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  1. 1. PARAGUAY You have to feel it! Dela Cruz, Harriett Marie Ecaldre, Mary Rose Garcia, Joanna Karol Jagunap, Ferby Marga Estanislao, Armand Kenneth Olaso, Donnalyn Barrion, Jan Brian Balitaan, Carmela Alyssa Bautista, Joshuel Neolle OFFICIAL SEAL OF PARAGUAY
  2. 2. LOCATION Known as the “Heart of America” Where is Paraguay? Paraguay is a landlocked country located in the center of the southern half of the continent. What is the capital of Paraguay? Asuncion is the capital of Paraguay and is one of the oldest cities in South America. It is the industrial and cultural center of the country, and has an estimated population of 680,250.
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 58 00 W Map references: South America Area: total: 406,750 sq km land: 397,300 sq km water: 9,450 sq km Area - comparative: slightly smaller than California Land boundaries: total: 3,920 km border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km
  4. 4. REGIONS Paraná Plateau The forested highlands in Paraguay's east, along the Paraná River, home to the second largest city of Ciudad del Este, just over the river from Iguaçu Falls. Northern Paraneña Southern Paraneña Home to the population center of the country, in and around Asunción. Gran Chaco The large, wild, semi-arid plains in the northwest of the country.
  5. 5. CURRENCY Guarani, PYG
  6. 6. CLIMATE Subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west TERRAIN grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
  7. 7. PARAGUAY RIVER The Paraguay River is a major river in south central South America, running through Brazil, Bolivia, Par aguay, and Argentina.
  8. 8. NATURAL RESOURCES Hydropower Timber Iron ore Manganese Limestone NATURAL HAZARDS local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June) deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands ENVIRONMENT – CURRENT ISSUES
  9. 9. FAUNA 200 species of fish 645 species of birds 167 types of mammals FLORA Chaco, semi-arid, thorny vegetation predominates in the west Sub-tropical forests in the northeast Savannah with certain species such as the caranda’y, in the southeast.
  10. 10. POPULATION 6,347,884 (July 2005 est.) Nationality : noun: Paraguayan(s) adjective: Paraguayan Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5% Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10% Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 94% male: 94.9% female: 93% (2003 est.)
  11. 11. PEOPLE Germans Japanese Koreans ethnic Chinese Arabs, Brazilians and Argentines are among those who have settled in Paraguay.
  12. 12. GOVERNMENT Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Paraguay conventional short form: Paraguay local long form: Republica del Paraguay local short form: Paraguay Government type: constitutional republic
  13. 13. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS 1525—Portuguese explorer Alejo Garcia visits Paraguay.
  14. 14. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS 1811—Paraguay becomes independent.
  15. 15. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS 1865–70—Paraguay loses over half of its population and large tracts of land in war with Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay over sea access.
  16. 16. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS 1954—General Alfredo Stroessner seizes power in coup, ushering in more than 30 years of ruthless dictatorship.
  17. 17. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS 2004 August—More than 420 killed in Asuncion shopping centre fire. Three days of national mourning declared.
  18. 18. CULTURE Paraguay culture is highly influenced by various European countries, particularly Spain, which are combined with indigenous culture. This cultural blend is seen in Paraguay's forms of arts, crafts, music, festivals, literature, cinema, fashion, languages.
  19. 19. CULTURE TWO OFFICIAL LANGUANGES SPANISH and GUARANI RELIGION The majority of the population in Paraguay follows a form of Christianity, with almost 90 percent Roman Catholic, followed by Protestant groups with a significant minority of Muslims and Mennonites.
  21. 21. CULTURE FOOD Paraguayan embroidery, lace making, and local music are representations of the cultural fusion. Food is an important part of the cultural ethos of any country, and in Paraguay, cottage cheese, cornmeal, milk, butter, eggs and fresh corn kernels are some of the major dishes.
  22. 22. CULTURE SPORTS Sports are an important cultural aspect of Paraguay, which excels in football (soccer), as well as rugby, volleyball, and tennis.
  23. 23. TRADITIONS In celebrating New Year for example, a life size effigy of a human is created and then dressed up like a scarecrow, which is then burnt at the midnight. Social gatherings and special family gatherings call for an 'asado' of beef or a pit- roasted pig. and Practices
  24. 24. TRADITIONS Christmas is an important holiday in the Christian Paraguay and is celebrated with a Christmas festival. The churches are decorated with lights and colorful ornaments. Because it is summer during the Christmas season, colorful flowers are used in decorating homes and churches. TRADITIONAL FOOD: grilled ribs,yuca,chipa,sopa paraguaya,chipa guazu,locro,poroto,yopara. TRADTIONAL CLOTHING: it is the clothing that the ancient to modern day indians and local populace wear for celebrations,fiestas or religious ceremonies to this day. LOCRO TYPOI and Practices
  25. 25. LANGUAGE The Republic of Paraguay is a mostly bilingual country, where both Spanish, an Indo-European language, and Guaraní, an indigenous language of the Tupian family. 87% - Spanish 90% - Guarani with 4,650,000 speakers
  27. 27. PERFORMINGand Fine Arts Folk art in Paraguay is an expression of the cultural mixture of the Spanish and Guaraní and it has its roots in the old handicraft workshops created in the first towns of the colony. This branch demonstrates the admirable fusion of elements and techniques of the two cultural heritages that it represents. The great innovations that contribute to the new folk art are the use of kilns for ceramics and the use of the loom for weaving, along with the use of leather and metals in new art forms.
  28. 28. PERFORMING MUSIC Guarania is the second best known Paraguayan music style and was created by the great musician José Asunción Flores in 1925, with a slower beat that admirably expresses the melancholy mood of this Paraguayan man. and Fine Arts
  29. 29. PERFORMINGand Fine Arts Theater Dance Visual Arts
  30. 30. PERFORMINGand Fine Arts MUSEO DEL BARRO, ASUNCION These museums house important samples of indigenous art from different ethnicities that inhabit the Paraguayan territory. In the last few decades, it has become easier to enjoy samples of indigenous art in Paraguay, and it is possible to acquire pieces in numerous businesses that specialize in the various genres.
  31. 31. LITERATURE Augusto Roa Bastos , in 1989, was the first Paraguayan writer to win the main prize for Hispanic literature: the Cervantes Award for Literature.
  32. 32. PERSONALITIES Paraguay, despite being a small and isolated Latin American country, has produced many famous personalities over the years who have contributed in various spheres of human activities in highly meaningful and significant ways. Jose Gasper Rodriguez de Francia (Politician), was the first president of Paraguay. Jose Luis Chilavert (Athlete), footballer
  33. 33. PERSONALITIES Rossana De Los Rios (Athlete), tennis star.
  34. 34. ARCHITECTURE The rich architecture portayed in the magnificent historical monuments that adorn the country draws a number of visitors to the place.
  35. 35. INDUSTRY Industries: sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
  36. 36. TOURISM FACILITIESand Services TRANSPORT Silvio Pettirossi International Airport
  39. 39. TOURISM FACILITIESand Services BANKING AND FINANCE Banco Regional Paraguay
  41. 41. HOW TO GET TO THEDESTINATION First, you will need to accomplish the VISA requirements but European citizens usually don’t need visas to visit Paraguay for up to 90 days. After accomplishing the visa requirements you can now then go to the airport of your country and fly your way to Paraguay by means of water or air transportation. FROM UST Ride a jeepney going to Baclaran, and get a cab there that will take you to NAIA 2. From there, board a plane directly to Paraguay.
  42. 42. SAMPLE ITINERARY A classic Paraguay trip taking in the best of each region. Day 1: Fly direct to Silvio Pettirossi International Airport. On arrival you will be met and transferred directly to your hotel. Asunción Days 2-3: Two nights in Asunción, where the scent of jasmine lingers in the air and the river front on the Rio Paraguay is busy and vibrant, including a half day private tour of Asunción.
  43. 43. SAMPLE ITINERARY The West Days 4-6: Transfer to the West to Central Chaco for two nights in the sparsely populated wild plains where large cats can be found in the dense thorn forest and a plethora of birdlife lives in the marshes. Enjoy a full day tour of Campo Maria as well as a tour of Chaco itself. Transfer back to Asunción. The South Days 7-9: After a night back in Asunción transfer South to the remains of the Mission settlements dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries, juxtaposed among lush tropical forest near the banks of the Rio Paraná. The Santa Maria Mission was burnt down but still has impressive ruins with Black Howler monkeys living in the square. Days 10: At leisure to explore the area Day 11: Fly back to Ninoy Aquino International Airport