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Medieval england


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Medieval england

  1. 1. Medieval EnglandGuadalupe Roque PoloFelix Satalaya Isuiza
  2. 2. Historical background Literature of Medieval England Biography of Geoffrey Chaucer Analysis of The Canterbury Tales
  3. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND• Norman conquest of England during the reign of the king Edward.• Edward gave to Normans some of the most important positions at court and in the church.• The Saxon earls rose in oppositions to the Norman invaders.• Vigins started invading in the north and the Duke William started in the south coast.• A great battle was foought and Harold was defeated and killed.• Normans became the new conquerors of England.
  4. 4. NORMANS CHANGED LIFE IN ENGLAND• Normans were descendants of Scandinavian.• They retained their Scandinavian vitality and love of adventure.• They acquired some French manners and culture and had learned the French language.• They had order and a great administrative ability.• Normas also brought the feudal system.
  5. 5. WHAT WAS FEUDALISM?• It was a political and social system common in KING the Middle Ages.• It was bases upon the NOBLESY AND relationship of lord to THE CLERGY vassal. LESSER NOBLES• Each group owing service to the smaller group above and PEASANTS indirectly to the king at the top.
  6. 6. HOW THE COMING OF THE NORMAN AFFECTED LITERATURE Romantic stories reached England.The English language The tone of the was made into that literature began to be amazingly rich and more cheerful .flexible instrument . There were three languages in England: It was introduced a Latin, English and new device: rhyme. French.
  7. 7. THREE MEDIEVAL POETS Geoffrey Chaucer William LanglandThe author of Sir Gawain and the Green Kinght
  8. 8. GEOFFREY CHAUCER• He was born in London between 1340 – 1344.• He became page in household of Prince Lionel.• He was sent several times on important diplomatic mission to France and Italy.• He was made controller of the customs in the Port of London.• He was clerk of the king’s works at various places.• He lost pensions and offices during troublous political changes.• He was made justice of the peace.• He was the student and poet.• Geoffrey Chaucer died on October 25, 1400, and was buried at Westminster Abbey.
  9. 9. GEOFFREY CHUCER’S LITERARY PRODUCTION• MAJOR WORKS The canterbury tales. The book of the duchess. The house of fame. Parlement of fould … SHORT POEMS Truth The former age. The complaint of venus …
  11. 11. PLOT OF THE CANTERBURY TALESAt the Tabard Inn, the narrator joins acompany of 29 pilgrims. The pilgrims, like the narrartor, are travelling to the shrine of the martyr Saint Thomas Becket in Canterbury.
  12. 12. The narrator gives a description of 27 of these pilgrims, including forexample: Perfect and genteel man who loved truth, freedom and honor. The most socially prominent person on the journey; the battles he fought were all religious wars of some nature. Rich and powerful rising middle class; well-dressed. No one would tell he was deeply in debt. Student at Oxford; extremely thin on a thin horse; he wears worn clothes; and he is one of the most admired people in the group of pilgrims.
  13. 13. He knows He is poor, butastronomy and rich in holysomething of thoughts andnature; but works; live thenothing of the perfect life firstBible. Made a lot and then teachof money during it. True Christianthe plague. He priest.loves gold. A church official who had authority from Rome to sell pardon and indulgence to those charged with sins.He is an able One of the mostlawyer; makes corrupt of thepeople think that churchmen. In thehe is busier and prologue to hiswiser than he tale, he confesses toreally is. his hypocrisy.
  14. 14. The host suggest that the group ride together and entertain oneanother with stories. He decides that each pilgrim will tell two stories onthe way to Canterbury and two on the way back. And the man whotold his story best was to be given a expensive dinner by the otherpilgrims.
  15. 15. THE MILLER’S TALEJohn, a rich old carpenter of Oxfordhas a young wife, the eighteen-year-old Alisoun, whom he guardscarefully, for he is very jealous. Hehas a boarder, the clerkNicholas, who makes advances toAlisoun; she quickly agrees andthey determine to consummate theaffair. Absolon, the parish clerk andvillage dandy, also lusts forAlisoun, but he woos her in vain, forNicholas is there first.
  16. 16. • Nicholas tricks John into thinking that Noahs flood is coming again; John rigs up three kneading tubs, in which he, Nicholas, and Alisoun can float until the waters recede. When the flood is due, all three climb up into the tubs. John goes to sleep, Alisoun and Nicholas go back to the bedroom. They are interrupted by Absolon, who has come to woo Alisoun at the window. She promises him a kiss and puts her backside out the window. Absolon kisses it.
  17. 17. He soon realizes his mistake. He getsa hot coulter (plow blade) fromGervase, the smith, and returns toask for another kiss. Nicholas puts hisbackside out, Absolon strikes it withthe red-hot coulter, Nicholas yells forwater; the carpenter awakes andthinks the flood has come, cuts losehis tub and falls and breaks his arm.The neighbors rush in, and all areconvinced old John is mad.]
  19. 19. DESCRIPTION OF THE PARSONThe Parson is a trulyvirtuous, devout, conscientious, pious, diligentand patient individual. He is a learned man, a clerk, and devoutly teaches his parishioners the tenets of Christianity. He retains his faith in God even in times of adversity. He is very generous and gives his sparse income to the needy parishioners even when there is scarcely enough left for himself.
  21. 21. DESCRIPTION OF THE KNIGHT Love of ideals: prowess, fidelity, reputation, generosity and refinement.He dislikes hearing stories about tragic Impressive militar career : Crusades falls He is admired by his dress He has a meek, gentle manner
  22. 22. PRINCIPAL THEME He draws an ironic portrait of He provides the reader with a the Prioress and presents satiric picture of a disorganized portraitures of the Monk, the Christian society in a state of Friar, the Summoner, and the decline and obsolescence. Pardoner. His ironic praise of the Prioress’s Chaucer’s affectations, classicalcritique of the The description of an ideal beauty, and attachment to Parson in turn serves to indicate church of the sins of the average priest in worldly concerns only serves to medieval the fourteenth century. highlight her inappropriateness as the head of a religious England convent. His approbation of the Monk’s delight in the finer things of life and passion for hunting is aimed at eliciting the reader’s disapproval as they go against his monastic vow of poverty.
  23. 23. 1. Read the following sentences. Write T for true, F for false.a) The Normans were people who came from northern France. T _______b) The coming of the Norman produced changes only in Literature. F _______c) The alliteration was the repetition of vowel sounds in poetry. F _______d) With the Normans, the tone of literature was more cheerful. T _______e) Chaucer is one of the most important poets of Middle England. T _______f) Geoffrey Chaucer wrote Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. F _______
  24. 24. 2. Match the Parson with his characteristics. DEVOUT LIER PATIENT CORRUPT GENEROUS POWERFUL IGNORANT HONEST