Presentation of Martin Scheele, European Commission, at Food, Fertilizers and Natural Resources Conference by Fertilizers Europe


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Presentation of Martin Scheele, European Commission, at Food, Fertilizers and Natural Resources Conference by Fertilizers Europe

  1. 1. The CAP towards 2020 Martin ScheeleDirectorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development
  2. 2. Challenges and Opportunities Habitats Culture Biodiversity and Values Food Energy Climate Change Biomass Rural Economic Economy Viability Resource- management
  3. 3. Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy Financial Framework Rural 2014-2020 Budget Development Policy Programming based on  Common“Greening” Strategicof Direct Safety Net for FrameworkPayments Agricultural Markets  Needs Assessment Market and Income Policy  Programme- specific Horizontal Targets More Balanced Rules Distribution Streamlining Cross Compliance Risk- based Controls
  4. 4. Perspectives for Europe 2020 • Green Growth • Inclusive Growth • Smart Growth
  5. 5. Budget Proposal for 2014-2020 In Billion Euro (current Prices)• Market- and Income Policy 317,2• Rural Development Policy 101,2• Additional Funds 17,1 Of which: - Crisis Fund 3,9 - Food Safety 2.5 - Food Aid 2,8 - Globalisation Fund 2,8 - Research and Innovation 5,1Total: 435,5
  6. 6. New Design of Direct Payments Basic Premium• National or regional flat rate for eligible land• Identification of regions by Member States• Phasing in• Payments on for “active farmers” (Premia below 5000 € or higher than 5% of the non-agricultural income)
  7. 7. New Design of Direct Payments “Greening”30% of the envelope for direct payments Requirements: • Crop diversity: 3 crops (min 5% und max 70%) • Environmental Focus Areas (7%) • Preservation of permanent grassland (5% Flexibility)
  8. 8. New Design of Direct Payments Payments in Areas with Natural ConstraintsUp to 5 % of the envelope for direct payments• Optional application• Area defined with Rural Development Policy
  9. 9. New Design of Direct Payments Additional ElementsYoung farmers scheme • Mandatory application • 2% of the national envelopeSmall farmers scheme • Optional application • Up to 10% of the national envelope
  10. 10. New Design of Direct Payments Cross-Compliance• Reduction to 13 mandatory standards (from 18)• Reduction to 8 standards for „Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions “ (from 15)• List of standards presented by themes
  11. 11. Cross Compliance Themes(1) Water • Nitrate (SMR) • Buffer strips (GAEC) • Irrigation (GAEC) • Ground water (GAEC)(2) Soil • Soil cover (GAEC) • Erosion (GAEC) • Soil organic matter (GAEC)(3) Biodiversity • Birds (SMR) • Habitats (SMR) 11
  12. 12. Cross Compliance Themes(4) Landscape and Minimum Maintenance • Landscape features (GAEC) • Invasive species and pests (GAEC)(5) Food Safety • Food law (SMR) • Hormones (SMR)(6) Identification and Registration • Pigs (SMR) • Bovine animals (SMR) • Ovine and caprine animals (SMR) 12
  13. 13. Cross Compliance Themes(7) Animal Diseases • Prevention, control and eradication (SMR)(8) Plant Protection Products • Placing on markets (SMR)(9) Animal Welfare • Protection of calves (SMR) • Protection of pigs (SMR) • Protection of farm animals (SMR) 13
  14. 14. Market Measures Single Market Organisation• Maintaining „safety net“ measures• School fruit and school milk• Ending of sugar quota in 2015• Position in supply chain and market transparency
  15. 15. Rural Development Policy1. EU „Strategic Document“ establishing common priorities 2. „Partnership Contracts“ with Member States, including description of interplay between different funds 3. Establishment of national regional programmes based on needs assessment and programme targets 4. Monitoring and evaluation, including review of programme performance in 2017 und 2019
  16. 16. Priorities for Rural Development Policy(1) Knowledge transfer and innovation: • Fostering innovation • Linking practice and research; • Vocational training(2) Enhancing competitiveness: • Farm restructuring • Generational renewal 16
  17. 17. Priorities for Rural Development Policy(3) Food chain organisation and risk management: • Food chain integration • Risk management(4) Restoring, preserving, and enhancing ecosystems: • Biodiversity, high nature value farming, and landscapes • Water management • Soil management 17
  18. 18. Priorities for Rural Development Policy(5) Resource efficiency and climate change: • Efficient water use • Efficiency energy use • Renewable sources of energy • Reducing nitrous oxide and methane emissions • Carbon sequestration(6) Social inclusion: • Diversification, small enterprises, and job creation • Local development 18
  19. 19. The Future CAP at Glance Enhanced Innovation, knowledge transfer, riskCompetitiveness management, cooperation in agricultural supply chain Improved Greening, streamlined cross- Sustainability compliance, resource efficiency, research and innovation Greater Improved targeting, redistribution, Effectiveness Common Strategic Framework, simplification
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention!