The EU ETS and the
Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines
for Aviation in the EU ETS
EBACE 2009
12 May 2009

Hubert FALLMANN
...
Overview

• EU ETS – Key elements for Aviation
• Monitoring and reporting Guidelines

2
EU Emission Trading
System (EU ETS)

• In force since 1 January 2005
• One common emission cap for 11,500 energyintensive ...
EU ETS for Aviation:
Basic elements

• Total cap will be increased for inclusion of
aviation:
 Based

on 2004-6 average a...
EU ETS for Aviation:
Coverage
• Directive covers all flights to and from EU airports
• Small aircraft and certain flights ...
Overview

• EU ETS – Key elements for Aviation
• Monitoring and reporting Guidelines

6
The Monitoring and
Reporting Guidelines
(“MRG”)
• Legally binding, although named “guidelines”
• Have been developed with ...
MRG overview

• Annex I: General requirements
• Annex II – XI: Calculation Methods for
stationary installations
• Annex XI...
MRG principles:
Responsibilities
• Operator develops monitoring plan (MP)
• Competent authority (CA) in the administering ...
Monitoring plan

• Sets out the exact monitoring methodology,
including measurement methods, data flow
management, interna...
Monitoring of Fuel
Consumption
Method A:
Actual fuel consumption for each flight (tonnes) =
Amount of fuel contained in ai...
Emissions from
aviation activities
Emissions = Fuel consumed (tonnes) * EF
• Use of standard emission factors, e.g.:


EF...
Simplified methods

• Small emitters:
less

than 10,000 t CO2/year or
Less than 243 flights per 4 months

• Emission est...
T-km data

• Actual t-km are used, not „revenue t-km“
• Distance =
Great circle distance (GCD) + 95 km


Aerodrome coordi...
Electronic Reporting

• MRG define content of the reports
• Standardised Excel templates published by the
Commission to be...
Legislation and
information sources
• EU ETS Directive: 2003/87/EC, as amended by Directives
2004/101/EC and 2008/101/EC (...
Info on the EU Emission Trading System:
17
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/index_en.htm
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20090512 eu-ets-european-commission

  1. 1. The EU ETS and the Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines for Aviation in the EU ETS EBACE 2009 12 May 2009 Hubert FALLMANN DG Environment Unit C.2 European Commission 1
  2. 2. Overview • EU ETS – Key elements for Aviation • Monitoring and reporting Guidelines 2
  3. 3. EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) • In force since 1 January 2005 • One common emission cap for 11,500 energyintensive installations across the EU • From 2012 onwards inclusion of 2,700 Aircraft operators • Covers almost half of total EU CO2 emissions • Cost-effective strategy for reducing emissions • Step on the way to a global carbon market 3
  4. 4. EU ETS for Aviation: Basic elements • Total cap will be increased for inclusion of aviation:  Based on 2004-6 average annual emissions  Figure to be published by the Commission by 2 August 2009  In 2012: 97% of base year emissions  From 2013: 95% of base year emissions • 85% allocation for free, rest to be auctioned • Free allocation based on benchmark related to t-km data (to be reported for 2010) 4
  5. 5. EU ETS for Aviation: Coverage • Directive covers all flights to and from EU airports • Small aircraft and certain flights excluded:  Excludes planes with MTOM below 5.7 tonnes  De minimis provision excludes commercial operators with: • on average less than 2 flights per day; or • annual emissions of less than 10,000 tonnes CO2 • Detailed guidelines for the definition of aviation activities have been published. • Scheme can be amended to take into account equivalent measures to reduce emissions taken by other countries. 5
  6. 6. Overview • EU ETS – Key elements for Aviation • Monitoring and reporting Guidelines 6
  7. 7. The Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines (“MRG”) • Legally binding, although named “guidelines” • Have been developed with broad stakeholder involvement • Take into account existing industry practice (e.g. WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol) and IPCC 2006 guidelines for national GHG inventories • Principles:  Completeness  Consistency  Transparency  Trueness  Cost effectiveness  Faithfulness  Improvement of performance 7
  8. 8. MRG overview • Annex I: General requirements • Annex II – XI: Calculation Methods for stationary installations • Annex XII – XIII: Continuous measurement (CO2 and N2O) for installations • Annex XIV: Emissions from Aviation • Annex XV: t-km data from Aviation • (Annex XVI – XVIII: Carbon Capture and Storage) 8
  9. 9. MRG principles: Responsibilities • Operator develops monitoring plan (MP) • Competent authority (CA) in the administering Member State approves MP • Operator carries out monitoring consistently with the approved MP • Accredited Verifier (contracted by operator) verifies:   Correctness of the data Conformity/compliance with the MP • Operator sends the annual report with the verification statement to the CA for approval • (Operator surrenders a number of allowances equivalent to the verified emissions) 9
  10. 10. Monitoring plan • Sets out the exact monitoring methodology, including measurement methods, data flow management, internal quality controls etc. • Key issue for aviation is ensuring the completeness of data:  Track completeness of the fleet and flight activities  Responsibility for the flight is defined by the call sign (ICAO designator, if not available: tail number) in flight plan box 7 • To be submitted to the competent authority by 31 August 2009 10
  11. 11. Monitoring of Fuel Consumption Method A: Actual fuel consumption for each flight (tonnes) = Amount of fuel contained in aircraft tanks once fuel uplift for the flight is complete (tonnes) – Amount of fuel contained in aircraft tanks once fuel uplift for subsequent flight is complete (tonnes) + Fuel uplift for that subsequent flight (tonnes) Method B: Actual fuel consumption for each flight (tonnes) = Amount of fuel remaining in aircraft tanks at block-on at the end of the previous flight (tonnes) – Amount of fuel contained in tanks at block-on at the end of the flight (tonnes) + Fuel uplift for the flight (tonnes) 11
  12. 12. Emissions from aviation activities Emissions = Fuel consumed (tonnes) * EF • Use of standard emission factors, e.g.:  EF (Jet kerosene) = 3.15 t CO 2/t • Density (if needed for converting fuel volumes to mass) to be taken from best available source (onboard measurement or fuel supplier, if not available standard value) • Special requirements for non-standard fuels (biofuels) 12
  13. 13. Simplified methods • Small emitters: less than 10,000 t CO2/year or Less than 243 flights per 4 months • Emission estimate taken from a model (approved by EU Commission), e.g. Eurocontrol’s PAGODA • Same models allowed to close unavoidable data gaps 13
  14. 14. T-km data • Actual t-km are used, not „revenue t-km“ • Distance = Great circle distance (GCD) + 95 km  Aerodrome coordinates from official AIPs (Aeronautical Information Publications)  GCD calculated using WGS 84 • Payload:  Mass of freight and mail: from Mass & Balance Documentation  Passengers and checked baggage: • Standard 100 kg/Person or • taken from Mass & Balance Documentation 14
  15. 15. Electronic Reporting • MRG define content of the reports • Standardised Excel templates published by the Commission to be used • More sophisticated systems provided by Member States allowed • An XML schema for all EU ETS is under development, allowing independent software developers to provide even more user-friendly solutions 15
  16. 16. Legislation and information sources • EU ETS Directive: 2003/87/EC, as amended by Directives 2004/101/EC and 2008/101/EC (and 2009/29/EC) • Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines (”MRG”): Decision 2007/589/EC, as amended by 2009/87/EC; Amendment for Aviation just published (2009/339/EC) • Detailed guidelines for the interpretation of “Aviation activities”: Available from Website • Websites:     EU-Legislation: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm EU-ETS: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/index_en.htm Aviation in the EU ETS: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/aviation_en.htm Monitoring and Reporting in the EU ETS: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/mrg_en.htm 16
  17. 17. Info on the EU Emission Trading System: 17 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/index_en.htm

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