The human behavour has been explained by Maslow in terms of meeting basic needs. We experience certain drives to meet these needs, and we are driven to act in particular ways in order to reduce these drives.
HIERARCHY OF HUMAN NEEDS Self- Actualisation Aesthetic NeedsBEING NEEDS Cognitve NeedsDEFICIENCY Need for self-steem NEEDS Need for interpersonal closeness Need for safety and security Basic physiological needs
BASIC PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS The person need essential elements to survive like water, food, sleep and so on.NEED FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY The person need to be protected from dangers. To live in a good enviroment far away from maltretment.
NEED FOR INTERPERSONAL CLOSENESS Theperson need to live in a society, to communicate with other people. NEED FOR SELF-STEEM Thisrefers to oneself valuation that is given by ourselves or others. COGNITVE NEEDS Theperson need to know and discover new things or to explore the unknown.
AESTHETIC NEEDS Aesthetic needs are related to the desire for order and beauty. SELF-ACTUALISATION It’s an ideal that every person want to reach, is satisfied by opportunities to develop talent and his full potential, to express ideas and knowledge, grow and develop as a person, getting personal achievements, so that each human being differs from others
PROBLEMS OF TRANSLATING Maslow argued for two distinct categories of needs, deficiency (or maintenance) needs, and being (or growth) needs. Maslow sostuvo dos teorías distintas de las necesidades, necesidades de déficit (o mantenimiento) y necesidades del ser (o crecimiento). As we shall see later in Chapter 6 on motivation, human behavior has been explained by some psychologists (including Freud) in terms of meeting basic needs. Como veremos más adelante en el capítulo 6 de motivación, el comportamiento humano ha sido explicado por algunos psicólogos (incluyendo a Freud) en términos de satisfacer las necesidades básicas.
Need for safety and security Necesidades de seguridadSelf-Actualisation Necesidades de autorrealizaciónNeed for self - esteem Necesidades de estima
Writers such as Frank and others have written movingly and eloquentlyabout how in times of severe physical pain and deprivation during theHolocaust, it was the drive to meet so –called ¨being needs¨ whichenabled many people to survive and overcome their appalling condition. Escritores como Frank y otros han escrito una conmovedora y elocuente de cómo en tiempos de grave dolor físico y la privación durante el Holocausto, que fue el impulso para satisfacer las llamadas necesidades del ser, que ha permitido a mucha gente a sobrevivir y superar su estado lamentable.