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95ZJ_3.PDF

  1. 1. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3-1 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES CONTENTS page pageAXLE NOISE/VIBRATION DIAGNOSIS . . . . . . . . . 6 REAR SUSPENSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3AXLE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 TRAC-LOK DIFFERENTIAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27MODEL 35 AXLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 GENERAL INFORMATIONREAR SUSPENSION The upper and lower suspension arms use bushings The Grand Cherokee rear suspension is link/coil to isolate road noise. The suspension arms are bolteddesign comprised of (Fig. 1); to the body and axle through the rubber bushings.• Drive axle The upper suspension arm has provision for the use• Coil springs of cam bolts at the axle to allow for pinion angle or• Upper and lower suspension arms thrust angle adjustment. The cams are available as a service kit and are not installed at the factory. The• Dual-action shock absorbers suspension arm travel is limited through the of use• Track bar jounce bumpers in compression and shock absorbers• Stabilizer bar in rebound.• Jounce bumpers Suspension components which use rubber bushings should be tightened at vehicle ride height. This will prevent premature failure of the bushing and main- tain ride comfort. Bushings must never be lubricated. The coil springs mount up in the fender shield that is part of the unitized body bracket. There is a rub- ber isolator between the top of the spring and bracket to isolate road noise. The bottom of the spring seats on the axle pad and is retained with a clip. The shock absorbers dampen jounce and rebound of the vehicle over various road conditions. The top of the shock absorbers are bolted to the body. The bot- tom of the shocks are bolted to the axle shock ab- sorber bracket. The stabilizer bar is used to control vehicle body roll during turns. The spring steel bar helps to equal- ize the vehicle body in relationship to the suspension. The bar extends across the underside of the chassis and connects to the frame rails. Links are connected from the bar to the axle brackets. Stabilizer bar are isolated by rubber bushings. The track bar is used to control rear axle lateral movement. The track bar is attached to a frame rail bracket and an axle bracket. It is isolated with bush- ings at both ends. REAR AXLE The integral housing, hypoid design has the pinion Fig. 1 Rear Suspension set below the ring gear.
  2. 2. 3-2 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ The axles are equipped with A.B.S. brake systems. During straight ahead driving, the differential pin-The A.B.S. tone rings are pressed onto the axle shaft ion gears do not rotate on the pinion mate shaft. Thisnear the hub flange. For additional information on occurs because input torque applied to the gears isthe A.B.S. system refer to Group 5, Brakes. divided and distributed equally between the two side The Model 35 axle has the assembly part number gears. As a result, the pinion gears revolve with theand gear ratio listed on a tag. The tag is attached to pinion mate shaft but do not rotate around it (Fig. 3). When turning corners, the outside wheel mustthe housing cover (Fig. 2). Build date identificationcodes are stamped on the axle shaft tube cover side. The Model 35 axle is available with Trac-Lok™(limited slip) differential as an option. Fig. 3 Differential Operation—Straight-Ahead Driving travel a greater distance than the inside wheel in or- der to complete a turn. This difference must be com- pensated for in order to prevent the wheels from scuffing and skidding through the turn. To accom- plish this, the differential allows the axle shafts to turn at unequal speeds (Fig. 4). In this instance, the input torque applied to the pinion gears is not di- vided equally. The pinion gears now rotate around the pinion mate shaft in opposite directions. This al- Fig. 2 Model 35 Differential Cover lows the side gear and axle shaft attached to the out-STANDARD DIFFERENTIAL OPERATION side wheel to rotate at a faster speed. The differential gear system divides the torque be-tween the axle shafts. It allows the axle shafts to ro-tate at different speeds when turning corners. Each differential side gear is splined to an axleshaft. The pinion gears are mounted on a pinionmate shaft and are free to rotate on the shaft. Thepinion gear is fitted in a bore in the differential caseand is positioned at a right angle to the axle shafts. In operation, power flow occurs as follows:• Pinion gear rotates the ring gear• Ring gear (bolted to the differential case) rotatesthe case• Differential pinion gears (mounted on the pinionmate shaft in the case) rotate the side gears• Side gears (splined to the axle shafts) rotate theshafts Fig. 4 Differential Operation—On Turns
  3. 3. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3-3 REAR SUSPENSION INDEX page pageCoil Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Spring and Shock Diagnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Lower Suspension Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Stabilizer Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Track Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Shock Absorber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Upper Suspension Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4SERVICE INFORMATION (2) It may be necessary to pry the axle assembly over to install the track bar. Install the track bar toCAUTION: Suspension components that use rubber the frame rail bracket. Loosely install the bolt andbushings should be tightened with the vehicle at flag nut (Fig. 1).normal ride height. If the springs are not at their (3) Remove the supports and lower the vehicle.normal ride position, vehicle ride comfort and han- (4) Tighten the track bar bolts 100 N⅐m (74 ft. lbs.)dling could be affected. Rubber bushings must torque.never be lubricated. STABILIZER BARTRACK BAR REMOVAL (1) Raise and support the vehicle. Remove oneREMOVAL wheel and tire. (1) Raise and support the vehicle. (2) Disconnect the stabilizer bar links from the (2) Remove the bolt and nut from the frame rail axle brackets (Fig. 2).bracket (Fig. 1). (3) Lower the exhaust by disconnecting the muffler and tail pipe hangers. (4) Disconnect the stabilizer bar from the links. (5) Disconnect the stabilizer bar clamps from the frame rails. Remove the stabilizer bar. Fig. 1 Rear Track Bar (3) Remove the bolt from the axle tube bracket(Fig. 1). Remove the track bar.INSTALLATION Fig. 2 Rear Stabilizer Bar (1) Install the track bar to the axle bracket and in-stall a new bolt (Fig. 1).
  4. 4. 3-4 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJINSTALLATION (2) Remove the lower suspension arm nut and bolt (1) Position the stabilizer bar on the frame rail and at the axle bracket (Fig. 3).install the clamps and bolts. Ensure the bar is cen- (3) Remove the nut and bolt (Fig. 3) at the frametered with equal spacing on both sides. Tighten the rail and remove the lower suspension arm.bolts to 54 N⅐m (40 ft. lbs.). (2) Install the links and grommets onto the stabi- INSTALLATIONlizer bar and axle brackets (Fig. 2). Install the nuts (1) Position the lower suspension arm at the axleand tighten to 36 N⅐m (27 ft. lbs.) torque. bracket and frame rail bracket (Fig. 3). (3) Connect the muffler and tail pipe to their hang- (2) Install the bolts and finger tighten the nutsers. (Fig. 3). (4) Install the wheel and tire. (3) Remove the supports and lower the vehicle. (4) Tighten the lower suspension arm nuts to 177UPPER SUSPENSION ARM N⅐m (130 ft. lbs.) torque.REMOVAL SPRING AND SHOCK DIAGNOSIS (1) Raise and support the vehicle. A squeak noise from the shock absorber can be pro- (2) Remove the upper suspension arm nut and bolt duced if movement between the rubber bushings andat the axle bracket (Fig. 3). Remove the ABS wire the metal occurs. This noise can usually be correctedbracket from the arm. by tightening the attachment nuts. If the squeak (3) Remove the nut and bolt (Fig. 3) at the frame noise persists, inspect for damaged and worn bush-rail and remove the upper suspension arm. ings, and attaching components. Repair as necessary. The shock absorbers are not refillable or adjust- able. If a malfunction occurs, the shock absorber must be replaced. To test a shock absorber, hold it in an upright position and force the piston into and out of the cylinder four or five times. The action through- out each stroke should be smooth and even. SHOCK ABSORBER REMOVAL (1) Raise and support the vehicle. Position a hy- draulic jack under the axle to support it. (2) Remove the upper nut and retainer from the frame rail stud (Fig. 4). (3) Remove the lower nut and bolt from the axle bracket. Remove the shock absorber. INSTALLATION (1) Install the shock absorber on the upper frame rail stud. Install the shock absorber on the axle bracket (Fig. 4). Fig. 3 Upper and Lower Suspension Arms (2) Install the retainer and nut on the stud. Tighten the upper nut to 70 N⅐m (52 ft. lbs.) torque.INSTALLATION (3) Tighten the lower nut to 92 N⅐m (68 ft. lbs.) (1) Position the upper suspension arm at the axle torque.and frame rail (Fig. 3). (4) Remove the supports and lower the vehicle. (2) Install the bolts and finger tighten the nuts(Fig. 3). Install the ABS wire bracket onto the arm. COIL SPRING (3) Remove the supports and lower the vehicle. (4) Tighten the upper suspension arm nuts to 75 REMOVALN⅐m (55 ft. lbs.) torque. (1) Raise and support the vehicle. Position a hy- draulic jack under the axle to support it.LOWER SUSPENSION ARM (2) Disconnect the stabilizer bar link and shock ab- sorber from the axle bracket.REMOVAL (3) Disconnect the track bar from the frame rail (1) Raise and support the vehicle. bracket.
  5. 5. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3-5 INSTALLATION Inspect isolator the for damage or wear. Replace the isolator if necessary before installing spring. (1) Position the coil spring on the axle pad. Install the spring retainer and bolt (Fig. 4). Tighten the bolt to 22 N⅐m (16 ft. lbs.) torque. (2) Raise the axle into position until the spring seats in the upper mount. (3) Connect the stabilizer bar links and shock ab- sorbers to the axle bracket. Connect the track bar to the frame rail bracket. (4) Remove the supports and lower the vehicle. Fig. 4 Rear Coil Spring & Shock Absorber (4) Lower the axle until the spring is free from theupper mount seat. Remove the coil spring retainerbolt (Fig. 4) and remove the spring.
  6. 6. 3-6 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ AXLE NOISE/VIBRATION DIAGNOSIS INDEX page pageDriveline Snap . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Low Speed Knock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Gear and Bearing Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Rear Axle Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7General Information . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Limited Slip Differential .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7GENERAL INFORMATION GEAR AND BEARING NOISE Axle bearing problem conditions are usually causedby: GEAR NOISE• Insufficient or incorrect lubricant Axle gear noise can be caused by insufficient lubri-• Foreign matter/water contamination cant. Incorrect backlash, tooth contact, or worn/dam-• Incorrect bearing preload torque adjustment aged gears can cause noise. When serviced, the bearings must be cleaned thor- Gear noise usually happens at a specific speedoughly. They should be dried with lint free shop tow- range. The range is 30 to 40 mph, or above 50 mph.els. Never spin bearings with compressed air. The noise can also occur during a specific type of driving condition. These conditions are acceleration,This will overheat them and brinell the bearing deceleration, coast, or constant load.surfaces. This will result in noisy operation af- When road testing, accelerate the vehicle to theter repair. speed range where the noise is the greatest. Shift out Axle gear problem conditions are usually the result of gear and coast through the peak noise range. Ifof: the noise stops or changes greatly, check for insuffi-• Insufficient lubrication cient lubricant. Incorrect ring gear backlash, or gear• Incorrect or contaminated lubricant (water) damage can cause noise changes.• Overloading (excessive engine torque) Differential side and pinion gears can be checked• Incorrect clearance or backlash adjustment by turning the vehicle. They usually do not cause Insufficient lubrication is usually the result of a noise in straight ahead driving. These gears arehousing cover leak. It can also be from worn axle loaded during vehicle turns. If noise does occur dur-shaft or pinion gear seals. Check for cracks or porous ing vehicle turns, the side or pinion gears could beareas in the housing or tubes. worn or damaged. A worn pinion gear mate shaft can Using the wrong lubricant will cause overheating also cause a snapping or a knocking noise.and gear failure. Gear tooth cracking and bearingspalling are indicators of this. BEARING NOISE Axle component breakage is most often the result The axle shaft, differential and pinion gear bear-of: ings can all produce noise when worn or damaged.• Severe overloading Bearing noise can be either a whining, or a growling• Insufficient lubricant sound. Pinion gear bearings have a constant pitch noise.• Incorrect lubricant This noise changes only with vehicle speed. Pinion• Improperly tightened components bearing noise will be higher because it rotates at a Common causes of overloading is from full throttle faster rate. Drive the vehicle and load the differen-acceleration. Overloading happens when towing tial. If bearing noise occurs the pinion rear bearing isheavier than recommended loads. Component break- the source of the noise. If the bearing noise is heardage can occur when the wheels are spun excessively. during a coast, front bearing is the source.Insufficient or incorrect lubricants contribute to Worn, damaged differential bearings usually pro-breakage through overheating. Loose differential duce a low pitch noise. Differential bearing noise iscomponents can also cause breakage. similar to pinion bearing. The pitch of differential Incorrect bearing preload or gear backlash will not bearing noise is also constant and varies only withresult in component breakage. Mis-adjustment will vehicle speed.produce enough noise to cause service repair before a Axle shaft bearings produce noise and vibrationfailure occurs. If a mis-adjustment condition is not when worn or damaged. The noise generally changescorrected, component failure can result. when the bearings are loaded. Road test the vehicle. Turn the vehicle sharply to the left and to the right.
  7. 7. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3-7This will load the bearings and change the noise (2) Attach a one inch long piece of masking tape atlevel. Where axle bearing damage is slight, the noise the center of each tire tread for use as reference marks.is usually not noticeable at speeds above 30 mph. (3) Rotate the rear wheels until both reference marks face the front of the vehicle. Measure the dis-LOW SPEED KNOCK tance between the outside edges of the two pieces of Low speed knock is generally caused by a worn tape. Record this measurement as the front of tireU-joint or by worn side gear thrust washers. A worn (FTR) measurement.pinion gear shaft bore will also cause low speed knock. (4) Rotate the rear wheels until both reference marks face the rear of the vehicle. Measure the dis-VIBRATION tance between the outside edges of the two pieces of Vibration at the rear of the vehicle is usually tape. Record this measurement as the rear of tirecaused by a: (RTR) measurement.• Damaged drive shaft (5) Subtract the (RTR) measurement from the• Missing drive shaft balance weight (FTR) measurement to obtain the amount of wheel• Worn, out-of-balance wheels• Loose wheel lug nuts toe. The acceptable rear wheel toe-in position is 1/16• Worn U-joint inch (1.6 mm) to 3/16 inch (4.8 mm) toe-out.• Loose spring U-bolts (6) Rotate the rear wheels until the reference• Loose/broken springs marks are facing downward. Measure the distance• Damaged axle shaft bearings between the outside edges of the two pieces of tape.• Loose pinion gear nut Record this measurement as the bottom of tire (BTR)• Excessive pinion yoke run out measurement.• Bent axle shaft (7) Average the (FTR) and the (RTR) distance mea- Check for loose or damaged front end components surements. Subtract the (BTR) measurement fromor engine/transmission mounts. These components this average distance to obtain the camber. The ac-can contribute to what appears to be a rear end vi- ceptable amount of camber is 1/16 inch to 3/32 inchbration. Do not overlook engine accessories, brackets (1.6 to 2.4 mm).and drive belts. (FTR + RTR) DIVIDED BY 2 (TWO) MINUS All driveline components should be examined be- BTR EQUALS CAMBERfore starting any repair. If the (BTR) distance measurement is less Refer to Group 22, Wheels and Tires for additional than the average FTR and RTR distance mea-information. surement, the camber will be positive ( + ). If the (BTR) distance measurement is greaterDRIVELINE SNAP than the average FTR and RTR distance, the A snap or clunk noise when the vehicle is shifted camber will be negative ( - ).into gear (or the clutch engaged), can be caused by: If the toe position or camber is not acceptable, a• High engine idle speed bent or deformed rear axle shaft is most likely the• Loose engine/transmission/transfer case mounts cause.• Worn U-joints• Loose spring mounts LIMITED SLIP DIFFERENTIAL• Loose pinion gear nut and yoke Under normal traction conditions, engine torque is• Excessive ring gear backlash• Excessive differential side gear to case clearance divided evenly. With low traction surfaces, engine The source of a snap or a clunk noise can be deter- torque is transferred to the wheel with the most tiremined with the assistance of a helper. Raise the ve- traction. When diagnosing a limited-slip differentialhicle on a hoist with the wheels free to rotate. problem condition, the wheel with the least tractionInstruct the helper to shift the transmission into can continue spinning.gear. Listen for the noise, a mechanics stethoscope is The most common problem is a chatter noise whenhelpful in isolating the source of a noise. turning corners. Check for incorrect or contaminated lubricant. Replace the gear lubricant if necessary.REAR AXLE ALIGNMENT • With Trac-Lok differentials add a container of MOPAR௡ Trac-Lok Lubricant.MEASUREMENT This will correct the condition in most instances. If The following procedure can be used to determine the chatter persists, clutch damage could have occurred.if abnormal rear tire tread wear is the result of a After changing the lubricant, drive the vehicle andbent or deformed rear axle shaft. make 10 to 12 slow, figure eight turns. This maneu- (1) Raise both rear wheels off the surface with a ver will pump lubricant through the clutches.frame contact hoist.
  8. 8. 3-8 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ SERVICE DIAGNOSIS
  9. 9. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3-9 SERVICE DIAGNOSIS (CONT’D)
  10. 10. 3 - 10 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ MODEL 35 AXLE INDEX page pageAxle Assembly Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Final Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Axle Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Axle Shaft Seal and Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Lubricant Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Backlash and Contact Pattern Analysis . . . . . . . . . 23 Lubricant Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Cleaning/Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Pinion Gear Depth Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Differential Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Pinion Measurement and Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Differential Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Pinion Removal/Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Differential Measurement and Installation . . . . . . . . 21 Pinion Shaft Seal Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Differential Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14GENERAL INFORMATION MIL-L-2105C and API GL 5 quality specifications. The housing for Model 35 rear axles consists of an MOPAR௡ Hypoid Gear Lubricant conforms to both ofiron center casting with tubes extending from either these specifications.side. The tubes are pressed into and welded to the • Lubricant for standard Model 35 axle use ther-differential housing to form a one piece axle housing. mally stable SAE 80W-90 gear lubricant. The integral type housing, hypoid gear design has • Lubricant for Model 35 axle with Trailer Tow usethe centerline of the pinion set below the centerline SAE 75W-140 SYNTHETIC gear lubricant.of the ring gear. • Trac-Lok (limited slip) differentials add 4 fluid oz. The axle has a fitting for a vent hose used to re- of friction modifier.lieve internal pressure caused by lubricant vaporiza- • The lubricant quantity is 56Ϯ1 fluid oz..tion and internal expansion. Refer to Group 0, Lubrication and Maintenance for The axles are equipped with semi-floating axle additional information.shafts, meaning that loads are supported by the axleshaft and bearings. The axle shafts are retained by CAUTION: If axle is submerged in water, lubricantC-clips in the differential side gears. must be replaced immediately to avoid possible The axles are equipped with ABS brake sensors. premature axle failure.The sensors are attached to the brake backing plateassemblies and tone rings are pressed on the axle AXLE ASSEMBLY REPLACEMENTshaft. Use care when removing axle shafts as NOT todamage the tone wheel or the sensor. REMOVAL The removable cover provides a means for servicing (1) Raise and support the vehicle.the differential without removing the axle assembly. (2) Position a floor jack under the axle. The Model 35 axle has the assembly part number (3) Remove the wheels and tires. Remove theand gear ratio listed on a tag. The tag is attached to brake components from the axle, refer to Group 5,the housing cover. Build date identification codes are Brakes.stamped on the axle shaft tube cover side. (4) Disconnect the vent hose from the axle shaft The differential case is a one piece design. The dif- tube.ferential pinion mate shaft is retained with a (5) Mark the propeller shaft and yokes for installa-threaded roll pin. Differential bearing preload and tion alignment reference. Remove the propeller shaft.ring gear backlash is adjusted by the use of spacer (6) Disconnect stabilizer bar links.shims. The shims are located between the differential (7) Disconnect shock absorbers from axle.bearing cups and housing. Pinion bearing preload is (8) Disconnect track bar.set and maintained by the use of a collapsible spacer. (9) Disconnect upper and lower suspension arms For complete drive axle assembly removal from the axle brackets.and installation refer to Drive Axle Assembly (10) Lower the axle with the jack.Replacement in this Group. INSTALLATIONLUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS Have the springs supporting the weight of the Multi-purpose, hypoid gear lubricant should be vehicle when the arms and track bar fastenersused for Model 35 axle. The lubricant should have are being torqued. If the springs are not at
  11. 11. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 11their normal ride position, vehicle ride comfortand handling could be affected. (1) Raise the axle with a floor jack and align coilsprings. (2) Position the upper and lower suspension armson the axle brackets. Install nuts and bolts, DO NOTTORQUE BOLTS AT THIS TIME. (3) Install track bar and attachment bolts, DONOT TORQUE BOLTS AT THIS TIME. (4) Install shock absorber and tighten nuts to 60N⅐m (44 ft. lbs.) torque (5) Install stabilizer bar link and tighten nuts to36 N⅐m (27 ft. lbs.) torque (6) Install brake components refer to Group 5Brakes. (7) Install axle vent hose (8) Align propeller shaft and pinion yoke referencemarks. Install U-joint straps and bolts tighten to 19N⅐m (14 ft. lbs.) torque (9) Install the wheels and tires. (8) Check and add gear lubricant if needed. (9) Remove support and lower the vehicle. Fig. 1 Typical Housing Cover With Sealant (10) Tighten lower suspension arms bolts to 177 Trac-Lok (limited slip) Differentials; A con-N⅐m (130 ft. lbs.) torque. tainer of Trac-Lok Lubricant (friction modifier) (11) Tighten upper suspension arms bolts to 75 should be added after repair service or a lubricantN⅐m (55 ft. lbs.) torque. change. (12) Tighten track bar bolts to 100 N⅐m (74 ft. lbs.) (9) Install the fill hole plug and lower the vehicle.torque. LIMITED SLIP DIFFERENTIAL vehicles should be road tested by making 10 to 12 slow figure eightLUBRICANT CHANGE turns. This maneuver will pump the lubricant The gear lubricant will drain quicker if the vehicle through the clutch discs to eliminate a possible chat-has been recently driven. ter noise complaint. (1) Raise and support the vehicle. (2) Remove the lubricant fill hole plug from the dif- PINION SHAFT SEAL REPLACEMENTferential housing cover. (3) Remove the differential housing cover and REMOVALdrain the lubricant from the housing. (1) Raise and support the vehicle. (4) Clean the housing cavity with a flushing oil, (2) Remove wheel and tire assemblieslight engine oil or lint free cloth. Do not use water, (3) Mark the drive shaft yoke and pinion yoke forsteam, kerosene or gasoline for cleaning. installation alignment reference. (5) Remove the sealant from the housing and cover (4) Remove the drive shaft from the yoke.surfaces. Use solvent to clean the mating surfaces. (5) Rotate the pinion gear three or four times. (6) Apply a bead of MOPAR௡ Silicone Rubber Seal- Make sure brakes are not dragging during thisant to the housing cover (Fig. 1). Allow the sealant procedure.to cure for a few minutes. (6) Measure the amount of torque (in Newton Install the housing cover within 5 minutes af- meters or inch pounds) necessary to rotate the pinionter applying the sealant. If not installed the gear with a torque wrench. Note the torque for in-sealant must be removed and another bead ap- stallation reference. It must be known to properlyplied. adjust the pinion gear bearing preload torque (7) Install the cover and any identification tag. after seal installation.Tighten the cover bolts in a criss-cross pattern to 41 (7) Remove the pinion yoke nut and washer. UseN⅐m (30 ft. lbs.) torque. Remover C-452 and Wrench C-3281 to remove the (8) Refill the differential with MOPAR௡ Hypoid pinion yoke (Fig. 2).Gear Lubricant to bottom of fill plug hole. (8) Mark the positions of the yoke and pinion gear for installation alignment reference.
  12. 12. 3 - 12 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 2 Pinion Yoke Removal (9) Use Remover 7794A and slide hammer to re-move the pinion gear seal (Fig. 3). Fig. 4 Pinion Seal Installation (5) Rotate the shaft with the torque wrench and note the torque. The required preload is equal to the amount at removal plus 0.56 N⅐m (5 in. lbs.). (6) Use Flange Wrench C-3281 to retain the yoke and shaft (Fig. 5). Tighten the shaft nut in very small increments. Fig. 3 Seal RemovalINSTALLATION (1) Apply a light coating of gear lubricant on thelip of pinion seal. Install seal with Installer D-163and Handle C-4171 (Fig. 4). (2) Align the installation reference marks and in-stall yoke on the pinion gear with Installer W-162D. (3) Install a new nut on the pinion gear. Tightenthe nut only enough to remove the shaft endplay.CAUTION: Exercise care during bearing preloadtorque adjustment. Do not overtighten, or loosenand then re-tighten the nut. Do not exceed the bear-ing preload torque. The collapsible preload spaceron the pinion shaft will have to be replaced. Thebearing preload torque will be re-adjusted after- Fig. 5 Tightening Pinion Shaft Nutward. (7) Continue tightening the shaft nut in small in- crements until the correct bearing preload torque is (4) Install a socket and inch pound torque wrench attained.on the pinion nut.
  13. 13. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 13 (8) Align the installation reference marks and at-tach the drive shaft to the yoke. (9) Add API grade GL 5 hypoid gear lubricant tothe differential housing, if necessary. (10) Install wheel and tire assemblies (11) Lower the vehicle.AXLE SHAFTREMOVAL (1) Raise and support the vehicle. (2) Remove the wheel and tire. (3) Remove the brake drum. If equipped with reardisc brakes refer to Group 5 Brakes for procedure. (4) Clean all the foreign material from housingcover area. Fig. 7 Axle Shaft C-Clip Lock (5) Loosen the housing cover bolts. Drain the lubri- Use care to prevent the shaft splines from dam-cant from the housing and the axle shaft tubes. Re- aging the axle shaft seal lip.move the housing cover. (2) Insert the C-clip lock in the end of the axle (6) Rotate the differential case so that the pinion shaft. Push the axle shaft outward to seat the C-clipmate gear shaft lock screw is accessible. Remove the lock in the side gear.lock screw and the pinion mate gear shaft from the (3) Insert the mate shaft into the case and throughcase (Fig. 6). the thrust washers and pinion gears. Align the hole in shaft with the hole in the differential case and in- stall the lock screw with Loctite௡ on the threads. Tighten the screw to 19 N⅐m (14 ft. lbs.) torque. (4) Install the cover and add fluid. Refer to the Drain and Refill in this section. AXLE SHAFT SEAL AND BEARING REMOVAL (1) Remove the axle shaft. Refer to the Removal procedures in this Section. (2) Remove the axle shaft seal from the end of the axle shaft tube with a small pry bar. (3) Remove the bearing if it appears damaged. The seal and bearing can be removed at the same time with the bearing removal tool. Fig. 6 Mate Shaft Lock Screw (4) Remove the axle shaft bearing from the tube (7) Force the axle shaft in toward the center of the (Fig. 8) with Bearing Removal Tool Set 6310 (T.Arvehicle. Remove the axle shaft C-clip lock from the 960-02).axle shaft (Fig. 7). (5) Inspect the axle shaft tube bore for roughness (8) Remove the axle shaft. Use care to prevent and burrs. Remove as necessary.damage to the axle shaft bearing and seal, which will CAUTION: Inspect the housing bore for burrs andremain in the axle shaft tube. remove if they exist. (9) Inspect the roller bearing contact surface onthe axle shaft for signs of brinelling, spalling and pit-ting. INSTALLATION (10) If any of these conditions exist, the axle shaft Do not install the original axle shaft seal. Al-and bearing must be replaced. ways install a new seal. (1) Wipe the bore in the axle shaft tube clean.INSTALLATION (2) Install axle shaft bearing with Installer 6436 (1) Lubricate the bearing bore and seal lip with and Handle C-4171. Ensure part number on thegear lubricant. Insert the axle shaft through the seal, bearing must go against the Installer.bearing, and engage it with the side gear splines.
  14. 14. 3 - 14 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 10 Bearing Cap Identification Fig. 8 Axle Shaft Bearing Removal Tool (3) Install the new axle shaft seal (Fig. 9) with In-staller 6437 and Handle C-4171. Fig. 11 Spread Differential Housing ential housing. Attach Dial Indicator to housing pilot stud. Load the indicator plunger against the opposite side of the housing (Fig. 11) and zero the indicator. CAUTION: Do not spread over 0.38 mm (0.015 in). If the housing is over-separated, it could be distorted Fig. 9 Axle Shaft Seal Installation or damaged. (4) Install the Axle Shaft. Refer to the installationprocedure. (5) Separate the housing enough to remove the case from the housing. Measure the distance with theDIFFERENTIAL REMOVAL dial indicator (Fig. 11). To service the differential the axle shafts must be (6) Remove the dial indicator.removed. Refer to the removal procedures in this (7) Pry the differential case loose from the housing.Group. To prevent damage, pivot on housing with the end of (1) Note the installation reference letters the pry bar against spreader (Fig. 12).stamped on the bearing caps and housing ma- (8) Remove the case from housing. Mark or tagchined sealing surface (Fig. 10). bearing cups and outboard shim/spacer (selected (2) Remove the differential bearing caps. thickness) indicating which side they were removed. (3) Position Spreader W-129B with the tool dowel Remove spreader from housing.pins seated in the locating holes (Fig. 11). Install theholddown clamps and tighten the tool turnbuckle fin- DIFFERENTIAL DISASSEMBLYger-tight. (1) Remove the bearings from the differential case with (4) Install a pilot stud at the left side of the differ- Press C-293PA, Plug SP3289, Adapter C-293-18 (Fig. 13).
  15. 15. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 15 Fig. 14 Ring Gear Removal (3) Rotate the differential side gears and remove the pinion mate gears and thrust washers (Fig. 15). Fig. 12 Differential Removal Place adapter rings so they do not damagethe bearing cage. Fig. 15 Pinion Mate Gear Removal (4) Remove the differential side gears and thrust washers. (5) Remove the case from the vise. PINION REMOVAL/DISASSEMBLY (1) Remove the pinion yoke nut and washer. Use Remover C-452 and Wrench C-3281 to remove the pinion yoke (Fig. 16). (2) Remove the pinion gear from housing (Fig. 17). Fig. 13 Differential Bearing Removal Catch the pinion with your hand to prevent it from (2) Clamp the differential case in a vise equipped falling and being damaged.with soft jaws. Remove and discard the ring gear (3) Remove the pinion gear seal with a slide ham-bolts. Tap the ring gear with a rawhide or plastic mer or pry out with bar.mallet and remove (Fig. 14).
  16. 16. 3 - 16 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 16 Pinion Yoke Removal Fig. 18 Front Bearing Cup Removal Fig. 17 Remove Pinion Gear (4) Remove front bearing, and oil slinger ifequipped. (5) Remove the front pinion bearing cup with Re-mover D-147 and Handle C-4171 (Fig. 18). Fig. 19 Rear Bearing Cup Removal (6) Remove the rear bearing cup from housing (Fig.19). Use Remover D-148 and Handle C-4171. CLEANING/INSPECTION (7) Remove the collapsible preload spacer (Fig. 20). Wash differential components with cleaning solvent (8) Remove the inner bearing from the pinion with and dry with compressed air. Do not steam cleanPuller C-293PA and Adapter C-293-39 (Fig. 21). the differential components. Place adapter rings so they do not damage Wash bearings with solvent and towel dry. DOthe bearing cage. NOT spin bearings with compressed air. Cup and (9) Remove the depth shims from the pinion gear bearing must be replaced as a matched setsshaft. Record the thickness of the depth shims. only. Clean the axle shaft tubes and oil channel in hous- ing with a stiff wire and clean cloth. Inspect for;
  17. 17. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 17 • Wear and damage to pinion gear mate shaft, pin- ion gears, side gears and thrust washers. Replace as a matched set only. • Ring and pinion gear for worn and chipped teeth. • Ring gear for damaged bolt threads. Replaced as a matched set only. • Pinion yoke for cracks, worn splines, pitted areas, and a rough/corroded seal contact surface. Repair or replace as necessary. • Preload shims for damage and distortion. Install new shims if necessary. DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY (1) Install the following components in the differ- ential case. • Differential side gears and thrust washers • Pinion gears and thrust washers • Pinion gear mate shaft (align holes in shaft and case) (2) Lubricate all differential components with hy- poid gear lubricant. Fig. 20 Collapsible Preload Spacer PINION GEAR DEPTH INFORMATION Ring and pinion gears are supplied as matched sets only. The identifying numbers for the ring and pinion gear are etched into the face of each gear (Fig. 22). A plus (+) number, minus (-) number or zero (0) is etched into the face of the pinion gear. This number is the amount (in thousandths of an inch) the depth varies from the standard depth setting of a pinion etched with a (0). The standard setting from the cen- terline of the ring gear to the back face of the pinion is 96.8 mm (3.813 inches) for Model 35 axles (Fig. 23). The standard depth provides the best teeth con- tact pattern. Fig. 21 Inner Bearing Removal• Smooth appearance with no broken/dented sur-faces on the bearing rollers or the roller contact sur-faces.• Bearing cups must not be distorted or cracked.• Machined surfaces should be smooth and without Fig. 22 Pinion Gear ID Numbersany raised edges.• Raised metal on shoulders of cup bores should beremoved with a hand stone.
  18. 18. 3 - 18 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ THE BUTTON END ON THE PINION GEARHEAD IS NO LONGER A MACHINED-TO-SPECIFI-CATIONS SURFACE. DO NOT USE THIS SUR-FACE FOR PINION DEPTH SET-UP ORCHECKING (Fig. 23). Fig. 23 Pinion Gear Head Fig. 24 Shim Locations Compensation for pinion depth variance is achieved Note where Old and New Pinion Marking columnswith select shims. In production the shims are placed intersect. Intersecting figure represents plus or mi-between the pinion gear and the inner pinion bearing nus amount needed.cone. For service the shims are placed under the in- For example, if old pinion is plus (+) 1 and the newner pinion bearing cup (Fig. 24). pinion is minus (-) 3, intersecting figure is (+) 0.004 If a new gear set is being installed, note the inch (0.10mm). Add this amount to the original shim.depth variance etched into both pinion gears. Or if the old pinion is (-) 3 and the new pinion is (-)Add or subtract the thickness of the original 2, intersecting figure is (-) 0.001 inch (0.025mm).depth shims to compensate for the difference indepth variances. Refer to the Depth Variance Subtract this amount from original shim. Refer tocharts. the Pinion Gear Depth Variance Chart. PINION GEAR DEPTH VARIANCE
  19. 19. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 19PINION MEASUREMENT AND ASSEMBLYPINION GEAR DEPTH MEASUREMENT Pinion gear depth measurement is necessarywhen;• Axle housing or differential case is replaced• Pinion select shim pack is unknown• Ring and pinion gears are replaced Compensation for pinion depth variance is achievedwith select shims. In production the shims are placedbetween the pinion gear and the inner pinion bearingcone. For service the shims are placed under the in-ner pinion bearing cup. Measurements are taken with pinion cups and pin-ion bearings installed in housing. Take measure-ments with Pinion Gauge Set 6774, Pinion Block6735 and Dial Indicator C-3339 (Fig. 25). Fig. 26 Pinion Height Block Fig. 27 Gauge Tools In Housing Fig. 25 Pinion Gear Depth Gauge Tools (1) Assemble Pinion Gauge Set, Pinion Block andpinion bearings. Install assembly into differentialpinion gear bore and hand tighten cone (Fig. 26). (2) Place Arbor Disc 6732 on Arbor D-115-3 and po-sition in the bearing cradles (Fig. 27). Install differ-ential bearing caps on Arbor Discs and tighten capssnug only. Arbor Discs have different steps to fit otheraxle sizes. Pick correct size step for axle beingserviced. (3) Firmly place Scooter Block and Dial Indicator Fig. 28 Pinion Gear Depth Measurementon pinion height block tool and zero the dial indicator The plunger travel distance indicated, plus orpointer. minus the variance etched in the gear is the re- (4) Slide the Scooter Block across the arbor while quired thickness for the depth shims.observing indicator (Fig. 28). Record the longesttravel distance, whether inward (-) or outward (+), (5) Measure the thickness of each depth shim withindicated by the pointer. a micrometer and combine the shims necessary for
  20. 20. 3 - 20 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJtotal required shim pack thickness. Include oil (3) Install pinion front bearing, oil slinger. Apply aslinger or baffle thickness with the total shim light coating of gear lubricant on the lip of pinionpack thickness. seal. Install seal with Installer D-163 and Handle (6) Remove the measurement tools from the differ- C-4171 (Fig. 31).ential housing.PINION GEAR ASSEMBLY/INSTALLATION (1) Place the depth shims (and baffle if equipped)in the pinion gear rear bearing bore. Install the bear-ing cup with Installer D-146 and Driver HandleC-4171 (Fig. 29). Ensure cup is correctly seated. Fig. 31 Pinion Seal Installation (4) Install the rear bearing (and slinger if used) on the pinion gear with Installer W-262 (Fig. 32). Fig. 29 Pinion Rear Bearing Cup Installation (2) Install the pinion front bearing cup with In-staller D-130 and Handle C-4171 (Fig. 30). Fig. 32 Rear Pinion Bearing Installation Fig. 30 Pinion Front Bearing Cup Installation
  21. 21. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 21 (5) Install a new collapsible preload spacer on pin- CAUTION: Never loosen pinion gear nut to decreaseion shaft (Fig. 33). pinion gear bearing preload torque and never exceed specified preload torque. If preload torque is exceeded a new collapsible spacer must be installed. The torque sequence will have to be repeated. (9) Use Flange Wrench C-3281 to retain the yoke (Fig. 35). Slowly tighten the nut in small increments until the rotating torque is achieved. Measure the preload torque frequently to avoid over-tight- ening the nut. The maximum pinion nut torque is 475 N⅐m (350 ft. lbs.). Fig. 33 Collapsible Preload Spacer (6) Install pinion gear into differential housing. (7) Install yoke with Installer W-162D and WrenchC-3281 (Fig. 34). Fig. 35 Tightening Pinion Nut (10) Check bearing preload torque with an inch pound torque wrench (Fig. 36). The torque necessary to rotate the pinion gear should be; • Original Bearings — 1 to 3 N⅐m (10 to 20 in. lbs.) • New Bearings — 1.7 to 3.9 N⅐m (15 to 35 in. lbs.) DIFFERENTIAL MEASUREMENT AND INSTALLATION DIFFERENTIAL SHIM PACK MEASUREMENT (1) Install the bearings on the hub with Installer C-3716A and Driver Handle C-4171. (2) Match each bearing cup with bearing (original). Install the cups on the bearings. (3) Install the differential case in the housing. (4) Install the outboard shim/spacer (selected thick- Fig. 34 Pinion Yoke Installation ness) on each side between bearing cup and housing (8) Install the yoke washer and a new nut on the (Fig. 37). Use 0.142 in. (3.6 mm) as a starting point,pinion gear. Tighten nut to 271 N⅐m (200 ft lbs.) shim/spacers are available in various thicknesses.min. Do not over-tighten. (5) Install the marked bearing caps in their correct positions. Install and snug the bolts.
  22. 22. 3 - 22 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 38 Shim Measurement Fig. 36 Check Pinion Gear Torque The differential bearings must be preloaded to compensate for heat and load during operation. (10) Add an additional 0.004 - inch (0.1 - mm) to each outboard shim/spacer for bearing preload. RING GEAR INSTALLATION (1) Invert the differential case and start two ring gear bolts. This will provide case-to-ring gear bolt hole alignment. (2) Install new ring gear bolts and alternately tighten to 95-122 N⅐m (70-90 ft. lbs.) torque (Fig. 39). Fig. 37 Differential Bearing Shim Installation (6) Attach a dial indicator to the housing. Positionthe indicator plunger so that it contacts the ring gearmating surface (Fig. 38). (7) Pry the differential case to one side and zerothe dial indicator pointer. (8) Pry the differential case to the opposite sideand record indicator reading. Reading is additionalshim thickness needed for zero end play. For exam-ple, if reading was 0.008 inch (0.20 mm), an addi-tional 0.004 inch (0.10 - mm) thick shim will be Fig. 39 Ring Gear Bolt Installationneeded at each side zero end play. (9) Install zero end-play shims on each side of case.
  23. 23. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 23DIFFERENTIAL INSTALLATION (1) Position Spreader W-129B with the tool dowelpins seated in the locating holes (Fig. 40). Install theholddown clamps and tighten the tool turnbuckle fin-ger-tight. Fig. 40 Spread Differential Housing Fig. 41 Differential Installation (2) Install a pilot stud at the left side of the differ-ential housing. Attach Dial Indicator to housing pilotstud. Load the indicator plunger against the oppositeside of the housing (Fig. 40) and zero the indicator.CAUTION: Do not spread over 0.38 mm (0.015 in). Ifthe housing is over-separated, it could be distortedor damaged. (3) Separate the housing enough to install the casein the housing. Measure the distance with the dialindicator (Fig. 40). (4) Remove the dial indicator. (5) Install differential and outboard shim/spacer(selected thickness) in housing. (6) Install case in the housing. Tap the differentialcase to ensure the bearings are fully seated (Fig. 41). Fig. 42 Differential Bearing Cap Reference LettersRemove the spreader. SHIM PACK THICKNESS, EXCESSIVE BEAR- (7) Install the bearing caps at their original loca- ING PRELOAD AND DAMAGE WILL OCCUR.tions (Fig. 42). Tighten the bearing cap bolts to 77 The ring gear teeth contact patterns will show ifN⅐m (57 ft. lbs.) torque. the pinion gear depth shim(s) have the correct thick- ness. It will also show if the ring gear backlash hasBACKLASH AND CONTACT PATTERN ANALYSIS been adjusted correctly. The backlash must be main- (1) Rotate assembly several revolutions to seat tained within the specified limits until the correctbearings. Measure backlash at three equally spaced tooth contact patterns are obtained.locations around the perimeter of the ring gear with (2) Apply a thin coat of hydrated ferric oxide, toa dial indicator (Fig. 43). the ring gear teeth. The ring gear backlash must be within 0.12 - (3) Rotate the ring gear one complete revolution in0.20 mm (0.005 - 0.008 inch). It cannot vary both directions while a load is being applied. Insert amore than 0.05 mm (0.002 inch) between the pry bar between the differential housing and the casepoints checked. flange. This action will produce distinct contact pat- If backlash must be adjusted, spacers are available terns on both the drive side and coast side of the ringin various thicknesses. Adjust the backlash accord- gear teeth.ingly (Fig. 44). DO NOT INCREASE THE TOTAL
  24. 24. 3 - 24 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 43 Ring Gear Backlash Measurement (4) Note patterns in compound. Refer to (Fig. 45)for interpretation of contact patterns and adjust ac-cordingly. Fig. 44 Backlash Shim Adjustment
  25. 25. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 25 Fig. 45 Gear Tooth Contact Patterns
  26. 26. 3 - 26 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJFINAL ASSEMBLY (1) Install the axle shafts. Refer to Axle Shaft In-stallation within this group. (2) Scrape the residual sealant from the housingand cover mating surfaces. Clean the mating surfaceswith mineral spirits. Apply a bead of MOPAR௡ Sili-cone Rubber Sealant on the housing cover (Fig. 46).Allow the sealant to cure for a few minutes. Install the housing cover within 5 minutes af-ter applying the sealant. If not installed thesealant must be removed and another bead ap-plied. (3) Install the cover on the differential with the at-taching bolts. Install the identification tag. Tightenthe cover bolts to 41 N⅐m (30 ft. lbs.) torque.CAUTION: Overfilling the differential can result inthe lubricant foaming and overheating. (4) Refill the differential housing with the specifiedquantity of MOPAR௡ Hypoid Gear Lubricant. (5) Install the fill hole plug if used and tighten to Fig. 46 Typical Housing Cover With Sealant34 N⅐m (25 ft. lbs.) torque. Axles with rubber plugwill snap into place.
  27. 27. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 27 TRAC-LOK DIFFERENTIALOPERATION In a conventional differential, the torque applied tothe ring gear is transmitted to the axle shaftsthrough the differential gears. During normal opera-tion, the torque transmitted to each wheel is equal atall times. However, if one wheel spins, the oppositewheel will generate only as much torque as the spin-ning wheel. In the Trac-Lok differential, part of the ring geartorque is transmitted through clutch packs. Theclutch packs contain multiple disc. The clutch willhave radial grooves on the plates, and concentricgrooves on the discs or bonded fiber material that issmooth appearance. In operation, the Trac-Lok clutches are engaged bytwo concurrent forces. The first being preload forceexerted through Belleville spring washers containedin the clutch packs. The second from separatingforces generated by the side gears as torque is ap-plied through the ring gear (Fig. 1). The Trac-Lok design provides differential actionneeded for turning corners and for driving straightahead. However, when one wheel looses traction, theclutch packs transfer additional torque to the wheelhaving the most traction. Trac-Lok differentials resistwheel spin on bumpy roads and provide more pullingpower when one wheel looses traction. Pulling poweris provided continuously until both wheels loose trac-tion. If both wheels slip due to unequal traction, Fig. 1 Limited Slip Differential Operation—BothTrac-Lok operation is normal. In extreme cases of dif- Wheels Drivingferences of traction, the wheel with the least traction REAR WHEELS MUST BE RAISED AND THE VEHI-may spin. CLE SUPPORTED. A LIMITED SLIP AXLE CAN EX- ERT ENOUGH FORCE (IF ONE WHEEL IS INNOISE DIAGNOSIS CONTACT WITH THE SURFACE) TO CAUSE THE If a noise occurs when turning corners, the most VEHICLE TO MOVE.probable cause is incorrect or contaminated lubri-cant. Before removing the Trac-Lok unit for repair, The differential can be tested without removing thedrain, flush and refill the axle with the specified lu- differential case by measuring rotating torque. Makebricant. Refer to Lubricant change in this Group. sure brakes are not dragging during this measure- A container of Trac-Lok Lubricant (friction modi- ment.fier) should be added after repair service or a lubri- (1) Engine of, transmission in neutral, and parkingcant change. brake off. Vehicles with a limited slip differential should be (2) Place blocks in front and rear of both frontroad tested by making 10 to 12 slow figure eight wheels.turns. This maneuver will pump the lubricant (3) Jack up one rear wheel until it is completely offthrough the clutch discs to eliminate a possible chat- the ground.ter or pop noise complaint. (4) Remove wheel and bolt Special Tool 6790 to Refer to Group 0, Lubrication and Maintenance for studs.additional information. (5) Use torque wrench on special tool to rotateDIFFERENTIAL TEST wheel and read rotating torque (Fig. 2). (6) If rotating torque is less than 22 N⅐m (30 ft.WARNING: WHEN SERVICING VEHICLES WITH A lbs.) or more than 271 N⅐m (200 ft. lbs.) on eitherLIMITED SLIP DIFFERENTIAL DO NOT USE THE EN- wheel the unit should be service.GINE TO TURN THE AXLE AND WHEELS. BOTH
  28. 28. 3 - 28 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ Fig. 2 Trac-Loc TestDIFFERENTIAL OVERHAUL The Trac-Lok (limited-slip) differential componentsare illustrated in (Fig. 3). Refer to this illustrationduring repair service. Fig. 4 Axle Shaft As Holding FixtureDISASSEMBLY Service to the Trac-Lok differential requires the useof Tool Set C-4487 (J-23781). Refer to Model 35 Axlesection in this Group for Differential Removal andInstallation. (1) Clamp one axle shaft in a vise equipped withsoft jaws (Fig. 4). Fig. 3 Trac-Lok Differential Components
  29. 29. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 29 (2) Position the differential case on the axle shaft(Fig. 5). Place shop towels under the differential toavoid damage during removal of the ring gear (Fig.5). Fig. 7 Mate Shaft Lock Screw Fig. 5 Differential Case On Shaft (3) Remove and discard the ring gear bolts. Tapthe ring gear with a rawhide or plastic mallet and re-move (Fig. 6). Fig. 8 Mate Shaft Removal Fig. 6 Ring Gear Removal (3) Remove the pinion gear mate shaft lock screw(Fig. 7). (5) Remove the pinion gear mate shaft with a driftand hammer (Fig. 8). (6) Install and lubricate Step Plate C-4487-1 (Fig.9). (7) Assemble Threaded Adapter C-4487-3 into topside gear. Thread forcing Screw C-4487-2 into Fig. 9 Step Plate Tool Installationadapter until it becomes centered in adapter plate.
  30. 30. 3 - 30 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ (8) Position a small screw driver in slot ofThreaded Adapter C-4487-3 (Fig. 10) to preventadapter from turning. Fig. 12 Pinion Gear Removal (12) Remove top side gear and clutch pack. Keep plates in correct order during removal (Fig. 13). (13) Remove case from fixture. Remove remaining Fig. 10 Threaded Adapter Installation clutch pack. (9) Tighten forcing screw tool enough to relieveclutch pack tension. Remove both pinion thrustwashers (Fig. 11). Fig. 13 Side Gear & Clutch Disc Removal Fig. 11 Remove Pinion Thrust Washer (14) Remove clutch pack retaining clips. Mark each (10) Loosen the forcing screw tool until the clutch clutch pack for installation reference.pack tension is relieved. (11) Insert Turning Bar C-4487-4 in case. Rotate CLEANING AND INSPECTIONcase with tool until pinion gears can be removed (Fig. (1) Clean all components in cleaning solvent. Dry12). components with compressed air.
  31. 31. ZJ REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES 3 - 31 (2) Inspect clutch pack plates for wear, scoring ordamage. Replace both clutch packs if any one compo-nent in either pack is damaged. (3) Inspect side and pinion gears. Replace any gearthat is worn, cracked, chipped or damaged. (4) Inspect differential case and pinion shaft. Re-place if worn or damaged.PRESOAK PLATES AND DISC Plates and dics with fiber coating (no groves orlines) must be presoaked in Friction Modifier beforeassembly. Soak plates and discs for a minimum of 20minutes. Add remaining Friction Modifier to differen-tial after assembly.ASSEMBLY The clutch discs are replaceable as complete sets Fig. 15 Clutch Discs & Lower Side Gear Installationonly. If one clutch disc pack is damaged, bothpacks must be replaced. Lubricate each component with gear lubricant be-fore assembly. (1) Assemble the clutch discs into packs secure discpacks with retaining clips (Fig. 14). (2) Position assembled clutch disc packs on theside gear hubs. Fig. 16 Upper Side Gear & Clutch Disc Pack Installation Adapter C-4487-3 into top side gear, insert forcing Screw C-4487-2. (8) Tighten forcing screw tool to compress clutch discs. (9) Install pinion gears. Rotate case with Turning Fig. 14 Clutch Disc Pack Bar C-4487-4. Make sure holes of pinion mate gears (3) Position case on axle fixture. are aligned with case. (4) Install clutch pack and side gear in lower bore (10) Tighten forcing screw to compress the(Fig. 15). Be sure clutch pack retaining clips re- Belleville plates. Lubricate and install pinion gearmain in position and are seated in the case thrust washers with a small screw driver.pockets. (11) Remove forcing screw, threaded adapter and (5) Install lubricated Step Plate C-4487-1 on first step plate. Install pinion gear mate shaft, align holesclutch pack (Fig. 16). in shaft and case. (6) Install the upper side gear and clutch disc pack (12) Install the pinion mate shaft lock screw finger(Fig. 16). tight to hold shaft durning installation. (7) Hold assembly in position. Insert Threaded
  32. 32. 3 - 32 REAR SUSPENSION AND AXLES ZJ If replacement gears and thrust washers wereinstalled, it is not necessary to measure thegear backlash. Correct fit is due to close ma-chining tolerances during manufacture. (13) Invert the differential case and start two ringgear bolts. This will provide case-to-ring gear bolthole alignment. (14) Install new ring gear bolts and alternatelytighten to 95-122 N⅐m (70-90 ft. lbs.) torque (Fig. 17). (15) Lubricate all differential components with hy-poid gear lubricant. Fig. 17 Ring Gear Bolt Installation AXLE SPECIFICATIONSMODEL 35 AXLE Ring Gear Axle Type ...............................Semi-Floating Hypoid Diameter .......................................19.2 cm (7.562 in.) Lubricant................Thermally Stable SAE 80W-90 Backlash....................0.12-0.20 mm (0.005-0.008 in.) Lubricant Trailer Tow.............Synthetic 75W-140 Pinion Std. Depth ...................96.8 mm (3.813 in.) Lube Capacity ................................1.66 L (3.5 pts.) Pinion Bearing Preload Axle Ratio....................................................3.55 3.73 Original Bearing ..................1-2 N⅐m (10-20 in. lbs.) Diff. Brg. Preload......................0.1 mm (0.004 in.) New Bearing......................1.5-4 N⅐m (15-35 in. lbs.) Side Gear Clearance..............0-0.15 mm (0-0.006) TORQUE SPECIFICATIONSREAR SUSPENSION COMPONENTS Track Bar Frame Bracket Nut...................100 N⅐m (74 ft. lbs.)DESCRIPTION ................................................TORQUE Axle Bracket Bolt......................100 N⅐m (74 ft. lbs.) Shock Upper Nut .....................70 N⅐m (52 ft. lbs.) Shock Lower Nut.....................92 N⅐m (68 ft. lbs.) MODEL 35 AXLE Suspension Arm Upper Nuts ..............................................75 N⅐m (55 ft. lbs.) DESCRIPTION ................................................TORQUE Suspension Arm Lower Fill Hole Plug ...........................34 N⅐m (25 ft. lbs.) Nuts ..........................................177 N⅐m (130 ft. lbs.) Diff. Cover Bolt ........................41 N⅐m (30 ft. lbs.) Stabilizer Bar Bearing Cap Bolt .....................77 N⅐m (57 ft. lbs.) Clamp Bolt...................................54 N⅐m (40 ft. lbs.) Ring Gear Bolt .............95-122 N⅐m (70-90 ft. lbs.) Link Nut ......................................36 N⅐m (27 ft. lbs.)

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