Open Spatial Data Opportunities


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Presentation on Open Spatial Data to Association of Geographic Information Northern Ireland Conference 2012 in Lisburn, Co. Antrim on 14th June, 2012

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  • Today, I am going to talk about Open Spatial Data opportunities talk about Fingal’s story explain what we mean by Open Data and why we would consider it share our experience with Fingal Open Data talk about the Dublinked innovation network review the Apps4Fingal competition talk about recent developments look at the Open Spatial Data issues
  • Fingal’s story
  • Map illustrates population density in the County 239,813 citizens 4 th largest Local Authority 22.2% population growth 2002-2006 Fastest growing & Youngest county Population is concentrated in the South and East of the County 3 main population centres of Blanchardstown, Swords and Balbriggan North-West is rural farmland
  • Fingal faced a number of challenges
  • Pace of growth Capped staffing levels Additional services Improving service delivery Economic Crisis
  • To cope with our phenomenal growth we relied heavily on data for service planning. We built up considerable experience of data sharing.
  • The Fingal Data Hub was created by the Fingal Development Board in 2009. It was a collaboration between 9 partner agencies. It was designed for sharing of anonymised data between partner agencies, to enable interagency cooperation and service planning. In 2010 the data was made publicly available.
  • Open Data is …
  • Public data Which is not subject to data protection or other limitations
  • Open Formats Available in non-proprietary formats e.g. CSV, XML, KML, RDF, open APIs
  • Machine Readable In a format that computers can process
  • Accessible Available to the widest range of people for the widest range of uses
  • Why would we publish Open Data?
  • Transparency To Open up Government and enable the Public to see the underlying information. What is the actual evidence-based reality as opposed to the perceived reality
  • Participation To increase citizen engagement with Government. If Government and Citizens are to cooperate, then Government can’t be the only ones with the information
  • Collaboration In addition to Citizen-Government collaboration outlined earlier, also - To enable the combination of data from different public sector agencies To enable other sectors to collaborate with Government.
  • Economic Opportunities Public sector data can be used as the basis for online services, mobile applications, analytics, etc.
  • Where did Open Data originate?
  • In the United States, Barak Obama promised Open Government during his election campaign. This website, was created in 2009 to share US Government data. This is the seen as the main catalyst that has driven the Open Data movement
  • In fact, the EU were ahead of the game The 2003 EU Reuse of Public Sector Information Directive was designed to allow European companies to exploit the potential of Public Sector Data and to contribute to economic growth and job creation. In a 2009 report, the EU cited the value of EU Public sector data at an estimated €27B. However, the PSI directive was primarily about requesting or ‘pulling’ data from Government rather than the publishing or ‘push’ model of Open Data
  • In the two and a half years since the launch of, Open Data sites have sprung up around the world, mainly in Canada, USA, Europe, Australia and New Zealand 2010 – UK Government, London, United Nations, World Bank
  • The 2007 EU INSPIRE Spatial Information Infrastructure Directive is designed to facilitate sharing of spatial environmental data As we know, the Directive requires public bodies to provide electronic discovery, view and download services The INSPIRE Directive therefore shares many characteristics of Open Data and Re-Use of Public Sector Information
  • The Greek Government recognised the commonalities in PSI and INSPIRE In Greece, INSPIRE legislation builds on the principles of their PSI legislation and the two are complementary
  • Open Data is nothing new in the G.I.S. world One of the best examples of Open Data is OpenStreetMap This is collaborative spatial data made openly available
  • What about Ireland? Up to November 2010 there were no Open Data websites in this country.
  • OpenDataNI was the first Open Data website on the island of Ireland It was launched in August 2009, making it one of the earliest Open Data websites in the World It was a pilot which has since been discontinued – we’ll come back to this later
  • A number of people had been calling for Open Data. This Internet group was established by interested people to discuss possibilities for Open Data in Ireland.
  • was created by a collaboration of people from the Open Data Ireland discussion group and DERI research centre in NUI Galway takes data from Government websites, converts it to open formats and publishes it
  • What about Fingal?
  • Fingal County Council launched the first Open Data website in the country in November 2010 Fingal Open Data evolved from the principles of the Fingal Data Hub and the Open Data movement. In Summer 2010 we were preparing a report with data about all Local Authorities which was difficult to find and only available in PDF We discovered the Open Data movement and felt that this was a better way We decided to take the initiative with the backing of the County Manager and Fingal Open Data was born It is available at The website, which you can see on screen, provides public access to source data from Council systems.
  • There are currently over 120 datasets organised into 12 categories Detailed information is provided about each dataset, including description, date published and available formats.
  • We have added a new facility to request data We will check if we have the data and whether it can be released If we can, we will publish it to the site
  • The site has a Featured Apps section to showcase uses that Fingal Open Data has been put to
  • There is a blog where we post updates on Fingal Open Data and Open Data in Ireland
  • The About section gives general information about Fingal Open Data and a link to the licence governing the use of the data
  • The data is subject to the Irish PSI Licence, drawn up by the Department of Finance, which allows for fair use of the data.
  • Dublinked is …
  • A collaboration between Dublin City, Dun Laoghaire/Rathdown, Fingal & South Dublin County Councils and NUI Maynooth The Dublinked initiative was announced on 27 th June Platform provided by IBM A Network for Sharing Data to facilitate innovation in the urban environment through collaboration between private, public and research partners with the Dublin city region as a proving ground
  • Datastore - 200 datasets (557 files) Data from 4 Dublin Councils and OSI data in research zone (thanks to OSI for being the first) National datasets (Hazardous & Transfrontier Waste Shipments; National Public Transport Nodes; NIAH) Regional Datasets 1 st data release themes - Land Use, Transport & Environment Zones – Open and Research (Members) – O & M Data criteria for Members zone – Legal issues, Technical (e.g. streaming/live data (samples); binary (Traffic)), Commercial (high-value) Formats – open & non-proprietary where possible; can be onerous to convert – working towards this goal; go ugly early; respond to feedback Metadata for each dataset – Dublinked ‘lite’ standard developed in partnership with Dept. Environment, NUI Galway, Dept. Marine & Natural Resources; compliant with international standards
  • Datastore - 200 datasets (557 files) Data from 4 Dublin Councils and OSI data in research zone (thanks to OSI for being the first) National datasets (Hazardous & Transfrontier Waste Shipments; National Public Transport Nodes; NIAH) Regional Datasets 1 st data release themes - Land Use, Transport & Environment Zones – Open and Research (Members) – O & M Data criteria for Members zone – Legal issues, Technical (e.g. streaming/live data (samples); binary (Traffic)), Commercial (high-value) Formats – open & non-proprietary where possible; can be onerous to convert – working towards this goal; go ugly early; respond to feedback Metadata for each dataset – Dublinked ‘lite’ standard developed in partnership with Dept. Environment, NUI Galway, Dept. Marine & Natural Resources; compliant with international standards
  • Past Events Planning Technology Spatial Data Visualisation Open Innovation Future Events Transport Public Sector
  • In order to encourage the reuse of data published on Fingal Open Data and Dublinked, Fingal County Council organised the Apps4Fingal competition The competition ran from 9 th November 2011 to 9 th January 2012 There was a prize fund of €11,500 thanks to the generosity of our sponsors
  • 23 Apps were submitted 36 Ideas were entered
  • The Apps4Fingal section of Fingal Open Data contains all the information about the competition including details of and links to the competition entries, rules, judging criteria and the shortlisted entries I am going to give a quick run-through of the winning Apps
  • Winner of the Ideas Category was Fingal Deals The Fingal Deals App idea is intended to encourage people to shop locally in Fingal and give local businesses a boost. The app would showcase current special offers and discounts offered by a wide variety of businesses, and could be refined into business type categories to facilitate searches.
  • Winner of the Student Apps Category was Fingal Day Tripper Fingal Day Tripper is a Web App that allows day trippers to select the type of activities they prefer, as well as if they would like to stop for a coffee. They can also specify whether they are travelling with children or disabled passengers. The app will then suggest a day trip in the local area, showing locations of interest on the map. It also provides the option of getting the route and driving directions for the trip and details of each attraction.
  • Winner of the Community Apps Category was Fingal Traffic View Fingal Traffic View is an Android Mobile App which provides information about traffic cameras, parking zones, disabled parking, train stations and Garda safety zones. These are displayed on a map and users can also view images from the traffic cameras. The App also incorporates a live feed of twitter accounts related to Dublin Traffic.
  • Winner of the Enterprise Apps Category was is a Web App which uses Planning Application data from all 4 Dublin local authorities. These are displayed on a map allowing users to easily check planning applications in an area. Features include a notification service, a 3D interactive house showing what works need planning permission, a professional directory and planning-related news feed. Planning applications are colour coded by status and more info can be displayed.
  • Winner of the Overall & Tourism Apps Categories was Discover Fingal Discover Fingal is a Mobile Web App in which users are encouraged to discover historical and cultural sites in Fingal through a Find and Reward Facebook App and Mobile Website. Detailed information is provided about each site. If a user checks into three cultural sites they are rewarded with a voucher for a free cup of tea or coffee which can be redeemed at Skerries Mills.
  • All winners and runners up of the Apps4Fingal competition
  • For Open Data to be of value, it must be put to some use
  • KidsMaps is an App to find playgrounds and events for children throughout Ireland The data was requested from all Local Authorities and provided by most (including data from Fingal Open Data)
  • National Data has been provided by the NTA of all public transport nodes This is a map that has been produced by a Planning graduate Note the nodes in Northern Ireland on North-South routes
  • U.K. Department of Transport made NAPTAN bus stop dataset available to OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap volunteers check, edit and verify the data via the NOVAM viewer Improved data quality of public dataset Potential for the same approach to be used here with Government datasets
  • FixYourStreet is an open transparent tool for reporting problems to Local Government It also has an Open Data dimension, as the data is exposed through an Open API on the Ushahidi platform
  • This allows for third parties to develop solutions against the data These could be Apps, Visualisations, alternative interfaces, etc HeyGov! is an example of the type of development that could be done with FixYourStreet data
  • This is essentially the approach that has been taken with the Bike Racks website It evolved from New York City looking at how it could maximise the value of its CRM investment The Bike Racks website enables citizens to identify a location where they believe bike racks should be provided, to include a photo of the location and to outline their reasons for the suggested location Other citizens can vote on the suggestions Citizens can also check whether their suggested location meets Bike Rack Location Guidelines to see racks provided sooner
  • Placr is a Location Based Services company Earlier this year presented at Enterprise Ireland/Ordnance Survey Ireland event in Dublin Provide transport feeds to apps developers (timetables, live data) Consultancy, training and other Services
  • There have been a number of recent developments in Open Data in Ireland
  • Enterprise Ireland are facilitating a National Open Data Working Group Membership includes Fingal County Council, South Dublin County Council & LGCSB Chaired by Joe Horan Initiated in July, a workshop was held at the end of August to formulate ideas A briefing paper for Government has been produced and will be published shortly
  • The Reports recommendations include – Principle of data release, mechanisms for releasing data, crowdsourcing data, awareness within public sector In line with EC Strategy, no charge (or marginal) for Open Data Actions to support business in maximising potential of Open Data inc. supports from agencies, licence and re-use model, data charter to govern publication and updating of data to standards, SLAs Digital and data literacy programmes to enable citizens to interact with data, utilise data as a basis for interacting with Government and improving their community Implement postcodes and standardise addressing Create data standards Assign responsibility for Open data to a Government Department Develop an Open Data Strategy to include specific actions and target dates Establish an Open data Forum to advise on Open Data and engage with stakeholders
  • The eGovernment Plan was published in April 2012
  • The Plan include a number of objectives relating to Open Data as follows – Publish Public Sector Data Online Create a Centralised Portal Improve Internal Government Data Sharing Develop an Integrated Approach for collecting Administrative Data Review Data Sharing Legislation
  • In December 2011, EC Vice-President Neelie Kroes launched an Open Data Strategy for Europe
  • The Strategy includes communication on Open Data outlining a vision and policy proposal to revise the 2003 Directive on Re-use of Public Sector Information creation of a portal for the publishing of European Commission data creation of a pan-European data portal for data from member states provision of €100 million in research funding in respect of data-handling technologies In conjunction with the launch the EC published 5 studies relating to Open Data
  • The OpenDataNI website has been suspended
  • Large amounts of NI Open Data are available on (1982 items found)
  • The Northern Ireland Assembly has published Open Data via Web Services
  • There are a number of specific issues relating to open Spatial Data
  • First, data release should become the norm If data is being prepared for release under INSPIRE, it should be released as Open Data where possible
  • Data Formats are a particular concern for spatial data Should it be released in KML or Shapefile KML is open but presents difficulties with large polygon datasets and its verbose format Shapefile is more suitable for large polygon datasets but is a proprietary format Projections – ITM or WGS84 Developers prefer KML, WGS84 and point data Provide data in both KML, WGS84 and Shapefile, ITM Derive a centre point for polygon data – located within polygon
  • INSPIRE metadata is verbose
  • Open Data metadata tends to be more brief The Dublinked metadata model is derived from and compatible with both INSPIRE and Dublin Core Maps to INSPIRE fields Consider creating a ‘light’ INSPIRE view which extracts the more important metadata elements an presents together
  • Data Catalogues are critical for Open Data and INSPIRE
  • GeoNetwork is an Open Source solution for Spatial Data Catalogues which can handle non-spatial data
  • Ckan is an open source data catalogue for Open Data which can handle spatial data and is INSPIRE compliant
  • At the end of the day, the most important thing is to publish data Don’t be too concerned about getting it perfect (in contrast to INSPIRE approach) Go ugly early and adopt a continuous improvement approach
  • To recap I have talked about our experience with Open Data and Apps4Fingal And examined how Open Data and Spatial Data are closely related In publishing Spatial Data and fulfilling INSPIRE obligations, we should not miss the Open Data opportunities and vice versa Don’t reinvent the wheel
  • In line with the theme, this presentation is licenced for sharing under a Creative Commons licence It is available for viewing and downloading on slideshare Thank you.
  • Open Spatial Data Opportunities

    1. 1. Open Spatial Data Opportunities AGI Northern Ireland Conference 2012 14th June, 2012 @fingalopendata
    2. 2. Fingal
    3. 3. Fingal 3 largest rd Youngest Fast Growing
    4. 4. Large Urban Centres
    5. 5. Small Towns & Villages
    6. 6. Rural Countryside
    7. 7. Coastal
    8. 8. Dublin Airport
    9. 9. Motorway Network
    10. 10. Industry
    11. 11. Horticulture
    12. 12. Fishing
    13. 13. Tourism
    14. 14. Challenges
    15. 15. Challenges• Pace of growth• Capped staffing levels• Additional services• Improving service delivery• Economic Crisis
    16. 16. Rapid Population Growth
    17. 17. Fingal Data Hub
    18. 18. Open Data
    19. 19. Data
    20. 20. Open Formats
    21. 21. Machine Readable
    22. 22. Accessible
    23. 23. Why Open Data?
    24. 24. Transparency
    25. 25. Participation
    26. 26. Collaboration
    27. 27. Economic Opportunities
    28. 28. Open Data to date
    29. 29. U.S. -
    30. 30. E.U. - Reuse of Public Sector Information
    31. 31. Open Data Initiatives Worldwide
    32. 32. E.U. - INSPIRE
    33. 33. Greece – PSI & INSPIRE
    34. 34. OpenStreetMap
    35. 35. Ireland
    36. 36. OpenDataNI
    37. 37. Open Data Ireland
    38. 38.
    39. 39. Fingal
    40. 40. Fingal Open Data
    41. 41. Over 120 datasets in 12 categories
    42. 42. Request Data
    43. 43. Apps
    44. 44. Blog
    45. 45. About
    46. 46. Irish PSI Licence
    47. 47. Dublinked
    48. 48. supporting data-driven innovation in the Dublin regionA Creative Dublin Alliance project
    49. 49. Dublin Region Innovation Network
    50. 50. Datastore
    51. 51. Datastore
    52. 52. Events
    53. 53. Apps4Fingal
    54. 54. apps4fingal COMPETITION 9th November, 2011 – 9th January, 2012 €11,500 in prizesCommunity, Enterprise, Tourism, Student & Ideas Categories
    55. 55. apps4fingal 23 Apps created 36 Ideas entered
    56. 56. Apps4Fingal
    57. 57. Ideas Winner - Fingal Deals
    58. 58. Student Winner - Fingal Day Tripper
    59. 59. Community Winner - Fingal Traffic View
    60. 60. Enterprise Winner -
    61. 61. Overall & Tourism Winner - Discover Fingal
    62. 62. Apps4Fingal Awards
    63. 63. Apps & Services
    64. 64. KidsMaps
    65. 65. National Data (public transport nodes)©
    66. 66. Data Quality Improvement
    67. 67. FixYourStreethttp://www.fixyourstreet.i
    68. 68. Miami 311
    69. 69. fixcity.org
    70. 70. Location Based Services
    71. 71. Open Data Developments
    72. 72. National Open Data Working Group
    73. 73. National Open Data Working Group Report Recommendations •Commitment to Data release •No charge for Open Data •Supporting Enterprise •Digital & data literacy programme •Addressing & Postcodes •Data Standards •Assign responsibility for Open Data •Develop Open Data strategy with specified actions •Establish Open Data Forum
    74. 74. Plan
    75. 75. eGovernment Plan Actions •Public Sector to publish Open Data •Inter Agency Data Sharing •Integration of Administrative Data •Data Sharing Clearing House •Review Data Sharing Legislation •Implementation Plans •Centralised Portal (Public Service Reform Plan)
    76. 76. European Commission Open Data Strategy
    77. 77. European Commission Open Data Strategy Open Data Strategy Contents •Open Data vision and policy •Revise PSI Directive •Portal for EC data •Portal for member states’ data •€100 million research funding •5 studies relating to Open Data
    78. 78. OpenDataNI
    79. 79. – Northern Ireland
    80. 80. AIMS Open Data
    81. 81. Open Spatial Data
    82. 82. Release Data
    83. 83. Data Formats
    84. 84. INSPIRE Metadata
    85. 85. INSPIRE Metadata
    86. 86. INSPIRE Metadata (cont’d)
    87. 87. INSPIRE Metadata (cont’d)
    88. 88. INSPIRE Metadata (cont’d)
    89. 89. INSPIRE Metadata (cont’d)
    90. 90. INSPIRE Metadata (cont’d)
    91. 91. Dublinked Metadata
    92. 92. Data Catalogue
    93. 93. GeoNetwork
    94. 94. ckan
    95. 95. Just do it …
    96. 96. Open Spatial Data Opportunities @fingalopendata
    97. 97. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Use of any Fingal County Council or Fingal Development Board logos and brands are not covered by this license. Pictures as marked used under Creative Commons license.If you believe any content is infringing copyright, please contact us via