Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Greater Blanchardstown Initiative: An examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area Claire McIntyre...
Fingal County Council <ul><li>“ To improve the quality of life for the people we serve” </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></u...
Fingal County Council <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding the role of Local Government </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Fingal <ul><li>Established in 1994 as a result of the Local Government   (Dublin)  Act </li></ul><ul><li>Fingal is sometim...
Population <ul><li>Blanchardstown </li></ul><ul><li>Castleknock </li></ul><ul><li>Swords </li></ul><ul><li>Balbriggan </li...
The Task   <ul><li>Council Management Team set a Terms of Reference: </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the permeability of residen...
Definition: Permeability   <ul><li>Working Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Permeability should be understood as the relati...
Project Description <ul><li>Permeability is the main concern </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Blanchardstown, our biggest urban ...
Location Map
 
 
 
 
Long-term growth of Blanchardstown
Permeability: The Challenge on the Ground
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access acros...
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access acros...
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access acros...
What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access acros...
Definition: Desire Line <ul><li>Working Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Desire Lines are indications of a demand for passa...
Policy Influence: Sustainable Communities Sustainable Communities are places where people want to live and work, now and i...
In-depth study <ul><li>Community Survey </li></ul><ul><li>(ii)  POWCAR (Census 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>(iii)  Physical Dat...
<ul><li>A community survey was required because we wanted  to know how people on the ground perceived the  issues we are c...
 
Perception of Functional Levels in Area (Q.16) (Base:  All Greater Blanchardstown Residents) Too many Too Few CCTV and pub...
(ii) Powcar  2006 <ul><li>Place of Work Census of Anonymised Records </li></ul><ul><li>An analysis of POWCAR was necessary...
Modes in Blanchardstown Daily mode of transportation of persons 5 years and over
 
In-depth study <ul><li>Community Survey </li></ul><ul><li>(ii)  POWCAR (Census 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>(iii)  Physical Dat...
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Road & Footpath network </li></ul><ul><li>Permeability Facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Straight line Analysis Example </li></ul>
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment Area along ‘formal’ network </li></ul>
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment Area along ‘informal’ network </li></ul>
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment area encompassing a number of houses </li></ul>
 
 
 
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Randals PRD (Pedestrian Route Directness) </li></ul>PRD  =  Route Distance   Geodetic ...
(iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Randals PRD (Pedestrian Route Directness) </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(iv) Public Transportation Module <ul><li>ILTP study of existing public transport services and potential new services </li...
Existing Buses
ILTP Proposed Buses
What we learned <ul><li>GIS is a  powerful tool  for demonstrating and analysing physical evidence of issues </li></ul><ul...
Greater Blanchardstown Initiative: An examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area Claire McIntyre...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Greater Blanchardstown Initiative - examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area

1,423 views

Published on

A presentation on the Greater Blanchardstown Initiative (examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area) given at the Compass Informatics Annual Conference in Dublin on 25th June, 2009

Published in: Design, Technology, Real Estate
  • Be the first to comment

Greater Blanchardstown Initiative - examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area

  1. 1. Greater Blanchardstown Initiative: An examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area Claire McIntyre and Ciarán Staunton
  2. 2. Fingal County Council <ul><li>“ To improve the quality of life for the people we serve” </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Water Services </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Community, Recreation & Amenities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fingal County Council <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding the role of Local Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace of growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complexity of growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for additional services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capped/falling staff numbers </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fingal <ul><li>Established in 1994 as a result of the Local Government (Dublin) Act </li></ul><ul><li>Fingal is sometimes known as “North County Dublin” </li></ul><ul><li>It has a mix of outer suburbs of Dublin, large towns, smaller rural villages and rural hinterland </li></ul><ul><li>It has 88km of coastline and borders Meath and Kildare (west), South Dublin (south) and Dublin City </li></ul><ul><li>It is the 3 rd most populous county in the state after Dublin City and Cork County </li></ul>
  5. 5. Population <ul><li>Blanchardstown </li></ul><ul><li>Castleknock </li></ul><ul><li>Swords </li></ul><ul><li>Balbriggan </li></ul><ul><li>Skerries </li></ul><ul><li>Rush </li></ul><ul><li>Lusk </li></ul><ul><li>Donabate </li></ul><ul><li>Howth/Sutton/Baldoyle </li></ul><ul><li>Santry </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Task <ul><li>Council Management Team set a Terms of Reference: </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the permeability of residential, commercial and industrial estates, with regard to physical barriers and design problems </li></ul><ul><li>Verify the existence and coverage of public transport services and stops </li></ul><ul><li>Consider community safety issues connected to permeability especially where safety conflicts, or is perceived to conflict, with permeability </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse locations of key service points and how accessible they are </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition: Permeability <ul><li>Working Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Permeability should be understood as the relative ease with which people may get around and through various types of Urban Development.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Project Description <ul><li>Permeability is the main concern </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Blanchardstown, our biggest urban area </li></ul><ul><li>Multidisciplinary project team: Engineering, Planning, Architecture, Community Development, Heritage, Information Technology, Statistical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>GIS used as a modelling environment for all investigations decisions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Location Map
  10. 14. Long-term growth of Blanchardstown
  11. 15. Permeability: The Challenge on the Ground
  12. 16. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged
  13. 17. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys
  14. 18. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access across high wall
  15. 19. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access across high wall High difficulty climb
  16. 20. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access across high wall High difficulty climb Wall capping removed
  17. 21. What do you see? Vegetation disrupted and wall cap damaged Gaps made in fence for shorter journeys Improvised access across high wall High difficulty climb Wall capping removed High wall disables permeability
  18. 22. Definition: Desire Line <ul><li>Working Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Desire Lines are indications of a demand for passage through an urban area. Generally they refer to pedestrian behaviour where passage is not ‘officially’ facilitated, or is prevented in some way but used nonetheless” </li></ul>
  19. 23. Policy Influence: Sustainable Communities Sustainable Communities are places where people want to live and work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They are safe and inclusive, well-planned, built and run, offer equality of opportunity and good services for all Delivering Homes Sustaining Communities: Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government
  20. 24. In-depth study <ul><li>Community Survey </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) POWCAR (Census 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Physical Data Capture </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Public Transport Study (Bus) </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>A community survey was required because we wanted to know how people on the ground perceived the issues we are considering </li></ul><ul><li>Fieldwork carried out in May 2008 using doorstep interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Quota sample used </li></ul><ul><li>All respondents were aged 16+ living in the Blanchardstown area </li></ul><ul><li>In all, 583 surveys were carried out </li></ul><ul><li>Less than -/+ 1% margin of error </li></ul>(i) Community Survey
  22. 27. Perception of Functional Levels in Area (Q.16) (Base: All Greater Blanchardstown Residents) Too many Too Few CCTV and public transport links are prominent desires. Residents not seeing the advantages of Roundabouts over traffic lights at junctions. Pedestrian Crossings Roundabouts Foothpaths Foothpaths not adjacent to roadways Alleyways Streetlights & security cameras School wardens Traffic calming measures Public transport links Heavy/thick planting Walls/fences Cycle Lanes Closed alleyways Bus Gate Just Right 55 54 76 70 69 49 77 48 50 65 68 57 71 55
  23. 28. (ii) Powcar 2006 <ul><li>Place of Work Census of Anonymised Records </li></ul><ul><li>An analysis of POWCAR was necessary to learn about the behaviour especially commuting behaviour of the people in Blanchardstown </li></ul><ul><li>Q31 and 32 on the Census form capture the location where people work and this is re-coded to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>County and Electoral Division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enumerator Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximated grid of 250m x 250m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We can also see SEX, SEG, INDUSTRY, MODE OF TRAVEL and ORIGIN </li></ul><ul><li>We are lucky that Blanchardstown is covered by Enumerator Areas </li></ul>
  24. 29. Modes in Blanchardstown Daily mode of transportation of persons 5 years and over
  25. 31. In-depth study <ul><li>Community Survey </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) POWCAR (Census 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Physical Data Capture </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Public Transport Study (Bus) </li></ul>
  26. 32. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Road & Footpath network </li></ul><ul><li>Permeability Facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Bridges, walkways, street lights, pedestrian crossings </li></ul><ul><li>Desire Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Physical features which can prevent permeability </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. heavy planting, walls & fences, closed alleyways </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood Level Services </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Schools, bring banks, playgrounds etc. </li></ul>
  27. 47. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Straight line Analysis Example </li></ul>
  28. 48. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment Area along ‘formal’ network </li></ul>
  29. 49. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment Area along ‘informal’ network </li></ul>
  30. 50. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Catchment area encompassing a number of houses </li></ul>
  31. 54. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Randals PRD (Pedestrian Route Directness) </li></ul>PRD = Route Distance Geodetic Distance
  32. 55. (iii) Physical Data Capture <ul><li>Randals PRD (Pedestrian Route Directness) </li></ul>
  33. 64. (iv) Public Transportation Module <ul><li>ILTP study of existing public transport services and potential new services </li></ul><ul><li>- a specialist transportation study was required </li></ul><ul><li>- objective to identify the priorities for new routes </li></ul>
  34. 65. Existing Buses
  35. 66. ILTP Proposed Buses
  36. 67. What we learned <ul><li>GIS is a powerful tool for demonstrating and analysing physical evidence of issues </li></ul><ul><li>Permeability measures accessibility to a range of services helping us to decide about service locations in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Combining sources of data: POWCAR, Location-based info., permeability calculations and community attitudes gives us greater insights into the reality and complexity of problems and challenges in Blanchardstown </li></ul><ul><li>Interdepartmental , cross-disciplinary working enabled the team: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To have a more integrated understanding of real local problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To appreciate that Departments have overlapping concerns and challenges which can be resolved better by working together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To think strategically and co-operatively about how to affect change </li></ul></ul>
  37. 68. Greater Blanchardstown Initiative: An examination of urban permeability in the Greater Blanchardstown Area Claire McIntyre and Ciarán Staunton

×