Short Stories Intro. (Cask Of Amontillado)


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Literary terms helpful for my 9th grade english classes

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Short Stories Intro. (Cask Of Amontillado)

  1. 1. Literary Terms
  2. 2. What is a short story? <ul><li>A work of fiction </li></ul><ul><li>A story that can be read in one sitting- under 2 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on creating “a single effect” </li></ul><ul><li>Typically small cast of characters, simple plot, often focusing in on the Protagonist </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fiction vs. Non-Fiction <ul><li>Non-Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>The world of the imagination </li></ul><ul><li>stories and novels: prose--that is, the usual paragraph structure--forming chapters </li></ul><ul><li>poetry: lines of varying length, forming stanzas </li></ul><ul><li>plays: spoken lines and stage directions, arranged in scenes and acts </li></ul><ul><li>The real world </li></ul><ul><li>newspaper stories </li></ul><ul><li>Editorials </li></ul><ul><li>personal accounts </li></ul><ul><li>journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>legal documents </li></ul>
  4. 4. Protagonist vs. Antagonist <ul><li>The Protagonist is the main character or hero of a story. </li></ul><ul><li>The term hero implies nobility, dignity, and elevated status- which not all protagonists have- therefore, the preferred term is protagonist </li></ul><ul><li>The Antagonist , which comes from the Greek word for “against the contender” is a character that opposes the Protagonist’s goals and interests. </li></ul><ul><li>The antagonist creates the major conflict in the work. </li></ul><ul><li>The Foil is a third type of character whose contrasts with the protagonist bring out his/her moral, emotional, or intellectual qualities </li></ul>Hamilton, S. Essential Literary Terms (2007)
  5. 5. Setting <ul><li>Time/place in which the events of a work occur </li></ul><ul><li>Time may be historical (1600), time of year (summer), time of day/night (10:23 am) </li></ul><ul><li>Place may be a geographical location (Egypt), a kind of edifice (the old mansion), or part of a larger structure such as a cave or particular room (the library) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Atmosphere <ul><li>The mood the reader gets from the setting, the characterization and the tone of the narrator. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s Macbeth opens with the direction Thunder and lightning. Enter three WITCHES . </li></ul><ul><li>This creates an ominous atmosphere as the storm in the natural world is linked with the supernatural. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tone vs. Mood <ul><li>Tone- Author </li></ul><ul><li>Mood-You </li></ul><ul><li>The author’s attitude , stated or implied, toward a subject. Some possible attitudes are pessimism, optimism, earnestness, seriousness, bitterness, humorous, and joyful. An author’s tone can be revealed through choice of words and details. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate of  feeling in a literary work. The choice of setting, objects, details, images, and words all contribute towards creating a specific mood. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Irony <ul><li>Irony is the contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and what actually is. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal Irony The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant. </li></ul><ul><li>Irony of Situation This refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended. </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic Irony This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know. </li></ul>