will dominate the world energy production by 2050. Windenergy systems are viewed as “renewable” energy sources (Feeding a Power HungryWorld, Windpower Monthly, January 1996). 3
  5. 5. CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanIn the earliest days of development, the CAL Marine Calmtec seagoing generators werereviewed by a spokesman of a Japanese Energy Department. This was due to the unstablenature of the onshore power stations especially the Nuclear Power Pants constructed on(earthquake) fault lines. It has been determined that Japan would need 12,000MW sitedoffshore to secure their network in the case of a sizable earthquake endangering theNuclear grid.A real example of potentials for offshore wind turbines in Japan is given in a paper titled:“Potential for Floating Offshore Wind Energy in Japanese Waters” (by A. R.Henderson; R. Leutz; T. Fujii, May 26th to 31st 2002). The paper identifies the straightsbetween Honshu and Hokkaido, where 400 Calmtec 20MW machines could be sited in50m of water (Sea-Bed mounted) with 8.31m/sec mean average wind-speed; and where738 Calmtec machines (Floating) in 200m depth with 8.35 m/sec mean average windspeed, together producing a total of 41.5 TW-h [terawatt-hours] (i.e. 41.5 millionmegawatt-hours) from 14,750 MW.The potentials for all Japanese offshore turbines will exceed 82,000 megawatts. The keyto this market requires floating turbines (which only CAL marine has), as the Japaneseoffshore waters are very deep.Of course there is a huge worldwide push for alternative energy almost everywhere sothe world is literally our oyster, as only CAL Marine will be geared up to mass producehigh output turbines in large quantities to catch up with the burgeoning global demand.2. BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND OPPORTUNITYThe world wide market for offshore wind turbines is set to dramatically increase. Thewind turbine industry has been through a growth phase that has taken it from a fewmegawatts in the late 1960’s to nearly 100,000MW in the 21st Century. The Global WindEnergy Council confirmed its earlier estimate that over 20,000 MW of wind power wasinstalled in 2007, led by the US, China and Spain, bringing world-wide installed capacityto 94,123 MW(1). This is an increase of 31% compared with the 2006 market, andrepresents an overall increase in global installed capacity of about 27%.Further more; it is still increasing rapidly as the fastest growing energy system. Denmarkand Germany are running short of suitable land and are now making plans to commitmajor resources to site turbines offshore. Planned increases in offshore wind turbines aresituated from Japan to China to Europe and the USA.(1) Global Wind Energy Council, Brussels, 6 February 2008.In the push to commit turbines to market on such a scale has seen growth in the mainindustry suppliers to the market. The leading companies are all European based. AlsoJapan is making serious plans to enter offshore wind turbines. Japan geographically hasthe straights between Hokkaido Island and Honshu Island and the whole of the EastCoast from Hokkaido down the complete East Coast for offshore wind potential.The largest construction company in Japan, Kashime Construction Company, have beenselected to manufacture and install offshore wind turbine columns in high strengthconcrete (though it is inferior to “HT Ferro” – see later description of this material unique 4
  6. 6. CAL Marine Limited - Business Planto CAL Marine). Also Toyota Cars has purchased Tomen the largest wind turbinedevelopers in Japan. Certainly the big players are assembling in Japan and gaining theearly ground for a vast offshore wind generation future.In the United Kingdom the most recent statistics show that the ratio of offshore turbinesto land based turbines is 49%. For every MW approved onshore there is almost a MWapproved offshore. The actual MW approved for all UK turbines in the first quarter of2003, and constructed over two years is 1,332MW, of which 653 MW is offshore. This isplanned to accelerate throughout the next 20 years.The reason for UK offshore performance wind turbines is based on the direct economicadvantage of increased Capacity Factor. The capacity factor (CF) is a way of determiningthe actual electrical output of a wind turbine, given the intermittent nature of theresource, the “windiness” of the site and the capabilities of the turbine itself. Thecapacity factor of a wind power plant can be calculated by dividing the energy generatedon an annual basis by the plant capacity, multiplied by the number of hours in a year.Land based wind turbines average capacity factor across the UK is 30%. Given the moreconstant winds at sea, the average offshore Capacity Factor is 35%.However by being able to produce power from both wind and water through its uniquedesign, the Calmtec machines are approximately ten times as efficient as its regular sizedcompetitors, with a more constant energy supply.3. THE “DIFFUSER” DIFFERENCEThe CAL Marine generating turbine is generically referred to as a “Diffuser AugmentedTurbine”, however the CAL Marine design is vastly superior and more advanced thanother “Diffuser” designs and is commercially known as “Calmtec”. Calmtec Air Flow The Diffuser is an aerodynamic device, essentially a “shroud” around the turbine rotor blades, which creates a low-pressure region or “suction effect” downstream of the turbine. This “suction effect” Turbin e effectively accelerates the ambient wind speed at Wind “Bare” Tu rbine Air Flo w the rotor. By comparison, conventional (bare) wind turbines have only around 60% at best of the ambient wind speed at the rotor. The Diffuser Diff user significantly increases the power density of the wind. This wind density increase results inaugmented power extraction at around 3-4 times the efficiency of a bare turbine. Muchtesting and development has been done to improve the original Diffuser models.The key to the economics of the Calmtec Diffuser design lies in its compact sizecompared to its output. The biggest conventional wind turbine to date produces amaximum of only 6-7MW from a massive 126 metre diameter turbine. The Calmtecwind generator however produces a huge 10MW from a single 86 metre diameterturbine, that’s 30% more power from 70% of the size! 5
  7. 7. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan4. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTGrumman Aerospace pioneered wind tunnel work in the seventies, for augmenting theperformance of wind turbines using a Diffuser.Many millions of dollars have been committed over the years to the final development ofCalmtec wind turbines from the initial Grumman work including extensive computermodelling and wind tunnel work at the University of Auckland. Culminating in the late1990’s with the developing and building the world’s first full scale engineered 7.3 metrediameter Diffuser prototype wind turbine, built anywhere. (See Appendix 3).Another unique feature of this prototype was that the complex Diffuser shape wasconstructed using a material called “HT Ferro”, an advanced and unique ferrocementmaterial developed in New Zealand. (See Section 5. Unique Construction Material)This enables CAL Marine to manufacture new innovative power machines capable ofgenerating cheap electricity from two constantly renewable clean energy sources – thewind and the current/tidal waters of the sea.The Calmtec design is well suited as an offshore turbine. Existing (bare rotor) designshave some disadvantages at sea, which are not applicable to Calmtec machines, the mainone being siting in suitably shallow waters which also satisfy the high wind parametersrequired.The highest quantity and consistency of wind and water energy is available out at sea.Sufficient wind energy exists within 10 km of the coastline to exceed the total electricalenergy requirements of many islands or coastal nations – this includes Denmark, Britain,Ireland, Germany, Portugal, Japan, China, Australia and New Zealand. Many large citiesaround the world are situated near significant offshore wind resources. Many of thesecountries, particularly in Europe, have aggressive targets for implementation of windpower. These can only be met with significant offshore installations.As land based wind turbine installations have increased in many countries, so have thedifficulties of planning approvals, land availability and the enormous cost. This isparticularly an issue in Europe, with resistance to large developer funded projects and apreference for small projects having some community ownership. 6
  8. 8. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5. UNIQUE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALOne problem encountered during the development of the original Diffuser AugmentedWind Turbine design by the Grumman Aerospace team, was the economics of suitablematerials to construct such machines in a commercially viable size. Aluminium, fibre-glass, steel, and traditional ferrocement were all evaluated and costed. The materialwhich proved to be most cost-effective was ferrocement. However the limitation oftraditional ferrocement restricted the size. Such machines were not consideredcommercially viable for the large scale energy production market. Consequently nonehave ever been built using any of these materials.In New Zealand a revolutionary product,known as “High Tensile, Pre-cast, WireReinforced Fibrous Ferro-Cement", orsimply “HT Ferro”, was developed byinternationally reputable structural engineerthe late Douglas Alexander of Alexanderand Associates (now his son, RobertAlexander and Associates). This materialhas proved vastly superior to traditionalferrocement with several times the flexuralstrength of mild steel plate (weight forweight), and requiring virtually nomaintenance.Robert Alexander and Associates have developed the HT Ferro material and constructiontechnology over a period of more than twenty years. This technology has already beenused in the construction of large LCV’s, seagoing barges, floating wharves and fishingvessels both domestically and internationally. Construction Advanced Limited (CAL)owns the world rights to this material technology.Interestingly, from the report by Dr. RobertAlexander, “A Preliminary Investigation ofthe Dynamic Wave Response of FloatingDAWT Concepts”, the one key factor ofHT Ferro is there is no real size limitationfor sea going Calmtec’s. (See Appendix 1).The nominal design strength of HT Ferrousing conventional mortar mix is 60 MPa,whereas typically conventional concrete(older than 28 days) can be only 30-40MPa.From actual testing it has been shown thatthe strength of HT Ferro after only 5 daysalready well exceeds this. The implicationof this for high volume production issignificant, as is means that newly producedHT Ferro components can be used muchsooner with the strength required. 7
  9. 9. CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanThe major advantage of HT Ferro for CAL Marine, apart from its superb strengthqualities, is that it is a “moulded” product – produced from precision steel moulds. Thisenables rapid production of extremely accurate components, which in turn equates totremendous savings in terms of time and cost when mass producing large complexshapes such as the Diffuser and other parts of the Calmtec machines.6. MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY LICENSECAL Marine Limited has the exclusive license to use HT Ferro technology for thisproduct from the world rights holders, Construction Advanced Limited. Without thisunique HT Ferro material, it would not be economical to manufacture the Calmtecmachines effectively.7. COMPETIVE DESIGN ADVANTAGEFor conventional “bare” offshore Wind Turbines the difficulty is for large power ratings.The installation of offshore wind turbines are planned up to 10 MW by 2010(2). Howeverthere are serious questions as to the feasibility of this size, as for conventional turbinedesigns this is directly related to the turbine blade diameter.(2) OPET Technology Paper “Towards multi-MW wind turbines” 2004.At 10MW, the blade diameter required for a conventional turbine would be 160m, butblade technology is presently stretched to the limits of material technology to achieve the126m required for the biggest turbine build to date - a 6-7MW machine. In addition thesemonsters have to be very specifically sited in high average wind sites offshore and inareas where space for siting is scarce, so that a big multi-megawatt machine will betterexploit the available wind resources.Calmtec machines have a natural advantage in the option of being able to float in theopen water, therefore with far greater flexibility in choosing the ideal locations, and dueto their smaller diameter necessary to generate a higher power rating than the far largerbare turbines, which are limited to being fixed to the seabed in the shallow coastalwaters. 8
  10. 10. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan8. PERFORMANCEThe graph on the next page shows the difference in performance between the Diffuseraugmented Calmtec wind machines and conventional “bare” wind turbines (this standardcurve is referred to as the “Betz” curve). Graph Showing Electrical Power Output Measured Against Wind Speed 12.0 Optimum maximum wind speed where CALMTEC can be slewed (turned) away from the wind. It will withstand much higher 10.0 wind speeds if desired. Betz (Conventional Wind Turbine) CALMTEC 10MW Electrical Power Output (MW) 8.0 6.0 4.0 Optimum Wind Speed Range 2.0 - - 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 Average Constant Wind Speed (m/s)Similar performance is obtained from the smaller Calmtec underwater tidal/currentmachines.a. Less Noise Effects with CalmtecTypical turbine rotor “tip speed” noise of conventional wind turbines extends radiallybeyond the tips, adding to the noise effect. Calmtec “tip speed” noise on the other hand,is broken up by the presence of the high density Diffuser which houses the turbine rotor.The Diffuser, like the rest of the Calmtec, is constructed from HT Ferro material which isvery dense. “Bare” turbines have no such noise barrier protection.In any case because the floating Calmtec’s can be many kilometres offshore the normalconsiderations of noise on land become irrelevant.b. Calmtec “Dampens” Wind GustsWind gusts are processed by the Calmtec’s Diffuser flow mechanism at a consistent rate.In other words, the Calmtec’s design allows it to “choke” wind gusts and as a result therotor’s resulting acceleration is moderated. This technique smoothes the drive trainoperation in gusty conditions.Also, the Diffuser has proven to be able to operate at peak efficiency with approachingwind directions altering up to 30 degrees either side of the centre line of the Diffuser, 9
  11. 11. CAL Marine Limited - Business Planwithout the need to realign the unit into the wind direction. So the Calmtec canaccommodate rapid or fluky wind shifts without any affect on the performance.In addition, in extreme wind conditions, the Calmtec Diffuser assembly and turbine canbe “slewed” around on its vertical axis so as to be side-on to the direction of the wind.This protects the turbine from direct exposure to the full force of the wind, with littlevelocity entering the turbine. Conventional turbines can not do this and so in extremelyhigh or gale force wind conditions are vulnerable to breakage, some times withdisastrous, even hazardous results if they are near populated areas.c. InsuranceInternational insurance underwriters have made preliminary assessments of the cost ofinsurance premiums for Calmtec. The premiums have worked out at one quarter of thecost of conventional turbines.9. MANUFACTURE AND DELIVERYThe Calmtec machines will be manufactured on a 100 hectare dockside factory site, witha 1,000 m wharf frontage and three huge 220m x 450m adjacent floating docks.Operating as a round the clock facility, the factory will consist of massive halls, 20metres high, to accommodate the hundreds of moulds, the equipment and sub-assemblyjigs required to manufacture the individual components and assemblies that make up thecomplete Calmtec machine in its various forms. Large gantry cranes will operate inunison progressing the build process down the factory, eventually moving the ever largersub-assemblies out and onto the floating docks where they come together to make thecomplete unit. The Camltec’s are built lying down on their back supported by hugejigging structures to ensure accuracy and speed of assembly. As the diffuser is completedfirst the turbine and associated generator components are fitted, while progress on thesupport column, floating cupola and ballast are completed.When finished the machines are fitted with flotation support collars that enable themachine to float horizontally. The floating dock will be submerged and the Calmtec unitwill be towed clear of the dock as a fully floating vessel.a. Siting the machinesBoth the floating and seabed foundation machines can be towed to their final destinationsingly or as a sea-train by ocean going tugs (also built from HT Ferro in the adjoiningTug factory).Standing the Calmtec machines upright to their vertical position is simply a matter ofdeflating the flotation collars supporting the very heavy keel ballast, the ballast cylinderwill slowly sink and the unit will become vertical. The only remaining tasks then beinganchoring to the seabed via heavy anchor chains and connecting the power cable to theunder-sea network. The seabed foundation models are delivered to the site as aboveutilising a detachable ballast so as to rotate the machine to the vertical and secure the 10
  12. 12. CAL Marine Limited - Business Planmachine’s 25 metre diameter support column to pre-placed foundation piles in theseabed.b. Production RolloutInitially, the plan is for three plants rolling out over 5 years, starting construction in thelast half of 2008. It is planned to set up the first manufacturing plant in Ivory Coast(which is strategically located to the markets of Africa and the Mediterranean). The nextin Asia and then South America. Then further expansion into Europe, with more plantsplanned around the world. The first plant commences production in three years, in 2011,reaching full production in 2013. The second plant will commence production beginning2012 and reach full production in 2014. The third plant will commence productionbeginning 2013, with full output by end of 2015. At full production, each plant willrequire approximately 20,000 employees, and be capable of producing one hundred andeighty (180) of the 20MW Calmtec units per annum (two every 3 working days). Onceall three plants are at full output, total production will be 540 units per annum.10. KEY PERSONNELCAL Marine Directors:Dennis J. Paul: President and Co-DirectorDennis has a lifetime of business experience in World markets and has originatednumerous successful business concepts, products and inventions. He is currently thefounder, owner and joint owner of a number of vital advanced technologies. His creationshave been accepted and marketed all over the world in large numbers.His Stacka Dispenser has been used in most of the world’s major airports, hotel andmotel chains, and top restaurants, including McDonald’s, worldwide.His early career included being a successful life insurance agent for Norwich Union andSales Supervisor for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.Dennis also owned a successful retail boutique lingerie business and operated one of thebusiest Entertainment Agencies in NZ. He toured shows featuring both local andoverseas acts and managed one of New Zealand’s most famous entertainers, Prince TuiTeka. He also produced New Zealand’s first Entertainment magazine, “WOTZON”.Apart from New Zealand, Dennis has worked and lived in the USA and Australia and hasbeen involved in some very successful marketing promotions including a science fictionbook promotion for world famous author, L. Ron Hubbard, in which a world sales recordwas broken. In Hollywood, California, Dennis provided many entertainers for theInternational market as well as US Casinos. As a valued promoter of the AmericanInventors League he helped many inventors to protect their creations and get them intothe market place. Dennis was listed in the 2006-2007 edition of America’s Who’s Whoof Outstanding Professionals.He is the President of both Construction Advanced Limited and CAL Marine Limited. 11
  13. 13. CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanMiles P. Fox: Director of Project ManagementMiles led the development of the HT Ferro Diffuser Systems. He has been working withthe Alexander Engineering team for a number of years and watched over the earlypioneering of the HT Ferro material.He supervised the installation of the production plant and selected and trained staff toassist in the manufacture of the 7.3 metre prototype wind generator and also managed theconstruction of the site works where the prototype was assembled. He also supervisedand managed the Consulting Engineers comprising the Engineering Team for both the7.3m and the 56m (3.5MW) machine. He was Technical Director of the developmentteam.He is a Director of Construction Advanced Limited and Director of Project Managementof CAL Marine Limited.11. OFFSHORE WIND FARMING: CURRENT CHALLENGESCurrent wind turbine designs pose many challenges when sited offshore:Ÿ Need to make the wind turbine structure and components marine corrosion-proof.Ÿ More expensive foundations on sea-bed which dramatically increases with depth, unless a floating design is utilised. Only CAL Marine’s Calmtec has this ability.Ÿ Dynamic design of sea-bed foundations of floating systems is critical.Ÿ More expensive cabling under the sea.Ÿ Higher operation & maintenance costs (except for CAL Marine’s Calmtec).Ÿ Potential for reduced availability due to longer call-out times for repairs.Ÿ Wind speeds lower at sea (but are more consistent) than hilly on-shore terrain.Ÿ Obstruction to shipping lanes (Calmtec’s can become navigation beacons to aid shipping).Ÿ A lower Horizontal Axis hub height necessary to reduce overturning moment. The Calmtec design is already low and the design is superior in resisting overturning moment.Ÿ Wind shade effects from land are possible – also diurnal land breeze if close to shore- line. Calmtec’ can be sited well offshore.Ÿ Offshoot application is forcing larger sizes (1.0MW & over) – these are less economical than medium size (500-800 kW) on land. (This favours the Calmtec).Ÿ Installation is more difficult & costly (but not with Calmtec).12. OFFSHORE WIND & WATER ENERGY: THE BENEFITSŸ Significant wind and water energy resources within short distances to land and close to population/industry centres worldwide.Ÿ Minimal environmental effects.Ÿ Easier planning consents. 12
  14. 14. CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanŸ Less aerodynamic, current turbulence.Ÿ Better component life due to less fatigue due to lower turbulence.Ÿ Less wind shear so lower hub height is more acceptable.Ÿ Higher wind speeds compared to flat onshore terrain.Ÿ No site roading costs.Ÿ No noise constraints – higher tip speeds, for higher blade efficiencies, are possible.Ÿ Simplified yaw system design possible with floating rig.Ÿ Significant investigations underway in Europe at present – scope for development funding through national or EC WEGA111 programme?Ÿ Stable steady supply from regular tidal/current movement.Ÿ Significant research on general offshore wind farms already carried out (UK, Denmark and Germany) and currently, e.g. ELKRAFT, Denmark current investigation into large-scale offshore wind farming.Ÿ Current research on floating concepts: o University College of London & Rutherford-Appleton Laboratories on Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Windfarm (MUFOW). o FLOAT project – Garrad Hassan & Partners/Technomare BMT. o Southampton University – late 80’s. o Eolomar project – ENEL & AIOM (Milan, Italy).13. GREENHOUSE EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS AND CARBONCREDITSUsing standard UK Industry calculations every unit of electricity generated by windturbines displaces a unit of electricity produced by a power station burning fossil fuel.This is a generally accepted fact used by many organisations including Governments intheir environmental calculations.Wind generated electricity is accommodated in the electrical supply system as part of“load following” that is, responding to the normal fluctuation in supply and demand. Ascoal-fired plant accounts for almost all load following in the UK (4), there are easilyquantifiable emissions reductions which can be made for wind powered generation.Using standard industry calculations, the deployment of each 20MW Calmtec woulddisplace 568 tonnes of sulphur dioxide and 170 tonnes of nitrogen oxides together withannual savings of over 75,000 tonnes of CO2(5). This translates into significant CarbonCredits. Credits are currently trading between €16.10 - €24.95 per Carbon CER (tonne ofCO2) (6). Typically 0.43 tonnes of CO2 is saved per MWh produced. So for 175,200MWh (20MW generator) annually, the Credits = 0.43 x 175,200 = 75,336 tonnes of CO2saved x €15.00 (being conservative) = €1,130,040 in Carbon Credits annually perCalmtec unit!(4) National Grid Seven Year Statement 2003, Demand and Electricity Requirements, figure 2.5 a, b, and c. )(5) Ofgem, ROC Register End User Guide (July 2003, Version 2.0), p7.(6) LEBA Carbon CER Index,, LEBA (London Energy Brokers’ Association); and EU ETS prices, NZCXTM - The New ZealandCarbon Exchange, 11/04/2008. 13
  15. 15. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan14. COST OF ENERGY FOR THE CALMTECa. Cost of Energy Comparisons – Present and FutureOffshore wind generators Cost of Energy (COE) comparisons in US cents/kilowatt-hour. Conventional Turbines (7) CALMTEC (8) Year (onshore) (8) 2007 9.90 2.55 2010 7.92 2.55 2020 6.66 2.30(7). References: i. April 2004 OPET Finland, VTT Processes in co-operation ESV, O.Oe. Energiesparverb and Austria UL. ii. University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovenia. iii. DULUS Ltd., UK, Wales, www.renewable-resources.com/dulas.(8). COE measured at the onshore bus bar.15. ELECTRICITY SELLING PRICESa. United Kingdom MarketThe current installed wind turbine electricity selling prices for onshore generators, fromthe British Wind Energy Association website (www.bwa.com/planning), is $US48.00 -57.622 per MWh. It has also been subsidised in the UK up to $US114.3 per MWh.b. European MarketThe European market has a similar price market for Offshore Wind Turbine electricitysales. Their prices have recently dropped for offshore installations $US48.00 - $57.62 perMWh.c. CAL MarineAs can be seen from above, the CAL Marine price of $US50.00 per MWh used forbudgeting purposes in the Cash Flow is a competitive average price. However, it is mostlikely that CAL Marine will be even more competitive and a significant force on theworld market, having adopted its unique strategy of machine manufacture and supply atno cost to the buyer of the power and/or water. (See Section 17. CAL Marine – A VeryDifferent Business Model).16. EU OFFSHORE MARKET AND MARKET SHAREThe table below shows the growth of the EU offshore market and the CAL MarineLimited contribution to the market. 14
  16. 16. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan Total to Date 2003 2005 2009 2010 2020 TOTAL EU Power Requirements 100 2,500 7,750 8,000 31,650 50,000 (MW) Power Produced 50 200 20,250 20,500 CALMTEC units (MW) CALM Market Share (%) 0.65 2.50 63.98 41.00 Market ($US billion) $41.0017. TRADITIONAL WIND FARM DEVELOPMENTThere is a time honoured grey area in the wind turbine industry. That is: who picks up thetab for supplying the electrical cables, transformers and shore connections. The turbineManufacturer typically ensures the wind turbines are delivered in a generation readystate to the site, installed and the commissioning completed in a cost effective and timelymanner.The wind farm Developer sources the location and buys the machines in order to sell theelectricity to Utilities Companies or Governments. Their component investment isgenerally to supply the inter-connection between the machine and the Utility provider.So there is a substantial capital investment (and a certain amount of risk) on the part ofthe Developer which will take some time to recover from the profits of the sales ofpower.18. CAL MARINE – A VERY DIFFERENT BUSINESS MODELCAL Marine however, is different. CAL Marine Limited is both manufacturer and windfarm developer! The company does not sell its Calmtec machines; only the wholesaleproducts produced (power and water). Therefore there is no large capital outlay for theUtilities Companies or Governments apart from the internal set up cost, the link up to thegrid, authorization of wind farm sites, legal costs and transportation of the machines fromthe manufacturing plant to the site. These are regular costs always incurred.Plus, with the huge efficiencies of design and economies of scale from CAL Marine’shigh volume production plants, it is expected that CAL Marine will be able tosubstantially undercut power prices supplied from conventional wind turbine farms.19. CAL MARINE – WHOLESALE SUPPLIERThe decision to become a wholesale supplier of energy and water, especially suited tooffshore seaborne generators, is the correct one for CAL Marine. The advantages can besummarised as follows: 15
  17. 17. CAL Marine Limited - Business PlanŸ Specifically designed as seagoing generators, Calmtec machines are ideal for the tough environment of the Ocean.Ÿ Calmtec’s are the only multi-MW turbines capable of floating. Floating Calmtec machines will need at least 200 metres depth of water to successfully operate in the open sea.Ÿ In shallower waters of less than 100 metres the Camltec’s will be sited on a more conventional seabed foundation.Ÿ By producing large output generators, CAL Marine does not need to produce huge volumes of machines per annum to be competitive and profitable.Ÿ The HT Ferro construction material was invented over 30 years ago for the marine environment - it is the natural habitat of this material.Ÿ Manufacturing near major markets of Europe, Asia and the Americas are logical for CAL Marine. The earnings potential is outstanding.Ÿ The production level selected will be capable of producing up to 180 Calmtec machines per annum from each fully operational plant.Ÿ The world market is huge, e.g.: the planned 50,000MW increase in the European wind power market alone – equating to 2,940MW per annum (or 147 Calmtec units).Ÿ Substantial profits due to smart application of advanced technologies in both design, materials, and a unique business model.20. REVENUE SUMMARY – POWERThe Company is projecting to achieve impressive growth in revenue and net earnings.2008 will be the Engineering development period with plant set-up and commissioningextending over 2009 and 2010. Production and product sales will commence in 2011.With the first plants based in the Mediterranean, Ivory Coast and Indonesia the targetmarket will be Europe, Africa, Japan and China. Italy has indicated a requirement of2,000MW and the Ivory Coast, along with other close proximity African countries,require at least 1,000MW to start. A Mitsubishi report outlines the Japanese Governmentand Business accords are united in promoting development of wind power generationwith the aim to install 5,000MW by 2014. It also goes on to say that the ministriesconcerned have begun to consider deregulation for Wind power generation in ports andharbours, state owned forests and parks. The natural expansion for multi-MW growthoffshore is 5,000MW which would, equate to 250 Calmtec machines.China has started in 2004 with a 300MW wind farm on an artificial Island off the Beijingcoast constructed specifically for the purpose. They have secured the European WindIndustry organisation to plan their offshore programme and are expected to enter themarket aggressively (as the island scenario shows). China has planned 4,000MWoffshore by 2010.The Sales and Financial data for electricity power production from the Calmtec wind andwater generators is contained in the separate 5 Year Cash Flow Excel file. 16
  18. 18. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan21. ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS HT Ferro Engineer: Dr Robert C. K. Alexander B.E. (Hon.), PhD. Principal of Robert Alexander and Associates Limited. World authority on and developer, together with his late father Douglas Alexander, of High Tensile, Pre-cast Fibrous Ferrocement (HT Ferro). The Calmtec Diffuser and Support Structures are all constructed in HT Ferro. Robert Alexander and Associates have been involved in the design and engineering of HT Ferro applications for over 25 years, principally for clients offshore. Structural Engineers: Dr. Barry Davidson BE, PhD of Compusoft Engineering Limited. Dr Davidson is a senior lecturer in the Department of Civil and Resource Engineering at the University of Auckland. He is responsible for courses in structural dynamics, earthquake engineering, structural analysis and structural reliability. Compusoft Engineering is responsible for nearly all the structural guidance and peer reviewing of major building projects in New Zealand. Mechanical Engineer: Mr. Tony Corkery of Corkery and Associates Limited. Mr. Corkery’s company handles the engineering and specifications of ultra heavy shifting and movement of machinery and items. He is also the foremost designer of specialised cranes and materials handling systems. Electrical Engineer: Professor John T. Boys. Head of Department, Department of Electrical Engineering. The University of Auckland. Wind Tunnel Engineers: Professor Dr. Richard Flay of Auckland University and Dr. Derek Phillips who completed his PhD on Calmtec field dynamics and Diffuser flow mechanisms. Wind Tunnel Facilities: Auckland University, Auckland, New Zealand.All the above participated in the various engineering aspects of the land based machines:the 7.3 metre prototype and the 54 metre, 3.5MW fully engineered design (not built). Dr.Robert Alexander engineered the HT Ferro 7.3 Prototype and also provided preliminaryreports on offshore design and feasibility of offshore floating designs of Camltecmachines.Miles Fox, Director of Project Management for CAL Marine, was also responsible forthe management of the assembled engineering team as well as management of themanufacturing and erection of the prototype. He will also undertake the management ofthe CAL Marine engineering through to inception. He will also undertake supervisionand first stage Management of the manufacturing facility and assembly facility.Other key roles will be undertaken by those chosen for their experience and reliability aswell as their competence. Three of them are: Ÿ Technical Director: John Cutten Ÿ Dr. Serguei Zavtrak Ÿ Richard Thompson 17
  19. 19. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan SECTION 2: WATER22. INTRODUCTION One of the most pressing problems our planet faces today is providing sufficient clean drinking water for the world’s growing population. The World Bank reports that 80 countries now have water shortages that threaten health and economies while 40 percent of the world, more than 2 billion people, have no access to clean water or sanitation. In this context, we cannot expect water conflicts toalways be amenably resolved.A prime cause of the global water concern is the ever-increasing world population.According to the World Bank, world-wide demand for water is doubling every 21 years,more in some regions. Current water supply systems cannot hope to keep pace withdemand.Also since 1900, there has been a six-fold increase in water use for only a two-foldincrease in population size. This reflects greater water usage associated with risingstandards of living. It also reflects potentially unsustainable levels of irrigatedagriculture. World population has reached six billion and United Nations projectionsindicate nine billion by 2050.Meanwhile many countries suffer accelerating desertification. Water quality isdeteriorating in many areas of the developing world as population increases and salinitycaused by industrial farming and over-extraction rises. About 95 percent of the worldscities still dump raw sewage into their waters.Some argue that a market approach to water management would help resolve thesituation by putting matters on a businesslike footing. They say such an approach wouldhelp mitigate the political and security tensions that exacerbate international affairs. Forexample, the Harvard Middle East Water Project wants to assign a value to water, ratherthan treat rivers and streams as some kind of free natural commodity, like air.Other strategies to confront the growing global water problem include slowingpopulation growth, reducing pollution, better management of present supply and demandand, of course, not to be overlooked, water conservation. As Sandra Postel writes in herbook, Last Oasis, "Doing more with less is the first and easiest step along the path towardwater security."Global water problems are attracting increasing attention, not just at the internationallevel, but also within the United States, in its popular press, in natural resource journalsand as the subject of books. Former Sen. Paul Simon from Illinois recently authoredTapped Out: The Coming World Crisis in Water and What We Can Do About it. A bookfor the general, non-specialized audience, Simons publication sounds an alarm about theapproaching crisis. "Within a few years, a water crisis of catastrophic proportions will 18
  20. 20. CAL Marine Limited - Business Planexplode upon us unless aroused citizens... demand of their leadership, actions reflectingvision, understanding and courage."Ultimately, however, an awareness of the global water crisis should serve to put our ownwater concerns in perspective. Whether our current activity is evaluating ArizonasGround Water Management Act or, at a more personal level, deciding whether to plantwater-conserving vegetation, the wiser choice would likely be made, if guided byawareness that water is a very scarce and valuable natural resource.A technological solution that many believe will provide ample supplies of additionalwater resources is desalination of sea water. The United States, once the world leader insuch research, has abdicated its role to Saudi Arabia, Israel and Japan. There areapproximately 12,500 desalination plants in 120 nations in the world, 60 percent of themin the Middle East.Water production, is the business of the future for offshore wind and sea turbines; and nocompetitor can match CAL Marine for annual output.23. THE MARKETWorldwide, the desalination market has soared from US$2.5 billion in 2002 to US$6.4billion in 2007, with a growth rate of over 15% per annum. The market worldwideshould reach nearly US$30 billion by 2015. A dramatic increase is expected in newtechnologies and small systems applications in Asia and in particular in China.In terms of the geographical breakdown of the market, the regions of the Middle Eastclearly dominate the demand (over 50% of the market share), followed by Asia-Pacific,America, and Europe that share about 10% of the market respectively.Some statistics on global water: Ÿ The majority of the earth’s water, 97%, is salt water found in the oceans. Ÿ Approximately 3% of the earths water is fresh. Ÿ Only 1% of the earths fresh water is usable, from lakes, rivers and aquifers. Ÿ The other 2% is locked away in glaciers. Ÿ 90% of planets fresh water is used by global industry. Ÿ By the year 2030, two-thirds of the world’s population will be suffering from severe water shortages. Ÿ Almost one quarter of the worlds population lives less than 25 km from the coast making seawater one of the main sources of freshwater in the near future.The two main desalination market drivers are increasing water shortages andtechnology driven cost reduction.In short, desalination plants are poised to become a more popular way to obtain potablewater for cities and business: the growing desalination plant market offers manyopportunities, mainly concentrated in the Middle East, Asia and Northern and CentralAmerica. Steady opportunities for highly efficient small and medium-sized facilities are 19
  21. 21. CAL Marine Limited - Business Planalso anticipated in Europe. The expectations of renewable energy-based equipment arehigh, particularly to answer the needs of emerging countries.Coupling the unique Calmtec wind power generators with a state-of-the-art desalinationsystem, CAL Marine Ltd. is perfectly poised to have a significant impact on this hugeglobal market.24. THE PROCESSDesalination is the process of purifying sea water (or brackish water) to drinkable water.The first large scale desalination facilities began in the Middle East following World WarII due to the necessity of fresh water. The popularity of water desalination increased inthe 1960s when the reliability of the reverse osmosis membrane was proven.Worldwide, only 1% of drinking water is produced by desalination. Currently, reverseosmosis is one of the most popular and economical methods of desalination - accountingfor around 40% of the world’s desalinated water.The power from Calmtec generators will be utilised along with an innovative co-generator to power a reverse osmosis system capable of producing 11,500 m3 per daywhich equates to an annual production of 4,197,500 m3 (one m3 = 1,000 litres), ofpurified, potable drinking water from the Ocean.25. THE SYSTEMThe Enercon desalination system used by CAL Marine, is based on the principle ofreverse osmosis (RO). In this process pressurised seawater flows over a membrane. Thestructure of the membrane retains the dissolved salts allowing water to permeate -separating into pure drinking water and brine. The feed water first flows through filtersand an UV-disinfection system to an innovative energy recovery system. The drinkingwater leaves the system, while the brine, still under pressure, flows back to the energyrecovery system to support the process.26. BENEFITS OF THE ENERCON SYSTEM Ÿ Very low energy consumption and high flexibility in operation: o Energy recovery system means 30% less energy consumption. o Flexible adaptation to the power availability or water demand between 12.5-100%. Ÿ No use of chemicals: o No negative impacts on the environment. o Reduced operating costs. Ÿ Remote control system: o Fully automatic (unmanned) operation with fully integrated remote control system. o Easy and direct communication with other components and wind turbine. Ÿ Modular design, integrated in standard containers: 20
  22. 22. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan o Easy erection and maintenance on site. o Optimal system protection and no need for separate structures. Ÿ Fully integrated with Calmtec offshore wind energy generators: o A holistic system solution for an independent and reliable energy and water supply anywhere.27. REVENUE SUMMARY – WATERThe Sales and Financial data summary below are for desalinated potable waterproduction from the Calmtec Units, comprising the wind power co-generation machineand floating desalination module.The Sales and Financial data for water production from the Desalination machines iscontained in the separate 5 Year Cash Flow Excel file. 21
  23. 23. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan28. APPENDIX 1. Floating Design schematic (costed model). 2. The Prototype in New Zealand. 3. CAL Marine Manufacturing Facility 4. General Project Plan. 5. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents. 6. Power Supply Order – Groupe Eoulee (Côte d’Ivoire). 7. Media coverage of the meeting with the President of Côte d’Ivoire. 8. Letter from the Office of the President of Côte d’Ivoire. 22
  24. 24. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan1. Floating Design schematic Robert Alexander & Associates Consulting Engineers (Auckland, New Zealand)From their report:“Another solution would be to use an open bottom floatation cell with an air bubble inthe top of the cell. The pressurized air would provide a uniform lift and would nottransmit rolling forces from the vertical wave action.”Source: Robert Alexander & Associates Ltd. Dated 7th May 1999. Discussion of OffshoreFloating DAWT - Options. (DAWT – Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbine) 23
  25. 25. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan2. The Prototype in New Zealand The 7.3 metre dia prototype, the world’s first full size Diffuser wind power generator, erected on the West Coast of New Zealand in 1997, the Diffuser was constructed from HT Ferro. 24
  26. 26. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan 3. CAL Marine Manufacturing Facility General Layout Showing Indicative Areas Required for 180 Units per Annum at Full Production. Deep Water Port - min 85m clear depth 220 m 220 m 220 m 75T Travelling Cranes - 4 off on each floating dock 30 m Wharf frontage with Final As sembly Area Final As sembly Area Final As sembly Area 2 x 200T gantry cranes #1 Floating Dock #2 Floating Dock #3 Floating Dock450 m Tug Slipway Wharf Wharf Wind Power Machine Factory Underwater Current Machine Assembly Area (Stud height - 20m) Turbine Blade, Hub, Gearbox, Brake & Controls Assembly Area Jig and Sub-Assembly Area Generator & Electrical Control Systems As sembly Area Desalination and Control Systems Assembly Area HT Ferro Tug & Barge Manufacturing Area 40T Down shop Gantry Cranes - 3 off 750 m HT Ferro Components Molding Area 40T Down shop Gantry Cranes - 6 off 500 m 100 m 250 m 10 x 50 m bays 2 x 50 m bays 3 x 50 m bays 1000 m 25
  27. 27. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan4. General Project Plan 26
  28. 28. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (i) CAL MARINE W O R L D P O W E R & W A T E R CAL MARINE LIMITED INTERNATIONAL WHOLESALE SUPPLIERS OF POWER AND POTABLE WATER From its advanced and unique offshore wind/sea power machines and desalination plants CAL Marine Limited offers to supply Electric Power and Potable Drinking Water (the “Products”) to suitable qualified buyers around the world. Electric Power is supplied under contract at a discounted wholesale price; Potable Water is supplied under contract at a fixed wholesale price of US$2.55 per cubic metre. CAL Marine is responsible for the delivery of its Products up to the shoreline nearest to its machines as per the contract. The Buyer is responsible to: • Supply suitable purchase contracts for the Products. • Obtain all necessary clearances such as government, local body, legal, administration plus all levies, fees and other expenses associated with purchasing the products. • Obtain authorized approval for permanent sites to station our machines. • Establish and set up the link(s) from the shoreline entry point to the supply network for the Products. • Provide any and all infrastructure required to satisfy the local demand for the products. • Cover all costs involved for the easy supply of our products from the designated shoreline to the market. This includes the cost of transportation of our machines from our nearest manufacturing plant to the approved site(s). Dennis J. Paul President 27
  29. 29. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5a. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (ii) CAL MARINE W O R L D P O W E R & W A T E R CAL MARINE LIMITED WHOLESALE SUPPLY ORDER GUIDELINESThese guidelines layout the main parameters required from the Buyer for all wholesale orders forsupply of Power and/or Potable Water (hereinafter referred to as the “Product”).In their order to CAL Marine, the Buyer shall provide the following information, either on theirown order form or the CAL Marine form supplied: 1. The full name of the buyer and the official address of their place of business. 2. The authority under which the buyer is placing the order and permitting CAL Marine to supply the Product to the buyer’s network. 3. The territory in which the Product is required. 4. The quantity of Product required. 5. The date the supply of Product is required to commence. 6. The form the Product is required to be supplied (e.g. Power: supply at 400 kV, 700 MW circuit, 1 kA). 7. Terms of payment. 8. Any other relevant parameters agreed to, pertaining to the supply of the Product.CAL Marine will provide their standard wholesale supply terms and conditions: 1. To provide uninterrupted supply of Product from its offshore Calmtec Power Machines and Water Desalination Plants, up to the nearest shoreline to the equipment supplying the Product. 2. To provide surety of supply by way of redundancy guarantees and insurance to cover contingencies should the primary supply be interrupted or fail. 3. The term of renewal of the supply contract. 4. The pricing and discount structure. 5. The supply contract review policy. Dennis J. Paul John D. Cutten President Technical Director 28
  30. 30. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan5b. Wholesale Supply Pack Documents (iii) Wholesale Supply Order Order date: _____ of ______________________ 20___We the Buyer: ______________________________________________________________________________ Full corporate name of buyerat: ________________________________________________________________________________________ Full addressunder full authority as ___________________________________________________ hereby place this order on State/National/Local utilities supplier or supplier’s agentCAL Marine Limited for the wholesale supply of: ¨ POWER ¨ POTABLE WATER (tick each applicable)in _________________________________________territory. Name of national/local territory where suppliedSUPPLY:Supply is required to commence from _____ of _____________________ 20___, and is for the following type andquantity of product: POWER: POTABLE WATER: Supply Rating: Supply Quantity: ____________ m3 per ¨ Day ¨ Month ¨ Annum (tick each applicable) Unit Price: Unit Price: US$ ________ .___ per MW/h US$ 2.55 per m3TERMS OF PAYMENT:Payment shall be by irrevocable Letter of Credit to the benefit of CAL Marine Limited lodged with CAL Marine’sbank prior to commencement of supply.OTHER REQUIREMENTS:Any other relevant requirements pertaining to the supply of the above product(s).AUTHORISATION:Signed with full authority on behalf of the Buyer on the date above by:________________________________________________________Full Name________________________________________Position________________________________________Signature CAL MARINE CAL MARINE CAL MARINE LIMITED WHOLESALE SUPPLY ORDER FORM 29
  31. 31. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan6. Wholesale Power Supply Order – Groupe Eoulee (Ivory Coast) 30
  32. 32. CAL Marine Limited - Business Plan7. Media coverage of the meeting with the President of Cote d’Ivoire.The President of Cote d’Ivoire, Laurent Gbagbo, is seated on the far right talking to Dennis Paul, Presidentof CAL Marine, (out of camera shot). Technical Director of CAL Marine, John Cutten, is seated at far left. 31
  33. 33. 8. Letter from the Office of the President of Cote dIvoire. 32

×