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Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan
Presented by
Fida Karim
Project Officer-Coastal D...
Who We Are…
 FOCUS is an international emergency response and disaster management agency
 It has over a decade experienc...
Increasing Vulnerability and Risks
•
• Decreasing emphasis on quality of
Basic civic infrastructure
• Least emphasis on DR...
Goals and Objectives of FOCUS Programs
Savinglivesandproperties
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
Rink Anticipation and Prepar...
Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the
coastal areas of Pakistan
Prepare Communities for
Disaster Risk Reduction
R...
1. Risk
Anticipation and
community
preparedness
• Risk Analysis and Assessment
• Training on CBDRM
• Evacuation planning a...
Trained school teachers, students and parents on Coastal Hazards in Coastal
Area based Schools in Sindh & Baluchistan
Trained Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) and Search
And Rescue Teams (SART) on Water Search & Rescue
Arranged Awareness Sessions on Coastal Hazards in Coastal Areas of
Pakistan
2. Stockpiling of Emergency Items
Education
Provision of
stockpiles
Stockpile
Management
Committees
30 Item stockpile:
-Li...
Established Community Based Emergency Stockpiles and trained volunteers
in Stockpile Management.
Trained Coastal Communities on Early warning &
Emergency Evacuation
3. Early warning & Linkages
EWS Sessions and
Emergency
Evacuation Drills,
DRM Plans
Networking with
relevant
institutions ...
Arranged stockholders meeting with government and
non-government Organizations
Recommendation
1. Introduce community awareness programs in all coastal areas
of Pakistan.
– Preparedness enhancing skills...
Presentation presented by Fida Karim on "Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan" during ...
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Presentation presented by Fida Karim on "Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan" during Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi, Pakistan

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Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan

Presented by Fida Karim
Project Officer-Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project and Programme Monitoring, Evaluation & Research at Focus Humanitarian Assistance, Pakistan

Paper presented at the Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan
Organized by FOCUS Pakistan in support and collaboration of Royal Norwegian Embassy and NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi Pakistan.
22nd-May-2014

Published in: Environment, Technology
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Presentation presented by Fida Karim on "Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan" during Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi, Pakistan

  1. 1. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan Presented by Fida Karim Project Officer-Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project and Programme Monitoring, Evaluation & Research Focus Humanitarian Assistance, Pakistan Paper presented at the Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in the Coastal Areas of Pakistan Organized by FOCUS Pakistan in support and collaboration of Royal Norwegian Embassy and NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi Pakistan. 22nd-May-2014
  2. 2. Who We Are…  FOCUS is an international emergency response and disaster management agency  It has over a decade experience in providing emergency humanitarian relief and helping vulnerable communities prepare for, survive and respond to disasters  It was established in 1994 – In Pakistan it started its operation with Afghan refugee programme and in 1998 as DRR lead agency of AKDN  It is the humanitarian wing and an affiliate of Aga Khan Development Network www.akdn.org/focus
  3. 3. Increasing Vulnerability and Risks • • Decreasing emphasis on quality of Basic civic infrastructure • Least emphasis on DRM/DRR • Lack of linkages and Partnership • Lesser Government investment • Lack of Community Awareness • No trained human resources and teams • No enforcement of laws related to DRR i.e. building codes • Frequency/occurrence of disasters • Complex situation / man-made disasters • Poverty • Increasing Population • Urbanization / Unsafe conditions • Climate Change / Weather extremes • Hazard & risk assessment - Time & Cost
  4. 4. Goals and Objectives of FOCUS Programs Savinglivesandproperties Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Rink Anticipation and Preparedness 1. Hazard and Risk Maps & Assessment 2. Climate change Adaptation and Community Preparedness 3. School Safety Programme 4. Capacity building of partners and linkages Improved Institutional Capacity for Disaster Assessment and Response 1. Search and Rescue Teams (SART) 2. Disaster Assessment and Response Teams (DART) 3. Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT) 4. Emergency Humanitarian Relief Refugee and IDPAssistance 1. IDP / Refugee Assistance and Camp Management (as and when required) Institutional Strengthening through Linkages and Partnerships 1. Linkages and Partnerships 2. Research and Knowledge Management 3. MER , Audit and Transparency
  5. 5. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction in the coastal areas of Pakistan Prepare Communities for Disaster Risk Reduction Risk Anticipation and Awareness Raising Stockpiling Disaster Resilient and Prepared Communities Early warning and linkage building
  6. 6. 1. Risk Anticipation and community preparedness • Risk Analysis and Assessment • Training on CBDRM • Evacuation planning and drills • Awareness raising at community and school levels • Water Rescue Trainings for CERT & SART
  7. 7. Trained school teachers, students and parents on Coastal Hazards in Coastal Area based Schools in Sindh & Baluchistan
  8. 8. Trained Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) and Search And Rescue Teams (SART) on Water Search & Rescue
  9. 9. Arranged Awareness Sessions on Coastal Hazards in Coastal Areas of Pakistan
  10. 10. 2. Stockpiling of Emergency Items Education Provision of stockpiles Stockpile Management Committees 30 Item stockpile: -Life jackets, -First Aid Kits - Fire extinguishers - Search lights -Buckets -Stretchers -Safety ropes -Mega phones -Stretchers etc.
  11. 11. Established Community Based Emergency Stockpiles and trained volunteers in Stockpile Management.
  12. 12. Trained Coastal Communities on Early warning & Emergency Evacuation
  13. 13. 3. Early warning & Linkages EWS Sessions and Emergency Evacuation Drills, DRM Plans Networking with relevant institutions i.e. PMD, DDMA, PDMA, I/NGOs, UN Agencies Information sharing with communities 1. SMS 2.Weather Alerts 3. PMD Advice 4.Sharing whether advisories
  14. 14. Arranged stockholders meeting with government and non-government Organizations
  15. 15. Recommendation 1. Introduce community awareness programs in all coastal areas of Pakistan. – Preparedness enhancing skills and education – Ensure structural and physical interventions .i.e. plantation, protective walls, proper channelization of flood courses, timely repairing and maintenance of canals. 2. Proper research and information sharing on CBDRR. 3 . Government should allocate fund at local level for disaster preparedness. 4. Government, CSOs and community work together on DRM.

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